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  Phone 8 Ap. & Speech Support

   
Windows Phone 8 platform provides users with the ability to interact with a Windows Phone 8 application by speech in 3 different ways. Having a knowledge of how to build speech support in a Windows Phone 8 application means additional ways in which users can interact with your application. There are additional ways in which a user can interact with a Windows Phone 8 application.

   
Speech recognition ap. (developer)

   

  The Grass Isn’t Greener

   
It’s amazing how often executives who are looking for growth opportunities for their companies conclude that they simply need to find a “better” industry to compete in. Our analysis of shareholder returns of more than 6,000 companies in 65 industries globally and over a 10-year period, however, shows that the idea that some industries are superior does not hold true.

   
Growth is harder to find (booz)

   

  How WEEE2 directive affects Medical Devices ?

   
Environmental concerns are at the forefront of new and updated regulations in Europe and medical devices are included in some of these updates. While its applicability may not be readily apparent to many, considering the number of medical devices that incorporate batteries, lamps, screens, and electrical equipment, the new requirements have a wide impact across the electro-medical device industry.

   
What is the WEEE2 Directive ? (lne-america)

   

  Renewable power Costs in 2012

   
As the world embarks on the transition to a truly sustainable energy future, the world’s renewable resources and technologies increasingly offer the promise of cleaner, healthier and economically and technically feasible power solutions and sustainable energy access for all. With over 100 gigawatts of renewable power generation capacity added in 2011 alone, renewables have gone mainstream.

   
Up to date cost (irena)

   

  Global Risks 2013

   
How do the top risks as identified by the annual Global Risks Perception Survey change over time? Figure 6 shows how this list changed over the past seven years. The average ratings of the risks have changed slightly, as described in detail in Section 4 of the report, but the relative ranking of the risks according to their impact or their likelihood is less affected.

   
The Risk Response Network (weforum)

   

  Tar sands extraction

   
The Canadian tar sands have been called the “most environmentally destructive project on earth”, with good reason. Extracting tar sands bitumen from under the boreal forests of Alberta, Canada requires huge amounts of energy and water. It has cleared vast tracts of forest, left scars on the land that are visible from space and threatened the health and livelihoods of indigenous First Nations communities across the region.

   
The environmentally destructive project (priceofoil)

   

  Health Online 2013

   
Women are more likely than men to go online to figure out a possible diagnosis. Other groups that have a high likelihood of doing so include younger people, white adults, those who live in households earning $75,000 or more, and those with a college degree or advanced degrees. Throughout this report, we call those who searched for answers on the internet “online diagnosers.”

   
The online diagnosers (pewinternet)

   

  Rethinking problems entirely

   
It can be challenging working for a boss whose dominant trait is dissatisfaction with the pace of progress. Astro Teller, who oversees Google X, the company’s blue-sky skunkworks division, illustrates Page’s proclivities with a parable. Teller imagines wheeling a Dr. Who time machine into Page’s office. He plugs it in and—it works! But instead of being bowled over, Page asks why it needs a plug. Wouldn’t it be better if it didn’t use power at all?

   
The basis of Google X (wired)

   

  Risks to bees from neonicotinoids

   
EFSA scientists have identified a number of risks posed to bees by three neonicotinoid insecticides[1]. The Authority was asked by the European Commission to assess the risks associated with the use of clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam as seed treatment or as granules, with particular regard to: their acute and chronic effects on bee colony survival and development; their effects on bee larvae and bee behaviour.

   
Effects of Pesticides on Bees (efsa)

   

  EU-U.S. Trading Partnership

   
According to Bloomberg news, there are additional benefits that pruning regulatory trade barriers would provide. These benefits involve various restrictions in controversial areas such as health standards, national-security concerns, and consumer-protection issues. A study by ECORYS that was commissioned by the European Commission showed that eliminating just half of the so-called non-tariff barriers would increase GDP by 0.7% in the EU.

   
The Economic Stimulus (areadevelopment)

   

  AnchorFree’s hotspot shield

   
After the events of the Arab Spring in recent years rocked the world, even the technologies we live and work with daily gained greater prominence. The maker of that of helpful technology is AnchorFree, the Silicon Valley startup that was founded in 2011. AnchorFree’s business model directly addresses the needs of emerging markets to bypass internet censors.

   
Freedom & security for web users (entrepreneur)

   

   
Mercury levels are continuing to rise in some species in large areas of the Arctic, despite reductions in emissions from human activities over the past 15–30 years in some parts of the world. High exposure to mercury is a serious risk to humans worldwide through the food chain. Solving these problems could be costly, particularly related to remediation. Will this get sufficient attention and money in the next 20 years to fix?

   
why it's time to worry ? (unep)

   

  WEEE compliance & Eco-design

   
«Eco3e» results from three years of collaboration between recycling experts, the four compliance schemes that initiated the project and teachers of the “Graduate school of Arts & crafts of Chambéry (FR)” under the joint direction of Daniel Froelich (internationally recognized researcher in the field of industrial eco-design) and Markus A. Reuter, Outotec’s Director of Technology & Product Management (Finland).

   
Eco-guide management for WEEE (eco3e)

   

  Engineering new therapies

   
Two researchers at the University of Uppsala have engineered a virus that will attack cancer. Cheap, precise, with only mild, flu-like side-effects, this plucky little microbe sounds too good to be true. Yet in peer-reviewed articles in top journals, Professor Magnus Essand and Dr Justyna Leja have repeatedly showed that Ad5[CgA-E1A-miR122]PTD views healthy tissue with disdain; it eats only tumours. It is, in effect, a cancer of cancer.

   
Cancer-killing virus (guardian)           Related new therapie (mit)    

   

  Creativity in the Wild

   
Adults and children are spending more time interacting with media and technology and less time participating in activities in nature. This life-style change clearly has ramifications for our physical well-being, but what impact does this change have on cognition? Higher order cognitive functions including selective attention, problem solving, inhibition, and multi-tasking are all heavily utilized in our modern technology-rich society.

   
Unplugging from techn. (plosone)

   

  Next industrial revolution

   
The real-world replicator-like technology poised to revolutionize the world is known as 3-D printing, though that term is misleading, since the process has little to do with printing. Three-dimensional printers can be as small as a suitcase or as large as a telephone booth, depending on the object they are meant to faithfully replicate from a 3-D computer blueprint. Many different technological routes can be taken to reach the same goal.

   
The unlimited potential (spiegel)

   

  FDA's new Food Rules

   
After a year-long delay, two sweeping new food safety rules that will for the first time mandate produce safety standards (https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/food-and-drug-administration)and preventive controls nationwide will be released this week. The two rules were mandated by the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).

   
Public health protection (foodsafetynews)

   

  Patent battles

   
Last year was particularly eventful in the realm of intellectual property, with headline news right through the very last days of December. In the coming year it’s a safe bet that global patent litigation and multi-billion dollar transactions will continue unabated, but read here a few other key trends we can expect to influence and shape the global IP marketplace.

   
Global IP marketplace (gigaom)

   

  How to dominate your way to power ?

   
If you want to reach the top at work, it's better to be feared than liked, according to a new study. The two-part study looked at how "dominance" (which the researchers defined as the use of force and intimidation to induce fear) and "prestige" (the sharing of expertise or know-how to gain respect) can be used to achieve social rank and influence.

   
Strategy for acquiring power (cnn)

   

  China’s Satellite Operational

   
To end any reliance on the US-maintained Global Positioning System (GPS), the second generation of the Beidou system has begun operations. The system currently consists of 10 satellites and covers the Asia-Pacific region, with the number of satellites set to gradually increase to a total of 35 that will cover the entire globe by 2020.

   
The Beidou system (gizmag)

   

  HP's Elite IT Moves to GM

   
Hewlett-Packard and General Motors, two of America’s largest companies, used to have a great relationship. But the goodwill between the two companies has given way to what could be a mess of litigation. In mid-December, HP quietly petitioned (pdf) a Texas court to depose a pair of former executives who recently started to work at GM.

   
GM insources knowhow (businessweek)

   

  Endo’s commercial concern

   
Endo employed legal and regulatory tactics to try to delay generic competitors from taking revenue from its second best-selling product. The hope was that if the old version was declared unsafe, generic versions would need to be pulled from the market or prohibited from entering. In August, Endo filed two citizens’ petitions with the FDA seeking to have its crushable version declared unsafe.

   
Product deemed unsafe (asq)

   

  BPA: An in-depth look

   
Jasmin Bird, communications manager of the Polycarbonate and bisphenol A group of PlasticsEurope, told FoodProductionDaily.com the assessment is announced to be a full re-evaluation of the human risks associated with exposure to BPA through the diet. "The authority will find its position based on the weight of the scientific evidence.

   
The key rulings in 2012 (foodproductiondaily)

   

  Life sciences companies

   
Pharmaceutical companies in 2012 focused much of their partnering efforts on discovery collaborations as they worked to externalize their research operations. Of the $36.5 billion in potential value of partnering deals, $16.2 billion were for discovery collaborations or preclinical-stage assets. This trend will continue as drugmakers seek to reduce their costs and broaden their sources of innovative ideas.

   
2013 predictions on Biotech (burrillreport)

   

  German pensioners & cheaper retirement

   
The increasing numbers of Germans unable to afford the growing costs of retirement homes, and an ageing and shrinking population, the number expected to be sent abroad in the next few years is only likely to rise. Experts describe it as a "time bomb". Germany has one of the fastest-ageing populations in the world, and the movement here has implications for other western countries, including Britain.

   
Opting for foreign homes (guardian)

   

  Classical & Quantum Computing

   
A new type of machine could rival quantum computers in exceeding the power of classical computers, researchers say. Two independent teams of scientists have built a novel kind of device known as a boson-sampling computer. Described as a bridge between classical and quantum computers, these machines also make use of the bizarre nature of quantum physics.

   
The Boson-sampling computers (technewsdaily)

   

  The European chemicals industry

   
Chemicals companies in the European Union employed in 2011 a total staff of about 1.19 million. The chemicals industry also generated additional indirect jobs via the value chain, which is two times higher than through direct employment. Direct employment in the EU chemicals industry has decreased by an average annual rate of 1.9 per cent from 2002 to 2011.

   
EU chemicals industry halted ? (cefic)

   

  EU's Smart grids security

   
The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) has decided to further investigate the challenges of ensuring an adequate smart grid protection in Europe, in order to help smart grid providers to improve the security and the resilience of their infrastructures and services. Defining a common approach to addressing smart grid cyber security measures will help achieve this.

   
Cyber security measures (enisa)

   

  U-Multirank

   
The project consisted of two consecutive parts: In a first phase running until the end of 2009 the consortium designed a multi-dimensional ranking system for higher education institutions in consultation with stakeholders. In a second phase ending in June 2011 the consortium tested the feasibility of the multi-dimensional ranking system on a sample of no less than 150 higher education and research institutions.

   
Global university ranking (ec.europa)

   

  Closing the Gender Gap

   
Gender gaps are pervasive in all walks of economic life and imply large losses in terms of foregone productivity and living standards to the individuals concerned and the economy. This new OECD report focuses on how best to close these gender gaps under four broad headings: 1) Gender equality, social norms and public policies; and gender equality in 2) education; 3) employment and 4) entrepreneurship.

   
Gender equality (oecd)

   

  Cellphone Radiation Problems

   
Years of studies to determine whether cellphones can cause brain tumors have yielded one popular consensus: More studies are needed. One important piece that has been missing from researchers’ arsenals is a way to see what happens to cellphone radiation that is absorbed by the human brain. Two scientists have now developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that they say could solve that problem.

   
high-resolution 3-D images (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Graphene sheets for solar cells

   
MIT researchers have produced a new kind of photovoltaic cell based on sheets of flexible graphene coated with a layer of nanowires. The approach could lead to low-cost, transparent and flexible solar cells that could be deployed on windows, roofs or other surfaces. While most of today’s solar cells are made of silicon, these remain expensive because the silicon is generally highly purified and then made into crystals that are sliced thin.

   
New opportunities (mit)

   

  ISO Survey of Management System Standards

   
The survey is a pointer to the evolving global economy and of certification.For example, overall, this is the case of ISO 9001 certification in Europe, but the effect is not evenly spread for Italy is the country that experienced the highest growth in certificates. The East Asia and Pacific region has almost overtaken Europe for the regional share of ISO 9001 certificates.

   
survey of accredited certification (iso)

   

  Crash test dummies

   

Humanetics builds and calibrates crash test dummies for several industries, mainly automotive, and is developing technologies to keep us all in one piece. Much of today’s crash test dummy technology was developed in the 1980s, says Chris O’Connor, CEO of Humanetics. As regulators push for stricter auto crash tests, dummy makers develop advanced testing equipment. “As cars advance, injuries change.

   
Tougher Auto Tests (asq)

   

  Early-Stage Drug Development

   
Pharmaceutical companies continually grapple with ways to make drug development more cost- and time-effective. The shared goal among companies is to identify and allocate resources to the most promising drug candidates, a process that to be effective, has to begin in early-stage development. Pharma-companies are seeking to create more flexible R&D organizations tied to more stringent requirements for return on investment (ROI).

   
Drug-development timelines (pharmtech)

   

  EU: Impact of regulation on competitiveness

   
‘Smart Regulation’ is en vogue. Commission President Barroso’s decision to make smart regulation a priority of his second terms has revitalized the better regulation agenda of his first term. Cefic's legal department has drafted a Manifesto on smarter regulation, as a response to the amount of legislation in the environmental and more specifically the chemicals sector.

   
Regulatory impact assessments (cefic)

   

  Shale gas development report

   
The University of Texas System issued the following statement following release of findings from an independent panel of experts convened by The University of Texas at Austin to review the Energy Institute's February report on shale gas development. The university will implement all of the review panel's recommendations, including withdrawing the shale gas report until it is peer-reviewed.

   
six recommendations (energy.utexas)

   

  Food safety network

   
More and more products are traded around the world, and ensuring these are of a high quality and safe to eat demands robust food analysis techniques. However, with different countries using different approaches, and local problems (e.g. melamine) quickly becoming global food crises, MoniQA (Monitoring and Quality Assurance in the Total Food Supply Chain) – an EU-funded Network of Excellence (2007-2012).

   
Building a Network (moniqa)

   

  Tech Trends 2013

   
This year’s theme, Elements of postdigital, examines the convergence and controlled collision of five forces – Analytics, Mobile, Social, Cloud and Cyber – as businesses move closer to achieving the possibilities of the Postdigital EnterpriseTM, where all five forces are mature, implemented, integrated and baked-in versus bolted-on. Each of the 2013 trends is relevant today. Each has the momentum and potential to make an impact.

   
IT capabilities (deloitte)

   

  Global survey in educational attainment

   
The Science Report provides a rich array of information which describes the educational contexts for science, including home environment support, students' backgrounds and attitudes toward science, the science curriculum, teachers' education and training, classroom characteristics and activities, and school contexts for science learning and instruction.

   
International results in science (timss)

   

  Where are the workers ?

   
It would seem that the programs created to get the unemployed back to work are not always working as well as they have in the past, and it’s not only because of sluggish hiring on the part of employers. For some communities, the answer lies in rethinking the whole process to make the programs more responsive to the specific needs of those companies hiring now — and for the long term.

   
Matching skills and jobs (areadevelopment)

   

  James Watson reveals helix story

   
Consistently rated as one of the greatest books written about science in the past century, it has been hailed as a work that combines the plot line of a racy novel with deep insights about the nature of modern research. Harvard University Press, having accepted Watson's manuscript for publication, came under pressure from the university's senior administrators and dropped the book.

   
How to hit the right DNA's model (guardian)

   

  2013: Paying Taxes

   
Business plays an essential role in contributing to economic growth and prosperity by employing workers,improving the skills and knowledge base, buying from local suppliers and providing affordable products that improve people’s lives.As well as corporate income tax on profits, business pays employment taxes, social contributions, indirect taxes, property taxes and a whole variety of smaller taxes including environmental taxes.

   
The global picture (pwc)

   

  Algorithmic Self-Assembly

   
Self-assembly is the process by which small components automatically assemble themselves into large, complex structures. Examples in nature abound: lipids self-assemble a cell's membrane, and bacteriophage virus proteins self-assemble a capsid that allows the virus to invade other bacteria. Even a phenomenon as simple as crystal formation is a process of self-assembly.

   
Process modeling (cacm.acm)

   

  NIST & Technology transfer

   
Each year—as required by federal regulation—the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) releases a report on technology transfer from federal laboratories, detailing efforts to transfer the results of public investment in research to meet marketplace and other needs. For example, When 33 miners became trapped 2,000 feet below ground, the Chilean government called on NASA specialists to help care for and rescue the men.

   
Investing in science and tech. (nist)

   

  The ozone problem is back

   
Jim Anderson of Harvard University was showing him some weird data he had collected. Since 2001, Anderson and his team had been studying powerful thunderstorms by packing instruments into repurposed spy planes and B-57 bombers, among the only planes capable of flying into the storms “without having their wings ripped off,” Anderson said. Anderson knew that water could, through a series of chemical reactions, destroy ozone.

   
ClO & Ozone relationship (smithsonianmag)

   

  Ibogaine anti-addiction effects

   
Since ibogaine aides in the cessation of addiction, it started to be used to deal with opiates and other substance addictions. Ibogaine has only been introduced to Western scientific medicine but has documented use by the Bwiti tribe in Central Africa for centuries. At lower doses ibogaine has the ability to increase energy and mental alertness and appears to decrease the desire for food and drink.

   
Anti-addictive substance (addictionsearch)

   

  Black boxes in cars

   
When a car is involved in a crash or when its airbags deploy, inputs from the vehicle's sensors during the 5 to 10 seconds before impact are automatically preserved. That's usually enough to record things like how fast the car was traveling and whether the driver applied the brake, was steering erratically or had a seat belt on.

   
Electronic privacy information (foxnews)

   

  ICCA Building Technology Roadmap

   
According to the International Energy Agency’s Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 report, the building sector is directly or indirectly responsible for about 32% of global energy consumption and for 26% of global total end-use energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The Chemical Industry is indispensable in providing solutions.

   
More efficient technologies (icca-chem)

   

  Battle Over International Internet Regulation

   
The World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) in Dubai, will officially bring together more than 190 countries to review the International Telecommunications Regulations (ITR) [PDF] agreed to in Melbourne, Australia, 25 years ago. But it’s the “unofficial” agenda of the conference that has been causing all the ruckus in the run-up to the event.

   
A Weak Treaty or None at All (ieee)

   

  Outcomes Working Group

   
Combining materials modeling with mathematical and musical tools, Buehler says, could provide a much faster way of designing new biosynthesized materials, replacing the trial-and-error approach that prevails today. Genetically engineering organisms to produce materials is a long, painstaking process, he says, but this work “has taught us a new approach” in combining experiment, theory and simulation to speed up the discovery process.

   
Merging proteins and music (mit)

   

  Preparing for Precision Medicine

   
Personalized medicine is the combination of established clinical parameters with emerging molecular information to generate preventative, diagnostic and therapeutic solutions that are tailored to each patient’s needs. Personalized approaches facilitate more precise healthcare deliver and have the potential to improve outcomes while reducing waste of resources and delivering significant other benefits.

   
More Incentives for Innovation (weforum)

   

  Manufacturing the future

   
Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth.

   
Global growth and innovation (mckinsey)

   

  'Repurposing' drugs

   
Finding new uses for old drugs is now a growth business as Big Pharma struggles to come up with new blockbuster drugs. Traditionally, pharma companies test hundreds of thousands of compounds for so-called "target binding" in the hunt for new blockbusters. It takes 10-15 years to find a medicine that works and is safe, at a typical cost of $1.3bn. The idea – known in the drugs business as repositioning or repurposing.

   
New uses old drugs business (guardian)

   

  Measuring progress towards energy

   
The 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook. Drawing on the latest data and policy developments the report presents analytical insights into trends in energy markets and what they mean for energy security, environmental protection and economic development. It sets out updated projections of energy demand, production, trade, investment and carbon-dioxide emissions, broken down by country, fuel and sector, to 2035.

   
What is the potential impact (worldenergyoutlook)

   

  Synthetic membrane channels

   
physicists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) and the University of Michigan have shown that synthetic membrane channels can be constructed through DNA nanotechnology. This technique employs DNA molecules as programmable building materials for custom-designed, self-assembling, nanometer-scale structures. The researchers present evidence that their nature-inspired nanostructures may also behave like biological ion channels.

   
DNA nanotechnology (rdmag)

   

  The Elephant in the Classroom

   
The gentrification of many of our big cities is providing a once-in-a-generation opportunity to create a large number of racially and socioeconomically integrated schools. “White flight in reverse” means that, for the first time in 40 years, school integration is logistically feasible in urban America, and without the mandatory busing that derailed earlier efforts.

   
Navigating Diversity (educationnext)

   

  Biotech Industry's Success in 2012

   
In 2011, the U.S. FDA approved 30 new drugs, compared to 21 in 2010," S&P Capital IQ wrote in a note. "Through September 2012, the year-to-date total was 22. We see an improving trend for FDA first cycle review approvals and a rise in the rate of new drug approvals for rare diseases, which we think is helping to boost investor sentiment for the agency, after years of criticism stemming from inconsistency in making and communicating its decisions."

   
The "patent cliff" (marketwire)

   

  China-Kenya trade

   
The growing trade between Kenya and China has led to Kenyan businesses opening yuan accounts, creating new income opportunities for local banks. Local commercial banks say traders are seeking to reduce the currency costs incurred when converting shillings into dollars, then the dollars into yuan, referred to as a renminbi (RMB) transaction. The renminbi is the official currency of China, and its primary unit is the yuan.

   
Banks now opening yuan accounts (theeastafrican)

   

  The education giant adapts

   
Pearson should be among the walking dead of global media conglomerates, fatally wounded by the shift to digital media. Pearson is the world’s largest book publisher and dominates the market for textbooks, which are facing a competitive attack from inexpensive or even free course material online. But education has been one of the last holdouts against the onslaught of computing, and that’s given this 168-year-old company time to adapt.

   
Digital media (technologyreview)

   

  Volkswagen to invest EUR50.2Bln

   
According to the Group's investment planning for 2013 to 2015, it intends to utilize the amount for new models, environmentally friendly technologies and production facilities in the coming three years. Volkswagen noted that for the first time, the planning also includes newly consolidated MAN and Porsche brands. This investment is the key to the Volkswagen Group's innovation and technology leadership.

   

The cross-product investments (rttnews)

   

  Vision 2060 : Long-term growth

   
Demographic changes, including ageing, and economic convergence will bring about large shifts in the composition of global GDP.Over the next half century, the global economy is projected to grow at around 3% per annum on average. The OECD-wide trend GDP growth rate is projected at about 2% annually to 2060, with declining rates in many countries after the recovery from the current crisis.

   
The global economy outlook (oecd)

   

  UK' submarine flaws

   

The MoD confirmed Astute had suffered some "teething problems" during sea trials. "It is normal for first of class trials to identify areas where modifications are required and these are then incorporated into later vessels of the class," a spokesman said. However, if the propulsion problems persist, they would represent one of the biggest procurement disasters the MoD has ever had to deal with.

   
Britain's £10bn submarine (guardian)

   

  Kaspersky' secure industrial OS

   
Speaking in Brooklyn, Eugene Kaspersky, CEO of Kaspersky, said there is "no neutral" to his plan to develop a secure industrial operating system platform. "It has been either positive or negative," he said. Kaspersky was in Brooklyn for its NYU-Poly CSAW cybersecurity competition, which serves as a talent recruiting effort. A month ago, Kaspersky outlined an effort to develop an industrial OS that would be secure.

   
Conventional vs cyber weapons (znet)

   

  The New Chinese Economy

   
Beijing recently reported that industrial output grew 9.2 percent in September. Sectors such as healthcare and other services continue to grow strongly. And even as the growth rate comes down, actual GDP continues to expand. Both government officials and executives on the ground say that the Chinese government still has the will and ability to ensure a soft landing through its control over infrastructure investments, and other macroeconomic policy tools.

   
Economic reality (strategy-business)

   

  Relational D.Base: 10 not-do-able things

   
Data growth is out of control. Old habits die hard. The relational DBMS still reigns supreme. But even if you're a dyed-in-the-wool, Oracle-loving, PL/SQL-slinging glutton for the medieval RAC, think twice, think many times, before using your beloved technology for the following tasks. The data explosion demands new solutions.Here's where you really shouldn't use it.

   
Data Management (infoworld)

   

  Mixing Processes & Biofuel Spills

   
A group of researchers from the University of Michigan wondered how ethanol-based fuels would spread in the event of a large aquatic spill. They found that ethanol-based liquids mix actively with water, very different from how pure gasoline interacts with water and potentially more dangerous to aquatic life. The scientists will present their results, which could impact the response guidelines for ethanol fuel-based spills.

   
The health of surface waters (sciencedaily)

   

  Standards: Maintaining Compliance

   
This QMS not only helps to check on updates but also analyses the impacts of the detected changes in order to maintain products regulatory compliance. There is no one method for a medical device manufacturer to be able to keep track of all the regulatory changes and maintain compliance. However, there are some strategies that manufacturers can use that can help them keep abreast of the changing regulations.

   
ISO 13485 applicable regulation (lne-america)

   

  The most innovative EU contries

   
Within the EU, Sweden confirms its position at the top of the overall ranking in innovation, a key driver of economic growth and jobs. The Scandinavian country is closely followed by Denmark, Germany and Finland, the Regional Innovation Scoreboard shows. The report has covered 190 regions across the European Union, Croatia, Norway and Switzerland.

   
The Northern European lead (euractiv)

   

  Security through obscurity

   
Thinking about the bits of data you leave behind is a one-way ticket to paranoia. Your browser? Full of cookies. Your cellphone? A beacon broadcasting your location at every moment. Search engines track your every curiosity. Email services archive way too much. Those are just the obvious places we're aware of. Who knows what's going on inside those routers? these six techniques will help obscure the data and traces you leave online.

   
Online privacy technique (infoworld)

   

  How your voice translated instantly ?

   
It could be the next best thing to learning a new language. Microsoft researchers have demonstrated software that translates spoken English into spoken Chinese almost instantly, while preserving the unique cadence of the speaker's voice—a trick that could make conversation more effective and personal. The first public demonstration was made by Rick Rashid, Microsoft's chief research officer, on October 25 at an event in Tianjin, China.

   
Turning English into synthesized Chinese (technologyreview)

   

  The EPA has new SNURs

   
EPA is promulgating significant new use rules (SNURs) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for 20 chemical substances which were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMNs). Eight of these chemical substances are subject to TSCA section 5(e) consent orders issued by EPA. The required notification will provide EPA with the opportunity to evaluate the intended use to prohibit or limit that activity before it occurs.

   
SNURs that go into effect (gpo)

   

  Early Prediction of Mo. Box Office

   
Use of socially generated \big data" to access information about collective states of the minds in human societies becomes a new paradigm in the emerging eld of computational social science. One of the natural application of this would be prediction of the society's reaction to a new product in the sense of popularity and adoption rate. However, bridging between \real time monitoring" and \early predicting" remains as a big challenge.

   
Wikipedia activity big data (arxiv)

   

  Foxconn plans factories in US

   
Foxconn will have to adapt its working conditions to operate in the US market. Worker suicides, industrial accidents and riots have dogged its mainland China plants, which were recently discovered to be employing workers as young as 14. The scandals have proved a source of embarrassment for its largest client. Reforms undertaken as a result of the audits have led to rising costs at Foxconn, which also makes phones for Nokia and tablets for Amazon.

   
How to adapt working conditions ? (guardian)

   

  Jap.consumer electr. giants is dead

   
These days, the Japanese consumer-electronics giants have largely been reduced to also-rans, many of which struggle just to turn a profit. This collapse marks a dramatic change for companies that once stood on top of the consumer electronics world. It also largely marks the end of an era in which these Japanese companies thought they could operate in a myriad of different businesses.

   
(Big companies = Slow companies)! (cnet)

   

  Mining companies & minerals promise

   
Hoping for new jobs and investment, the Finnish government is welcoming prospectors, identifying and mapping the deposits and generously granting data and mining rights at cheap prices, even in sensitive areas. Gold, nickel and uranium hunters are even reaching into tourist and conservation areas in the country. Some 40 companies are now carrying out hundreds of exploration projects across the country.

   
From Finland's Far North (spiegel)

   

  Making Ideas Work

   
Every economic downturn comes with the same refrain: The world, we’re told, is losing its creative capacity, hurting our chances for a speedy recovery. Yet inevitably, when worries about innovation erosion surface, some company rises up with a great new product, technology, or service to prove the naysayers wrong. And all too often, observers simply fail to pay attention to the many companies that make successful innovation part of their regular practice.

   
The global innovation 1000 (strategy-business)

   

  China building its own jet

   
AVIC, with more than 400,000 employees and 200 subsidiaries including 20 listed companies, has already set aside about 10 billion yuan of its own funds for jet engine development over the next three years. The engine financing plan is under high-level discussion in Beijing, said Zhao Yuxing, an official at the securities office of Shanghai-listed Xi'an Aero-Engine Plc, a key military engine-making unit of AVIC.

   
Is this tech. out of reach ? (reuters)

   

  Food Statistics Pocketbook

   
This booklet from Defra, the Government's agriculture department, tells a story as horrific as any tale recounted around the fireplace this Hallowe'en – a story that becomes very real every time we pull our credit card out at the end of the weekly shop. The pamphlet is an analysis of food prices and their effects on society, and the numbers are stark.

   
Food prices in Britain (defra)

   

  Medical Start-Ups & H-Care Reform

   
Investment in medical start-ups has dwindled of late as companies have struggled to go public and deliver returns to venture capitalists. The Affordable Care Act, the health-care reform bill signed into law in 2010, would seem to be the salve these companies need. Starting in 2014, most Americans will have to carry health insurance or pay a penalty.

   
How to make different ? (wsj)

   

  Love China or Leave

   
Lu Ping's former deputy, Chen Zuoer, resonated with his comment and said separatism has been spreading like a virus in Hong Kong. The officials' blunt comment, in particular the implication that Beijing could shut down water supply and turn Hong Kong into a dead city, has outraged the locals. Financial news commentator, pointed out that China has been taking advantage of Hong Kong's water contract with local arrangements.

   

Hong Kong and Beijing relations (globalvoicesonline)

   

  The German nuclear exit

   
The German decision to pursue a nuclear-free future was, however, anything but precipitous or unmindful of climate change. Because of a combination of historical and political factors, Germany has in fact been retreating from the nuclear sector for decades— and from its beginnings, the nuclear phase-out was intimately tied to what is known as the Energiewende, an aggressive, comprehensive turnabout in policy.

   
Serious long-term planning (sagepub)

   

  Viable therapeutic target

   
Pathological imbalances within the intestinal microbiota, termed dysbiosis, are often associated with chronic Clostridium difficile infections in humans. We show that infection of mice with the healthcare pathogen C. difficile leads to persistent intestinal dysbiosis that is associated with chronic disease and a highly contagious state. Using this model we rationally designed a simple that can disrupt intestinal dysbiosis and as a result resolve disease and contagiousness.

   
Bacteriotherapy for persistent dysbiosis (plospathogens)

   

  Big Data Right Now

   
Big Data is on every CIO’s mind this quarter, and for good reason. Companies will have spent $4.3 billion on Big Data technologies by the end of 2012. But here’s where it gets interesting. Those initial investments will in turn trigger a domino effect of upgrades and new initiatives that are valued at $34 billion for 2013, per Gartner. Over a 5 year period, spend is estimated at $232 billion.

   
Five Trendy O.S.T. (techcrunch)

   

  All roads lead to Berlin

   
Germany increasingly is pursuing a self-confident foreign policy set apart from the wishes and demands of its erstwhile American patron. Following on its refusal to participate in the Iraq War, it shunned the West’s intervention in Libya and has pursued independent ties with Russia and China, raising eyebrows in Washington, DC. Powerful political issues and forces have been unleashed, both within Germany and throughout Europe, as Berlin takes the lead in guiding the EU through its economic crisis.

   
Berlin' drastic step (nationalinterest)  

   

  Gene therapy

   
IS IT possible for a child to have three parents? That is the question raised by a paper just published in Nature by Shoukhrat Mitalipov and his colleagues at Oregon Health and Science University. And the answer seems to be “yes”, for this study paves the way for the birth of children who, genetically, have one father, but two mothers. The reason this is possible is that a mother’s genetic contribution to her offspring comes in two separable pieces.

   
Avoiding mitochondrial disease (economist)

   

  Tropical plankton exodus

   
Hordes of microscopic plants could be driven out of tropical oceans over the course of this century by rising temperatures. One-third of tropical phytoplankton species may be forced to move or die. The consequences for fisheries could be severe. If phytoplankton take a hit the rest of the ecosystem suffers. To find out how they will contend with higher temperatures Corners and colleagues compiled decades of data on the temperature tolerances of phytoplankton.

   
Phytoplankton on the move (newscientist)

   

  High stakes for US science

   
Science rarely takes the stage in US presidential campaigns. But as President Barack Obama and Republican challenger Mitt Romney make their final bids for votes on 6 November, their sharply contrasting visions of the size and proper role of government have profound implications for science. For research advocates, Obama’s stance puts him at a clear advantage. Despite generally tight budgets, “Obama has a strong track record” of investing in science, says Abby Benson.

   
Candidates' opinions over research (nature)

   

  Rolling out the holographic radar

   
Aveillant's holographic radar system is poised to hit the UK market next year, offering a potential solution to radar interference by wind farms. Chris Lo catches up with this innovative 3D radar technology and finds out how Aveillant plans to prove its system to the aviation industry. In today's straitened times, airports have little money to spend on new radar units.

   
How to differentiate turbines from aircraft (airport-technology)

   

  Site Interactivity Without JvScript!

   
Most developers think JavaScript is the only way to make their web pages interactive. Not so! Learn 4 quick tips to add interactivity to your site using nothing but CSS. These approaches can make your web pages load faster, react snappier and simplify your code! The core idea of this approach relies on the fact that checkbox state is CSS targetable and that clicking labels can be used to change CSS checkbox state.

   
Magical Pure CSS (developer)

   

  Toyota' reversing course

   
In April, Toyota had reported 129 fires and eight injuries to the NHTSA. The agency, adding complaints filed directly to the agency, compiled a list of 161 fires and nine injuries. By August, Toyota decided to address the problem through a “customer satisfaction campaign,” not a full recall. But Toyota said in its Oct. 10 recall notice it decided on a full recall “after discussion and consultation” with the NHTSA.

   
Misjudging a major defect (asq)

   

  The Ultra HD standard

   
Ultra HD has previously been known as Ultra HD, 4K or sometimes Quad HD. However, 4K is also used for a digital cinema standard with a slightly wider screen resolution of 4096 x 2160 pixels. The CEA's 4K Working Group recommended the term "Ultra High-Definition" to define the minimum performance characteristics for UHD TV sets "to help consumers and retailers understand the attributes of this next generation.

   
UltraHD and Super Hi-Vision (znet)

   

  Why HR is Failing ?

   
According to a new study conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit and sponsored by KPMG, organisations will continue to view HR as a non-essential department, unless it meets the challenges faced by today’s business environment. The report also suggests that HR will remain the ‘poor relation’ at the Boardroom table until it fully embraces technology to move away from its tendency to report historical data.

   
Rethinking HR for a Changing World (kpmg)

   

  European Data Protection Supervisor

   
This report covers 2011 as the seventh full year of activity of the EDPS as an independent supervisory authority, tasked with ensuring that the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons and in particular their privacy with regard to the processing of personal data are respected by EU institutions and bodies. It also covers the third year of our common mandate as members of this authority.

   
New benchmarks in different areas (edps)

   

  Counterfeit air bags

   
Thousands of motorists may be driving cars and trucks installed with dangerous counterfeit bags, and they should have them replaced at their own expense, the Obama administration warned Wednesday. Most at risk are motorists who have had their airbags replaced over the past three years by a repair shop other than a new-car dealership, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) officials said.

   
Hard to tell (asq)

   

  China Star Tech.

   
China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co Ltd., a business union of TCL Corporation -- a world leader in consumer electronics industry, announced that its 8.5G LCD panel production line has reached full capacity three months ahead of the original schedule. The 8.5G LCD panel production line is now able to produce 108,000 sheets per month, with a product yield of 95%.

   
The success of China Star (marketwire)

   

  German Energy

   
With the government driving up the price of electricity, Rösler seems to feel an urge to make himself useful by dispensing advice on how to save money and energy. On Monday, grid operators announced a significant increase in electricity prices in Germany, prices that are already the second-highest in Europe. The price hike is the result of an assessment under the Renewable Energy Act (EEG).

   
How to promote renewable energy ? (spiegel)

   

  GPS reaches key phase

   
The pair were launched on a Russian Soyuz rocket from French Guiana. It is an important milestone for the multi-billion-euro project to create a European version of the US Global Positioning System (GPS). With four satellites now in orbit - the first and second spacecraft were launched in 2011 - it becomes possible to test Galileo end-to-end. Engineers can now run an intensive programme to validate every aspect of Galileo's design.

   
Europe's version of GPS (bbc)

   

  STMicro on the verge of split

   
STMicroelectronics NV (STM) is evaluating a breakup of the company that may lead to a sale of its struggling mobile-phone chip business, according to people familiar with the matter. Europe’s largest semiconductor maker may split its analog business, which makes chips and sensors used in products from cars to video-game consoles, from its digital assets, which focus on semiconductors used in set-top boxes, televisions and handsets.

   
Revenue Slump (bloomberg)

   

  Measuring user engagement

   
If you’ve spent any time in a newsroom, traditional or otherwise, you know that publishers are obsessed with measuring where their Web traffic comes from. Whether it’s Google (GOOG) Analytics or Chartbeat, or comScore, or Omniture, or any one of a dozen other providers, tracking where readers come from is a crucial part of online media—mostly because publishers need to know which channels are worth focusing on.

   
Paying attention,hard to track! (businessweek)

   

  Power Grids Control Systems

   
U.S. defense secretary warned this week that successful attacks have been made on computer control systems of American electricity and water plants and transportation systems. Panetta didn't give details about those incidents, but he said they showed that foreign nations or extremist groups could use such tactics to derail trains or shut down power grids.

   
Old-Fashioned Control (technologyreview)

   

  OECD Internet Economy Outlook

   
The Internet is now a fundamental infrastructure supporting the economy and is firmly in its second stage of development, having evolved from a data network connecting PCs with wires to a much broader network of new portable devices from mobile phones to tablet computers. It is also on the cusp of a much larger expansion to objects that typically did not have communications capabilities.

   
IT employment increased by 29% in 2011 (OECD report via keepeek)

   

  Steve Jobs & Design Revolution

   
Jobs was, at times, very demanding, indeed a jerk. But the world is filled with demanding bosses and jerks, most of whom never amount to much. What made Jobs special, sometimes even a genius, was his fiery instinct for beauty, his talent for creating it and his conviction that it mattered. And because of that, he was able to build a company that became the greatest force for innovative design—and the best proof of its importance—in our time.

   
The product’s essence (smithsonianmag)

   

  Earthquakes linked to fracking

   
Before a series of small quakes on Halloween 2008, the Dallas area had never recorded a magnitude-3 earthquake, said Cliff Frohlich, associate director and senior research scientist at the University of Texas at Austin's Institute for Geophysics. USGS data show that, since then, it has felt at least one quake at or above a magnitude 3 every year except 2010.

   
Human-induced earthquakes (news.yahoo)

   

  Revolutionary approach to computing

   
Inside a blocky building in a Vancouver suburb, across the street from a dowdy McDonald's, is a place chilled colder than anywhere in the known universe. Inside that is a computer processor that Amazon founder Jeff Bezos and the CIA's investment arm, In-Q-Tel, believe can tap the quirks of quantum mechanics to unleash more computing power than any conventional computer chip.

   
CIA & Jeff Bezos Bet (technologyreview)

   

  Google+, looking For Love

   
An interview with Google’s senior vice president for engineering, Vic Gundotra, about Google’s social network Google+ has become a conversation about … the meaning of life. One year into its existence Google+ is still wrestling with doubters who’ve written it off as an also-ran, a “ghost town.” Google might be a much bigger business ($220-plus billion) than its social rival Facebook ($40-plus billion), but on the social front, Facebook's just claimed its one-billionth user, effectively dwarfing the G+'s posse.

   
Love+ (fastcompany)

   

  GM Bets on Insourcing

   
"Manufacturing will be an interesting area to watch over the next few years, because we are hearing a lot about insourcing among the big manufacturers," says Cliff Justice, principal in KPMG's shared services and outsourcing advisory. "We're talking to many companies that are considering some large-scale insourcing, because they believe they need better access to the innovation engine of technology."

   
The major insourcing moves (cio)

   

  Electronic Implants & Biocompatibility

   
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Tufts University say they have invented functional electronic implants that can dissolve after programmable time periods. To demonstrate the system, which could aid in healing during the first few crucial days after an operation, they implanted one in a rat. It created a temporary temperature increase to sterilize a wound, and then it dissolved after 15 days.

   
Programmable degradation (ieee)

   

  Audits: ISO 13485 Vs FDA

   
One of the challenges of marketing medical devices around the world is complying with many different regulatory audits and inspections. ISO 13485, the international standard for quality management systems of medical device manufacturers, and so most of them already have compliant quality management systems. For the FDA, the requirements to which the quality management system must be consistent to are described in the QSR.

   
Comparison Chart (lne-america)

   

  Fish-stock-assessments

   
Without the ability to estimate how many fish exist in the ocean there’s no way to determine how many of them we can catch while allowing the remaining fish populations to stay viable. But fish live in a mostly invisible world beneath the ocean surface, they move around constantly, and they eat each other. This creates a dynamic population structure that’s incredibly difficult to track, making fish virtually impossible to count.

   
The status & health of fish populations (scienceprogress)

   

  Why inequality matters ?

   
Inequality also played a key role in some of the worst disturbances in post-war Britain. As research by Wilkinson and Pickett and others has shown, inequality weakens social cohesion and a sense of community, and produces more crime and violence. We saw, in part, the consequences of that in last August’s riots. The pursuit of equality is not just a moral imperative, not just vital for the poor and for the social cohesion and wellbeing of society, it is also necessary for a stable economy.

   
The alternative policies (classonline)

   

  Cloud Computing in Europe

   
Addressing the specific challenges of cloud computing would mean a faster and more harmonised adoption of the technology by Europe's businesses, organisations and public authorities, resulting, on the demand side, in accelerated productivity growth and increased competitiveness across the whole economy as well as, on the supply-side, in a larger market in which Europe becomes a key global player.

   
How to slash users' IT expenditure ? (ec.europa)

   

  Cambridge Univ. & Tunisia Constitution

   
Cambridge University think-tank The Wilberforce Society (TWS) has presented a proposed draft constitution to the National Constituent Assembly (NCA). Along with the document, the British students published a report of their observations on changes after the revolution, and suggestions for continuing the improvement of the country. Dr. Riddhi Dasgupta, an international law scholar, was introduced to NCA members through his work with Lawyers Without Borders.

   
TWS & Proposed Tunisian Constitution (tunisia-live)

   

  Interaction: Factors & effects on bees

   
The vast majority of the studies have concentrated on the contact toxicity of the combinations. However the exposure section shows that a significant proportion of the exposure may be through ingestion of contaminated nectar. It appears that pesticides which induce P450s in other insects do not induce these enzymes in honeybees but natural chemicals.

   
Overview of the interactions (efsa)

   

  Digital inclusion for all

   
The Internet is changing. From narrowband to broadband, from kilobits to Gigabits, from connected people to connected things – our networked world is changing in speed, size, scale, and scope. Our ultra-connected future will build on converged Next-Generation Networks (NGN), while embracing broader concepts of embedded intelligence, automated Machine to Machine (M2M) traffic, and the ‘Internet of Things’.

   
Broadband 2012 (ericsson)

   

  Swedish waste to energy

   
Sweden has had strict standards limiting emissions from waste incineration since the mid-1980s. Most emissions have fallen by between 90 and 99 per cent since then thanks to ongoing technical development and better waste sorting. Swedish waste to energy is an environmental, financial, safe and stable contribution to the country’s energy supply.

   
Learning from swedish (avfallsverige)

   

  Change Readiness Index

   
There has been little focus on the concept of change readiness, and there are few reliable and appropriate measures to assess it. Recognizing this, KPMG International, in collaboration with researchers from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), evaluated the need and opportunity for a new forward-looking index – the Change Readiness Index – to assess the capability of individual countries to manage change.

   
Capability for managing change (kpmg)

   

  Statoil' underwater welding robot

   
For the very first time, remote-controlled machines and an underwater welding robot have installed a new tie-in point on a live gas pipeline, without the pipeline being prepared in advance. The hot tap installation is the first to be carried out in connection with preparations for Åsgard subsea gas compression in the Norwegian Sea, and thus also represents a milestone for the project.

   
Home-grown technology (statoil)

   

  DOE microgrid R&D efforts

   
The Smart Grid R&D Program, within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), convened this second Microgrid Workshop on July 30-31, 2012, in Chicago, Illinois. This followed the initial workshop in August 2011. The purpose of the 2011 workshop was to convene experts and practitioners to assist the DOE in identifying and prioritizing R&D areas in the field of microgrids.

   
Microgrid Workshop Report (energy)

   

  First Single-Atom Quantum Bit

   
Scientists in Australia built a system that could read and write the spin state of an electron in a phosphorous atom embedded in a silicon crystal. The resulting qubit was coupled to a single-atom transistor built into the silicon. Quantum computers—as opposed to the computers we use daily—rely on the laws of quantum mechanics to speed up calculations.

   
The absolute zero (spectrum.ieee)

   

  US' Salary survey

   
Data contained in the NACE Salary Survey are produced through a compilation of data derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Census Bureau, and a master data set developed by Job Search Intelligence. Data for the September 2012 Salary Survey report were retrieved in July 2012, and were compiled using a proprietary methodology created by Job Search intelligence.

   
New data collection method (naceweb)

   

  Almost zero energy computing

   
Intel often uses the Intel Developer Forum (IDF) as a platform to discuss its long-term vision for computing as well as more practical business initiatives. This year, the company has discussed the shrinking energy cost of computation as well as a point when it believes the energy required for “meaningful compute” will approach zero and become ubiquitous by the year 2020.

   
How to reduce the power consumption? (extremetech)

   

  Food with a function

   
In Europe, nutraceuticals are covered by a novel foods regulation that has been in place since 1997. ‘Essentially it means that any new ingredient or new process that might be applied to food needs to be evaluated, assessed and approved before it can be used in Europe'. The difficulty lies in classifying medicinal compounds added to food.

   
Medicine or food? (rsc)

   

  German's pension armageddon

   
Germans are afraid that their dream of a golden retirement could turn into a nightmare. For decades, one of the certainties of life in Germany was that the next generation of retirees would be better off and live a more secure existence than the preceding one. It was viewed as a sign of economic success when Germany's senior citizens thronged the luxury decks of international cruise ships.

   
Desperate for Returns (spiegel)

   

  Microsoft won court approval

   
After discovering that counterfeit versions of Windows containing malware were being installed and sold on new PCs in China, Microsoft tracked down the host of the botnet at its source and asked a US court for permission to try a new tactic. The court approved, giving Microsoft the OK to take over the entire ISP that hosted the botnet.Some of the devices contained counterfeit copies of Windows XP or Windows 7 with inactive malware.

   
Further investigation (technewsworld)

   

  For Future Air Systems

   
With budgets under pressure and joint operations more and more common, the EDA is playing a key role in pooling and sharing vital defence capabilities in Europe. Notably in the area of air operations, a number of successful projects are being conducted: EDA’s air-to-air refuelling initiative is supporting Member States in developing interoperable European solutions to overcome current shortfalls.

   
Fostering aerial cooperation (defense-aerospace)

   

  Transatlantic Trends surveys

   
In the context of mounting global challenges, the survey uncovered some remarkable findings. Among others,four stand out: EU respondents’ steadfast support for the European Union (less so for the euro) in the midst of crisis, despite broad divergences of opinion across the EU; a broad disenchantment with domestic economic institutions and norms; Americans’ renewed focus on Europe, despite the announced defense “pivot” to Asia.

   
World Views (trends.gmfus)

   

  Scientists: Workaholics & Happy

   
Motivated by the pressure of competition from all over the world, most scientists today are living and breathing their work. In the Chinese study, researchers at Dalian University of Technology used a ‘novel method’ to monitor researcher work habits. Unsurprisingly, downloads in three major countries slowed down during the night and on weekends, but never ceased.

   
Beyond expectations (rsc)

   

  Global economic outlook

   
The OECD projects that the euro area’s three largest economies – Germany, France and Italy – will shrink at an annualised rate of 1 percent on average during the third quarter and at 0.7 percent in the fourth. While the United States is affected by the euro area slowdown, growth is nonetheless projected at an annualised rate of 2 percent in the third quarter and a 2.4 percent pace in the fourth.

   
Economic forecast & assessment (oecd)

   

  Drug Quality assessment

   
Although continuous manufacturing offers strong potential for solid-dosage manufacturing, additional development is still needed. Continuous tableting, granulation, and coating can and are in some cases being done, but questions and challenges remain. Two related challenges are how to analyze and control product quality in line and how to define lots for release.

   
Ongoing challenges (pharmtech)

   

  23 IT Certifications & Profits

   
Certifications are a great way to show the IT industry employers, peers and recruiters that you are up to date and knowledgeable on the given topic. But which certifications offer the most potential earnings and will be in demand over the coming years? More and more companies are holding out for the IT pro who has the perfect skillset, which makes the certifications listed here among the most profitable due to industry demand.

   
Is that Mean Higher Pay ? (cio)

   

  Unborn baby & Genetic blueprint

   
Today, only around 5 per cent of women who have prenatal tests receive bad news. Full genome screens will detect many more problems - and will introduce much more uncertainty because whole-genome mapping predicts the mere possibility of disease. Not all genetic anomalies are expressed as pathology. The test will also produce false positives.

   
Medical early warning (newscientist)

   

  Breakthrough study in genome

   
Long stretches of DNA previously dismissed as "junk" are in fact crucial to the way our genome works, an international team of researchers said. The results of the international Encode project will have a huge impact for geneticists trying to work out how genes operate. The findings will provide new leads for scientists looking for treatments for conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and Crohn's disease that have their roots partly in glitches in the DNA.

   
DNA' biochemical function (guardian)

   

  Russia's far east

   
Ninety years on, the Kremlin has redecorated Russia's window on the east in the hope of improving its image in the eyes of investors from the world's fastest-growing region, and reviving its flagging popularity among hard-pressed locals. Russia has pumped $21 billion into its eastern seaboard to attract investors, tourists and gamblers from Asia, and persuade locals to halt the drift away from a city that, for all the grand designs, remains largely isolated from the rest of the world's largest country.

   
A bridge to Asia (reuters)

   

  Dannon' Awards

   
The Dannon Company, Inc. today awarded the Minster Athletic Boosters a Dannon Next Generation Nutrition® Grant totaling $30,000 in support of the Minster Memorial Field improvement project, Honoring the Past While Building for the Future. Honoring the Past While Building for the Future will provide Minster High School students and the broader town of Minster with a fully renovated athletic complex, new track, field space and additional revamped physical facilities.

   
Promoting quality lifestyles (prnewswire)

   

  NIST: Innovation Research Awards

   
The U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced nearly $2 million in Phase I and Phase II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards to 12 U.S. businesses. These awards provide funding to help companies develop technologies that could lead to commercial and public benefit. NIST's SBIR program is a competitive funding opportunity that provides contracts to small businesses for federal research and development.

   
US Small Business Innovation Research (nist)

   

  Making Web-appliction more efficient

   
The premier database conference — researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory presented a new system that automatically streamlines websites’ database access patterns, making the sites up to three times as fast. And where other systems that promise similar speedups require the mastery of special-purpose programming languages, the MIT system, works with the types of languages already favored by Web developers.

   
Web-services transactions (mit)

   

  Public Cloud & Software Development

   
As software developers, we heavily rely on our tools. Arguably one of our most important tools is the programming environment itself. This can become problematic if we are attempting to test and support multiple software versions, libraries, etc. The level of complexity can be raised even higher if we need to validate interactions with external resources. The most commonly used public clouds are those offering Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

   
How to manage virtual servers ?

   

  Survey: Survival after age 75

   
An increasing proportion of the population in the developed countries lives to very advanced age. Even after age 75 lifestyle behaviours such as not smoking and physical activity are associated with longer survival. A low risk profile can add five years to women’s lives and six years to men’s. These associations, although attenuated, were also present among the oldest old (≥85 years) and in people with chronic conditions.

   
Longevity & Associated factors (bmj)

   

  NIST guidelines on securing BIOS

   
BIOS attacks are an emerging threat area. Server manufacturers routinely update BIOS to fix bugs, patch vulnerabilities or support new hardware. However, while authorized updates to BIOS can improve functionality or security, unauthorized or malicious changes could be part of a sophisticated, targeted attack on an organization, allowing an attacker to infiltrate an organization's systems or disrupt their operations.

   
New draft guidelines (nist)

   

  Denmark as a model of democracy

   
Western democracies consider themselves to be efficient, farsighted and just -- in other words, prime examples of "good governance." But in recent years, the euro and debt crises, along with wars in Iraq and Afghanistan , have shattered faith in the reliability of Western institutions. Disconcerted Europeans are casting a worried eye at newly industrialized nations like China and Brazil .

   
A winning mindset (spiegel)

   

  A 21st cent. to manufacturing innovation

   
In a global economy where competitiveness and job creation are increasingly driven by science, technology, innovation, and information, collaboration is key. The traditional “linear approach” to national innovation—where scientific research on the one hand and industrial production on the other are conducted and managed separately—is increasingly insufficient to cope with the increasingly interconnected nature of science, technology, and industrial production.

   
Cutting-edge prod-process technologies (scienceprogress)

   

  Intel muscles into the mob. market

   
Some of the biggest bets in the computing industry were made on the fifth floor of Intel’s Robert Noyce Building, on the northeast corner of the chip giant’s main campus in Santa Clara, California. It was here that CEO Andy Grove cemented the “Wintel” partnership that would dominate the PC industry for more than a decade. In 2005 newly installed CEO Paul Otellini announced an agreement with Steve Jobs here, bringing Apple computers into the fold.

   
How to build chips for mob.? (wired)

   

  Bonuses linked to quality of care

   
Recently, researchers from Chestnut Health Systems in Illinois assessed whether pay-for-performance bonuses based on the quality and quantity of care was an effective way to treat patients. This study involved 986 teenage patients who used marijuana or alcohol, 29 community-based treatment organisations and 105 therapists. Each community organisation was to implement an evidence-based teen behavioural treatment programme.

   
Incentive & quality of care (eyeforpharma)

   

  Tin Inside Your Smartphone

   
In recent years about one-third of all the tin mined in the world has come from Bangka, its sister island Belitung to the east, and the seabeds off the islands’ shores. Because almost half of all tin is turned into solder for the electronics industry, a dominant force in the global tin market today is tablets and smartphones bought by consumers in the U.S. and elsewhere.

   
The Deadly Tin (businessweek)

   

  Lean development principles

   
Lean software development’s origins are actually in automobile manufacturing. In the early days of the Toyota Motor Corporation, an engineer named Taiichi Ohno developed a new production method that focused on eliminating waste. The company’s methods became known as Lean Manufacturing, and grew into the philosophy of identifying and eliminating any manufacturing action or product that did not add value to the customer.

   
Are you lean ? (developer)

   

  Digital Competence in Practice

   
With the 2006 European Recommendation on Key Competences,1 Digital Competence has been acknowledged as one of the 8 key competences for Lifelong Learning by the European Union. Digital Competence can be broadly defined as the confident, critical and creative use of ICT to achieve goals related to work, employability, learning, leisure, inclusion and/or participation in society.

   
Roadmap of digital competence (jrc)

   

  China's underground economy

   
The report claims that in 2011 the online underground involved over 90,000 participants, costing the local economy 5.36 billion yuan (£536bn), making victims of 110m internet users (roughly 22 per cent) and affecting 1.1m web sites (20 per cent). As elsewhere, real assets are mainly stolen by phishing and Trojans. Once those tools do their work, the assets are either sold on the underground market or profited from by being used directly to carry out ID fraud.

   
Chinese approach to cyber crime (theregister)

   

  Shamoon: Middle Eastern Malware

   
One more piece of malware is making its through systems in the Middle East. However, the size and scope of Shamoon make security gurus think it may be unrelated to malware like Flame and Gauss. The author "has definite skills," but "doesn't do this malicious stuff all the time," said ICSA Labs' Roger Thompson. "It feels, to me, to be deliberate sabotage from a disgruntled employee."

   
W32.Disttrack infection (technewsworld)

   

  E. coli strain linked to cancer

   
The trillions of microbes in the human gut contribute to obesity and to the risk of diseases such as diabetes. This microbial menagerie — the microbiome — also has a role in cancer, researchers report today. Mice with inflammatory bowel disease contain higher proportions of toxin-producing bacteria that may lead to colorectal cancer, the researchers say. Moreover, people with colorectal cancer were found to be more likely than healthy people to harbour these bacteria.

   
Shaping the microbiome (nature)

   

  IT secu. practices that don't work

   
The truth is most common IT security products and techniques don't work as advertised, leaving us far more exposed to malicious code than we know. That's because traditional IT security takes a whack-a-mole approach to threats, leaving us to catch up with the next wave of innovative malware, most of which rolls out in plain view on the Internet. here are 10 common IT security practices and products that are not guarding your systems as well as you think.

   
10 crazy security tricks (infoworld)

   

  Male Contraception Research

   
A successful test in mice of a molecule that can pass the blood-sperm barrier and render a reversible contraceptive effect in males has taken the quest for a non-hormonal male contraceptive pill in a new direction, following the results of a new US study reported online in the journal Cell on Thursday. The study is significant because it paves the way toward a non-hormonal male contraceptive pill that does not affect sex drive and does not permanently impair fertility.

   
A key protein disruption (medicalnewstoday)

   

  Wind turbine blade test facility

   
Testing of offshore wind turbine blades has been completed by Shepherd Construction, UK' national contractor. The project is the second of three structures to be completed at Blyth as part of a £80 million + investment by Narec in world-class facilities for the accelerated testing of offshore renewable energy technologies. It will add significantly to Narec’s existing capability for testing blades up to 50 metres in length.

   
UK'National Renewable Energy Centre (engineerlive)

   

  India's grid blackouts

   
India’s massive grid blackouts this month have been the subject of much debate and much concern — and from a clean power perspective, highlights a market where there is much opportunity. But there are actually a good deal of projects in India that are already focused on installing solar projects, both for rural villages and larger utility-scale programs. Some of the most notable and promising efforts are developped here.

   
Experimenting with rural projects (gigaom)

   

  Disney's REVEL Tech.

   
The Disney interface exploits a tactile effect known as "reverse electrovibration," and has been dubbed REVEL. An imperceptible electrical signal is introduced across the user's whole body to create an oscillating electrostatic field around the skin. When touching a physical object, such as a tablet screen, that shares a common electrical ground with the REVEL signal generator, an electrostatic force modulates the friction between the sliding finger and the object to create the sensation of a texture.

   
How to feel almost any surface ? (technologyreview)

   

  Good for US Chemical Reform

   
The Safe Chemicals Act would be the first overhaul of federal chemical law since it was created in 1976. A bill to improve reporting standards for toxic chemicals has passed out of committee to the U.S. Senate for a vote, and anti-regulatory czar Cass Sunstein has headed back to academia. According to Lindsay Dahl of the Safer Chemicals Healthy Families (SCHF) coalition, "This is the first vote to update chemical laws in over 36 years.

   
Chemicals of Concern List (prwatch)

   

  A future generation of web coders

   
Mozilla has ramped up efforts to build a future generation of web site coders by hosting part of this year's Festival of Code. Part of software vendor SAP's Young Rewired State (YRS) initiative, which aims to develop young people's understanding of software programming, Festival of Code is an annual national coding event. Now in its fourth year, Festival of Code has grown from 50 members and now consists of over 500 participants, all aged between 10 and 18.

   
The Festival of Code (theinquirer)

   

  Review: 3 Bug Capture Tools

   
Uncovering bugs in a software package is the easy part of the job in QA. Finding those elusive bugs is only the beginning, because the development team still has to fix them and they can't be cleared until they've been retested. There are several tools on the market for QA departments or software developers seeking to help capture detailed bug descriptions. Let's compare three of the best and find out how they measure up.

   
Bonfire, qTrace, Snagit (developer)

   

  NASA's New Way to Track Formaldehyde

   
NASA scientist Tom Hanisco is helping to fill a big gap in scientists' understanding of how much urban pollution -- and more precisely formaldehyde -- ultimately winds up in Earth's upper atmosphere where it can wreak havoc on Earth's protective ozone layer. He and his team have developed an automated, lightweight, laser-induced fluorescence device that measures the levels of this difficult-to-measure organic compound in the lower troposphere and then again at much higher altitudes.

   
Refining chemistry-climate models (innovations-report)

   

  The Gap in Patient Adherence

   
A research scientist at the University of South Carolina’s Institute for Creative Technologies demonstrated that a pair of new “virtual” patients can help train psychologists and psychiatrists before treating real patients. A healthcare professional can make their initial diagnosis after asking this patient who is programmed with speech recognition software, a series of questions about their healthcare history.

   
New "virtual patient" (social.eyeforpharma)

   

  Are we prepared for retirement?

   
Many analysts have considered whether households approaching retirement age have accumulated enough assets to be well prepared for retirement. In this paper, we shift from studying household finances at the start of the retirement period, an ex ante measure of retirement preparation, to studying the asset holdings of households in their last years of life.

   

Financial status at advanced ages (nber)

   

  Eli Lilly: Strong Cash Flows

   
Lilly is not alone in feeling the pain from losing patents. As seen at the following website, numerous drugs come off patent between 2012 and 2014. Pfizer (PFE) has 8 drugs coming off of patent (including recently Lipitor), Glaxo (GSK) more than 10 (16 but one must account for double counting from different versions of the same drug), and Merck (MRK).

   
EL's Undervalued Pipeline (seekingalpha)

   

  10 state-of-the-art instruments

   
Assuming it safely passes through its terrifying and complex descent sequence, NASA’s newest rover, Curiosity, should get its wheels on the Martian surface in just two short days, at 10:32 p.m. Pacific on Aug. 5. The size of a small SUV, Curiosity is packed with 10 state-of-the-art instruments that will allow it to answer questions about Mars’ wet history, current atmosphere and climate, and the possibility of ancient or contemporary life.

   
Rover’s Super High-Tech Science Gear (wired)

   

  Residential Segregation by Income

   
Despite the long-term rise in residential segregation by income, it remains less pervasive than residential segregation by race, even though black-white segregation has been falling for several decades. The Pew Research analysis also finds significant differences among the nation’s 10 most populous metropolitan areas in the patterns and degree of residential segregation by income.

   
Causes of metro area differences (pewsocialtrends)

   

  Incentivize Corporate Green Practices

    
For a company considering implementing green business practices, it’s not surprising that one of the biggest concerns is the financial cost of such practices. The amount of money that will be spent “going green” is not insubstantial, and it can take years before a return on investment is realized through greater energy efficiency and lower utility costs.

    
Going green (areadevelopment)

    

  Airport: Introducing randomness to security

   
Securing airports is a mighty challenge for any security agency. Can mathematical modelling and game theory be used to make airport security less predictable to aggressors? Teamcore, a US research team working with the TSA and Los Angeles Airport, is working to prove that it can. Chris Lo talks to Teamcore principal investigator Professor Milind Tambe to find out more.

   
The Game theory (airport-technology)

   

  Deep well challenges

   
The problem is that much of the 'easy' oil has been found, and demand for energy is taking exploration and production to ever-tougher extremes of geography and climate. The deepwater (more than 500 metres or 1,600 feet) and ultra-deepwater (more than 1,500 metres or about 5,000 feet) energy sector represents one of the major growth areas for the oil and gas industry, but exploiting these reserves presents tough technical challenges.

   
The hunt for black gold (engineerlive)

   

  Vertical Is The New Horizontal

   
In the days before the cloud, on-premise software providers that focused on selling into a vertical market were considered second-class citizens to the “big guns” selling into the broader horizontal marketplace. The real “win”—in market share, wallet share and ultimately, profits—was the broadest approach. The notion of specializing in solutions that serve a market niche or specific industry was considered limited.

   
How to lower customer acquisition costs (techcrunch)

   

  Interstellar plasma & a wave mystery

   
Throughout the universe more than 99% of matter looks nothing like what's on Earth. Instead of materials we can touch and see, instead of motions we intuitively expect like a ball rolling down a hill, or a cup that sits still on a table, most of the universe is governed by rules that react more obviously to such things as magnetic force or electrical charge.

   
Strange But True (rdmag)

   

  Remote-scanning techniques

   
Archaeology is being revolutionized by remote-scanning techniques that use lasers to detect otherwise invisible ground features. The technology digitally extracts vegetation for a clean image of the earth's surface. Archaeologists in Germany have already discovered thousands of new sites. The Glauberg is a hot spot for archaeologists. For decades, researchers have been studying the hill in the central German state of Hesse, where people settled some 7,000 years ago.

   
Over the millennia (spiegel)

   

  Ancient Olympics & Opening Ceremony

   
The Olympic Games were held every four years from 776 B.C. to A.D. 394, making them the longest-running recurring event in antiquity. What was the secret of the games' longevity? It was the sheer spectacle of it. Sports [were] one part of a grand, all-consuming extravaganza. It was first and foremost a religious event, held on the most sacred spot in the ancient world. It had this incredible aura of tradition and sanctity.

   
The True Story of the Ancient Games (nationalgeographic)

   

  A2/AD [anti-access/area denial]

   
Manned combat aircraft will remain at the tip of the spear for at least a generation and a half because in the near-term, unmanned aircraft are unable to operate inside heavily defended airspace. Most current unmanned aircraft do not have the maneuverability or self-defense systems to adequately protect themselves in an A2/AD environment, the USAF says.

   
Replacing manned aircraft (flightglobal)

   

  HIV quashed beyond detection

   
Following bone marrow transplants, two men infected with HIV no longer have any traces of the AIDS-causing virus in their lymphocytes, researchers report. The U.S. researchers suspect that bone marrow transplantation along with continuation of antiretroviral therapy resulted in the dramatic effects evident eight months post-transplant. They are scheduled to present these preliminary findings Thursday at the International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C.

   
Bone Marrow Transplants & HIV (bostonglobe)

   

  Sport and exercise science

   
Science applied to the fields of sport and exercise is referred to as “sport and exercise science” (SES), and medical treatment and prevention of illness related to exercise and sport are referred to as “sport and exercise medicine” (SEM). Although this inquiry focused on sport as a form of physical activity, other forms of activity such as recreational walking and cycling, gardening and housework are also potentially important in improving people’s health.

   
Exercise science and medicine (publications.parliament)

   

  Which HTML5?

   
As a result WHATWG as been responsible for pushing the HTML standard forward since 2004 and around 2007 the W3C adopted the WHATWG specification as HTML5. The two organizations have been nominally working together on HTML5 ever since - but that have been some big differences in approach. Over the years the two organizations have tended to diverge even more in their approach and now the fork is being formalized.

   
WHATWG and W3C Split (i-programmer)

   

  10 Online Reputation Tips

   
You're about to interview for a new job. You've polished your resume and crafted the perfect cover letter. You've got your references and talking points all lined up. Many job candidates spend hours preparing for an important interview, but they fail to pay attention to their "online resume," or how they're reflected in the top 10 Google search results, says Andy Beal, CEO of Trackur.

   
For Job Seekers (cio)

   

  China-Africa Relations

   
The trade volume between China and Africa has soared from a little over US$10 billion in 2000 to US$166.3 billion in 2011. China’s investment in Africa of various kinds exceeds US$40 billion, among which US$14.7 billion is direct investment. There are over 2,000 Chinese enterprises doing business in nearly 50 African countries, covering a wide range of areas such as mining, financing, manufacturing, construction, tourism and agriculture.

   
$20bn of loans to African nations (saiia)

   

  Free, online IT course offerings

   
Coursera, a startup built around the global classroom business model, announced new partnerships with an additional 12 universities, bringing the total to 16 major universities now offering in free, online courses. The larger span of universities now on board brings a range of information technology courses, from the fundamentals of algorthms to machine learning and security.

   
Online education platform (zdnet)

   

  How To Create A Viable Product ?

   
There’s been a lot of talk on the concept of minimum viable product lately, but not much has been written on how to actually implement one. Having gone through the process of developing one of the earliest social software mashups (GROU.PS) in PHP six years ago, and LoveBucks, a node.js Javascript app that is the Facebook “Like” Button for online content monetization (both alone), I want to describe the beauty of minimum viable product.

   
Grou.ps' Advices (techcrunch)

   

  Wikimedia into the travel business

   
Online travel information can be very difficult to gauge. Sometimes, you have no idea if the person who posted about a hotel's supreme service works for the hotel itself or whether the person revealing the presence of cockroaches just happens to be a competitor. Yet now the bastions of objectivity at the Wikimedia Foundation seem to be getting into the travel business.

   
How to get the right information ? (cnet)

   

  The haven for natural fluorine

   
Fluorine gas is so reactive that any naturally-occurring whiffs cannot exist for more than a few fleeting seconds. At least, that has been the conventional wisdom for more than a century. Now, chemists have proved that a smelly rock is the only known place on Earth where fluorine exists in its elemental form, F2. The rock is antozonite, a calcium fluoride (fluorite) mineral that is dark violet or even black in colour, also known as fetid fluorite or stinkspar.

   
How fluorine smells ? (natures)

   

  International Energy Efficiency Scorecard

   
This report is the first-ever ACEEE International Energy Efficiency Scorecard. It ranks 12 of the world’s largest economies across 27 metrics to evaluate how efficiently these economies use energy. These metrics are divided roughly in half between evaluation of quantifiable results and policies. The “policy metrics” are evaluated based on the presence of a best practice policy while “performance metrics” measure energy use and provide quantifiable results.

   
Energy-Efficient Economy (aceee)

   

  Rapid-growthmarkets

   
An emerging middle class in RGMs (Rapid_growth_market) is poised to take over as the engine of global demand. We predict that, within 25 years, almost two-thirds of global consumer spending will be in RGMs, from one-third today. According to our forecasts, within just eight years, by 2020, the number of households in emerging markets with annual incomes exceeding US$30,000 will more than double to 149m, overtaking the 120m in the US and 116m in the Eurozone.

   
Emergingmarkets (ey)

   

  Global governance of migration?

   
One big open question concerns the sources of future advocacy for global governance of migration. Who will the strongest advocates be and will they have some common backgrounds? Of nation-states do not champion improved governance of migration, will others? There could be an intersection with the trend in which there are many more cosmopolitans globally, with fewer and weaker attachments to nation-states? Globally, we could see more citizenship a la carte.

   
Trends are hard to determine (dni)

   

  Behind-schedule technology

   
Significant progress needs to be made in the next few years to keep pace with Moore's Law, a prediction by an Intel cofounder that has held true since 1975 and underpins consumer and industry expectations that chips will get ever more capable. This law states that the number of transistors that can fit on a silicon chip doubles every two years (the first version of the law, from 1965, said every year), which means that a chip of the same size is more powerful.

   
The moores law moon shot (technologyreview)

   

  Cities of the Future

   
KPMG World Cities Edition - a high-profile report showcasing 100 of the most innovative and inspiring urban infrastructure projects from around the world. Released at the recent World Cities Summit in Singapore, this edition provides insight into the infrastructure projects that make great cities, with a particular focus on the innovations that make them 'Cities of the Future' - places where people want to live and do business.

   
Urban infrastructure (kpmg)

   

  Mysteries of ‘Compute Engine’

   
Google entered the cloud computing game back in 2008, when it unveiled Google App Engine, a service that lets outside software developers build and host applications atop the same sweeping infrastructure that runs Google’s own web services, such as Google Search and Gmail. Like Amazon’s cloud, this is a way of running online applications without setting up your own data center infrastructure.

   
Google Compute Engine (wired)

   

  Controlling Outsourced Processes

   
According to the Medical Device European Directives, the manufacturer is the party that has the responsibility for all aspects of the medical device, from designing it to putting it on the shelf, regardless if a third party performs one or more tasks in this process.1 Other international regulations echo this definition. A supplier is a party that supplies a product, service, or information, but is not included in the manufacturer’s quality management system (QMS).

   
A manufacturer’s responsibilities (lne-america)

   

  America's Nuclear Age

   
Welcome to the Nevada National Security Site, formerly known as the Nevada Test Site. Here, from 1951 through 1992, a total of 928 nuclear weapons exploded, many of them sending instantly familiar giant mushroom clouds high into the skies above. Of those, 828 were detonated underground. But that means 100 were tested above ground, and people in Las Vegas were said to be able to see the light from the blasts, and even some of the mushroom clouds rising skyward.

   
Nevada desert as platform (cnet)

   

  Workshop: animal welfare

   
The use of animal-based measures to assess animal welfare is relatively new. Legislation related to the protection of animals usually focuses on the assessment of different factors that can impact on welfare rather than on the animal’s response to these factors. Such factors may include both the resources available to the animal in its environment, for example space or bedding material, or the practices used to manage the animal on the farm, such as how and when the farmer feeds the animal or the procedures in place for weaning.

   
Animal welfare (efsa.europa)

   

  Wi-Fi-connected cars

   
Wi-Fi is coming to our cars. Ford Motor Co. has been equipping cars with Wi-Fi transmitters since 2010; according to an Agence France-Presse story last year, the company expects that by 2015, 80 percent of the cars it sells in North America will have Wi-Fi built in. The same article cites a host of other manufacturers worldwide that either offer Wi-Fi in some high-end vehicles or belong to standards organizations that are trying to develop recommendations for automotive Wi-Fi.

   
A new algorithm (mit)

   

  Volunteering: The way to A Job

   
I know you’re probably looking for full-time work, but it reminded me once again of the advice I like to give anyone who is out of work and feeling hopeless, frustrated, or simply pissed off at answering the question­: How’s the job hunt going? I recently learned that baby boomers today have the highest volunteer rate of any age group.

   
Doing something for someone else (forbes)

   

  Personal Identity Data Management

   
The survey shows very clearly how Digital Europe is shaping up. About two thirds of EU27 citizens use the Internet frequently, more than one third uses Social Networking Sites (SNS) to keep in touch with friends and business partners and almost 4 out of 10 shop online. In both of these contexts, people disclose vast amounts of personal information, and also manage a large and growing number of electronic identities.

   
Eurobarometer Survey on Data Protection (jrc)

   

  Baby Shampoo reformulation needed

   
“More than two years after leading health and parents’ groups asked Johnson & Johnson … to reformulate its flagship baby shampoo to remove a chemical that releases formaldehyde, a known carcinogen, the company is still using the formaldehyde-releasing ingredient in Johnson’s Baby Shampoo in the United States, Canada and China, while making formaldehyde-free versions of the shampoo in several other countries.”

   
Toxic Suds (asq)

   

  Programmable DNA scissors

   
This discovery holds potentially big implications for advanced biofuels and therapeutic drugs, as genetically modified microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, are expected to play a key role in the green chemistry production of these and other valuable chemical products. These results could provide genetic engineers with a new and promising alternative to artificial enzymes for gene targeting and genome editing in bacteria and other cell types.

   
Means of editing genomes (biochemist)

   

  The EU Bioeconomy

   
The bio-based economy will play an increasingly significant role in the chemical industry in the future. Although our industry will undoubtedly remain predominantly petrochemicals-based in the coming decades, there is potential for greater use of bio-based feedstock. Cefic has therefore, a high level of engagement in the development of the bioeconomy.

   
Chemical industry future (cefic)

   

  Don't Complain, Do Something!

   
More than 100 heads of state and government have gathered at Sugarloaf Mountain to bore us with their dry declarations of intent and flat discussions. They talk and talk, and in the end they will disappoint us to no end. Governmental attempts at environment and climate protection have failed spectacularly. It would be irresponsible to continue depending on political leaders.

   
How Take Lead on Environment (spiegel)

   

  NASA & New tech. transfer policy

   
NASA's Technology Transfer Portal provides an Internet-based one-stop front door to the agency's unique intellectual property assets available for technology transfer and infusion into America's new technology and innovation-driven economy. NASA's Technology Transfer Program allows research and development to transfer back into the U.S. economy via licenses, patents and intellectual property agreements that often result in new innovations, products and businesses.

   
The Tech transfer portal (jeccomposites)

   

  Canada: Economic Surveys

   
The economy withstood the global economic crisis thanks to a timely macroeconomic policy response and a solid banking sector. Although strong profits in the mining and oil sectors have supported business investment, employment growth slowed in the autumn and winter, and confidence weakened, largely reflecting temporary factors. The latest indicators suggest the economy is picking up, and the outlook is for continued moderate output growth and inflation in 2012-13.

   
Economy that withstand crisis (oecd)

   

  Degrees of Separation

   
The idea of six degrees of separation—that is, that every person in the world is no more than six people away from every other person on earth—has fascinated social scientists and laymen alike ever since Hungarian writer Frigyes Karinthy introduced the concept in 1929. A recent study by researchers from Facebook and the University of Milan, however, looked at 721 million Facebook users, who had 69 billion unique friendships among them.

   
The new topological approach (cacm.acm)

   

  Pensioners: back in the workforce

   
Elderly people need to me more actively included in the EU labour market to tackle Europe’s demographic problems, stakeholders said during a conference in Brussels. With baby boomers retiring and fewer children being born, the labour force is on course to shrink significantly, as will the number of taxpayers to support the pension system.

   
The employability of older workers (euractiv)

   

  Organ-on-a-chip technologies

   
We’re not talking about silicon chips simulating the functions of various human organs, either. These organs-on-a-chip contain real, living human cells. In the case of the gut-on-a-chip, a single layer of human intestinal cells is coerced into growing on a flexible, porous membrane, which is attached to the clear plastic walls of the chip. By applying a vacuum pump, the membrane stretches and recoils, just like a human gut going through the motions of peristalsis.

   
A living lung-on-a-chip (extremetech)

   

  What Facebook Knows

   
It would far outstrip any regime past or present in how intimately it records the lives of its citizens. Private conversations, family photos, and records of road trips, births, marriages, and deaths all stream into the company's servers and lodge there. Facebook has collected the most extensive data set ever assembled on human social behavior.

   
Mining for Gold (technologyreview)

   

  Breast Milk & Antiretrovirals

   
Infected children acquire HIV from their mother in utero, intrapartum or by ingesting their mother's breast milk which can contain both HIV particles (cell-free) and HIV-infected cells (cell-associated). Although breastfeeding is attributed to a significant number of HIV infections in children, most breastfed infants remain uninfected despite prolonged and repeated exposure to HIV.

   
Oral HIV transmission (plospathogens)

   

  Deconstructing Dad

   
Having children changes a man. All of us know examples of that. I’m pretty sure, for instance, that the only time I ever saw my father sing was to his kids. It wasn’t always pretty, but it was pure Dad. But is there something about fatherhood that actually changes the male brain? Studies suggest that it does, including one published a few years ago which found that new sets of neurons formed in brains of mouse dads that stayed around the nest after their pups were born.

   
Something about fatherhood (smithsonianmag)

   

  Immigrant Small Business Owners

   
Immigrant entrepreneurship is widely recognized as an important aspect of the economic role immigrants play. Surprisingly, until now, there has been relatively little basic information available about the number and characteristics of immigrant small business owners. This report breaks new ground in identifying small immigrant businesses and immigrant small business owners.It gives a detailed profile of who immigrant business owners are.

   
Immigrant entrepreneurship (fiscalpolicy)

   

  EU & Open Network

   
The European Commission said it will seek “a conservative approach” to proposed changes to international telecommunications regulations (ITRs) later this year, which some warn could end up imposing tighter security and pricing regimes on the internet. In December, the World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT), a United Nations-backed regulator, is set to propose amendments to ITRs at a 10-day conference in Dubai.

   
ITRs revision (euractiv)

   

  A key indication of Alzheimer's

   
Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia, which affects 820,000 people in the UK. A key indication of Alzheimer's, which can only be seen after death, is the presence of sticky plaques of amyloid protein in decimated portions of patients' brains. Scientists have already found mutations in a gene involved in the processing of amyloid protein in Alzheimer's which run in families.

   
Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease (bbc)

   

  Hyperspectral imaging

   
The technique, called hyperspectral imaging (HSI), has frequently been used in satellites because of its superior ability to identify objects by color. While many other visual surveying methods can scan only for a single color, HSI is able to distinguish the full color spectrum in each pixel, which allows it to perceive the unique color “signatures” of individual objects.

   
NIST improves Medical Scanners (qualitydigest)

   

  PFASs substances in food

   
Several PFASs are recognised as environmentally persistent organic pollutants and are associated with adverse health effects. Diet is considered the main source of exposure to PFASs. In 2008, the EFSA Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) performed a risk assessment for perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concluding that it is unlikely that adverse effects of PFOS or PFOA are occurring in the general population.

   
Diet' exposure to PFASs (efsa)

   

  Roiling in the Deep

   
You may soon, if you haven’t already, be making your first visit to the beach since last summer. A lot has happened out in the ocean since then, although most of us probably haven’t been paying much attention. Truth is, the sea doesn’t get a whole lot of press, unless a tsunami or shark attack happens. A a lot of unusual things are going on in the ocean these days.

   
World Oceans Day (smithsonianmag)

   

  CARS 21 & Competitiveness

   
In the coming decade, important changes are expected in the global automotive industry in several areas that are likely to profoundly reshape the industry and its markets worldwide. While the European market is mature, third markets are growing fast, changing the trade flows and the automotive value chain. EU' companies are increasingly being challenged on their home market and developing opportunities in third markets.

   
Automotive Industry & Growth (europa)

   

  US' Nuclear Fuel Storage

   
In a unanimous opinion, a three-judge panel of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia said that in deciding that the fuel would be safe for many decades, the commission did not carry out an analysis of individual storage pools at reactors across the country, treating them generically instead. The commission also did not adequately analyze the risk that cooling water will leak from the pools or that the fuel will ignite, the court wrote.

   
Rethinking of Nuclear Fuel Storage (nytimes)

   

  Transparency International today

   
Across Europe, many of the institutions that define a democracy and enable a country to stop corruption are weaker than often assumed. This report raises troubling issues at a time when transparent leadership is needed as Europe tries to resolve its economic crisis,” said Cobus de Swardt, Managing Director of Transparency International.

   
The first comprehensive assessment   (transparency)

   

  First gene-targeted therapy

   
Doctors have successfully dropped the first "smart bomb" on breast cancer, using a drug to deliver a toxic payload to tumor cells while leaving healthy ones alone. In a key test involving nearly 1,000 women with very advanced disease, the experimental treatment extended by several months the time women lived without their cancer getting worse, doctors planned to report Sunday at a cancer conference in Chicago.

   
Smart bomb on breast cancer (news.yahoo)

   

  Antivirus Failure Industry

   
Stuxnet went undetected for more than a year after it was unleashed in the wild, and was only discovered after an antivirus firm in Belarus was called in to look at machines in Iran that were having problems. When researchers dug back through their archives for anything similar to Stuxnet, they found that a zero-day exploit that was used in Stuxnet had been used before with another piece of malware, but had never been noticed at the time.

   
The expecting boumerang effects (wired)

   

  IT: More Robust Unit Tests

   
The benefits of using unit tests are recognized throughout the software development industry. Unit tests help us verify that written code works as intended, prevent regression bugs, and can even be used as a design methodology (TDD). The problem with using unit tests begins when previously written tests fail to run or even compile. In a perfect world, a test only breaks if the code under the tests stopped working.

   
Five Simple Tips (developer)

   

  German's energy transition

   
The four companies--50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT TSO and TransnetBW -- estimate that expanding wind power on the North and Baltic Seas would cost another €12 billion, and one of the transmission companies estimates its own costs until 2025 to be €10 billion. The percentage of solar, wind, hydro and biomass energy in the country is expected to increase by 35 percent by 2020, as the country prepares for the phase-out of nuclear energy.

   
Nuclear decommissioning (spiegel)

   

  Google Translate

   
My discovery got me hunting for the origins of this technology that we now take for granted. And, as I discovered, our interest in multilingual machines and trouble-free translation goes back much further than the 1950s. In fact, you have to go back to 1629, when French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes proposed a series of universal symbols that any language could be converted into.

   
Welcome to the future (bbc)

   

  Cisco Visual Networking Index

   
Annual global IP traffic will surpass the zettabyte threshold (1.3 zettabytes) by the end of 2016. In 2016,global IP traffic will reach 1.3 zettabytes per year or 109.5 exabytes per month. Global IP traffic has increased eightfold over the past 5 years, and will increase threefold over the next 5 years. Overall, IP traffic will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 29 percent from 2011 to 2016.

   
Visual networking applications (cisco)

   

  Spanish's profligate spending

   
Valencia’s City of Arts and Sciences, a cluster of futuristic buildings designed by native-son architect Santiago Calatrava, was an emblem of civic ambition during Spain’s long economic boom. The complex, including an aquarium, museums, and opera house constructed over the past 15 years, was intended to help Spain’s third-largest city become a world-class tourist destination.

   
Valencia’s City of Arts and Sciences (businessweek)

   

  Fungi: no fun for plants

   
Fungi are microorganisms and are different from plants, animals and bacteria. Their small size, however, belies the huge impact they make on the world's flora and fauna. It is estimated that each year fungal infections are responsible for destroying more than 125 million tonnes of staple crops, which include rice, wheat, maize, potatoes and soybeans.

   
Fungal disease (cordis.europa)

   

  Eurobarometer: Patient involvement

   
The term “Patient involvement” was not clearly understood by either patients or practitioners and often meant different things to different people. For many patients the term was a nebulous concept revolving around healthy living and being responsible for one’s own health. For both practitioners and patients it was often simply equated with medical compliance and following doctors’ orders.

   
Doctor-Patient relationship (ec.europa)

   

  3D touchscreen wall

   
We can turn any surface into a 3D touchscreen," explained Anup Chathoth, one third of Munich-based startup Ubi Interactive. Such claims typically conjure up images of floating Minority Report-style touchscreens made from curved glass, but that's exactly what this three-person team has developed. Ubi's system uses a Microsoft Kinect sensor to turn a regular projector into a multi-touch PC projection system.

   
Ubi' Interactive touchscreens (arstechnica)

   

  Estonia's cyber attacks

   
In April 2007 a series of cyber attacks targeted Estonian information systems and telecommunication networks ... Lasting twenty-two days, the attacks were directed at a range of servers (web, email, DNS) and routers. The 2007 attacks did not damage much of the Estonian IT infrastructure ... However, the attacks were a true wake-up call for NATO, offering a practical demonstration that cyber attacks could now cripple an entire nation dependent on IT networks.

   
Lessons learned (ndc.nato)

   

  Scottish mixed waste recycling

   
A report of a study that provides information about the composition and amount of mixed waste disposed of by Scottish businesses within three key sectors. The purpose of this report is to assist Zero Waste Scotland, government and government bodies, industry and commerce to develop policies, advice, tips and tools to help the reduction of mixed waste to landfill.

   
Scotland's Zero Waste (wrap)

   

  Trade-induced economic growth

   
Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris. On the contrary, closing markets is actually more likely to stifle growth and put additional pressure on labour markets.

   
Open markets VS closed (oecd)

   

  Human social behaviour

   
A key issue in cooperation research is to determine the conditions under which individuals invest in a public good. Here, we tested whether cues of being watched increase investments in an anonymous public good situation in real life. We examined whether individuals would invest more by removing experimentally placed garbage (paper and plastic bottles) from bus stop benches in Geneva in the presence of images of eyes compared to controls (images of flowers).

   
The effects of image of eyes (plosone)

   

  IPhone: The next generation

   
The design change will be Apple’s first for the iPhone since 2010, when it introduced the iPhone 4. Electronics makers, led by Samsung, are moving toward bigger screens, as consumers use handheld devices for a broader array of tasks, including watching video, playing games and browsing the Web. Apple is girding against competition from rivals such as Samsung, which have made Google Inc. (GOOG)’s Android the most widely used smartphone software.

   
Apple’s IPhone Overhaul   (bloomberg)

   

  Schools: High-tech v. no-tech

   
The Washington Waldorf School in Bethesda, Md., is trying to stay unplugged. Its teachers think technology is a distraction and overhyped. They believe children are better taught through real-world experiences in the school’s vegetable garden and woodwork shop. Educators here fear that the immediate gratification of texts and Wikipedia threatens face-to-face communication and original thinking, so they ban cellphones, laptops and tablets and require students to hand-write papers until high school.

   
Gaping educational divide (dailyherald)

   

  Automotive Industry Breathes

   
Vehicles with creative power generation and advanced electronics will fuel the auto industry in the future. Suppliers, OEMs, service providers, government, and academia must work together to take the sector to the next level, providing vehicles in a responsible way that provides a direct benefit to people, the planet, and our stakeholders.

   
A Collective Sigh of Relief (areadevelopment)

   

  Indian Outsourcing Issue

   
Given the political resonance of the outsourcing issue, especially among important Democratic Party constituencies, the charge is not unexpected. But it is disheartening nonetheless since the president himself has argued for a more sophisticated understanding of the bilateral economic partnership. The specific accusation against Romney, should come as no surprise given the Democrats’ track record of using the perceived ill-effects of India’s economic rise to score political points.

   
In our interconnected world (businessweek)

   

  EU' Permitted health claims

   
Health claims on food labelling and in advertising, for example on the role of calcium and bone health or vitamin C and the immune system, have become vital marketing tools to attract consumers' attention. Therefore EU consumers expect accurate information on products they buy, in particular on the health claims the products may put forward. Today, a list of 222 health claims has been approved by the Commission.

   
EU' landmark list (europa)

   

  Oil prices could double

   
The new IMF "working paper" come as the value of crude on world markets remains at the historically high level of $113 a barrel and just after the International Energy Agency reported that consumption would accelerate for the rest of this year in line with a wider economic recovery. It says that its oil market "models" have been significantly more accurate than others in a world where predictability has been historically low.

   
Oil demand forecast (imf)

   

  Non-Strategic Nuc. Weapons

   
Russia, the United States, and NATO do not disclose how many non-strategic1 nuclear weapons they have or where they are deployed. As a result, uncertainty and rumors fuel a debate full of half-truths, exaggerations and worst-case assumptions. This report estimates that Russia and the United States combined possess around 2,760 non-strategic nuclear weapons in their military stockpiles.

   
Nuclear Initiatives (fas)

   

  Africa: perception vs. reality

   
In the contest for international capital and resources, better stories are still being told about other markets. Despite high optimism, high growth and high returns, the perception gap still exists and the African continent. There is clearly still work to be done by Africans - to better articulate and "sell" the African growth story. Africa is still viewed as a relatively unattractive investment destination compared to most other geographical regions.

   
E&Y Africa attractiveness survey (ey)

   

  Food and feed safety report

   
In relation to urgent requests for scientific advice, the year was dominated by the tragic outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) 0104:H4 in Germany and France. Working closely with the national authorities and with the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), EFSA was called upon to provide urgent scientific advice and for the first time, technical assistance to support the German authorities.

   
Advice and risk assessment approaches (efsa)

   

  The myths of manufacturing

   
To be sure, manufacturing has seen major job reductions in the United States: from 18 million jobs in 2001 to 12 million today. Even so, the sector still accounts for 70 percent of private-sector R&D spending in America and 90 percent of U.S. patents issued today. Novartis, in collaboration with MIT researchers, is working to develop a new system of “continuous manufacturing” that would dramatically reduce the time it takes to produce commercial drugs.

   
Production in the Innovation Economy (mit)

   

  FDA' global strategy

   
In its latest effort to promote a global strategy for protecting Americans against unsafe imported pharmaceutical, food, and medical products, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has called for unprecedented international cooperation to cope with seemingly overwhelming challenges. In addition to approving the sale and effectiveness of US drugs, the FDA is required to certify the safety of imported medical products, pharmaceuticals, and food.

   
Reliance on global partners (fda)

   

  British waters & Marine species

   
A new study by marine scientists discloses that many species, some better known to holidaymakers in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands, are now increasingly commonly seen in the seas off Cornwall, Devon, Hampshire and Sussex, providing vivid evidence that climate change is already changing the natural environment. Off south-west England, fishermen and biologists see bluefin tuna, triggerfish, stingrays, thresher sharks and ocean sunfish in greater numbers.

   
Marine climate change (guardian)

   

  African landrush

   
These Voluntary Guidelines seek to improve governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests. They seek to do so for the benefit of all, with an emphasis on vulnerable and marginalized people, with the goals of food security and progressive realization of the right to adequate food, poverty eradication, sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security.

   
Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land (fao)

   

  CSOs Fundamental Qualities

   
The organizations best-prepared to face today's security threats share a fundamental profile that separates them from organizations trapped in crisis-response mode. That's the finding of the IBM Center for Applied Insights, which recently conducted double-blind interviews of 138 security leaders—chief information security officers (CISOs) and other IT and line-of-business executives responsible for information security in the enterprise—to gain a better understanding of security leaders' strategies and approaches.

   
How to drive significant change ? (cio)

   

  2012 Special 301 Report

   
The Special 301 process continues to be effective in gaining high-level attention from US trading partners - attention that is needed to redress intellectual property violations and market access concerns. The 2012 report particularly notes that USTR has sought to reduce market access barriers that U.S. pharmaceutical and medical device companies face in many countries, and to facilitate both affordable health care today and the innovation that assures improved health care tomorrow.

   

American intellectual propertyy (keionline)

   

  1Gbps wireless network

   
For a start, visible (and invisible) light has a frequency of between 400 and 800THz (800 and 375nm), which is unlicensed spectrum worldwide. Second, in cases where you really don’t want radio interference, such as hospitals, airplanes, and other sensitive environments, visible light communication (VLC), or free-space optical communication, is really rather desirable.

   
Light-based communications (extremetech)

   

  Aspartame' extensive investigation

   
The sweetener aspartame and its breakdown products have been a matter of extensive investigation for more than 30 years including experimental animal studies, clinical research, intake and epidemiological studies and post-marketing surveillance. It has been found to be safe and authorised for human consumption for many years and in many countries following thorough safety assessments.

   
The full re-evaluation (efsa)

   

  Quantum computers: leaping ahead

   
Beryllium ion crystal in NIST quantum simulator A crystal of beryllium ions confined by a large magnetic field at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology's quantum simulator. The outermost electron of each ion is a quantum bit (qubit), and here they are fluorescing blue, which indicates they are all in the same state. The idea of a general-purpose quantum computer was first recognised in 1985 by Oxford physicist David Deutsch.

   
Commercially viable technology (guardian)

   

  The n-gram analysis

   
Here, we address the identity problem by prescribing the same medicine for ourselves—technology and algorithms—we often prescribe for others. We present a culturomic analysis5 of Communications showing how natural language processing can be used to quantitatively explore the identity and culture of an institution over time, inspired by the n-gram project released in 2010 by Google labs.

   
The identity of Communications (cacm.acm)

   

  The future of quality

   
how can I make my company successful, how can I be more competitive, how can I run a better business? And when you think that way, you start looking for the best methods, the best way to achieve that. In other words, business people tend to evolve, and keep up with current trends, but the quality profession has this tendency to learn it once and evolve very slowly.”

   

The best methods  (qualitydigest)

   

  Most puzzling: EMF

   
Of all the super-senses that animals possess, the ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field (EMF) must be the most puzzling. We’ve known that birds can do it since the 1960s, but every new attempt to understand this ability – known as magnetoreception – just seems to complicate matters even further. Le-Qing Wu and David Dickman from the Baylor College of Medicine have found neurons in a pigeon’s brain that encode the properties of a magnetic field.

   
Neurons in a pigeon’s brain (blogs.discovermagazine)

   

  Gulf Pharmaceutical Industries

   
The gulf is in the middle of a war that it looks unlikely to win. An estimated 20 percent — or roughly one in every family — of the region’s inhabitants now has diabetes, and, if current trends persist, that number is likely to double by 2030. Some estimates suggest that the UAE alone spends half a billion dollars every year combating the disease, but — despite the vast outlay, and the strain on Gulf exchequers — disease incidence has thus far shown no sign of waning.

   
Diabetes main focus (arabianbusiness)

   

  BASF:Earnings increase in Europe

   
BASF had a solid start to 2012. Sales were higher than in the very good first quarter of the previous year and rose 6% to €20.6 billion. Income from operations (EBIT) before special items decreased as expected and, at €2.5 billion (down 7%), was slightly below the same quarter of the previous year. “Increased raw material costs could not be fully passed on in all business areas, which put pressure on our margins.

   
Increase in sales (up 6%) (otcmarkets)

   

  Customer Loyalty Starts at Home

   
The more complex the product and the greater the gap between customers’ prior experiences and the way in which the new product or service is used or consumed, the more likely help will be needed. Organizations need to make a greater effort to anticipate such needs and provide help in various forms to assist customers. This might be as simple as user instructions, a user manual or instruction videos.

   
Principles of Guide or mentoring (asq)

   

  Six leading browsers

   
Among the PC browser contenders, Google’s Chrome version 17 narrowly captured the crown as the top performer overall in our tests, thanks to speedy JavaScript rendering and page loading times, excellent security tools, and a respectable array of add-ons and features. Mozilla’s Firefox 10 finished a close second, processing HTML 5 graphics faster than any other browser and sporting a huge library of add-ons to make browsing easier and more fun.

   
Pros & Cons (pcadvisor)

   

  Chip industry limits

   
Qualcomm last week said it was having problems finding enough capacity to manufacture chips designed for mobile phones, something that’s likely to become more common as the physics that govern how we make semiconductors buckles under the demands of our increasingly mobile lives. But this isn’t just about Moore’s Law; this is a story of how the demands for more performance, less power and smaller sizes are all combining to force changes in the chip industry.

   
Redesigning the transistor (gigaom)

   

  ASTM International & Declaration of Conformity

   
(ASTM International: West Conshohocken, PA) -- Responding to increasing requests from suppliers and their customers, ASTM International has developed a new program, the Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity. Sponsored and administered by ASTM International, the new program is available to any supplier, manufacturer, distributor, or private brand owner.

   
Responding to increasing request (astm)

   

  Baggage handling processes

   
Baggage handling has always had a reputation as being a particularly miserable aspect of the air travel experience for passengers. As one of the most advanced airports in the world, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has a proud history of implementing new ideas before anyone else. With its latest upgrade to baggage handling, however, the airport might have outdone itself.

   
Automated baggage drop-off systems (airport-technology)

   

  German' weapons vs Greek' profligacy

   
Greek profligacy may be blamed for triggering the debt crisis that now threatens to tear the eurozone apart, but if there is one area where Berlin is less excoriating of state largesse it is in Athens's extravagant taste for arms. Behind the frequent exhortations that Greece rein in spending after living "beyond its means" – admonishments made most loudly by Merkel and her finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble

   
Greece military spending (guardian)

   

  U.K' early death evidence

   
In a study appearing this month in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, MIT researchers report that emissions from cars, trucks, planes and powerplants cause 13,000 premature deaths in the United Kingdom each year. The researchers found that emissions originating elsewhere in Europe cause an additional 6,000 early deaths in the U.K. annually; U.K. emissions that migrate outside the country, in turn, cause 3,100 premature deaths per year in other European Union nations.

   
Pollution & early death links (mit)

   

  Groundwater resources in Africa

   
In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation is forecast to increase substantially to combat growing food insecurity. Despite this, there is little quantitative information on groundwater resources in Africa, and groundwater storage is consequently omitted from assessments of freshwater availability. Here we present the first quantitative continent-wide maps of aquifer storage and potential borehole yields in Africa based on an extensive review of available maps, publications and data.

   
Water resources (iopscience.iop)

   

  Celebrity tech start-ups

   
Kozlov is CEO of Moonshark, a new start-up set to release its first titles in the summer. His firm is being incubated at CAA, best-known for its muscle in getting huge paydays for its A-list talent roster in movies, TV shows, music and sports. CAA has also recently ventured into Internet start-ups, founding companies it hopes will one day see the type of paydays exhibited recently by photo-sharing appmaker Instagram, which was bought by Facebook for $1 billion.

    
The Creative Artists Agency (usatoday)

    

  Africa & biopesticides

   
Agriculture is, and will remain for years to come, the main driver of economic development in Africa. Vegetables such as cowpea in West Africa and the common bean in East Africa are an important source of cash and nutrition. Vegetable and horticultural crops will soon become more important due to increasing urbanisation. But they are plagued by insect pests and diseases that can reduce yields by up to 80 per cent.

   
Africa' Farmers (scidev)

   

  Technology Report 2012

   
The past decade the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) has been measuring the degree to which economies across the world leverage ICT for enhanced competitiveness. The Report series is the result of a long-standing partnership between the World Economic Forum (the Forum) and INSEAD, aimed at identifying, measuring, and benchmarking the drivers of national capacity to leverage ICT to boost competitiveness and well-being and their impacts.

   
Hyperconnected World (weforum)

   

  Algae biofuels

   
The necessity of developing alternative, renewable fuel sources to prevent a potential energy crisis and alleviate greenhouse gas production has long been recognized. Various sources have been tried—corn for ethanol and soybeans for biodiesel, for example. But to truly meet the world’s fuel needs, researchers must come up with a way to produce as much biofuel as possible in the smallest amount of space using the least amount of resources.

   
The wave of the future   (nature)

   

  Fibre still growing in Europe

   
Although many operators claim there is not enough demand from end users for next generation network services, this is certainly not true with the right ARPU (Average Revenue per User), according to the latest findings of the FTTH Council Europe’s Market Intelligence Committee. There is no demand issue with FTTH/B, but it is a market that takes time to develop.

   
Closing the gap (ftthcouncil)

   

  Dental x-rays & Exposure

   
The researchers set out to explore the relation between dental x-rays, which are the most common modifiable source of ionizing radiation, and the risk for intracranial meningioma. This study is the largest of its kind to explore the effects of relatively common dental x-rays, according to the researchers. Most previous data came from studies that looked at the effects of high-dose single exposures such as atomic bombs.

   

Largest Study to Date (medscape)

   

  Academic spring: Scientific revolution

   
Tim Gowers and his colleagues had been grumbling among themselves for several years about the rising costs of academic journals. There had been talk last year that a major scientific body might come out in public to highlight the problem and rally scientists to speak out against the publishing companies, but nothing was happening fast. Academic publishers charge UK universities about £200m a year to access scientific journals.

   
The Cost of Knowledge petition (guardian)

   

  English Skills Declining

   
Nearly four out of 10 of the global workers were ranked as business English beginners, meaning that they can't understand or communicate basic information during virtual or in-person meetings, read or write professional emails in English, or deal with complexity and rapid change. The majority of global workers (60.5 percent) from the represented countries scored between a 4.0 and 7.0—just below the intermediate level, indicating an inability to perform tasks such as presentation development and customer negotiations.

   
Business English Proficiency (cio)

   

  What is HD voice?

   
HD voice is an umbrella term which refers to technologies that enhance the quality of an audio call, or the audio portion of a video call. Depending on the calling system being used, HD voice may or may not be available. For cellular (and possibly hybrid cellular/satellite) networks, HD voice has been in development since 2000. In the last two years, the specifications for HD voice on CDMA2000, GSM, HSPA+, and LTE have been finalized.

   
HD voice implementation (extremetech)

   

  Personalizing drug treatment

   
Canada's Spartan Bioscience has developed a near "plug-and-play" genotyping device that allows nurses and others to quickly screen patients at the bedside, perhaps while they are undergoing the stent placement procedure. Users take a DNA sample from a patient's cheek with a specialized swab, add the sample to a disposable tube, and then place the tube and sample in a proprietary shoebox-sized machine and hit a button.

   
Genotyping test (technologyreview)

   

  U.S. Education Reform & N.Security

   
The domestic consequences of a weak education system are relatively well known. The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) made the decision to sponsor this Task Force to address the less well known—yet equally sobering—national security repercussions. The report notes that while the United States invests more in K-12 public education than many other developed countries, its students are ill prepared to compete with their global peers.

   
American leadership at stake (cfr)

   

  Wind Power

   
The ‘Astraios’ test rig – named after a Greek mythology Titan who fathered the four wind gods – enables large size bearings weighing up to 15 tonnes with outside diameters up to 3.5m, particularly those used in wind power applications, to be fully tested in realistic conditions using a comprehensive simulation programme. Astraios will be primarily used to test rotor bearings for multi-Megawatt wind turbines and will help to further improve the understanding of wind turbine systems.

   
Most powerful test rig (engineerlive)

   

  Wonder capsule

   
US scientists have developed a safe, costeffective capsule to remove radioactive substances and heavy metals from beverages, milk and foods, and say it could hit shelves in six to twelve months. The technology – which can be used by food and beverage firms or home consumers – uses nanoparticles composed of metal oxides (various metals combined with oxygen); these react with radioactive materials and other unwanted substances and ‘pull’ them out of a given solution.

   
‘Pulls out’ unwanted substances (foodproductiondaily)

   

  The Next Revolution 2012–2015

   
According to CISCO Global Urban Innovation Leader Gordon Feller, “These emerging technology trends are powering a new economic age and driving the expediency of borderless networks as the fundamental infrastructure for future innovation and opportunity.” Corporations must plan for these accelerating mobility trends that will shape the future of work, because they will change how and where their employees live and work.

   
Workplace mobility trends (areadevelopment)

   

  US' Pacesetters program

   
The Pacesetters program is the first of its kind where organizations come together, work across corporate and academic organizational boundaries, and identify effective ways to recruit or retain a specific number of technical women, all within an aggressive timeframe and holding shared accountability to themselves and the public for achieving a common quantifiable goal.

   
Improving Gender Composition in Computing (acm)

   

  Attitudes of EU towards water

   
The "Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources"3 is being developed as the EU policy response to the continuing challenge of delivering the EU's water policy goals. The Blueprint is a wide-ranging set of policy recommendations for future EU freshwater policy to appear later in 2012. It draws on a range of ongoing assessments, including the River Basin management plans, and the EU Action on Water Scarcity and Drought.

   
Managing water resources (europa)

   

  KFC's Big Game of Chicken

   
It’s not like Americans don’t enjoy chicken. Per capita consumption, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, rose more than 10 percent from 2001 to 2011. “The idea that Americans no longer want fried chicken is a myth,” says Cheryl Bachelder, CEO of AFC Enterprises (AFCE) and president of the Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen brand.

   
KFC Franchise Owners (businessweek)

   

  Merger & Acquisition

   
This paper leverages findings from a Deloitte study of the relationship between A&D (aerospace and defense) companies’ M&A (merger and acquisition) strategy and their financial performance to identify three characteristics that companies which outperformed the sector generally shared and under performers did not. This paper leverages findings from a Deloitte study of the relationship between A&D companies’ M&A strategy and their financial performance.

   
Business Growth Strategies (deloitte)

   

  Max Planck So. & Princeton Uni.

   
The President of Princeton University, and the President of the Max Planck Society, signed the agreement for the establishment of the new research Center at Princeton University campus on March 29, 2012. On that occasion Peter Gruss stressed: ”It is essential that we pool our strengths and knowledge in the field of fusion research, in particular, so that we can develop nuclear fusion into something the world urgently needs for the years and decades to come: safe, clean and dependable energy technology.”

   
The new Center’s partners (innovations-report)

   

  GF hits 32nm milestone

   
GlobalFoundries announced today that it’s shipped its 250,000th 32nm high-k metal gate (HKMG) wafer, alongside the usual claims that the 32nm ramp (despite the tremendous problems the company ran into with Llano) really is faster/better/more successful than the 45nm ramp before it. We feel obliged to mention that AMD’s 45nm ramp took place in 2008 – 2009, in the teeth of the recent recession.

   
Wafer foundry (extremetech)

   

  Quality of hospital care

   
In the face of sustained increasing pressure on health expenditures from ageing populations, rising public expectations, and the introduction of new technology, European countries have been implementing a wide range of cost containment strategies. From one perspective, these strategies have been successful. Although expenditures on health, expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product, have been rising in European countries, the rate of increase in Europe has been much slower than in the United States.

   
Patient safety & satisfaction (bmj)

   

  EU Air pollution by ozone

   
Despite efforts to mitigate ozone pollution, the number of exceedances of EU ground-level ozone concentration standards for protecting human health (Directive 2008/50/EC) remained at serious levels during summer 2011. In view of the maintained high surface ozone levels in Europe in the last four years, it seems likely that many EU Member States will face a significant challenge in meeting the TV (target value) as of 2010.

    
To mitigate ozone pollution (eea.europa)

    

  Fixing the Brain With Computers

   
Disabilities such as epilepsy, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and even Parkinson’s disease are being treated with neuroimplants. Other scientists are working to substitute hearing for sight in blind people, and still others want to solve blindness entirely by implanting cameras in the brain. Of course, in all the dramatic advances being made, occasionally a little bit of hype makes its way to our brains as well.

    
Conversation with neurosurgeon (spectrum.ieee)

   

  How to meet India's requirement ?

   
The Aeronautical Development Agency - which is leading development of the Tejas - is expected to issue a request for proposals in the next few weeks, pitching the EJ200 against General Electric's F414. The Eurojet partner companies have been working on thrust vectoring nozzle technology for several years, lead by Spanish manufacturer ITP, which validated the concept during a series of bench tests.

   
India's second indigenous jet fighter (flightglobal)

   

  The Boomerang Generation

   
If there’s supposed to be a stigma attached to living with mom and dad through one’s late twenties or early thirties, today’s “boomerang generation” didn’t get that memo. Among the three-in-ten young adults ages 25 to 34 (29%) who’ve been in that situation during the rough economy of recent years, large majorities say they’re satisfied with their living arrangements (78%) and upbeat about their future finances (77%).

    
The sharing of family finances (pewsocialtrends)

   

  Pharma on adherence investment

   
Enormous pressure is being placed on pharma to deliver evidence of value versus other (often cheaper) alternatives. It is increasingly difficult to command a premium for a therapy based solely on clinical efficacy. There is also growing demand for ‘real world’ data demonstrating superior outcomes for patients, which brings the challenges of non-adherence into sharp focus.

   
Financial impact of non-adherence (eyeforpharma)

   

  The Biggest Spy Center

   
Under construction by contractors with top-secret clearances, the blandly named Utah Data Center is being built for the National Security Agency. A project of immense secrecy, it is the final piece in a complex puzzle assembled over the past decade. Its purpose: to intercept, decipher, analyze, and store vast swaths of the world’s communications as they zap down from satellites and zip through the underground and undersea cables of international, foreign, and domestic networks.

   
NSA explosive power (wired)

   

  Salt tolerance of durum wheat

   
Wheat (Triticum spp.) and rice (Oryza sativa) constitute the world's major staple food crops, but accumulation of high concentrations of foliar Na+ inhibits leaf function. Therefore, improving the shoot Na+ exclusion capacity of these cereals would be useful for improving salt tolerance. The ability of wheat to maintain a low sodium concentration ([Na+]) in leaves correlates with improved growth under saline conditions.

   
Improving salt tolerance (nature)

   

  Environment: The Water Challenge

   
The report highlights the challenges posed by increasingly rapid urbanisation, population growth and changing economic dynamics for managing water supply. With water demand projected to increase by 55% by 2050, there will be increased competition for it. By that time, 3.9 billion people – more than 40% of the world’s population - are likely to be living in river basins facing severe water stress.

   
Sharing a precious commodity (oecd)

   

  The fastest pathway

  
Sometimes the fastest pathway from point A to point B is not a straight line: for example, if you’re underwater and contending with strong and shifting currents. But figuring out the best route in such settings is a monumentally complex problem — especially if you’re trying to do it not just for one underwater vehicle, but for a swarm of them moving all at once toward separate destinations.

   
Planning optimal paths (mit)

   

  The Economics Of Emotion

   
The most recent commercial for the BMW i3 and i8 concept cars is a great example of something enlightened marketers have known for years: emotion is the key driver behind purchasing decisions. Yet, today, most businesspeople still follow the old adage, “Emotions and business don’t mix,” relying on rational data to drive decisions instead. Steve Jobs inherently knew the emotion of his consumers was critical currency in building the Apple phenomenon.

   
Leveraging emotion (techcrunch)

    

  Driving Business Model Innovation

   
The number of enterprises turning to cloud computing to revamp existing business models will more than double in the next three years, as business leaders move to capitalize on the rapid availability of data and the growing popularity of social media, according to a new study released today by IBM. Businesses that embrace the transformative power of cloud will have a significant advantage in the race to introduce new products and services and capture new markets and revenue streams.

   
The Power of Cloud (ibm)

   

  Exploration Drilling

   
Transocean’s Deepwater Millennium vessel recently left the Port of Ngqura near Port Elizabeth after undergoing a number of upgrades and modifications by DCD Marine. The Deepwater Millennium vessel is a Samsung/Reading & Bates designed, dynamically positioned drillship capable of drilling in water depths up to 2 468 metres (upgradable to 3 048 metres) and to depths of 10 000 metres below the sea surface.

   
Oil & Gas Engineer (engineerlive)

    

  The future of CPU scaling

   
Near-term, the ITRS (International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors) is focused on what’s referred to as “More-than-Moore” (MtM) scaling. The goal of MtM scaling is to extend the same design principles that’ve driven digital device scaling for decades over to analog circuitry, and to integrate those technologies on-die within an SoC/SiP.

   
Exploring options on the cutting edge (extremetech)

   

  Oceans' Acidification at the highest

   
A new paper in Science examines the geologic record for context relating to ocean acidification, a lowering of the pH driven by the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The research group (twenty-one scientists from nearly as many different universities) reviewed the evidence from past known or suspected intervals of ocean acidification.

   
When dismissing climate change ? (wired)

    

  PHP 5.4.0 Release Announcement

    
PHP 5.4 has been released, along with a new version of Zend Framework. It has a number of optimizations that make it faster and smaller (early estimates say 10-20% faster), a built-in webserver for testing purposes, and features that had been destined for PHP 6.0. The big addition from the now-crashed PHP 6.0 project is Traits, which are sort of a cross between a class and an interface.

    
New version of PHP (i-programmer)

    

  Small Modular Reactor Technology

    
The U.S. Energy Department and its Savannah River Site (SRS) announced three public-private partnerships to develop deployment plans for small modular nuclear reactor (SMR) technologies at SRS facilities, near Aiken, South Carolina. As part of the Energy Department’s commitment to advancing the next generation of nuclear reactor technologies and breaking down the technical and economic barriers to deployment.

   
(SMR) technologies (energy)

    

  How to change the way we drive ?

    
That's just one thing researchers in Hod Lipson's Creative Machines Lab envision with their latest robot prototype. It can autonomously traverse and manipulate a 3-D truss structure, using specially designed gears and joints to assemble and disassemble the structure as it climbs. The robot's design is detailed in a paper accepted by IEEE Robotics and Automation, to appear later online and in print.

   
Robots at work (physorg)

    

  Expect the Unexpected

   
For 20 years or more we have recognized that the way we do business has serious impacts on the world around us. Now it is increasingly clear that the state of the world around us affects the way we do business. This report shows that population growth, exploitation of natural resources, climate change and other factors are putting the world on a development trajectory that is not sustainable. In other words, if we fail to alter our patterns of production and consumption, things will begin to go badly wrong.

   
Building business value (kpmg)

   

  GPS jammers and spoofers

   
During the GNSS Vulnerability 2012 event at the UK's National Physical Laboratory on Wednesday, experts discussed the threat posed by a growing number of GPS jamming and spoofing devices. The increasing popularity of the jammers is troubling, according to conference organizer Bob Cockshott, because even low-power GPS jammers pose a significant threat to cell phone systems, parts of the electrical grid, and the safety of drivers.

   
A GPS and cell phone jammer (arstechnica)

   

  Priority Trends for Automakers

   
After a period of uncertainly, the global automotive industry has emerged cautiously optimistic. The collapse that preceded the revival seemed exacerbated by reactive planning and increasingly shorter-term thinking. Therefore, sustaining this new period of growth will require the auto industry to become more adept at anticipating the future. The ability to identify emerging trends is a key dimension of sustainability leadership.

   
The global automotive industry (qualitydigest)

   

  Global demand for UAVs

   
Global demand for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), better known as drones, is heating up as armed forces invest in new systems to boost their ability to carry out reconnaissance and strikes without putting soldiers’ lives in danger. Propelled by a rise in Asian defence budgets, annual global spending on UAVs is forecast to almost double from the current $5.9 billion to $11.3 billion over the next decade, according to US-based defence research firm Teal Group.

   
Global spending on UAVs (tribune)

   

  Hidden hunger?

   
Andhra Pradesh is not the only state where fortified food is the flavour of the times. Global NGOs, pharma companies and international donor agencies are all scrambling to provide aid, technology and partnerships to fight malnutrition, or hidden hunger, in India. According to UNICEF, one in every three children in the country is malnourished. For instance, PATH, an international NGO, along with US pharma giant ABOTT, is pumping $1.5 million to introduce iron-fortified rice in the Indian market under brand name Ultra Rice.

   
How to fight malnutrition ? (downtoearth)

   

  Averting a spectrum disaster

   
With the passage last week of legislation authorizing the FCC to conduct new spectrum auctions, you might think that the looming spectrum crisis has been averted. Nothing could be farther from the truth--or more dangerous to the continued health of the mobile ecosystem. the FCC's 2010 National Broadband Plan estimated that mobile users will need an additional 300MHz of spectrum by 2015 and an additional 500 MHz by 2020.

   
The mobile ecosystem (cnet)

   

  EU Guide: Funding Opportunities

  
This new edition focuses on additional funding opportunities in the field of research and innovation. It includes information on the Lifelong learning programme and international cooperation in the field of education and on LIFE + in the field of the environment. It also describes the research and innovation funding opportunities offered to countries and territories beyond the European Union.

   
Beyond the European Union (eurosfaire)

   

  The “Schmallenberg” virus

   
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published a preliminary analysis of the likely scenarios on how a new virus, referred to as the “Schmallenberg” virus, could spread amongst animals in the coming months. The virus is assumed to belong to a vector-borne group of viruses transmitted by insects. The report highlights that further data are needed to monitor the presence of this recently reported virus.

   
“Schmallenberg” preliminary analysis (efsa)

   

  To a knowledge based economy

   
The German economy recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. According to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Germany presented today in Berlin by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, Germany has an impressive economic track record, but now faces a cyclical return to slower growth rates and challenges to lay the foundations for long-term growth.

   
Germany's economic track record (oecd)

    

  MITx Prototype Open for Enrollment

   
Modeled after MIT’s 6.002—an introductory course for undergraduate students in MIT’s Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS)—6.002x will help students make the transition from physics to the fields of electrical engineering and computer science. It will be taught by Anant Agarwal, EECS professor and director of MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).

   
MIT' elearning model (acm)

   

  Braille-Like Texting

  
Imagine if smartphone and tablet users could text a note under the table during a meeting without anyone being the wiser. Mobile gadget users might also be enabled to text while walking, watching TV or socializing without taking their eyes off what they’re doing. Georgia Tech researchers have built a prototype app for touch-screen mobile devices that is vying to be a complete solution for texting without the need to look at a mobile gadget’s screen.

    
Another way of communication (gatech)

   

  Google on "Right to be forgotten" rules

    
The search giant set out its argument in a blog post on Thursday, in which global privacy counsel Peter Fleischer said Google supports the principles behind the right, but wants it to be implemented "in a way that not only enhances privacy online, but also fosters free expression for all". The right to be forgotten is covered by a key rule in the European Commission's long-awaited Data Protection regulation, which it proposed last month.

   
Holes in EUs right (zdnet)

   

  Tighten fracking regulations

   
Rules should be in place to establish responsibility if groundwater supplies become contaminated by shale gas works, with clear guidelines set out for replacing water supplies when drinking wells are affected, the report adds. More stringent rules and better surveillance of well construction could prevent future cases of houses exploding after methane from fracked wells seeped along underground fractures and collected beneath homes.

   
How to establish responsibilities? (energy.utexas)

   

  Thermoelectric Energy Harveste

   
Researchers in Germany have put a thermoelectric generator where no electronics have gone before: inside molten metal. The research is certain to appeal to manufacturers who hope someday to be able to plant tiny self-powered sensors inside metal parts during casting. The sensors could also find their way into gears and bearings exposed to large mechanical loads, in nuclear reactor walls to monitor possible radioactive leakage.

   
The thermoelectric generator (ieee)

    

  ACTA stumbles in Germany

  
Defenders of ACTA, including EU trade commissioner Karel De Gucht and US president Barack Obama, have said the pact is needed to make sure the relatively high standards of copyright enforcement in the EU and US are upheld throughout the rest of the world. However, critics have noted that the agreement was drawn up behind closed doors with no input from citizens' rights groups.

   
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement  (zdnet)

   

  Believing in biometrics

   
"Identity authentication uses three factors: something you know, something you have and something you are," explained Neil Fisher, vice president of Global Security Solutions at Unisys. "Biometrics validates who you are and is the strongest element." Unisys has systems in more than 100 airports, including Beijing Airport, which reported "flawless and secure" operations during the 2008 Olympic Games.

  
Downsides of iris scanning (airport-technology)

   

  USA: The most FDI

  
The United States continues to receive the most foreign direct investment (FDI) of any country in the world — mostly from Canada, Germany, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands (Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis). Foreign direct investment represents about 30 percent of new investment created in Kentucky in 2010 and nearly 43 percent for 2011 (as of this writing).

   
Still Number One (areadevelopment)

   

  The blind codemaker

  
Wireless devices, such as cellphones or Wi-Fi transmitters, regularly send out test messages to gauge noise levels, so they can adjust their codes accordingly. But as anyone who’s used a cellphone knows, reception quality can vary at locations just a few feet apart — or even at a single location. Noise measurements can rapidly become outdated, and wireless devices routinely end up using codewords that are too long, squandering bandwidth, or too short, making accurate decoding impossible.

   
New error-correcting codes (mit)

   

  Updating our brain software

   
Quality case in point: Back in the early days of understanding quality, we definitely had an “it is what it is” mentality. Defects and nonconformances were perceived as inevitable; the best we could do was to inspect out the bad ones. Stuff would come into a process, we would do something to it, stuff would come out of the process, and because defects were inevitable, we would sort through it to find as much of the bad stuff as we could and sell the rest.

   
Winds of change (qualitydigest)

    

  Germany's jobs miracle ??

   

Wage restraint and labor market reforms have pushed the jobless rate down to a 20-year low, and the German model is often cited as an example for European nations seeking to cut unemployment and become more competitive. Labor office data show the low wage sector grew three times as fast as other employment in the five years to 2010, explaining why the "job miracle" has not prompted Germans to spend much more than they have in the past.

   
Road to nowhere (reuters)

   

  Instant ecstasy detector

   
An on the spot detector for ecstasy tablets has been made by scientists in Spain. The probe has been designed to detect the active ingredient in ecstasy - MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) - even when it is mixed with other common additives, which has been a challenge. The fluorogenic probe may be used as an in situ test for fast detection.

   
Test for fast detection (rsc)

   

  The foolish large-scale geoengineering plan

   

The scientists, who advocate geoengineering methods such as spraying millions of tonnes of reflective particles of sulphur dioxide 30 miles above earth, argue that a "plan B" for climate change will be needed if the UN and politicians cannot agree to making the necessary cuts in greenhouse gases, and say the US government and others should pay for a major programme of international research.

  
The highly controversial Plan B (guardian)

   

  India Jet Fighter Contract

  
India shortlisted the Rafale and Eurofighter Typhoon in April, when it rejected bids from U.S. manufacturers Lockheed Martin Corp. (LMT) and Boeing Co. (BA), as well as Saab AB (SAABB) and OAO United Aircraft Corp. The country is buying the fighters to replace an aging fleet of Russian MiG-21s and Dassault Mirage 2000s. France so far had been left to pay the full production costs for the Rafale after the fighter was rejected by countries including Singapore, South Korea, Morocco and Switzerland.

   
The winner is ! (bloomberg)

   

  IT Leaders: Emerging Tech. Trends

  
Accenture publishes its technology vision annually. It is a distillation of our extensive research over the course of the previous 12 months, the experiences of our research teams and the input of our clients. In it, we outline the emerging technology trends that forward-thinking CIOs will use to position their organizations to drive growth and high performance, rather than just focusing on cost-cutting and efficiency improvements.

   
IT technology vision (accenture)

   

  NUK: Radioactive waste as fuel

  
Britain's large stockpile of nuclear waste includes more than 100 tonnes of plutonium and 35,000 tonnes of depleted uranium. The plutonium in particular presents a security risk as a potential target for terrorists and will cost billions to dispose of safely. The government is currently considering options for disposing of or managing it. "It's a very elegant idea that we should try and use [the waste] as efficiently as possible. I definitely find it an attractive idea", said Decc's chief scientific adviser.

   
How to recycle NUK wastes ? (guardian)

   

  The converged lifestyle survey

  
In this survey “The Converged Lifestyle” it demonstrates that convergence is alive and well in 2011. Sure, consumers are now faced with a bewildering array of devices, but they all seem to increasingly serve one purpose: to enable consumers to get what they want, when they want it. The speed of consumer adoption also seems to be on the rise. In just 7 years, Facebook signed up more than 800 million active users; and in just 14 months Apple sold more than 25 million iPad tablets.

   
Convergence is alive and well (kpmg)

   

  B.Gates :  "I wrote Steve Jobs a letter"

   
“Steve was an incredible genius who contributed immensely to the field I was in. We had periods, like the early Macintosh, when we had more people working on it than they did. And then we were competitors. The personal computers I worked on had a vastly higher [market] share than Apple until really the last five or six years, where Steve’s very good work on the Mac and on iPhones and iPads did extremely well.

   
Letter that he kept by his bed (telegraph)

  

  Knowledge: Universal Natural Resource

  
One of the more important points in understanding some of the fights over the ridiculousness of today's copyright and patent laws is to recognize how knowledge (information) is a natural resource. It is the input that makes other great things. Economist Paul Romer's famous research really showed how knowledge and information as a resource is what creates economic growth.

   
Improving human' condition (techdirt)

  

  Acta: why should you be worried ?

   
Sopa and Pipa might be on hold for the time-being, but there is a greater threat looming. It's called the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) and it's an international agreement that aims to establish multinational standards on intellectual property rights enforcement. Most recently, Acta made the headlines when online activists paralysed some of Poland's government sites to protest against Warsaw's plans to sign the international copyright treaty.

  
The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (wired.co.uk)

   

  Cloud Computing: Agility & Expensivity

   
Are cloud services attractive because they are less expensive than traditional offerings or are IT professionals drawn by greater agility? Bernard Golden writes that it's not an either-or debate. Much like those famous 'tastes great ... less filling" beer commercials, the beauty of cloud computing lies in the beholder. In Silicon Valley, the saying "it's a dessert topping and a floor wax" is often used to puncture the pretensions of a product that promises that it can address every need.

  
The conflict between agility and cost (cio)

  

  Misguided FDA Food Regulations

   
This year will mark another push for aggressive food regulation at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). On tap, salt regulations and industrywide regulations dictating which foods can be advertised on television. In October 2011, the FDA announced in the Federal Register that it would begin accepting comments on “approaches to reducing sodium consumption.”

  
How to reduce childhood obesity ? (qualitydigest)

  

  Tweets: Promoting / endorsing a product

   

We don’t know how much these celebrities were paid for the ‘stunt’, but it must’ve been fairly substantial. It’s thought that Rio alone earns over £100,000 a week at Manchester United (even when he’s not playing), so for him to risk irking his mass of followers, Snickers must’ve waved a sizable sum at him. This is perhaps indicative of the way Twitter is going though.

  
The value of a tweet (thenextweb)

   

  Seaweed farming for biofuels

   
Biofuels have been touted as low-carbon replacements for petrol and diesel, but those made from crops like corn and sugar have been blamed for increasing global food prices and delivering only modest benefits. Earlier studies have indicated that large-scale use of seaweed as an energy source could in theory supply the world's needs several times over and the UK government envisages 400 km sq of offshore seaweed farms in its long-term energy planning.

   
GM microbe breakthrough (guardian)

   

  Spain’s development aid

  
Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. In addition to this higher quantity, the OECD’s Review of the Development Co-operation Policies and Programmes of Spain commends the improved quality of its development co-operation programmes.

  
Spain's world’s 7th largest donor (oecd)

   

  In sight:FFT's new algorithm

  
The Fourier transform is one of the most fundamental concepts in the information sciences. It’s universal in signal processing, but it can also be used to compress image and audio files, solve differential equations and price stock options, among other things. A group of MIT researchers will present a new algorithm that, in a large range of practically important cases, improves on the fast Fourier transform.

   
The faster than fast Fourier transform (mit)

   

  Intel: overclocking warranty

   
Intel announced a new program designed to give overclockers an extra feeling of safety if they choose to push their processors beyond recommended specs. The Performance Tuning Protection Plan (PTPP) is available on select K- and X-model CPUs and allows customers “a single processor replacement, hassle-free, from our customer support. This is in addition to your standard 3 year warranty.”

  
An extra feeling of safety for overclockers (extremetech)

   

  EU: To halve food wastage

   
Up to 50% of edible and healthy food gets wasted in EU households, supermarkets, restaurants and along the food supply chain each year, while 79 million EU citizens live beneath the poverty line and 16 million depend on food aid from charitable institutions. Parliament called in a resolution adopted on Thursday for urgent measures to halve food waste by 2025 and to improve access to food for needy EU citizens.

  
How to halve food wastage in the EU ? (europarl.europa)

   

  Most Critical Test on EUV

  
After decades of bringing us the incredible shrinking transistor, chipmakers are now hard up against the limits of their printing technique: Trying to use today's ultraviolet lasers to print the next generation of circuits would be like trying to trace a fine line with a preschooler's crayon. Fifteen years ago, researchers predicted that by about 2006, EUV chips would roll out commercially at the 65-nm node. And yet ?

   
EUV lithography isn't ready ? (ieee)

   

  Watts: to be better informed

  
You may think you know how much electricity you're using, but there's a whole lot more you could--and should--know. Despite living in the information age, most of us are basically in the dark when it comes to electricity bills, with just a rough idea of how much we consume every month and what it will cost. a lot of the action in home energy is moving to software and up into the cloud.

  
House' energy monitor (cnet)

   

  Helium-3 alternatives

  
The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), based in Tokai, was supposed to be one of the leading facilities of its kind, allowing an unprecedented view of microstructures in the life and physical sciences. But when the $1.5 billion (£1 billion) facility opened in 2009, it was missing something important: helium-3, a neutron-detector material. Thanks to a global shortage, which came to light the year before, availability of helium-3 has plummeted while prices have skyrocketed.

  
Alternatives to helium-3 neutron detectors (rsc)

  

  Raising funds: What should'y ovoid?

  
Here are some things entrepreneurs should avoid when raising capital. For all of the talk about how much excess capital there is, it’s actually hard to raise capital because very few projects fit the VC profile—even though many VC-funded projects come across as frivolous, me-too projects. Life’s unfair. To quote Mark Twain: “Don’t go around saying the world owes you a living. The world owes you nothing. It was here first.”

   
Things entrepreneurs should avoid (techcrunch)

   

  Female politicians boosts aspirations

   
Voters often regard politicians with derision — so often, in fact, they may lose sight of the extent to which elected officials are role models for younger people. Indeed, new evidence suggests that when those politicians are female, they play a highly influential and positive role in the lives of young women. A newly published study co-authored by MIT economist Esther Duflo, along with three colleagues, shows that the increased presence of local female political leaders in India has had a marked impact on adolescents.

  
Leading by example (mit)

   

  Europe isn’t ‘squeaky clean’

  
A leading food safety expert has urged people to remember that Europe is not squeaky clean when it comes to scare stories, following the reported death of another Chinese baby from claimed infant formula consumption. Bloomberg reported today on local media stories claiming that a baby had died in Jiangxi province after suffering from diarrhea and uncontrollable shaking, following the consumption of Youbo milk formula produced by Beijingbased Synutra International, whose share price subsequently nosedived.

  
Chinese infant formula death (foodproductiondaily)

   

  IT teaching:A major overhaul

  
Before the UK Government rushes headfirst into its consultation process for overhauling the IT curriculum in schools, I'd suggest it read up on Nick D'Aloisio. The 16-year old has already developed a string of apps, and his latest has attracted the attention - as well as a $250,000 investment - from private equity firm Horizons Ventures, whose previous investments have been into Skype, Facebook and Spotify.

   
How to help design courses ? (theinquirer)

  

  The radar interference deadlock

   
A technical issue that has emerged over the last few years has been setting wind farm developers and airport operators against one another. Groups of wind turbines can appear as aircraft to air traffic control (ATC) radar systems, creating cluttered zones and making it difficult to track planes flying over wind farms. This safety concern is costly and time-consuming for airports, which must spend time disputing wind farm developments.

   
Radar & wind farms conflicts (airport-technology)

   

  Of texting and Internet taxing

  
The National Safety Council estimates that 28 percent of all crashes in the United States are caused by drivers using cellphones or texting. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that 3,092 traffic deaths in the United States last year were attributed to "distraction-affected crashes." Among the most frequent distractions: cellphone and smartphone use by drivers. The NHTSA believes that the numbers of distracted-driving deaths and accidents are higher than reported.

  
Imbroglio of road safety (heraldtribune)

   

  EFSA Report: MRLs for trinexapac

  
Primary crop metabolism of trinexapac was investigated following a single foliar application in wheat, rice and rape seed, hereby covering two different crop groups. Metabolic patterns in the different studies were shown to be similar and the relevant residue for enforcement and risk assessment in all plant commodities could be defined as the sum of trinexapac (acid) and its salts, expressed as trinexapac.

   
Trinexapac's metabolism (efsa)

  

  FDA Warns: Stem Cell Claims

  
Stem cell therapies offer the potential to treat diseases or conditions for which few treatments exist. Stem cells, sometimes called the body’s “master cells,” are the precursor cells that develop into blood, brain, bones and all of your organs. Their promise in medical treatments is that they have the potential to repair, restore, replace and regenerate cells that could then be used to treat many medical conditions and diseases.

  
Body’s “master cells market (fda)

  

  I know what you did at 3:30 a.m

  
Now, with smart meters, the data is going directly to the utilities, many times by Wi-Fi. The fact that somebody driving by might pick it up, and from the data they could gather all sorts of information regarding the types of appliances you are using, where you are in the house, and so on. So there are many different privacy issues related to this. What if appliance manufacturers get this information? Are they going to start trying to sell a household their product to replace their inefficient one that they see you still have?

   
Gathering personal data (csoonline)

  

  Inside metrology: Sensor Improvement

   
An advance in sensor design by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Waterloo’s Institute of Quantum Computing (IQC) could unshackle a powerful, yet high-maintenance technique for exploring materials. The achievement could expand the technique—called neutron interferometry—from a test of quantum mechanics to a tool for industry as well.

   
Improvement in sensor design (qualitydigest)

   

  US retaliation over EU law

  
The EU law went into effect on January 1 and requires global airlines to pay for carbon emissions on flights to and from Europe. Several experts said one option the United States could pursue would involve charging European airlines to maintain U.S. access to pressure EU policymakers. This strategy was used by the United States in a recently concluded dispute with Argentina over landing fees.

  
Carbon emissions tax on flights (reuters)

  

  Germany once admired British workmanship

  
Fear and envy of German manufacturing prowess began a long time before, as any economic history will tell you. Together with the US, Germany began to displace Britain as the world's foremost industrial nation well before the close of the 19th century. Books and newspaper articles sounded the alarm ("American furniture in England – a further indictment of the trade unions," read a Daily Mail headline in 1900).

  
German manufacturing prowess (guardian)

   

  Stealth Fighter Program Delayed

  
The Pentagon will delay acquisition of more than 100 early-model Joint Strike Fighters, a bid to save up-front money and to give more time for testers to work out the finicky F-35 warplane’s many technical kinks. That much was expected: The real surprise is that a newly cash-conscious Defense Department still seems fully committed to buying nearly 2,500 of the stealth jets. Total cost: about a trillion dollars.

  
The Trillion-Dollar Program postponed (wired)

  

  Supercentenarians & Genetic engineering

  
Study, published this week in Frontiers in Genetics, found that the participants had other gene variants that somehow disabled the genes that would have otherwise killed them both. In other words, they had good genes that fought off the bad genes, automatically achieving what some of the best minds in science have tried to do -- with very little success -- through genetic engineering.

  
In Frontiers in Genetics (gma.yahoo)

  

  What is MITx?

  
MIT seeks through the development of MITx to improve education both on the MIT campus and around the world. On campus, MITx will be coupled with an Institute-wide research initiative on online teaching and learning. The online learning tools that MITx develops will benefit the educational experience of residential students by supplementing and reinforcing the classroom and laboratory experiences.

  
The development of MITx (mit)

  

  Tech luminaries lost in 2011

  
It's been a rough year for the IT industry. The death of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs in October grabbed international headlines. But we also lost other major figures from almost every area of technology, including Xerox PARC founder Jacob E. Goldman, who died in late December. Here's one last look at some of the people who made a big difference.

  
IT luminaries (computerworld)

   

  Verizon’s play for spectrum

  
While everyone was worried over whether AT&T would be acquiring T-Mobile USA or not, Verizon was making some sneaky moves to acquire a truckload of spectrum for their 4G LTE network. On December 2, Verizon Wireless announced its intent to acquire all 122 licenses of the AWS-1 spectrum that SpectrumCo, LLC held. The acquisition of SpectrumCo’s AWS assets will give Verizon at least 20MHz more spectrum in most parts of the United States.

  
Widen spectrum from Verizon (extremetech)

  

  S&T Cooperation: US & EU

  
In practice, S&T cooperation between the SFIC members and observers and the US is enacted through a number of different interlocutors in the US (Q2). Only IT and UK (out of 25 countries that responded to this question) and the Commission described full institutional cooperation with most of the departments, agencies and institutions linked to the federal US government.

  
IT & UK leading so far (jrc)

  

  Unflinching Toyota

  
Japan, like Toyota, knows how to take punishment and turn adversity into opportunity. You can count on the country, and its premiere automotive superstar, to bounce back stronger after every disaster. The country isn’t a member of the elite G7 for nothing. Toyota earned its Triple Crown status, and has successfully worn it for a decade now.

  
Turning adversity into opportunity (inquirer)

  

  Vitamin E’s body functions

  
The powerful antioxidant found in most foods helps repair tears in the plasma membranes that protect cells from outside forces and screen what enters and exits, Georgia Health Sciences University researchers report in Nature Communications. Everyday activities such as eating and exercise can tear the plasma membrane and the new research shows that vitamin E is essential to repair.

  
Vit E's main functions (biochemist)

  

  Russia building supercomputer

  
Russia is playing catch-up in a rapidly developing race among China, Japan, the U.S. and Europe to build an exascale system in this decade. These are systems which would have 1,000 petaflops of computing power. (A petaflop is a quadrillion floating-point operations per second.) Building an exascale system will require new approaches in microprocessors, interconnects, memory and storage.

  
1,000 petaflops envisioned (computerworld)

   

  IBM's Top 5 Technology Predictions

  
Who would have guessed, five years ago, that by 2011 we would have mobile phones that would, in a rudimentary way, listen to our questions and give us useful answers? Or ways for doctors to get help to people in the most remote corners of the world? Crystal-ball forecasts, fanciful or otherwise, are a staple of year-end conversations, but IBM, the computer-services giant, has a research arm that makes them as a matter of course.

  
IBM's forecast (news.yahoo)

  

  Edison's revenge on renewable energy

  
At the start of the 20th century, inventors Thomas Alva Edison and Nikola Tesla clashed in the "war of the currents." To highlight the dangers of his rival's system, Edison even electrocuted an elephant. The animal died in vain; it was Tesla's system and not Edison's that took off. But today, helped by technological advances and the need to conserve energy, Edison may finally get his revenge.

  
Reviving the war of discoveries (reuters)

  

  E-Mail:`Big Brother' Software

  
Aided directly and indirectly by American and European suppliers, Ammar 404 took control of virtually all electronic communication in Tunisia and turned lives upside down -- even changing the content of e-mails in transit. In this world, Tunisians of all stripes could never be sure if e-mails arrived as sent or at all, or who was reading them. Asma Hedi Nairi, a former Amnesty International youth coordinator, says e-mails she and her friends exchanged were replaced by messages ranging from random symbols to ads for rental cars.

  

A play on the “Error 404” message (bloomberg)

  

  China’s Pork & Food safety

  
IBM recently deployed a pilot pork monitoring and tracking system at six slaughterhouses, six warehouses, and 100 supermarkets in the Shangdong Province, a major pork production hub. The system monitors temperature, humidity, GPS, and other geographic information to ensure that high-risk pork shipments don’t end up in a customer’s mouth unless they have been inspected.

  
China's tracking system (fastcoexist)

  

  Inside positioning systems

  
Up until now, the powerful smartphones we carry in our pockets have been useless at indoor navigation due to poor GPS signal quality while beneath a thick slab of concrete. Help is on the way however, however, with companies like Google and Nokia working to remedy the situation with the development of inside positioning systems, or IPS for short. The wireless technology behind IPS is nothing new as it makes use of WiFi and Bluetooth in conjunction with cell towers to triangulate your position.

  
GPS vs IPS (extremetech)

   

  MS-IE: silent' updates

  
Microsoft said it was starting the project to update millions of machines to improve security online. Future updates to the browser would be applied without a user's knowledge to help beat scammers catching people out with fake updates. Those who did not want their browser updated could opt out or uninstall the software, said Microsoft.

  

MS to improve security online   (bbc)

  

  Energy Efficiency & Moore’s Law

  
The world’s first general purpose computer, the ENIAC, weighed 30 tons and needed about 150 kilowatts to perform its calculations—enough electricity to power about 100 000 smartphones, with just a fraction of the speed of an iPod Nano. As powerful as computers have gotten since the days of the ENIAC, they’ve also come to use a lot less energy—and thank goodness, or else computing as we know it would be impossible.

   
Moores law for energy efficiency (spectrum.ieee)

  

  Top of the line razors

  
The basis for Gillette's parent company, Procter & Gamble competitive advantage in a category is the process or manufacturing operation that allows the company to make better quality than their competitors at a lower cost," said Bruce Brown, chief technology officer. Mike Chaney, Gillette's vice president of product supply, cites the line of Sensor razors, introduced in 1990 and no longer protected by patents, as an example.

  
P & G competitive advantage (reuters)

  

  Survey: successful REACH registrants

   
During the summer, the European Chemicals Agency conducted a “Survey of successful Registrants”. We were keen to find out about their experience of the process and their feedback on the various tools and information that we made available. We obviously intend to learn from this to improve ahead of the 2013 registration deadline. I would like to thank the almost 1000 companies who gave us their feedback and responded to the survey.

  
Registrants' feedback (echa.europa)

  

  Links: Mood control & Longevity

 
Over the past decade, MIT biologist Leonard Guarente and others have shown that very-low-calorie diets provoke a comprehensive physiological response that promotes survival, all orchestrated by a set of proteins called sirtuins. In a new paper that appeared online in Cell on Dec. 8, Guarente and colleagues have now shown that sirtuins likely also play a key role in the psychological response to dietary restriction.

  
Sirtuins' protein effects (mit)

   

  Re-engineering Earth's climate

   
Variously called geo-engineering, climate remediation and planet hacking, the idea is to do on purpose what industry and other human activities have done inadvertently, which is to change the amount of climate-warming greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and as a result, cool it down. In the lead-up to the latest round of U.N. climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa, there have been serious examinations of what it might take to start countering the effects of increasing carbon dioxide in the air.

   
The climate remediation (reuters)

  

  US Assesses Chinese nuclear forces

   
We could talk about the attitude of the US gov. -right now it’s something they are following with a great interest and they are concerned about the long-term prospects about this. U.S. military planners are taking it into account the way they plan their own force structures and strategies and all these things. So it is something that we will be keeping a close eye on, and something that is also not just for U.S.- Chinese relations, but also of course for the whole- the role of China in the northeast Asia, it’s a huge importance for other countries in that region as well.

  
US vs China military might (fas)

  

  Exposure to mineral oils

   
The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) and International Confederation of Paper and Board Converters in Europe (CITPA) made the joint pledge yesterday amid unease that traces of toxic mineral oils that can leach from paper and board packaging into food pose a hazard to humans.The issue became a major talking point last year after the Official Food Control Authority in Zurich, Switzerland raised concerns in two studies.

  
Mineral oils: hazard to humans (foodproductiondaily)

  

  US Tox21 screening 10,000 chemicals

   
A high-speed robotic screening system, aimed at protecting human health by improving how chemicals are tested in US, begins today to test 10,000 compounds for potential toxicity. The compounds cover a wide variety of classifications, and include consumer products, food additives, chemicals found in industrial processes, and human and veterinary drugs. A complete list of the compounds is publicly available at www.epa.gov/ncct/dsstox.

   
Assessing potential toxicity (nih)

   

  Fracking: EPA first look

   
Rigorous studies on fracking have been sparse, and the impassioned debate has raged on. A new investigation by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at a site in Wyoming is one of the first to look thoroughly at the potential link between fracking operations and groundwater contamination. The agency's report was released yesterday—and it provides a clear link between fracking and water supply problems.

  
Rigorous studies on fracking (arstechnica)

  

  2012 Hard drive shortage

   
Hard disk drive supply shortages in the wake of Thailand flooding will continue to affect consumers, computer system manufacturers and corporate IT shops into 2013, according to market research firm IDC. most painful period will occur now through February of next year. They expect the situation will improve, but it won't feel as if things are back to normal until 2013.

  
Thailand flood aftermath (computerworld)

   

  Ubuntu 12.04 Development update

  
Ubuntu 12.04 will be an LTS (long term support) release, so we have taken extra measures for it to be more stable, testable and the like. Martin Pitt today reported a lot of improvements in automated testing, error reporting and creating ISO images, which will speed up operations a lot. More interesting for developers who want to keep the Ubuntu archive of packages tidy,

   
New ubuntu at use (ubuntu)

  

  Way to concentrate sun’s heat

  
Most technologies for harnessing the sun’s energy capture the light itself, which is turned into electricity using photovoltaic materials. Others use the sun’s thermal energy, usually concentrating the sunlight with mirrors to generate enough heat to boil water and turn a generating turbine. Now, researchers at MIT have found a way to use thermophotovoltaic devices without mirrors to concentrate the sunlight.

   
Storing sun's heat captures energy (mit)

  

  Alibaba is preparing bid

  
Shares in Yahoo rose on reports that China's Alibaba Group was preparing a takeover bid with private equity firms Blackstone and Bain Capital. Alibaba, one of China's top internet firms, said it was weighing options.Alibaba Group has not made a decision to be part of a whole company bid for Yahoo," said John Spelich, spokesman of Alibaba Group.

  
Alibaba's takeover bid (bbc)

  

  Microbial Biogeography

  
While we have known for some time that human-associated bacteria can be readily cultivated from both domestic and public restroom surfaces, little was known about the overall composition of microbial communities associated with public restrooms or the degree to which microbes can be distributed throughout this environment by human activity. The results presented here demonstrate that human-associated bacteria dominate most public restroom surfaces.

   
Human-associated bacteria (plosone)

   

  Chessboard : "Clash of Civilizations"

  
The name "Arab Spring" is a catch phrase concocted in distant offices in Washington, London, Paris, and Brussels by individuals and groups who, other than having some superficial knowledge of the region, know very little about the Arabs. What is unfolding amongst the Arab peoples is naturally a mixed package. Insurgency is part of this package as is opportunism. Where there is revolution, there is always counter-revolution.

   
Rule the "New Middle East" (globalresearch)

   

  Small Business Saturday

  
Between Black Friday, Cyber Monday, and the unending onslaught of online deals, there is another holiday shopping day that might get lost in the shuffle: Small Business Saturday. This year marks the second annual such event, a new tradition that tries to steal some addition from chain retailers and big e-commerce sites and give it to local vendors. And this year, the fledging ritual is getting some serious attention from social media sites. Facebook, Twitter, and Google have all pledge their efforts to support them.

  
The unending online deals (digitaltrends)

  

  Cloaking magnetic fields

   
Spanish researchers have designed what they believe to be a new type of magnetic cloak, which shields objects from external magnetic fields, while at the same time preventing any magnetic internal fields from leaking outside, making the cloak undetectable. The development of such a device, described as an ‘anti-magnet’, could offer many beneficial applications, such as protecting a ship’s hull from mines designed to detonate when a magnetic field is detected, or allowing patients with pacemakers or cochlear implants to use medical equipment.

   
New magnetic cloak (engineerlive)

   

  US-EU Values Gap

  
As has long been the case, American values differ from those of Western Europeans in many important ways. Most notably, a new survey by the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project finds that Americans are more individualistic and are less supportive of a strong safety net than are the publics of Spain, Britain, France and Germany. And Americans are less inclined than the Western Europeans, with the exception of the French, to help other nations.

  
American individualism ? (pewglobal)

   

  The Thankful Software Developer

  
McAllister expresses gratitude for open source tools, online documentation and support, modern IDEs, desktop virtualization, distributed version control, and jQuery. I use the remainder of this post to look at some of the thing I'm thankful for as a developer. I'm thankful for open source tools and online documentation and support. I've been the beneficiary of others' work in the open source community with products (tools, libraries, frameworks, etc.)

   
Helpfull online doc. & support (marxsoftware.blogspot)

   

  A virus that could kill cancer

   
Research associate Samina Alam prepares DNA samples for further analysis. Alam was responsible for performing all of the laboratory experiments associated with the project. Dr. Craig Meyers and his research team at Penn State Hershey Medical Center has found a virus that kills breast cancer cells in the lab. He hopes to have human trials in the next few years, but that all depends on whether his discovery gets adequate funding.

   
Laboratory experiments (pennlive)

    

  Siemens to acquire Vistagy company

  
This is precisely the aim Siemens is pursuing by adding industry-specific engineering software to its industrial software portfolio for Product Lifecycle Management (PLM). Already today, Siemens is among the technology leaders for the automation of production lines for carbon fiber components. With the acquisition of Vistagy, Siemens will become the only company worldwide to support the whole value creation for carbon fiber components with its software tools – from product definition and development to manufacturing and service.

   
Industrial software portfolio (jeccomposites)

   

  The Science of Sarcasm?

  
Sarcasm so saturates 21st-century America that according to one study of a database of telephone conversations, 23 percent of the time that the phrase “yeah, right” was used, it was uttered sarcastically. Entire phrases have almost lost their literal meanings because they are so frequently said with a sneer. “Big deal,” for example. When’s the last time someone said that to you and meant it sincerely? “My heart bleeds for you” almost always equals “Tell it to someone who cares,” and “Aren’t you special” means you aren’t.

  
The Science of Sarcasm? (smithsonianmag)

   

  Diabete: Better treatment in sight

  
NCoR acts as a dimmer switch for other molecules in a cell. It is known as a corepressor, slowing the production of transcription factors, which in turn regulate the expression of genes. Dimmer-switch molecules are often good drug targets thanks to this subtle effect, says Johan Auwerx, a researcher at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, who led the first study, which involved knocking out NCOR in muscle.

  
Engineering a Mightier Mouse (technologyreview)

   

  Who’ll Save GPS?

  
The enemies threatening the future of the GPS are many: Next-generation mobile broadband services angling for a piece of the electromagnetic spectrum relied on by GPS; Cheap GPS jammers flooding the highways, thanks to consumers worried about invasive police and employer surveillance; Cosmic events, like solar storms; Future location technology that will ultimately push those services to places where GPS simply cannot go.

   
The future of the GPS (wired)

   

  Screaming for Ice Cream Sandwich

  
Google released the source code for Ice Cream Sandwich earlier this week, which is good news for these Android enthusiasts. This means that device makers and other developers can get to work on porting the software to other devices. Will your Android samrtphone be one of them? If not can you still get Ice Cream Sandwich anyway? In this edition of Ask Maggie I answer that very question.

  
Ice Cream Sandwich source code released (cnet)

   

  Stem cells: Hope and hype

   
Stem cells are often portrayed in the media as a miracle cure for many serious conditions and disabilities. Hugely positive headlines have led significant and understandable public interest in this fascinating cutting-edge science. But are all the claims for stem cells justified? Can stem cell treatments pose dangers to unwary patients? And who has control over this often controversial, pioneering branch of medicine?

   
Stem cells in the media (NHS)

   

  Sopa condemned by web giant

  
The act aims to tackle online piracy by giving the US Justice Department new powers to go after websites, both domestically and abroad, that host disputed copyright material. The act would allow the US to effectively pull the plug on websites and go after companies that support them technically or through payment systems. A vote on the bill could come as early as next month.

   
US Justice Department new powers (guardian)

   

  Redefining the SI Base Units

  
The international General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) has approved a plan to redefine four of the seven base units of the International System of Units (SI) in terms of fixed values of natural constants. The initiative would make possible new worldwide levels of consistency and accuracy, as well as simplify and normalize the unit definitions. Up until now, the system has been dependent on the prototype kilogram, an artifact adopted in 1889 and still used as the world’s physical standard for mass.

   
Plan to redefine Units system (qualitydigest)

    

  Urine: Future Electri. generation

  
So far the use of urine as a biomass that can be converted to power via MFCs (microbial fuel cells) has been neglected by scientists, despite the fact that urine is an abundant waste product. Each human produces approximately 2.5 litres of urine a day, amounting to around 6.4 trillion litres globally each year. MFCs consist of two half-cells - an anode and a cathode - that are separated by an ion selective membrane.

   
Urine as new fuel generation (engineerlive)

  

  The Future of Books

  
In September, just days before Borders Group met its end, one of the chain’s last retail holdouts, in the Nashville suburb of Brentwood, Tenn., was being liquidated, with prices slashed by 90 percent. It was difficult in the stark surroundings not to think of a battle waged and lost, of the armies of Kindle owners and e-book peddlars off celebrating victory while all around lay the carnage—two copies of a Paul Reiser memoir, the suspect Greg Mortensen book Stones into Schools, a still-brimming manga section.

   
Borders Bookstore extinction (businessweek)

   

  TB 'electronic nose' offers hope

  
A team of Indian researchers are planning to have a prototype of an "electronic nose" that can detect tuberculosis from a person's breath in hospitals by October 2013, after receiving a $950,000 grant. Working on the same principles as a breathalyser, the device – if successful – could mark a breakthrough in the fight against TB, which claimed 1.4 million lives last year.

  
Prototype of an "electronic nose" (guardian)

   

  DR.Google: Patient-Doctor Relationship

    
Many websites on the internet deal with online medical information, providing people with crucial tips about their health through the internet.Th is includes providing possible illnesses when one provides symptoms. Some studies show that as many as 60 per cent of internet users consult the internet to diagnose their aches and pains, rather than consult a real doctor, or before they see their doctor.

  

Google as a medical adviser (allafrica)

   

  EADS & RUSNANO Nanotec. Collaboration

  
European aerospace and defence group EADS and Russian Nanotechnology Corporation RUSNANO are planning to cooperate in the research and development of new technologies. The respective document was signed by Anatoly Chubais, CEO of Rusnano and EADS Chief Technical Officer Jean Botti. As a first step, the partners will identify relevant patents in EADS’s portfolio which could be suited to develop new business in the Russian industry.

   
Nano-Tech. cooperation (jeccomposites)

   

  Nobel-winning chemistry reaction

  
One limitation to the metathesis reaction is that it had not been possible to control the configuration of the olefin products, which can occur in one of two configurations. However, Schrock and his collaborator Amir Hoveyda at Boston College have now developed a catalyst that yields almost exclusively the more desirable configuration, known as cis. “Sought by many investigators for almost two decades, this milestone achievement will be welcomed by the synthetic community as a major advance in organic synthesis”.

  
Stereochemistry breakthrough (mit)

   

  “Natural” Search User Interfaces

  
“Natural” modes of interaction are starting to be commonplace in hardware and software tools, influencing search interfaces in interesting ways. Content analysis over huge collections of user behavior data, combined with interactive user-interface design could lead to breakthroughs in such longstanding problems as human-computer dialogues for question answering.

  
Interactive user-interface design (delivery.acm)

   

  Plant powered by thorium

  
In a rare interview, Ratan Kumar Sinha, the director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Mumbai, told the Guardian that his team is finalising the site for construction of the new large-scale experimental reactor, while at the same time conducting "confirmatory tests" on the design. Producing a workable thorium reactor would be a massive breakthrough in energy generation. Using thorium – a naturally occurring moderately radioactive element named after the Norse god of thunder – as a source of atomic power is not new technology.

   
India's NUKE power plants (guardian)

   

  Dyslexia not tied to IQ

  
Regardless of high or low overall scores on an IQ test, children with dyslexia show similar patterns of brain activity, according to researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health. The results call into question the discrepancy model — the practice of classifying a child as dyslexic on the basis of a lag between reading ability and overall IQ scores.

  
The discrepancy model (nih)

   

  Prescription: Quality & Safety

  
Observation of how doctors, receptionists, and other administrative staff contributed to, and collaborated on, the repeat prescribing routine. Analysis included mapping prescribing routines, building a rich description of organisational practices, and drawing these together through narrative synthesis. This was informed by a sociological model of how organisational routines shape and are shaped by information and communications technologies.

  
The repeat prescribing routine (bmj)

   

  Fracking tests & Tremors

   
It is "highly probable" that shale gas test drilling triggered earth tremors in Lancashire, a study has found. But the report, commissioned by energy firm Cuadrilla, also said the quakes were due to an "unusual combination of geology at the well site". Protesters opposed to fracking, a gas extraction method, said the report "did not inspire confidence".

   
Test drilling & Tremors  (bbc)

   

  What can make a dent?

  
With the world’s energy needs growing rapidly, can zero-carbon energy options be scaled up enough to make a significant difference? How much of a dent can these alternatives make in the world’s total energy usage over the next half-century? As the MIT Energy Initiative approaches its fifth anniversary next month, this five-part series takes a broad view of the likely scalable energy candidates.

   
Energy needs (mit)

   

  Addi. Investments in Youth Needed

  
Additional Investments in Youth Needed as World Population Tops 7 Billion, States UNFPA Report. Our record population size can be viewed in many ways as a success for humanity because it means that people are living longer and more of our children are surviving worldwide, the report shows. But not everyone has benefited from this achievement or the higher quality of life that this implies. Great disparities exist among and within countries.

   
UNFPA Report (unfpa)

   

  Microsoft Security Intelligence Report

  
IT professionals are accustomed to thinking about the technical aspects of security. However, as this report has shown, the human element—the techniques that attackers use to trick typical users into helping them—has become just as important for attackers as the technical element, if not more so. By implementing effective technical safeguards, programs, and processes designed to defend against social engineering, you can help your users avoid being taken advantage of by attackers.

   
Technical element vs Human element (securityvibes)

   

  Prospects for Us economy

  
The authors find that the current US economic expansion may continue into 2013, but that satisfactory growth cannot be achieved without a major increase in net export demand. Although domestic monetary and fiscal stimulus measures have helped, deficits will likely remain far below the levels needed to bring about a strong recovery, largely due to congressional objections to further stimulus and a shift in focus to cutting the budget deficit.

  
Jobless recovery is no recovery (levyinstitute)

   

  FDA: Shifting focus

  
While the issue of how the federal agency regulates an increasingly global market is not new, the release of the Pathway to Global Product Safety and Quality report in July signaled a shift in how the FDA plans to address growing concern about counterfeit or adulterated drugs and an increasingly complex global supply chain. FDA has 50 permanent employees based outside of the United States, including 33 U.S. citizens and 17 locally employed support staff.

   
FDA & Global market (asq)

   

  Europe "is scaring the world"

   

France, like all of Europe, is caught in an economic tsunami, and France is teetering at the edge of the precipice. Every week, it seems, presidents and prime ministers hold urgent meetings searching for a solution, culminating with the Group of 20 convocation last weekend. Still, the problem grows only worse. It all started with Greece, of course. You might ask: How can one relatively small country cause so much havoc for everyone, everywhere?

   
Economic tsunami (sfgate)

   

  New Zealand’s Quality Model

   
A new report by New Zealand Trade and Enterprise suggests that New Zealand can provide a valuable model for health policy makers and IT professionals seeking to reduce costs and increase the quality of health care in the United States and other nations. By strategically viewing health care as a continuum, from the patient to the care provider and community, and employing a range of new approaches and electronic health technologies, New Zealand has overcome many of the barriers to developing a truly integrated care service.

   
A valuable model for health (qualitydigest)

   

  Mid-East:INTEL to boost Collab.

   
Intel will work in collaboration with the NGOs to create local capacity with programs including; Intel Entrepreneurship Challenge, Intel Learn Program and Intel Youth Enterprise Program. These programs are part of Intel’s annual investment to improve education globally. Each of the agreements seeks to enable the next generation of entrepreneurs by providing young people with the opportunity to develop their talents, passions, and skills while creating employment opportunities for other youth and developing their local communities.

   
Intel Entrepreneurship Challenge (albawaba)

  

  6 Google Reader replacements

   
Moments ago, Google chambered the mother of all bombshells: Reader, as soon as next week, will become part of Google+. It will be impossible to use Google Reader as a standalone product, and many of its social features (friending, following, sharing) are being buried in favor of Google+ equivalents. After exporting (click Cog> Reader Settings> Import/Export) and saying goodbye to your old friend, then, the only thing left is to find a Google Reader alternative that will allow you to import your exported OPML file.

   
Google+ equivalents (extremetech)

   

  America's Demographic Opportunity

   
Among the world’s major advanced countries, the United States remains a demographic outlier, with a comparatively youthful and growing population. This provides an unusual opportunity for America’s resurgence over the next several decades, as population growth elsewhere slows dramatically, and even declines dramatically, in a host of important countries.

  
America’s resurgence (newgeography)

   

  WHO worries mercury treaty

   
The World Health Organization is trying to fend off an effort to include a mercury derivative used in vaccines from being banned in a global treaty on mercury currently under negotiation. The next round of talks for the proposed binding treaty begin on Oct. 31, and the Geneva-based UN health agency is trying to lobby for support of its position that banning thimerosal would be a mistake.

 
Global treaty on mercury (huffingtonpost)

   

  Mind-bending holodesk design

  
As stuck in the mud as Microsoft is in many ways, its research division is on the cutting edge of cool. The latest innovation out of Microsoft Research is a real "holodesk" that lets you physically manipulate virtual objects through the magic of the Kinect. As you can see in the video above, moving your hands to interact with purely digital cubes and balls under the glass of the holodesk is amazingly fluid, simulating how those objects would respond to physical touch in the real world with amazing accuracy.

  
The latest innovation (news.yahoo)

   

  Quality : Nissan's new strategy

   
Stung by slumping U.S. quality scores, Nissan Motor Co. will overhaul quality control in a bid to catch Japanese and Korean rivals boasting better customer satisfaction. The new strategy focuses on two areas in which Nissan acknowledges it trails the competition: perceived quality and soft quality, or the customer perception of quality through touch and feel, fit and finish and intuitive controls.

   
Quality Scores called into question (asq)

   

  The Social-Network Chip

   
Currently, the chips inside data-center servers are nearly all manufactured by Intel, which commands roughly 90 percent of the server market with its family of Xeon microprocessors. Xeon chips have up to 10 processing centers, known as cores, that work in parallel to do hefty computational lifting. In contrast, Tilera's chips contain up to 100 smaller, lower-power cores.

   
The data-center door (technologyreview)

   

  Career in Biotech Patent Law

   
A patent law career offered practical advantages, I realized, over a career in academia. In academic science, funds for conducting research were -- and continue to be -- very limited, and the requirements for obtaining funding are exceptionally high. Capable and qualified scientists were not being funded, and many talented postdoctoral scientists were ahead of me in the long line for an academic position.

   
Patent professionals work (sciencecareers)

   

  Influx of Brazilian students

   
Universities in Germany, the US, the UK and other nations are preparing for an influx of tens of thousands of Brazilian students, doctoral candidates and post-docs in the next three years. The students will start arriving in January as part of Brazil's new Science Without Borders programme. The goal of the programme is to more than quadruple the number of Brazilians studying abroad to 75,000 by 2014.

  
Science Without Borders programme (rsc)

   

  Seeding Scientists

   
Most research universities have technology transfer offices to help researchers transfer their ideas to the private sector. But those partnerships are good for more than transferring intellectual property. Sometimes they yield a talent transfer as well: It's not unusual for young researchers involved in those projects to join the companies that sponsored their academic pursuits.

  
Pipeline of talent (sciencecareers.sciencemag)

   

  Your Life duration could be known

   
The key measure, explains María Blasco, a 45-year-old molecular biologist, head of Spain's cancer research centre and one of the world's leading telomere researchers, is the number of short telomeres. Blasco, who is also one of the co-founders of the Life Length company which is offering the tests, says that short telomeres do not just provide evidence of ageing. They also cause it.

     
Blood test techniques (guardian)

   

  Health care: The future design

  
Every year, the biggest ideas in health care are presented at the Mayo Clinic’s Transform conference in Rochester, Minnesota. I was there this year to present a pre-conference workshop with a Continuum colleague on everyday creativity, and another pair of Continuum designers gave a main-stage talk entitled, “Patient Centricity: A design identity crisis.”

  
Patient Centricity (fastcodesign)

  

  IT hell: The nine circles

  
How many of us have been abandoned by our vendors to IT limbo, only to find ourselves falling victim to app dev anger when in-house developers are asked to pick up the slack? How often has stakeholder gluttony or lust for the latest and greatest left us burned on a key initiative? How many times must we be kneecapped by corporate greed, accused of heresy for arguing for (or against) things like open source?

   
How to learn from experience ? (infoworld)

  

  DHS: Data mining benefit

  
Data mining--a technique for extracting useful information from large volumes of data--is one type of analysis that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses to help detect and prevent terrorist threats. To do so, GAO (Government Accountability Office) developed a systematic evaluation framework based on recommendations and best practices outlined by the National Research Council, industry practices, and prior GAO reports.

    
The systematic evaluation framework (gao)

  

  The third-Largest Pharmaceutical Market

  
MarketResearch.com has announced the addition of the new report "Emerging Pharmaceutical Market in China - Forecast to Become The World's Third-Largest Pharmaceutical Market By 2013," to their collection of Country Overviews market reports. The US and Europe dominate the contract research organization market and account for the majority of clinical research activities.

        
Emerging Pharmaceutical Market (marketwire)

  

  Fingerprint Scanner

  
The Motorola ATRIX 4G is one of the exciting new dual-core Android smartphones to hit the market this year. One of its most compelling security features is its first-of-its-kind fingerprint reader or scanner. The fingerprint scanner is located on the back of the device, enabling users to unlock their devices at the swipe of a finger as opposed to entering cumbersome numeric codes or passwords.

   
The Motorola ATRIX 4G (developer)

  

  The ‘perfect plastic’

   

Researchers at the University of Leeds and Durham University have solved a long-standing problem that could revolutionise the way new plastics are developed. The breakthrough will allow experts to create the 'perfect plastic' with specific uses and properties by using a high-tech 'recipe book'. It will also increase our ability to recycle plastics. The research is published in the journal Science.

 
New plastics (leeds)

   

  Strange Portals in Physics

    
Many people feared the LHC would produce a planet-devouring black hole. Scientists took it very seriously, and they ruled out this possibility not only theoretically, but also by looking at collisions of cosmic rays that create this same type of energy. We live in a world where there are many risks, and it's high time we start taking seriously which ones we should be worried about. Physicists showed this particular one is not a risk.

  
Opening Strange Portals in Physics (smithsonianmag)

    

  Zaha Hadid's Brixton school

   
Architect Zaha Hadid's Z-shaped school in Brixton, south London, has beaten the hot favourite, the Olympic velodrome, to win the 16th annual RIBA Stirling prize for architecture. Victory for Evelyn Grace academy gives Hadid's practice a Stirling prize for the second year running, although it is the architect's first major building project in Britain. Last year her practice won for the Maxxi Museum of 21st Century Arts in Rome.

    
RIBA 2011 (guardian)

   

  BABSON entrepreneur experience Lab

      
The Babson Entrepreneur Experience Lab (a partnership between Babson College and the Business Innovation Factory) is a research platform that puts the voice and experience of real-world entrepreneurs at the center of an ongoing effort to design, develop and experiment with new education and support solutions that will help shape future generations of entrepreneurs. This first look at the observations and insights gleaned from engaging over 250 entrepreneurs offers a glimpse into their everyday lives.

   
The voice and experience (businessinnovationfactory)

   

  Firefox7 & MemShrink effort

   
With Firefox 7, which is being officially released, Mozilla is taking specific aim at reducing the amount of memory that Firefox uses. Mozilla has been actively working on reducing memory usage by way of the MemShrink effort. The goal of MemShrink is to find areas where Firefox memory management and usage could be improved.

   
Memory usage with firefox7 (datamation)

  

  Nanotube Cables Hit a Milestone

  
For the first time, researchers have made carbon-nanotube electrical cables that can carry as much current as copper wires. These nanotube cables could help carry more renewable power farther in the electrical grid, provide lightweight wiring for more-fuel-efficient vehicles and planes, and make connections in low-power computer chips. Researchers at Rice University have now demonstrated carbon-nanotube cables in a practical system.

  
Carbon-nanotube electrical cables (technologyreview)

  

  Breakthroughs in rolling element

   
Rolling element bearings have a significant impact on the energy-efficiency of most mechanisms, yet they have their limitations in terms of load capacity, speed and longevity. Jon Severn reports on recent developments that could lead to major advances in bearing steels. manufacturers are continually seeking to improve their designs in order to stay one step ahead of their competitors.

   
Rolling element developments (engineerlive)

   

  MIT: Math Prize for Girls

   
On a beautiful, bright blue Saturday morning, as students soaked up the sun on lawns across campus, 276 girls from middle schools and high schools across the United States and Canada sat in buildings 4 and 10, puzzling over a set of complex math problems. The prize money is certainly a draw for participants, some of whom have traveled thousands of miles for the chance to compete.

  
A numbers game (mit)

  

  HP CEO transition

  
The mystery isn’t why Hewlett-Packard is likely to part ways with Chief Executive Léo Apotheker after just a year in the job. It’s why he was hired in the first place. The answer, say many involved in the process, lies squarely with the troubled HP board. “It has got to be the worst board in the history of business,” said Tom Perkins, a former HP director and a legend in Silicon Valley.

     
The troubled HP board (asq)

  

  The GMO Salmon Struggle

    
Transgenic salmon are not the first animal product derived from genetic engineering. That would be the transgenic mouse, an animal developed for biomedical research and now widely utilized in many different custom formulations. It is not even the first fish. They are among a handful of genetically engineered products meant for human consumption, and they have long been projected to be the first edible transgenic animal that will receive regulatory approval.

   
FDA May Approve GM for Human Consumption (scienceprogress)

  

  Remote welding at nuclear sites

    
Safety at nuclear power stations is of paramount importance and operators need to specify the best fail-safe repair systems in order to guarantee minimum risk. An essential part of EDF Energy's comprehensive safety system in their UK nuclear fleet is the high quality welding systems provided by Arc Machines Inc (AMI) for secure repairs to damaged re-heater tubes.

 
EDF' remote-controlled Tech. (engineerlive)

   

  UK: What are we paying for ?

   
The total earnings for the top-paid director at BAE Systems have increased by more than 8,000 per cent since 1978 when the company was called British Aerospace. That compares to a rise of 556 per cent in median male income over the period.Many factors have driven up pay at the top, but one of the most important when it comes to directors’ pay has been the mantra that rewards must be linked to company performance...

     
Performance vs Wages ? (docuticker)

  

  Product Sourcing in Asia Pacific

    
China’s infrastructure, the completeness of its supply chain, its speed to market and a growing presence in global shipping all mean that China will continue to be a preferred source for sourcing. But Southeast Asian countries will increasingly present even more attractive sourcing opportunities as new preferential trade agreements continue to be negotiated.

  
kpmg report on Asia-pacific economy

    

  Microsoft hints at Metro Office

    
In the article on Windows 8, I already mentioned that in order to demonstrate the viability of Metro for something other than Facebook and Twitter, Microsoft should come up with a Metro interface for Microsoft Office - one that doesn't leave out 90% of Office's features. Well, Microsoft has hinted that they are, indeed, working on Metro Office. In addition, it turns out Microsoft isn't entirely sure to how to address the issue if legacy applications on ARM.

    
Viability of MS-Metro (osnews)

     

  JS that brings parallel programming

    
For the most part, JavaScript – the web's standard scripting language – does not give applications access to multiple processor cores, or even a processor's vector instructions. This puts web applications at a significant disadvantage next to traditional native software. The technology provides access both to multiple cores and vectors instructions, and since it's embedded with JavaScript.

    
Intel parallel javascript (theregister)

    

  NHS: foreign Doctors' support

    
Newly qualified and foreign doctors need to go on a basic induction course before they start working in the UK amid fears they may be not be fully prepared to start treating patients, according to the General Medical Council. Those entering the UK health service for the first time should be given a basic induction, the GMC said.

    
Induction training for Doc. (guardian)

    

  Microsoft: All For One

    
AOL, Yahoo and Microsoft compete for ad dollars. But a new pact calls for the rivals to cooperate on ad sales, too. The three companies are going to start selling ad inventory on each others’ sites, in a plan they hope will make them more competitive with Google. AOL, Yahoo and Microsoft hope to convince big Web properties to share some of their ad inventory as well, and to get big ad holding companies to funnel some of their purchases through the consortium.

   

Aol/Yahoo/Ms merging (allthingsd)

    

  Publish-or-perish

   
To have "written" 800 papers is regarded as something to boast about rather than being rather shameful. University PR departments encourage exaggerated claims, and hard-pressed authors go along with them. Not long ago, Imperial College's medicine department were told that their "productivity" target for publications was to "publish three papers per annum including one in a prestigious journal with an impact factor of at least five.″

   
Far from chalk and talk (guardian)

    

  Tunnel freeze

    
Tunnel freezer aimed at small processors poised for European launch. Affordability, ease of use and space savings are all benefit s claimed by Air Products for its cryogenic tunnel freezer to be launched in Europe later. The equipment has been designed with smaller volume food processors and startup operations in mind.
        
Cryogenic tunnel freezer (foodproductiondaily)

  

  UK Workless households

    
In 2010, there were three areas across the UK where more than three out of every 10 households had no-one in work, according to sub-regional data on working and workless households. Over the seven years since 2004 that data are available, Liverpool has had the highest percentage of workless households in five of the years, with it being in the top three in the other two years.

    
UK's youth unemployment crisis (docuticker)

   

  Fastest growing industries

  
Photovoltaics is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity. It is one of the most promising technological options to realise the shift to a decarbonised energy supply. Current solar cell technologies are well established with sufficient efficiency and energy output for at least 25 years of lifetime.

   
Solar radiation power (engineerlive)

    

  OECD Economic growth

  
Economic recovery appears to have come close to a halt in the major industrialised economies, with falling household and business confidence affecting both world trade and employment, according to new analysis from the OECD. Growth remains strong in most emerging economies, albeit at a more moderate pace. “Growth is turning out to be much slower than we thought three months ago, and the risk of hitting patches of negative growth going forward has gone up.

    
OECD navigation in a World trade(oecd)

  

  Taming Light

    
Physicists of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have generated for the first time “white” light pulses and they are able to control their field on a time scale shorter than an optical oscillation. These new tools hold promise for unprecedented control of the motion of electrons in the microcosm. This type of control over light pulses has now, for the first time, been achieved by a team of physicists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ).

   
Creating “white” light pulses (innovations-report)

   

  IRCA has launched a new PQMS Auditor certification scheme

   
The International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) has launched a new Pharmaceutical Quality Management Systems (PQMS) Auditor certification scheme (ICH Q10), to support the assurance of global supply-chain integrity. In a sector that has seen an increase in the contracting out of operations, and increasingly complex global-supply chains, companies and regulators are asking for evidence of relevant training and experience for pharmaceutical QMS auditors who conduct audits of suppliers, service providers, contractors, and their own operations.

   
New scheme for PQMS Auditor certification (qualitydigest)

  

  Updated report on furan in food

  
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has issued a report with the latest Member State monitoring results of the levels of furan found in food. This is the third report on furan in food published by EFSA since 2009. With the inclusion of 2009 and 2010 findings, the report comprises 17% new data and is the first to include exposure estimates for different populations drawn from data from EFSA’s recently established Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database.

   
EFSA report

  

  EU Chemicals Trends Report

    
EU chemicals production recorded a 3.4 percent increase in the first six months of the year, according to the latest Cefic Chemicals Trends Report. The monthly data for June showed a 1.2 per cent decline compared with June 2010, a modest downturn in EU chemicals industry production after an impressive first three months of 2011 and positive year-on-year monthly growth in April and May.

  
Chemicals Trends Report (cefic)

  

  New way to find cancer

   
About 10 years ago, scientists discovered a new type of genetic material called microRNA, which appears to turn genes on or off inside a cell. More recently, they found that these genetic snippets often go haywire in cancer cells, contributing to tumors’ uncontrollable growth. A team of researchers at MIT has now engineered a way to detect abnormal microRNA levels in the blood of cancer patients, raising the possibility of developing a simple blood test to diagnose or monitor the disease.

  
MicroRNA involvement (mit)

   

  A Moore’s Law for Renewable Energy

   
“Oil companies should think more like technology companies.” So said one of the world’s largest oil companies, the Chevron Corporation, as part of a 2011 public outreach campaign. This idea deserves to be taken seriously, and at a global, industry-wide scale. Since World War II, the computer industry has transformed the global economy and the patterns of everyday life in ways that would have been unimaginable before.

    
Another way of problem solving (strategy-business)

  

  Dams No Longer Needed on Elwha

    
No one has attempted such a feat since two dams were built, near the mouth of the river, in the early 20th century, blocking salmon runs. But on September 15, officials in Olympic National Park will begin the long process of dismantling the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams on the Elwha River. The largest dam-removal undertaking in U.S. history, the project could serve as an inspiration and a model for similar enterprises in other parts of the country, conservationists say.

    
Dam-removal (nationalgeographic)

    

  Where BP failed, Exxon succeeds

    
FOR BP it could hardly have been worse. On August 30th Exxon Mobil struck a deal with Rosneft to explore the same icy blocks of the Arctic Kara Sea that slipped from BP’s grasp when its vaunted tie-up with the Russian state-controlled oil firm collapsed in the spring. Then things did get worse: the next day, one of BP’s Moscow offices was raided by bailiffs.

  
Exxon Mobil & Rosneft deal (economist)

  

  Future iPhones & voices ID.

    
The concept was revealed with a new patent application published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and discovered by AppleInsider. Entitled "User Profiling for Voice Input Processing," it describes a system that would identify individual users when they speak aloud. Apple's application notes that voice control already exists in some forms on a number of portable devices.

   
Voice's user Profiling (appleinsider)

  

  Collaborative Traffic Signal

    
While traffic signals are necessary to safely control competing flows of traffic, they inevitably enforce a stop-and-go movement pattern that increases fuel consumption, reduces traffic flow and causes traffic jams. These side effects can be alleviated by providing drivers and their onboard computational devices. with information about the schedule of the traffic signals ahead.

   
How to control flows of traffic ? (mit)

  

  Visionaries wanted

     
If Steve Jobs had never lived, would we still have the iPhone and iPad today? Similarly, if Walt Disney, George Lucas, and Pete Diamandis had all taken jobs on Wall Street instead of living their lives as true innovators, would we still have Disneyland, Star Wars, and the X-Prize Foundation today? To put it more succinctly, if the visionary never existed, would we still have the industry?

   
No Need to Apply, Just Do It (futuristspeaker)

    

  If PHP were British

     
When Rasmus Lerdorf first put PHP together, he - quite sensibly, despite his heritage - chose not to write it in Greenlandic or Danish. Good job too - that would have been rather unpleasant to work with. He opted instead, being in Canada at the time, for the local tongue. PHP developers in Britain have been grumpy about this ever since. What was he thinking? And more importantly, how do we undo this travesty?

  
PHP Beyond chauvinism (addedbytes) 

     

  Futurism a true calling

    
Terms and concepts that are on the tip of everyone's tongue today leap off the pages: the crisis of industrialism, the promise of renewable energy, ad-hocracy in business, the rise of the non-nuclear family, technology-enabled telecommuting, the power of the pro-sumer, sensors embedded in household appliances, a gene industry that pre-designs the human body, corporate social responsibility, "information overload"....

   
Technology will take on a life of its own (foreignpolicy)

     

  Fusion power: Are we closer?

   
Last year, when asked to name the most pressing scientific challenge facing humanity, Professors Stephen Hawking and Brian Cox both gave the same answer: producing electricity from fusion energy. The prize, they said, is enormous: a near-limitless, pollution-free, cheap source of energy that would power human development for many centuries to come.

    
Most pressing scientific challenge (guardian)  China advanc. on fusiontech. (report)

     

  Decay: Filling without drilling

     
Tooth decay begins when acid produced by bacteria in plaque dissolves the mineral in the teeth, causing microscopic holes or 'pores' to form. As the decay process progresses these micro-pores increase in size and number. Eventually the damaged tooth may have to be drilled and filled to prevent toothache, or even removed. Researchers at the University of Leeds have discovered a pain-free way of tackling dental decay that reverses the damage of acid attack and re-builds teeth as new.

    
Filling without pain (leeds)

    

  Interactive packaging: explosion expected

    
Germanbased Schmitt Sohne has added QR code technology to the labels and pointofsale materials for all of its brands. The QR codes, when scanned by a smartphone and code reader application, take consumers to a mobile site where they can interact with the brand in various ways, such as reading and submitting user reviews and getting advice for food pairing suggestions.

   
The QR code technology (foodproductiondaily)

   

  Alt Text: Patents Impending

    
Everyone agrees that patent law is a huge mess, the sort of mess rarely seen outside of Fresno’s annual “Unsupervised Toddler and Malamute Spaghetti Feed.” And yet, it remains a mess, year after year, in spite of pundits, politicians and protesters standing around clucking their tongues and making that finger gesture of shame that only grade-schoolers usually do, where you kind of slide one finger across the other as if you’re trying to start a campfire.

  
The patent law (wired)

    

  Women See Value of College

    
At a time when women surpass men by record numbers in college enrollment and completion, they also have a more positive view than men about the value higher education provides, according to a nationwide Pew Research Center survey. Half of all women who have graduated from a four-year college give the U.S. higher education system excellent or good marks for the value it provides given the money spent by students and their families; only 37% of male graduates agree.

    
Women higher education (pewsocialtrends)

    

  To clean up pollution

  
The report that prompted Ramesh’s action was prepared by the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and the Central Pollution Control Board. It found that 10 industrial clusters scored at least 80 out of 100 in a pollution index, or were emitting effluents and pollutants at an alarming level; 33 scored between 70 and 80 (critically polluted); and another 32 scored between 60 and 70 (seriously polluted).

   
Decontaminating the environment (livemint)

    

  Labs that gave birth to digitworld

    
Throughout history there is a recurring theme of like-minded individuals coming together to create a shared “hive mind” intelligence that is greater than its constituent parts. There are extremely rare cases of geniuses that worked on their own, but for the most part almost every famed inventor, pioneer, or philosopher was part of a group or cadre of other great thinkers.

   
A shared “hive mind” intelligence (extremetech)

  

  Process Safety Performance Indicators

     
Process and Plant Safety performance can be evaluated through the use of key performance indicators that measure and analyze Process Safety Incidents (PSI). Whilst the use of key performance indicators is common at individual company level, their application across industry is restricted because they are not harmonized into a universally shared management model for Process Safety.

   
Key performance indicators (cefic)

   

  Why Are Finland's Schools Successful?

     
The transformation of the Finns’ education system began some 40 years ago as the key propellent of the country’s economic recovery plan. Educators had little idea it was so successful until 2000, when the first results from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a standardized test given to 15-year-olds in more than 40 global venues, revealed Finnish youth to be the best young readers in the world.

  
Finns' education success (smithsonianmag)

  

  IBM Unveils Cognitive Chips

   
Called cognitive computers, systems built with these chips won’t be programmed the same way traditional computers are today. In a sharp departure from traditional concepts in designing and building computers, IBM’s first neurosynaptic computing chips recreate the phenomena between spiking neurons and synapses in biological systems, such as the brain, through advanced algorithms and silicon circuitry.

    
Neurosynaptic computing chips (ibm)
    

  To get from London to Paris

  
For those who haven't made the trip, an obvious question is why you'd want to take Eurostar when you can fly between London and Paris in about an hour and a quarter. The answer, of course, starts with the fact that Eurostar leaves and departs from the hearts of the two cities rather than requiring time-consuming and costly travel to their suburban airports. And then there's added time for airport security, the limits on what you can bring, and other annoying inconveniences.

   
Eurostar travellers (cnet)

  

  Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs

    
The median wealth of white households is 20 times that of black households and 18 times that of Hispanic households, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly available government data from 2009. The Pew Research Center analysis finds that, in percentage terms, the bursting of the housing market bubble in 2006 and the recession that followed from late 2007 to mid-2009 took a far greater toll on the wealth of minorities than whites.

    
Wealth-disparity (pewresearch)

    

  Cell membrane & their interactions

    
Supported lipid bilayers are important tools for researchers who want to investigate the properties of cell membranes. Scientists create these bilayers by putting lipid vesicles in solution above a solid support. At a critical coverage the vesicles burst and fuse producing a two-dimensional membrane that can be studied with a microscope or other surface-based techniques.

  
Cell membrane properties (rsc)

  

  Underwater Volcanic Eruption

     
The discovery came as a surprise, as researchers attempted to recover instruments they'd left behind to monitor the peak a year earlier. When the researchers hefted a seafaring robotic vehicle overboard to fetch the instruments, the feed from the onboard camera sent back images of an alien seafloor landscape. Scientists have long known about the existence of subsea volcanoes, but information on their behavior is relatively sparse.

    
Subsea volcanoes (yahoo)

  

  Technology & digital printing

    
Consider this: in 2010, imports of printed material and related products from Hong Kong and China to U.S. shores hit $2.397 billion (or nearly 45% of the category total). That is almost back to the pre-crisis level of 1998. Obviously, the outsourcing flow has not ebbed despite fervent calls for made-in-U.S.A. books. Then again, there is the slumping greenback and weak economy.

   
Printing in Hong Kong 2011 (publishersweekly)

     

  Antimatter belt around Earth

   
This Letter reports the discovery of an antiproton radiation belt around the Earth. The trapped antiproton energy spectrum in the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) region has been measured by the PAMELA experiment for the kinetic energy range 60--750 MeV. A measurement of the atmospheric sub-cutoff antiproton spectrum outside the radiation belts is also reported.

    
Pamela discovery (arxiv)

  

  Office 15 extensions

     
Microsoft officials have made it clear that HTML5 and JavaScript are going to be key for developing for Windows 8. But Microsoft’s HTML5/JS love doesn’t stop there. It turns out that HTML5 and JavaScript also are going to be key to Microsoft’s Office 15 programmability story. Office programmability refers to the ability to extend the Microsoft Office platform with custom code and third-party add-on applications.

    
MS to focus on HTML5 and JS (zdnet)

    

  Worst alien invader of waterways

     
The agency said invasive species cost the UK about £1.7bn a year and it will work with partner groups to manage the spread of damaging plants and animals. Several species of pond plant which have escaped from gardens and parks are also on the list of non-native wildlife which pose the greatest threat to the country's rivers and lakes.

    
'Killer' shrimp (bbc)

    

  Short selling popped a China bubble

      
Some have never even been to China; most don't speak or read Chinese. And yet in the past nine months, this small group of "short sellers" has published research exposing accounting fraud at a series of Chinese companies listed in the United States and Canada, and made as yet unproven allegations against a whole bunch more. As a result they have scuttled a once hot sub-sector of the American capital markets.

   
The investigation (reuters)

    

  Defense of Japan 2011

     
Looking at the region surrounding Japan, the nuclear and missile problems of North Korea still require due caution. Tensions have increased on the Korean Peninsula due to such incidents as the shelling of Yeonpyeong Island. Furthermore, China continues to rapidly expand and modernize its military forces and the activities that it conducts in the waters surrounding Japan are growing larger in scale and more intense. Russia also continues to intensify the level of its military activities.

   
Report (mod.go)

    

  Salmonella resistant to Ciprofloxacin

      
The report discribe an increase in nontyphoidal salmonellosis caused by S. enterica serotype Kentucky isolated in European countries during the period 2005–2008. This increase is due to the emergence of the ST198-X1 CIPR Kentucky clone, which infected almost 500 patients in France, England and Wales and Denmark during 2000–2008. The number of cases is likely underestimated due to limitations in the catchment area of these national surveillance systems.

    
ST198 resistant to Ciprofloxacin (oxfordjournals)

    

  Missoula: Mix of Town & Country

    
Many towns in the West consider themselves “outdoor” towns—suggesting a citizenry eager to bike, run, ski, paddle, hunt, fish, hike, backpack, float and camp. Missoula, Montana, is one of these towns, but it possesses some indefinable spirit that keeps it from being confused with any other. Many of the West’s outdoor towns lie farther south, and closer to larger population centers. Missoula still has space around it.

   
The land beyond the town (smithsonianmag)

   

  Canada’s slaughter industry

     
The idea of horses — often viewed as majestic “companion” animals — being slaughtered for food triggers discomfort, even outrage, in Canadians who consider the practice inhumane. Those in the horse slaughter industry call such assertions naïve, insisting they provide a necessary service, feeding European demand for the exotic meat with a glut of horses whose owners can no longer care for them.

    
Feeding European demand (thestar)

   

  Technology1, distracted drivers0

    
Here’s proof that technology really does make driving safer: Volvos equipped with the automaker’s City Safety collision avoidance system are in 27% fewer accidents than comparable vehicles. That’s a huge reduction, says the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI). City Safety is a Volvo-exclusive (at least for now in the US) laser that watches the road one car-length ahead from the vantage point of the rear view mirror. If it sees a slow or stopped car ahead, it jams on the brakes.

    
Safety collision avoidance system (extremetech)

     

  Harvesting wild plants

    
Mendel University in Brno will begin teaching rural residents and those of low socio-economic status how to harvest and use various types of wild plants, including medicinal plants, aromatic herbs, mushrooms and wild berries. The school has joined an international project of four Central European countries whose goal is to support rural residents from areas with a high rate of unemployment. The target group is minorities, for example the Roma, as well as active retirees and women on maternity leave, university representatives told the press on July 26.

   
How to harvest wild plants ? (romea)

  

  Research: the quality of outcomes

   

Last month an innovative new project funded by JISC asked people to contribute to a unique dictionary of Scottish words and place-names. The twist? Contributors are using tools of the web: posting messages on Facebook, tweeting the project team and contributing to an online discussion. It's the latest in a series of community projects that are asking the general public to contribute their knowledge and expertise to research through interactive web technology, not simply because they can or because it's trendy, but because crowdsourcing is now, by default, digital.

    
Digital crowdsourcing (guardian)

    

  New industry initiatives

     
Nine of the world’s leading oil and gas companies – BG Group, BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, Petrobras, Shell, Statoil and Total – have launched the subsea well response project (SWRP), an initiative designed to enhance the industry’s capability to respond to subsea well control incidents. Acting on the recommendations of the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers’ (OGP) Global Industry Response Group (GIRG), the companies have signed an interim joint development agreement, with Shell as the operator.

    
Health and safety rules (engineerlive)

    

  What Happened to Software Engineering?

    
Over the past few years there has been an evolutionary shift in the world of software development. Not very long ago, the dominant Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) methodology was the Waterfall Method with very specific phases that separated the construction phase from phases like design and test. This style of project management has been very successful in construction.

    
Software development (developer)

  

  New products & Manufacturing techniques

     
For more than a decade, scientists have been touting the promise of nanomaterials as a source of new and better products, from stronger structural materials to speedy but power-efficient computers to drugs that target and kill diseased cells. But making commercial products from nanomaterials is tricky. In these materials, tiny structural changes lead to very different properties, and precision manufacturing is critical.

    
Source of new-better products (technologyreview)

  

  Animal testing & Regulation

     
Better regulation is needed to govern rapidly expanding research in animals containing human tissue or genes, the Academy of Medical Sciences says. It said such studies were necessary for medical research, but that new ethical issues could emerge and called for a national body of experts. The academy recommended three classifications for research on animals containing human material.

  
Animal testing regulation (bbc)

  

  Pushing HTML5 to the limit

    
The emerging HTML5 model for Web apps differs in four major areas. The most visible may be the relative standardization of the canvas object, an improvement that makes it easier to write Flash-like animations with JavaScript. The results are often just as, well, flashy as the ones that come from Flash for anyone who's able to put in the time. Casual game developers who used to write for Flash are producing slick games that run in JavaScript alone.

   
HTML5 model for Web apps (infoworld)
     

  $13 bil. biodiesel & Environment harm

     
The EU will protect existing investment in its $13 billion biodiesel sector even as it acts on new evidence that suggests making the fuel from food crops can do more harm than good in fighting climate change. European Union policymakers are preparing a political compromise that will safeguard existing biodiesel investments, having baulked at penalizing individual biofuel crops.

   
Biodiesel sector & environment (reuters)

   

  The Man Behind The Math

    
Though generations of schoolchildren have cursed arithmetic, the world was a much more inconvenient place without it. Before the advent of modern arithmetic in the 13th century, basic calculations required a physical abacus. But then came a young Italian mathematician named Leonardo da Pisa — no relation to da Vinci — who, in 1202, published a book titled Liber Abaci. That's Latin for "Book of Calculation."

   
Leonardo da Pisa calculation (npr)

    

  The Swedish Invasion

    
Spotify's arrival on U.S. shores brings a new and much-anticipated music platform to American users. The Swedish service's social networking features and broad catalog have been a hit in Europe, and a rumored Facebook partnership shows promise, though competition in the U.S. will be tight. Meanwhile, hackers keep hacking, Netflix pulls a price switch and RIM's two-headed CEO is tasked with justifying its existence.

   
Tight competition in music platform (technewsworld)

  

  Rewriting the code of life

    
MIT and Harvard researchers have developed technologies that could be used to rewrite the genetic code of a living cell, allowing them to make large-scale edits to the cell’s genome. Such technology could enable scientists to design cells that build proteins not found in nature, or engineer bacteria that are resistant to any type of viral infection. The technology, described in the July 15 issue of Science, can overwrite specific DNA sequences throughout the genome.

   
Rewriting code of a living cell (mit)
    

  Clinical Evaluation of Innovative Products

   
Recent amendments made to the European Medical Device Directive (MDD 93/42/EEC) state that every medical device (MD) sold in Europe, regardless of its classification, must have a clinical evaluation report in its technical file. This is meant to reinforce safety and performance of Innovative Health Technologies (IHT). The Directive’s specific focus on implantable or class III medical devices gives the false impression that clinical investigation does not apply to other MD.

  
European Medical Device Directive (lne-america)

  

  Geo-engineering threats

   
The alert on the Climate Ark website in January 2009 was marked urgent: "Take action: A rogue science ship is poised to carry out risky experimental fertilisation of the Southern Ocean. This is likely [to be] the first of many coming attempts to begin geo-engineering the biosphere as a solution to climate change. The chemical cargo is likely to provoke a massive algal bloom big enough to be seen from outer space..."

    
Geo risky experimental engineering (guardian)

    

  Smart meter Technology

   
A smart meter is usually an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes.[7] Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting.

   
Data collection and treatment (wikipedia)

    

  How to ease Internet data flow ?

    
Netflix, YouTube, Hulu and Skype have become household names as demand soars for movies, television shows, amateur videos, and video calls delivered via the Internet and mobile networks. As a result, this enormous thirst for moving pixels is fast outpacing the capacity to supply video to viewers' screens. A team of Princeton researchers led by Mung Chiang, is grappling with the problem by exploring ways to make global networks more efficient.

    
Enormous thirst for moving pixels (princeton)

    

  Vacation interruptus

     
IT staffers aren't the only ones feeling the vacation pinch, according to a poll conducted by CareerBuilder at the end of May. Of the 5,600 full-time U.S. workers polled, 24% reported they have had to work while their families went on vacation without them, and 16% said they gave up vacation days in the previous year because they didn't have time to use them. Aside from the health of the company's IT function, there is the health of the IT staff to consider as well.

    
The vacation pinch (computerworld)

    

  Tidal Power Potential

   
Tidal stream energy extraction is derived from the kinetic energy of the moving flow; analogous to the way a wind turbine operates in air, and as such differs from tidal barrages, which relies on providing a head of water for energy extraction. A tidal stream energy converter extracts and converts the mechanical energy in the current into a transmittable energy form. A variety of conversion devices are currently being proposed or are under active development.

   
Kinetic energy of the moving flow (spectrum.ieee)

   

  How Toyota Rebounded

    
Within hours of the March 11 Japan earthquake, Toyota Motor Corp.’s global parts logistics teams had sprung into action. Managers worked overtime to ensure few customers would need to wait for a back-ordered part. In nearly all cases, Toyota filled about 140,000 replacement part orders per day. As of June 20, Toyota’s U.S. parts depots stopped working overtime to get inventories back to normal.

   
How Toyota Rebounded (asq)
    

  Brazil to protect Amazon activists


José Cláudio Ribeiro da Silva and his wife, Maria do Espírito Santo, had spent more than a decade fighting illegal loggers, ranchers and charcoal producers, and had repeatedly alerted local and federal authorities to the threats they suffered as a result. One of the highest-profile Amazon killings in recent history was the murder of Dorothy Stang.

    
Fighting illegal loggers (guardian)

      

  The WikiLeaks You Missed

      
Since the first few Julian Assange-saturated months of 2011, the U.S. media have largely moved on to Arab revolutions and other sex scandals. But WikiLeaks has continued releasing embassy cables -- fewer than 16,000 of the more than 250,000 have been published so far. In contrast to its early, now-frayed partnerships with the Guardian and the New York Times, WikiLeaks is now working with local papers in countries like Peru, Haiti, and Ireland to release cables of national interest.

   
What's more about Leaks-Wiki (foreignpolicy)

    

  ‘Radar for the human eye’

     
While the standard test for cataracts in an ophthalmologist’s office assigns a score on a scale of 1 to 4 — from no cataracts to completely blocked vision — the new, inexpensive test actually provides much more information. Media Lab graduate student Vitor Pamplona, a member of the team developing Catra, explains that it “scans the lens of the eye and creates a map showing position, size, shape and density of cataracts.”

     
Cataract early detection (mit)

  

  Next-Generation Product Development

     
To get more out of new product design, companies need to adopt a third-generation approach: a more agile product development system capable of addressing frequent iterations of multiple design options early in the process, based on continuous testing and highly sophisticated customer-driven design changes. This method, which both encourages flexibility and recognizes the unpredictability of the early stages of product development, ensures that the latter part of the cycle is much less uncertain.

    
New product design (strategy-business)

  

  How German reduce joblessness?

    
German model has used a "short work" policy to keep the unemployment rate down – at very low cost to the government. Its unemployment rate today is 0.5 percentage points lower than it was at the start of the downturn, even though the German economy actually has grown less than the US economy over this period. There are many different packages that fit the short work scheme, but the basic story would be that rather than having a firm lay off 20% its workers, the government encourages the firm to cut their work time by 20%.

    
German' "short work" policy (guardian)

     

  Two genes linked in cancer cells

    
Telomeres contain repeated sequences of DNA that, in normal cells, shorten each time a cell divides. Without telomeres, the cell division-related shortening could snip off a cell's genes and disrupt key cell functions. Most cancer cells, naturally prone to divide rapidly, use high amounts of an enzyme called telomerase to keep their telomeres intact. Yet, some cancer cells are known to maintain their telomere length without help from telomerase.

    
Genes' identification linked to cancer cells (innovations-report)

    

  Report: Mobile Wireless Competition

   
In this Report, we present our findings regarding the state of competition in the mobile services marketplace, pursuant to Congress's instruction in section 332(c)(1)(C) of the Communications Act. Promoting competition is a fundamental goal of the Commission's policymaking. Competition has played and must continue to play an essential role in mobile - leading to lower prices and higher quality for American consumers, and producing new waves of innovation.

   
State of mobile' competition (fcc)

  

  Cambodia's oil

    

Emerging from genocide and decades of civil war, Cambodia's discovery of oil raised hopes of faster development for the country – but also fears that the "resource curse" might strike again. There is some cause for hope – for instance, the ministry of economics and finance's disclosure on its website of information about the rental income it receives from the extractive industries for land usage. CRRT has called the move "a significant step in the right direction".

   
Cambodia's faster development (guardian)

   

  BMW automatic crash notification

    
BMW has raised automatic crash notification to a new level. The on-board BMW Assist telematics system already calls 911 after a crash, just as many other brands do. But BMWs can also report to the 911 call center the likely severity of occupant injuries, and now BMW says it can transmit the injury information to a nearby hospital trauma center. BMW’s enhanced automatic collision notification (enhanced ACN or EACN) uses a sophisticated set of algorithms.

   
BMW' sophisticated set of algorithms (extremetech)

   

  Next Mars rover in action

     
The new action packed animation is 11 minutes in length. It depicts sequences starting with Earth departure, smashing through the Martian atmosphere, the nail biting terror of the never before used rocket-backpack sky crane landing system and then progressing through the assorted science instrument capabilities that Curiosity will bring to bear during its minimum two year expedition across hitherto unseen and unexplored Martian landscapes, mountains and craters.

   
Footage animation of the next Mars rover exploration (io9)

     

  How yeast cells reverse aging?

    
Human cells have a finite lifespan: They can only divide a certain number of times before they die. However, that lifespan is reset when reproductive cells are formed, which is why the children of a 20-year-old man have the same life expectancy as those of an 80-year-old man. How that resetting occurs in human cells is not known, but MIT biologists have now found a gene that appears to control this process in yeast.

    
Cells' rejuvenation (mit)

  

  Debate: High-speed trains

    
The Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway will shorten the travel time between the two cities by several hours, and it is just one of the many high-speed railway lines planned across the country. The government plans to build several other lines linking Beijing with the cities in western China in the next few years. This has excited some scholars, who think high-speed railway links will not only reduce travel time, but also boost industries.

   
The High-speed railway (chinadaily)

  

  German Wind Bigger than Ever

  
Siemens has announced installation in the sea off Denmark of its prototype 6-MW wind turbine, which has a rotor diameter of 120 meters and yet weighs in total only 350 tonnes. The company boasts that the machine's relatively low weight is path-breaking. "In tendency large wind turbines have always been heavier per megawatt than small ones," comments Henrik Stiesdal, CTO of Siemens' Wind Power Business Unit.

  
Siemens' Wind Power (ieee)

    

  Aquaculture Dilemma

   
Fish, of course, are different. When we tuck into a swordfish steak or halibut filet, we generally expect that it was caught in the open ocean. And yet, the efficiencies of aquaculture—or cultivating freshwater and saltwater fish under controlled conditions—are becoming ever more a part of our seafood diet. Aquaculture is a divisive topic, pitting those who fear its potential to pollute ocean waters and wild fishes’ gene pools against those who see the possibility of alleviating pressure on traditional fisheries and providing an additional source of protein.

   
The efficiencie of aquaculture (scienceprogress)

    

  2011: Gartner's Supply Chain Rankings

   
Last year, we talked about the trend toward vertical integration. What we've seen since then is more about choosing the right set of value chain network integration strategies that allow better control of the end-to-end value chain. What this means is that there's no one answer that's always right. We see companies like Samsung, which have always been vertically integrated, weathering the ups and downs through ownership of supply...

    
Network integration strategies (gartner)

  

  Puzzling parasite

   
Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that infects about one-third of the world’s population, comes in several strains. Some can have severe consequences such as encephalitis, while others produce no noticeable symptoms. Jeroen Saeij, an MIT biologist who has been studying Toxoplasma for several years, is trying to figure out the root of that discrepancy. In his latest work, he found that two of the three most common strains of Toxoplasma produce a protein that actually suppresses inflammation in the infected host.

    
Puzzling parasite (mit)

  

  Facebook’S Facial Recognition Flops

    
Facebook says its facial-recognition technology is convenient because it groups together multiple images of the same person; as a result, you have to type a friend’s name only once, and the tag will apply to all photos of that person. If your friend has been previously tagged in enough photos, Facebook will suggest his or her name so you don’t have to do anything. And yes, we think that would be more convenient--if it worked.

    
Facial-recognition technology (cio)

   

  Bitcoin-thieving Trojans

      
Bitcoin is an encrypted, peer-to-peer (P2P) currency, in existence since 2009, designed as an alternative to government-controlled currencies. It makes it possible to digitally purchase goods and services. It has seen its value rocket recently, reaching $30 (£19) per Bitcoin on some online exchanges. Both Trojans were found on Bitcoin user forums, potentially affecting all forum members if they were to click infected links.

     
Trojans found on Bitcoin (zdnet)

  

  Digital agriculture & Harvest changes

    
Across the globe, rising temperatures and more intense droughts, floods and storms are forcing a rethink in how to grow food, from breeding hardier crop varieties and changing planting times to complete genetic overhauls of plants. Growing populations, changing diets and insatiable demand for grains, meat and vegetables is putting pressure on global food production and prices like never before.

   
Rethinking agriculture (reuters)

  

  Fukushima assessed by Independent Panel

   
An independent panel of experts met for the first time Tuesday to look into the Fukushima Dai-1 nuclear plant accident from a variety of perspectives. The panel, headed by Yotaro Hatamura, professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, has been given the authority to question all entities involved, including TEPCO, government ministers, and even the prime minister.

   
Nuclear plant accident assessment (ieee)

    

  24hour trial of a new Internet IPv6

    
IPv6, which features an expanded addressing scheme, is an upgrade to the Internet's main communications protocol, which is known as IPv4. Internet engineers have dubbed this problem "IPv6 brokenness." The term refers to PCs and smartphones that have IPv6 addresses and run operating systems such as Apple Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows 7 that default to IPv6.

   
Communications protocol to be upgraded (cio)

   

  Groupon: The golden nugget

     
Sure, Groupon is fun: each morning, you open your email to discover one or two offers of steep discounts on restaurant food, or beauty treatments, or adventurous experiences: recent London deals, for example, included 54% off a kite-surfing course, tapas for two at £19 instead of £48, and six sessions of laser hair removal at a quarter of the regular price. Nominally, there's a catch – you get the deal only if it "tips", meaning that a sufficient number of people sign up – but today that almost always happens.

    
Groupon' business model (guardian)

  

  EU: eHealth Deployment in Acute Hospitals

  
The topic covered falls within the scope of research activities carried out over the past three years by the Information Society Unit at IPTS1 in the specific domain of eHealth, as regards its development and innovation dynamics and also benchmarking and evaluation. Stated briefly, the objective pursued by eHealth policy is to ‘improve the quality of care’ and at the same time ‘reduce medical costs’.

    
EU eHealth Deployment (jrc)
    

  Retaining 100 years of information

     
There are different reasons for storing information over a long term. Laws and regulations force organisations to keep data for specific lengths of time e.g. life insurance information has to be retained for no less than the remaining validity of the insurance (which often relates to how long people live) and people tend to live longer and longer. Other fields where data has to be stored for a long time include web services and fixed content repositories.

  
Data storage (theregister)
    

  Growing a better future

     
Based on the experience and research of Oxfam staff and partners around the world and, Growing a Better Future shows how the food system is at once a driver of this fragility and highly vulnerable to it, and why in the twenty-first century it leaves 925 million people hungry. The report presents new research forecasting price rises for staple grains in the range of 120–180 per cent within the next two decades, as resource pressures mount and climate change takes hold.

    
Growing a better future (oxfam)

     

  HSBC study: The Future of Retirement

     
HSBC’s The Future of Retirement programme is a world-leading independent study into global retirement trends. It provides authoritative insights into the key issues associated with ageing populations and increasing life expectancy around the world. The 2011 report, The power of planning, is the sixth in the series and is based on interviews with more than 17,000 respondents in 17 countries.

   
Global retirement trends (hsbc)

    

  Civilizing the Internet edition

    
Doctors and dentists tell patients, "all your review are belong to us": Doctors and dentists are understandably worried about damage to their reputations from negative reviews, and medical privacy laws do make it tricky for them to respond when their work is unfairly maligned. The growing use of censorious copyright assignments recently caught the attention of law professors, who created a site called Doctored Reviews to educate doctors and patients about the phenomenon.

    
Copyright provisions (arstechnica)

    

  The Startup Genome Report

    
Today we are releasing the first Startup Genome Report with in-depth analysis on what makes internet startups successful based on data from over 650 startups. Here is a small window into the report with 14 indicators of succes. Hundreds of people built social networks before Mark Zuckerberg came along. But Facebook emerged as the winner, and it now has the potential to grow into the most important company of this era.

    
What makes internet startups successful ? (startupgenome)
     

  Automotive Black Boxes

     
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will later this year propose a requirement that all new vehicles contain an event data recorder, known more commonly as a “black box.” The device, similar to those found in aircraft, records vehicle inputs and, in the event of a crash, provides a snapshot of the final moments before impact.

    
Highway Traffic Safety (wired)
     

  Future EU bio-based economy

    
Lowering trade barriers for renewable raw materials would be a first step for Europe to reach its EU2020 goals, concludes a policy paper released by Cefic – the European Chemical Industry Council. The Cefic paper, published during EU Green Week, notes that removal of import duties for renewable raw materials forms the heart of a much-needed market-based policy approach.

    
Renewable raw materials (cefic)

   

  Designing the Green Climate Fund

    
under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that industrialized countries must assume a large share of the global emission reduction target, adapting to the existing and future consequences of climate change will be a greater challenge for developing countries. In recognition of this, in 2009 developed countries proposed a fund of up to US$100 billion per year to help developing countries.

   
The global emission reduction target   (environmentmagazine)

    

  Research known as open science

    
Bill Gates has said that if he were a teenager today, he would be working on biotechnology, not computer software. There are many interpretations of what open science means, with different motivations across different disciplines. Some are driven by the backlash against corporate-funded science, with its profit-driven research agenda. Others are internet radicals who take the "information wants to be free" slogan literally.

    
What open science means ? (guardian)

    

  Drones are Ready for Takeoff

    
Until now, drone aircraft have been confined largely to war zones—most recently in Libya—and they have become controversial for killing civilians along with insurgents. But critics and boosters alike say unmanned aircraft will increasingly be used for peacetime work. They disagree about the likely scale of the industry, but the Federal Aviation Administration is already considering new rules and training staffers to adjust to unmanned aircraft in U.S. airspace.

   
New rules ahead for Drones (smithsonianmag)

    

  Facility Management Best Practices

     
While best practices and automation are not alien to the real estate (RE) and facility management (FM) fields, they haven’t been as rapidly adopted compared to other industries. Most RE/FM organizations have grown organically, with generations of management building their businesses traditionally, in their own ways, if not always the most efficient ways. This tradition-laden organizational evolution has served most RE/FM reasonably well, whether on a small scale or throughout a global portfolio.

    
Facility management (FM) fields (areadevelopment)

    

  Biogen drug: EU backs Acorda

    
In a surprise reversal, European regulators have recommended approving Acorda Therapeutics Inc's drug Fampyra, sending the company's shares up as much as 21 percent. Fampyra is designed to improve the walking ability of patients with multiple sclerosis. The European Medicines Agency, which advises the European Commission on whether to approve new drugs, said in a statement it has recommended giving the drug conditional approval.

    
Acorda approved by European regulators (reuters)

    

  Thoughts From The Frontline

     
It seems like we have to pay more and more attention to politicians and what they are doing and less and less to our economic theory. But that is the nature of the Endgame. And this is not just in the US, but all over the world. The choices that voters make, and then the things the politicians do, are becoming ever more important. Those choices can mean the difference between Muddle Through and a recession here and there, a full-on Depression 2.0, or even hyperinflation in some countries...

   
Full-on Depression 2.0 (businessinsider)

    

  Fuel Cell Cars by 2015

    
According to Andreas Truckenbrodt, CEO of the Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation company that combines the hydrogen research of Ford and Daimler, automakers are very committed, and planning on ramping up volumes quickly. Mercedes, Honda, Hyundai-Kia and Toyota are all planning on introducing fuel-cell cars in 2015, with what he said was “tens of thousands of cars per manufacturer,” moving to as many as 100,000 per company by 2020.

    
Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation (bent)

     

  Eye-tracking-google

    
With Google changing the way websites advertise on the web, many companies have galvanised their businesses by investing significant amounts of money into Google’s Adwords platform to rank above their competitors and turn clicks into conversions. However, a study by Internet research firm Miratech suggests advertisers should not focus on out-bidding their competitors to rank top of Google’s sponsored listings, for second position gets more attention than the top ranked listing.

    
The way websites advertise on the web (miratech)

     

  The economic design of control charts

      
As Shewhart wrote on page 276 of his book, Economic Control of Quality of Manufactured Product, (D. Van Nostrand Co., 1931): “How then shall we establish allowable limits on the variability of samples? Obviously, the basis for such limits must be, in the last analysis, empirical. Under such conditions it seems reasonable to choose limits q1 and q2 on some statistic such that the associated probability P is economic in the sense now to be explained.

   
Quality of Manufactured Product (qualitydigest)

    

  China Renewable Energy Industry

     
“China has become the single largest driver for global wind power development. In 2010, every second wind turbine that was added anywhere in the world was installed in China,” Steve Sawyer, the Global Wind Energy Council’s (GWEC) secretary general, said earlier in April. The wind market in the Asian country doubled each year between 2005 and 2009, while in 2010 the total installed capacity arrived at 44.7 gigawatts.

    
China global wind power development (china-briefing)

    

  The camera megapixel race

    
Megapixels are the digital camera market's equivalent of horsepower and megahertz—a single metric that consumers and marketers latch on to tenaciously, despite the fact that it hardly describes overall performance. Over the last several years, camera manufacturers have been pumping up the megapixels on each successive camera model, regardless of whether such increases offered any real benefits (hint: they usually did not).

   
Digital camera market (arstechnica)

    

  The power of placebos

     
A recent survey, led by McGill Psychiatry Professor and Senior Lady Davis Institute Researcher Amir Raz, reports that one in five respondents – physicians and psychiatrists in Canadian medical schools – have administered or prescribed a placebo. Moreover, an even higher proportion of psychiatrists (more than 35 per cent) reported prescribing subtherapeutic doses of medication (that is, doses that are below, sometimes considerably below, the minimal recommended therapeutic level) to treat their patients.

   
Placebos survey (innovations-report)

    

  Microsoft Word Nightmares

    
Microsoft (MSFT) Word can keep you up all night, and not only because you've got writer's block. You change the font, and Word changes it back. The columns don't line up. The program freezes up, taking your work with it. If Word Fails to Load, talk about a nightmare. You load your word processor, and it either freezes up or closes down. You can't do anything with it. Chances are that your Normal template has been corrupted.

   
Five common Word disasters (cio)

    

  Albert Einstein was right

    
After working for half a century and spending £500m, scientists last week revealed that they have detected strange fluctuations in Earth's orbit. Space-time is bent and then twisted round our planet as it rotates, announced researchers with Nasa's Gravity Probe B project. The effect is tiny but crucial, they added – and was predicted almost 100 years ago by Albert Einstein in his great theory of gravity, general relativity.

  
The Einstein'S Predicted Effects (guardian)

  

  Solar Power Without Solar Cells?

     
A dramatic and surprising magnetic effect of light discovered by University of Michigan researchers could lead to solar power without traditional semiconductor-based solar cells. The researchers found a way to make an “optical battery,” says Stephen Rand, a professor in the departments of electrical engineering and computer science, physics, and applied physics. In the process, they overturned a century-old tenet of physics.

   
A way to make an "optical battery" (qualitydigest)

     

  Fishing for Funding

       
Genomics gave new meaning to the phrase “big data.” One person’s genome, for instance, consists of 3 billion base pairs. Spelling out the order of, or sequencing, each pair requires about two bits of computer storage, making the whole genome’s storage size 12 billion bits. This translates to about 1.5 gigabytes of data. A modern machine can sequence more than 500 billion base pairs in a week or just over.

    
The way genomic science is funded (scienceprogress)
     

  First zero-carbon city

      
Conceived in 2006, phase one of the city is now complete after three years' work and a spend of $1.4bn. The development, near Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, consists of six main buildings, one street, 101 small apartments, a large electronic library, and the Masdar Institute. This offshoot campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has 167 students and 43 academics, most of whom are from other countries, the US, Europe, Asia and elsewhere in the Middle East.

    
Masdar: Offshoot campus of MIT (guardian)

    

  EU-Mediterranean Free Trade Area

   
To avoid the emergence of new dividing lines between the larger EU and its neighbours, the aim of the ENP has been to promote prosperity, stability and security while offering the partner countries a privileged relationship with the EU in the form of deeper economic integration and political association. The degree of integration is set out to depend on the extent to which a certain number of values are shared, namely democracy, human rights, rule of law, market economy and good governance.

   
investment in the South-Med countries (animaweb)

    

  Automation standards & Cybersecu. threats

     
The emergence of the Stuxnet worm last summer has forced process companies to redouble their cybersecurity efforts. It has also provoked a lot of activity from various standards authorities. According to the ISA, Stuxnet is the first known malware to have been specifically written with the intent to compromise a control system and sabotage an industrial process. The ANSI/ISA99 standards address the vital issue of cybersecurity for industrial automation and control systems.

     
Cybersecurity threats (engineerlive)

     

  Steps Closer to Design Babies

      
A new approach to testing the genes of early-stage fetuses could radically alter the experience of pregnancy and parenting from as early as five weeks, leading to a potentially dangerous moral quandary. The technique being developed analyzes fetal DNA that is collected from women’s blood as early as five weeks into a pregnancy. So-called “noninvasive prenatal diagnosis,” or NIPD, may hit the market as a test for Down syndrome later this year.

    
Prenatal genetic testing (scienceprogress)

    

  NUK: Trillion-Dollar Question

    
With nuclear plants costing several billion dollars apiece, the answer to those questions may be worth a trillion dollars to the nuclear industry. Little wonder that the main players have rushed to reassure their clients that all is well. Today, there are 62 reactors under construction, mainly in the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), with 158 more on order or planned and another 324 proposed, according to World Nuclear Association data from just before Fukushima.

    
NUK answers could save trillion $ (huffingtonpost)

    

  Gm Crops: Environ. & Socio-Eco. impacts

   
GM technology has had a significant positive impact on farm income derived from a combination of enhanced productivity and efficiency gains (Table 1). In 2009, the direct global farm income benefit from biotech crops was $10.8 billion. This is equivalent to having added 5.8% to the value of global production of the four main crops of soybeans, maize, canola and cotton.

  
GM technO. & Environment (pgeconomics)
     

  Through the looking glass

     
Girls do better in their exams, more of them go to university and, for the first time, women aged 22–29 have closed the gender pay gap, with young women getting paid 2.1 per cent more than their male peers. But alongside this success, British teenage girls experience worse rates of binge drinking, worse levels of physical inactivity and more frequent incidences of teen pregnancy than their European counterparts.

    
UK Girls & binge drinking (demos)
    

  Global IT Report 2010–2011

    
The Global Information Technology Report 2010–2011 features the latest results of the NRI, offering an overview of the current state of ICT readiness in the world. This year’s coverage includes a record number of 138 economies from both the developing and developed world, accounting for over 98 percent of global GDP.

   
IT Report (weforum)
   

  NIH genomic analysis

     
A team led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health is the first to systematically survey the landscape of the melanoma genome, the DNA code of the deadliest form of skin cancer. The researchers have made surprising new discoveries using whole-exome sequencing, an approach that decodes the 1-2 percent of the genome that contains protein-coding genes.

   
Discoveries: whole-exome sequencing (nih)
    

  Productivity on software projects

   
Software projects are notorious for getting into schedule trouble. And with that trouble comes more trouble. More often than not, overtime is seen as a way of getting a project back on track and appeasing the “higher ups” that the project team is committed to its work and that they are doing everything possible to get the project across the finish line.

   
Project team commitment (developer)

   

  Finland's paper mills battle the internet

    
The paper industry's raw material costs have been rocketing, and since the rapid growth of the internet, demand for paper is in free fall. Henri Parkkinen, an analyst at Pohjola, says: "The main issue for the paper business is the fact there is declining paper demand and escalating costs. It has been the same story for the past few years. Fifty per cent of the end users are advertisers and they are shifting to mobile and internet."

    
Shift from paper to digital (independent)

  

  Cyberspy vs. cyberspy

   
As America and China grow more economically and financially intertwined, the two nations have also stepped up spying on each other. Today, most of that is done electronically, with computers rather than listening devices in chandeliers or human moles in tuxedos. According to U.S. investigators, China has stolen terabytes of sensitive data -- from usernames and passwords for State Department computers to designs for multi-billion dollar weapons systems.


Spying on each other (reuters)

    

  Explanation for smell gains traction

    
Experiments using tiny wires show that as electrons move on proteins within the nose, odor molecules could absorb these quanta and thereby be detected. If the theory is right, by extending these studies, an "electronic nose" superior to any chemical sensor could be devised. But how precisely an odorant molecule is detected remains a mystery.

    
Electronic nose as new sensor (bbc)
    

  Microsoft: IE9's web privacy hole?

    
A hole has been spotted in Internet Explorer 9's do-not-track technology, and Microsoft says it's a feature not a bug. In response to a US government call for greater protection of consumers' privacy online, Microsoft added a Tracking Protection Lists (TPLs) feature to IE9. Netizens can use one or more lists to prevent certain ad networks and websites from tracking their behavior online.

    
IE9 & Tracking Protection Lists (theregister)

    

  Gazprom & the Rule of EU Law

   
Russian officials are openly dismissive of EU energy liberalization and are outraged at the idea that Gazprom's operations within the EU should be subject to EU competition and liberalization law. The deputy chairman of the Duma, Valeri Yazev, speaking to the Brussels press corps recently, argued that liberalization would inflict on Gazprom "direct economic prejudice," and demanded a change in the rules of the game.

  
EU energy liberalization (online.wsj)

    

  International Arms Transfers

   
The volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons for the period 2006–10 was 24 per cent higher than for the period 2001–2005. The five biggest suppliers in 2006–10 were the United States, Russia, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. The top five suppliers accounted for 75 per cent of all exports of major conventional weapons in 2006–10, compared with 80 per cent in 2001–2005.

   
SIPRI report (books.sipri)
    

  The future of cars

   
If today's traffic is like a bloom of bacteria that responds collectively to changes in the environment, then tomorrow's networked traffic, where all the cars are linked to the road, to the cloud, and to one another by a wireless nervous system, will be more like a fully formed, adaptive and evolving organism. In addition to the existing network of sensors already embedded in roads and highways, the cars themselves will become collections of sensors enmeshed in a peer-to-peer wireless network.

    
Cars & High-tech (arstechnica)

    

  Understanding Japan’s Nuclear Crisis

   
Following the events at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors in Japan has been challenging. At best, even those present at the site have a limited view of what’s going on inside the reactors themselves, and the situation has changed rapidly over the last several days. Meanwhile, the terminology involved is somewhat confusing—some fuel rods have almost certainly melted, but we have not seen a meltdown.

    
Japan' nuclear crises (wired)

    

  Caution over RSA security breach

   
Several security analysts today urged companies that are using SecurID to review their authentication measures and to shore them up if necessary. Until RSA releases further details on the breach it is best to assume that SecurID is vulnerable, they added. In an embarrassing admission for a security company, RSA said on Thursday that unknown intruders had stolen information relating to its SecurID technology in what it described as "extremely sophisticated cyber attack against RSA".

   
RSA security breach (computerworld)

    

  New process: oil-tar extraction

    
A new, more environmentally friendly method of separating oil from tar sands has been developed by a team of researchers at Penn State. This method, which utilizes ionic liquids to separate the heavy viscous oil from sand, also is capable of cleaning oil spills from beaches and separating oil from drill cuttings, the solid particles that must be removed from drilling fluids in oil and gas wells.

   
New oil-tar' extraction process (physorg)

    

  The discovery of Roman' road

    
The discovery of a road in Shropshire that was built by pre-Roman engineers suggests that indigenous Britons may have been much more accomplished than we – or the Romans – liked to imagine. The road itself tells the story well. Archaeological evidence is clear that long before the Roman invasion, the British landscape was well organised, with a dense network of fields and tracks.

    
Pre-Roman engineering (guardian)

    

  California: Earthquake prediction

     

Part of the lesson from the disaster that hit Japan on Friday is that no amount of preparation can fully protect a region such as California that sits on top of fault lines. Even so, critics fear the state may have long skimped on retrofitting older buildings. Yet the cost of cleaning up after a big quake is likely to be much higher than the cost of even the most expensive prevention, they warn.

    
Earthquake lessons (reuters)

      

  Corrective Action / Acceptable Excuse?

    
The airline industry is barely even at the excuse level of maturity, but this is nonetheless a valid observation. The reader seems to want to know what the airline should do to avoid being ripped, reamed out, or more to the point, bad-mouthed to as many potential customers as the disgruntled passenger can reach—and the internet makes that reach extensive, indeed. Closed-loop corrective action (CLCA) is the only acceptable “excuse” for a quality or service failure, and it is of course not merely an excuse.

   
The excuse level of maturity (qualitydigest)

    

  The Myth Of "Full Hardware Acceleration"

    
It's true that some graphics benchmarks consistently report better scores for IE9 than for Firefox, so over the last few days I've been looking into that. Below I'll explain the details what I've found about various commonly-cited benchmarks, but the summary is that the performance differences are explained by relatively small bugs in Firefox, bugs in IE9, and bugs in the benchmarks, not due to any major architectural issues in Firefox (as Microsoft would have you believe).

    
Benchmark: IE9 vs Firefox (weblogs.mozillazine)

    

  Testing 10,000 chemicals for toxicity

    
Several federal agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, today unveiled a new high-speed robot screening system that will test 10,000 different chemicals for potential toxicity. The system marks the beginning of a new phase of an ongoing collaboration, referred to as Tox21, that is working to protect human health by improving how chemicals are tested in the United States.

    
New high-speed robot screening system (genome)
    

  TSA to retest body scanners

   
The TSA says that the records reflect math mistakes and that all the machines are safe. Indeed, even the highest readings listed on some of the records — the numbers that the TSA says were mistakes — appear to be many times less than what the agency says a person absorbs through one day of natural background radiation. U.S. Rep. Jason Chaffetz was troubled by the information posted by the TSA.

    
Body's scanners safety reassessment (usatoday)
    

  US Health: IT industry growth

   
"It's not just doctors and nurses, though, that are benefiting; as the PPACA -- health care reform -- comes closer to its final effective date in 2014, information technology roles will continue to grow in both scope and number." Dell recently introduced a new suite of health service technology including cloud storage, intended to lower data storage costs and increase efficiency (tmcnet.com, 2/22/11).

    
I.T. role in US' Health Field (prweb)
    

  Sterile Medical Device Packaging

  
Naturally, manufacturers of sterile devices must validate their method of sterilization. However, the essential requirements also require such products to remain sterile throughout transport until their eventual use. The distribution of medical devices can involve a variety of diverse methods, each with its own potential hazards.

     
Packaging regulation for Medical Devices (lne-america)

   

  The APHEKOM study

    
If we cut levels of air pollution in cities across Europe, we could boost our health and financial benefits, new research shows. The findings of the APHEKOM ('Improving knowledge and communication for decision making on air pollution and health in Europe') project confirm that making our air cleaner will in turn have a huge impact on our well-being. APHEKOM has received EUR 800,000 under the European Commission's programme on Community action in the field of public health.

   
Impacts of Air Pollution (cordis.europa)

   

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