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  To a knowledge based economy

The German economy recovered rapidly from the 2008-09 recession, with GDP topping pre-crisis rates during 2011 and unemployment falling significantly. According to the OECD’s latest Economic Survey of Germany presented today in Berlin by OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría, Germany has an impressive economic track record, but now faces a cyclical return to slower growth rates and challenges to lay the foundations for long-term growth.

Germany's economic track record (oecd)


  MITx Prototype Open for Enrollment

Modeled after MIT’s 6.002—an introductory course for undergraduate students in MIT’s Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS)—6.002x will help students make the transition from physics to the fields of electrical engineering and computer science. It will be taught by Anant Agarwal, EECS professor and director of MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL).

MIT' elearning model (acm)


  Braille-Like Texting

Imagine if smartphone and tablet users could text a note under the table during a meeting without anyone being the wiser. Mobile gadget users might also be enabled to text while walking, watching TV or socializing without taking their eyes off what they’re doing. Georgia Tech researchers have built a prototype app for touch-screen mobile devices that is vying to be a complete solution for texting without the need to look at a mobile gadget’s screen.

Another way of communication (gatech)


  Google on "Right to be forgotten" rules

The search giant set out its argument in a blog post on Thursday, in which global privacy counsel Peter Fleischer said Google supports the principles behind the right, but wants it to be implemented "in a way that not only enhances privacy online, but also fosters free expression for all". The right to be forgotten is covered by a key rule in the European Commission's long-awaited Data Protection regulation, which it proposed last month.

Holes in EUs right (zdnet)


  Tighten fracking regulations

Rules should be in place to establish responsibility if groundwater supplies become contaminated by shale gas works, with clear guidelines set out for replacing water supplies when drinking wells are affected, the report adds. More stringent rules and better surveillance of well construction could prevent future cases of houses exploding after methane from fracked wells seeped along underground fractures and collected beneath homes.

How to establish responsibilities? (energy.utexas)


  Thermoelectric Energy Harveste

Researchers in Germany have put a thermoelectric generator where no electronics have gone before: inside molten metal. The research is certain to appeal to manufacturers who hope someday to be able to plant tiny self-powered sensors inside metal parts during casting. The sensors could also find their way into gears and bearings exposed to large mechanical loads, in nuclear reactor walls to monitor possible radioactive leakage.

The thermoelectric generator (ieee)


  ACTA stumbles in Germany

Defenders of ACTA, including EU trade commissioner Karel De Gucht and US president Barack Obama, have said the pact is needed to make sure the relatively high standards of copyright enforcement in the EU and US are upheld throughout the rest of the world. However, critics have noted that the agreement was drawn up behind closed doors with no input from citizens' rights groups.

The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement  (zdnet)


  Believing in biometrics

"Identity authentication uses three factors: something you know, something you have and something you are," explained Neil Fisher, vice president of Global Security Solutions at Unisys. "Biometrics validates who you are and is the strongest element." Unisys has systems in more than 100 airports, including Beijing Airport, which reported "flawless and secure" operations during the 2008 Olympic Games.

Downsides of iris scanning (airport-technology)


  USA: The most FDI

The United States continues to receive the most foreign direct investment (FDI) of any country in the world — mostly from Canada, Germany, France, Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands (Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis). Foreign direct investment represents about 30 percent of new investment created in Kentucky in 2010 and nearly 43 percent for 2011 (as of this writing).

Still Number One (areadevelopment)


  The blind codemaker

Wireless devices, such as cellphones or Wi-Fi transmitters, regularly send out test messages to gauge noise levels, so they can adjust their codes accordingly. But as anyone who’s used a cellphone knows, reception quality can vary at locations just a few feet apart — or even at a single location. Noise measurements can rapidly become outdated, and wireless devices routinely end up using codewords that are too long, squandering bandwidth, or too short, making accurate decoding impossible.

New error-correcting codes (mit)


  Updating our brain software

Quality case in point: Back in the early days of understanding quality, we definitely had an “it is what it is” mentality. Defects and nonconformances were perceived as inevitable; the best we could do was to inspect out the bad ones. Stuff would come into a process, we would do something to it, stuff would come out of the process, and because defects were inevitable, we would sort through it to find as much of the bad stuff as we could and sell the rest.

Winds of change (qualitydigest)


  Germany's jobs miracle ??


Wage restraint and labor market reforms have pushed the jobless rate down to a 20-year low, and the German model is often cited as an example for European nations seeking to cut unemployment and become more competitive. Labor office data show the low wage sector grew three times as fast as other employment in the five years to 2010, explaining why the "job miracle" has not prompted Germans to spend much more than they have in the past.

Road to nowhere (reuters)


  Instant ecstasy detector

An on the spot detector for ecstasy tablets has been made by scientists in Spain. The probe has been designed to detect the active ingredient in ecstasy - MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine) - even when it is mixed with other common additives, which has been a challenge. The fluorogenic probe may be used as an in situ test for fast detection.

Test for fast detection (rsc)


  The foolish large-scale geoengineering plan


The scientists, who advocate geoengineering methods such as spraying millions of tonnes of reflective particles of sulphur dioxide 30 miles above earth, argue that a "plan B" for climate change will be needed if the UN and politicians cannot agree to making the necessary cuts in greenhouse gases, and say the US government and others should pay for a major programme of international research.

The highly controversial Plan B (guardian)


  India Jet Fighter Contract

India shortlisted the Rafale and Eurofighter Typhoon in April, when it rejected bids from U.S. manufacturers Lockheed Martin Corp. (LMT) and Boeing Co. (BA), as well as Saab AB (SAABB) and OAO United Aircraft Corp. The country is buying the fighters to replace an aging fleet of Russian MiG-21s and Dassault Mirage 2000s. France so far had been left to pay the full production costs for the Rafale after the fighter was rejected by countries including Singapore, South Korea, Morocco and Switzerland.

The winner is ! (bloomberg)


  IT Leaders: Emerging Tech. Trends

Accenture publishes its technology vision annually. It is a distillation of our extensive research over the course of the previous 12 months, the experiences of our research teams and the input of our clients. In it, we outline the emerging technology trends that forward-thinking CIOs will use to position their organizations to drive growth and high performance, rather than just focusing on cost-cutting and efficiency improvements.

IT technology vision (accenture)


  NUK: Radioactive waste as fuel

Britain's large stockpile of nuclear waste includes more than 100 tonnes of plutonium and 35,000 tonnes of depleted uranium. The plutonium in particular presents a security risk as a potential target for terrorists and will cost billions to dispose of safely. The government is currently considering options for disposing of or managing it. "It's a very elegant idea that we should try and use [the waste] as efficiently as possible. I definitely find it an attractive idea", said Decc's chief scientific adviser.

How to recycle NUK wastes ? (guardian)


  The converged lifestyle survey

In this survey “The Converged Lifestyle” it demonstrates that convergence is alive and well in 2011. Sure, consumers are now faced with a bewildering array of devices, but they all seem to increasingly serve one purpose: to enable consumers to get what they want, when they want it. The speed of consumer adoption also seems to be on the rise. In just 7 years, Facebook signed up more than 800 million active users; and in just 14 months Apple sold more than 25 million iPad tablets.

Convergence is alive and well (kpmg)


  The Release of Suicide Mosquitoes

A British biotech lab has released huge numbers of genetically modified mosquitoes in an effort to combat dengue fever. But locals, some say, were not adequately informed of the experiment -- and now a debate has erupted over the potential dangers to humans. The insects in question are female yellow-fever mosquitoes, some of the most dangerous animals on the planet. In addition to the illness after which they were named, they also transmit the dengue virus.

Genetically modified mosquitoes (spiegel)


  Microbes munch chip waste

A Taiwanese research team says it has demonstrated an efficient biological treatment for water-soluble volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted from semiconductor and optoelectronic manufacturing processes. This development could offer a more environmentally benign and less costly alternative to today’s expensive methods. According to the team leader, major pollutants in waste gases emitted from semiconductor manufacturing include water-soluble VOCs, such as acetone, isopropyl alcohol (IPA)...

The efficient biological treatment (ieee)


  B.Gates :  "I wrote Steve Jobs a letter"

“Steve was an incredible genius who contributed immensely to the field I was in. We had periods, like the early Macintosh, when we had more people working on it than they did. And then we were competitors. The personal computers I worked on had a vastly higher [market] share than Apple until really the last five or six years, where Steve’s very good work on the Mac and on iPhones and iPads did extremely well.

Letter that he kept by his bed (telegraph)


  Knowledge: Universal Natural Resource

One of the more important points in understanding some of the fights over the ridiculousness of today's copyright and patent laws is to recognize how knowledge (information) is a natural resource. It is the input that makes other great things. Economist Paul Romer's famous research really showed how knowledge and information as a resource is what creates economic growth.

Improving human' condition (techdirt)


  Acta: why should you be worried ?

Sopa and Pipa might be on hold for the time-being, but there is a greater threat looming. It's called the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) and it's an international agreement that aims to establish multinational standards on intellectual property rights enforcement. Most recently, Acta made the headlines when online activists paralysed some of Poland's government sites to protest against Warsaw's plans to sign the international copyright treaty.

The Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (


  ISO makes food irradiation safer

Food irradiation is the process where food is exposed to ionizing radiation in order to improve its safety and quality. It is intended to be used only on food that has been produced under good manufacturing practice (GMP) principles. The irradiation of food can be used for different purposes including control of pathogenic microorganisms and parasites.

State-of-the art on food irradiation (iso)


  Cloud Computing: Agility & Expensivity

Are cloud services attractive because they are less expensive than traditional offerings or are IT professionals drawn by greater agility? Bernard Golden writes that it's not an either-or debate. Much like those famous 'tastes great ... less filling" beer commercials, the beauty of cloud computing lies in the beholder. In Silicon Valley, the saying "it's a dessert topping and a floor wax" is often used to puncture the pretensions of a product that promises that it can address every need.

The conflict between agility and cost (cio)


  Misguided FDA Food Regulations

This year will mark another push for aggressive food regulation at the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). On tap, salt regulations and industrywide regulations dictating which foods can be advertised on television. In October 2011, the FDA announced in the Federal Register that it would begin accepting comments on “approaches to reducing sodium consumption.”

How to reduce childhood obesity ? (qualitydigest)


  Tweets: Promoting / endorsing a product


We don’t know how much these celebrities were paid for the ‘stunt’, but it must’ve been fairly substantial. It’s thought that Rio alone earns over £100,000 a week at Manchester United (even when he’s not playing), so for him to risk irking his mass of followers, Snickers must’ve waved a sizable sum at him. This is perhaps indicative of the way Twitter is going though.

The value of a tweet (thenextweb)


  Seaweed farming for biofuels

Biofuels have been touted as low-carbon replacements for petrol and diesel, but those made from crops like corn and sugar have been blamed for increasing global food prices and delivering only modest benefits. Earlier studies have indicated that large-scale use of seaweed as an energy source could in theory supply the world's needs several times over and the UK government envisages 400 km sq of offshore seaweed farms in its long-term energy planning.

GM microbe breakthrough (guardian)


  Spain’s development aid

Though the economic crisis has forced Spain to cut public spending in the past year, including to development co-operation, its aid has almost doubled since 2003. In addition to this higher quantity, the OECD’s Review of the Development Co-operation Policies and Programmes of Spain commends the improved quality of its development co-operation programmes.

Spain's world’s 7th largest donor (oecd)


  In sight:FFT's new algorithm

The Fourier transform is one of the most fundamental concepts in the information sciences. It’s universal in signal processing, but it can also be used to compress image and audio files, solve differential equations and price stock options, among other things. A group of MIT researchers will present a new algorithm that, in a large range of practically important cases, improves on the fast Fourier transform.

The faster than fast Fourier transform (mit)


  Intel: overclocking warranty

Intel announced a new program designed to give overclockers an extra feeling of safety if they choose to push their processors beyond recommended specs. The Performance Tuning Protection Plan (PTPP) is available on select K- and X-model CPUs and allows customers “a single processor replacement, hassle-free, from our customer support. This is in addition to your standard 3 year warranty.”

An extra feeling of safety for overclockers (extremetech)


  EU: To halve food wastage

Up to 50% of edible and healthy food gets wasted in EU households, supermarkets, restaurants and along the food supply chain each year, while 79 million EU citizens live beneath the poverty line and 16 million depend on food aid from charitable institutions. Parliament called in a resolution adopted on Thursday for urgent measures to halve food waste by 2025 and to improve access to food for needy EU citizens.

How to halve food wastage in the EU ? (europarl.europa)


  Most Critical Test on EUV

After decades of bringing us the incredible shrinking transistor, chipmakers are now hard up against the limits of their printing technique: Trying to use today's ultraviolet lasers to print the next generation of circuits would be like trying to trace a fine line with a preschooler's crayon. Fifteen years ago, researchers predicted that by about 2006, EUV chips would roll out commercially at the 65-nm node. And yet ?

EUV lithography isn't ready ? (ieee)


  Watts: to be better informed

You may think you know how much electricity you're using, but there's a whole lot more you could--and should--know. Despite living in the information age, most of us are basically in the dark when it comes to electricity bills, with just a rough idea of how much we consume every month and what it will cost. a lot of the action in home energy is moving to software and up into the cloud.

House' energy monitor (cnet)


  Helium-3 alternatives

The Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC), based in Tokai, was supposed to be one of the leading facilities of its kind, allowing an unprecedented view of microstructures in the life and physical sciences. But when the $1.5 billion (£1 billion) facility opened in 2009, it was missing something important: helium-3, a neutron-detector material. Thanks to a global shortage, which came to light the year before, availability of helium-3 has plummeted while prices have skyrocketed.

Alternatives to helium-3 neutron detectors (rsc)


  Raising funds: What should'y ovoid?

Here are some things entrepreneurs should avoid when raising capital. For all of the talk about how much excess capital there is, it’s actually hard to raise capital because very few projects fit the VC profile—even though many VC-funded projects come across as frivolous, me-too projects. Life’s unfair. To quote Mark Twain: “Don’t go around saying the world owes you a living. The world owes you nothing. It was here first.”

Things entrepreneurs should avoid (techcrunch)


  Female politicians boosts aspirations

Voters often regard politicians with derision — so often, in fact, they may lose sight of the extent to which elected officials are role models for younger people. Indeed, new evidence suggests that when those politicians are female, they play a highly influential and positive role in the lives of young women. A newly published study co-authored by MIT economist Esther Duflo, along with three colleagues, shows that the increased presence of local female political leaders in India has had a marked impact on adolescents.

Leading by example (mit)


  Europe isn’t ‘squeaky clean’

A leading food safety expert has urged people to remember that Europe is not squeaky clean when it comes to scare stories, following the reported death of another Chinese baby from claimed infant formula consumption. Bloomberg reported today on local media stories claiming that a baby had died in Jiangxi province after suffering from diarrhea and uncontrollable shaking, following the consumption of Youbo milk formula produced by Beijingbased Synutra International, whose share price subsequently nosedived.

Chinese infant formula death (foodproductiondaily)


  IT teaching:A major overhaul

Before the UK Government rushes headfirst into its consultation process for overhauling the IT curriculum in schools, I'd suggest it read up on Nick D'Aloisio. The 16-year old has already developed a string of apps, and his latest has attracted the attention - as well as a $250,000 investment - from private equity firm Horizons Ventures, whose previous investments have been into Skype, Facebook and Spotify.

How to help design courses ? (theinquirer)


  The radar interference deadlock

A technical issue that has emerged over the last few years has been setting wind farm developers and airport operators against one another. Groups of wind turbines can appear as aircraft to air traffic control (ATC) radar systems, creating cluttered zones and making it difficult to track planes flying over wind farms. This safety concern is costly and time-consuming for airports, which must spend time disputing wind farm developments.

Radar & wind farms conflicts (airport-technology)


  Of texting and Internet taxing

The National Safety Council estimates that 28 percent of all crashes in the United States are caused by drivers using cellphones or texting. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration reported that 3,092 traffic deaths in the United States last year were attributed to "distraction-affected crashes." Among the most frequent distractions: cellphone and smartphone use by drivers. The NHTSA believes that the numbers of distracted-driving deaths and accidents are higher than reported.

Imbroglio of road safety (heraldtribune)


  EFSA Report: MRLs for trinexapac

Primary crop metabolism of trinexapac was investigated following a single foliar application in wheat, rice and rape seed, hereby covering two different crop groups. Metabolic patterns in the different studies were shown to be similar and the relevant residue for enforcement and risk assessment in all plant commodities could be defined as the sum of trinexapac (acid) and its salts, expressed as trinexapac.

Trinexapac's metabolism (efsa)


  FDA Warns: Stem Cell Claims

Stem cell therapies offer the potential to treat diseases or conditions for which few treatments exist. Stem cells, sometimes called the body’s “master cells,” are the precursor cells that develop into blood, brain, bones and all of your organs. Their promise in medical treatments is that they have the potential to repair, restore, replace and regenerate cells that could then be used to treat many medical conditions and diseases.

Body’s “master cells market (fda)


  I know what you did at 3:30 a.m

Now, with smart meters, the data is going directly to the utilities, many times by Wi-Fi. The fact that somebody driving by might pick it up, and from the data they could gather all sorts of information regarding the types of appliances you are using, where you are in the house, and so on. So there are many different privacy issues related to this. What if appliance manufacturers get this information? Are they going to start trying to sell a household their product to replace their inefficient one that they see you still have?

Gathering personal data (csoonline)


  Inside metrology: Sensor Improvement

An advance in sensor design by researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Waterloo’s Institute of Quantum Computing (IQC) could unshackle a powerful, yet high-maintenance technique for exploring materials. The achievement could expand the technique—called neutron interferometry—from a test of quantum mechanics to a tool for industry as well.

Improvement in sensor design (qualitydigest)


  US retaliation over EU law

The EU law went into effect on January 1 and requires global airlines to pay for carbon emissions on flights to and from Europe. Several experts said one option the United States could pursue would involve charging European airlines to maintain U.S. access to pressure EU policymakers. This strategy was used by the United States in a recently concluded dispute with Argentina over landing fees.

Carbon emissions tax on flights (reuters)


  Germany once admired British workmanship

Fear and envy of German manufacturing prowess began a long time before, as any economic history will tell you. Together with the US, Germany began to displace Britain as the world's foremost industrial nation well before the close of the 19th century. Books and newspaper articles sounded the alarm ("American furniture in England – a further indictment of the trade unions," read a Daily Mail headline in 1900).

German manufacturing prowess (guardian)


  ISO standards & Road vehicles

"The importance of this challenge is reflected by ISO's response. Out of a current total of nearly 19 000 ISO International Standards for almost all sectors of business and technology, some 900 have been developed for road vehicles and related technologies." They cover all aspects of road vehicles: safety, ergonomics, performance, test methods, the environment, and the roll-out of innovative technologies.

900 standards for vehicles (iso)


  Stealth Fighter Program Delayed

The Pentagon will delay acquisition of more than 100 early-model Joint Strike Fighters, a bid to save up-front money and to give more time for testers to work out the finicky F-35 warplane’s many technical kinks. That much was expected: The real surprise is that a newly cash-conscious Defense Department still seems fully committed to buying nearly 2,500 of the stealth jets. Total cost: about a trillion dollars.

The Trillion-Dollar Program postponed (wired)


  Supercentenarians & Genetic engineering

Study, published this week in Frontiers in Genetics, found that the participants had other gene variants that somehow disabled the genes that would have otherwise killed them both. In other words, they had good genes that fought off the bad genes, automatically achieving what some of the best minds in science have tried to do -- with very little success -- through genetic engineering.

In Frontiers in Genetics (


  Delusions of the Euro Zone

Since its inception, the euro zone has been built on lies, the most grievous of which is the idea that the common currency could work without political union. But Europe's politicians are currently suffering under a different but equally fatal delusion -- that they have all the time in the world to fix the crisis. How much does time cost? That depends what you need it for. The time that Europe's leaders want to buy to tackle the euro crisis is a precious commodity.

The common currency upheaval (spiegel)


  What is MITx?

MIT seeks through the development of MITx to improve education both on the MIT campus and around the world. On campus, MITx will be coupled with an Institute-wide research initiative on online teaching and learning. The online learning tools that MITx develops will benefit the educational experience of residential students by supplementing and reinforcing the classroom and laboratory experiences.

The development of MITx (mit)


  Tech luminaries lost in 2011

It's been a rough year for the IT industry. The death of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs in October grabbed international headlines. But we also lost other major figures from almost every area of technology, including Xerox PARC founder Jacob E. Goldman, who died in late December. Here's one last look at some of the people who made a big difference.

IT luminaries (computerworld)


  Verizon’s play for spectrum

While everyone was worried over whether AT&T would be acquiring T-Mobile USA or not, Verizon was making some sneaky moves to acquire a truckload of spectrum for their 4G LTE network. On December 2, Verizon Wireless announced its intent to acquire all 122 licenses of the AWS-1 spectrum that SpectrumCo, LLC held. The acquisition of SpectrumCo’s AWS assets will give Verizon at least 20MHz more spectrum in most parts of the United States.

Widen spectrum from Verizon (extremetech)


  S&T Cooperation: US & EU

In practice, S&T cooperation between the SFIC members and observers and the US is enacted through a number of different interlocutors in the US (Q2). Only IT and UK (out of 25 countries that responded to this question) and the Commission described full institutional cooperation with most of the departments, agencies and institutions linked to the federal US government.

IT & UK leading so far (jrc)


  Unflinching Toyota

Japan, like Toyota, knows how to take punishment and turn adversity into opportunity. You can count on the country, and its premiere automotive superstar, to bounce back stronger after every disaster. The country isn’t a member of the elite G7 for nothing. Toyota earned its Triple Crown status, and has successfully worn it for a decade now.

Turning adversity into opportunity (inquirer)


  Vitamin E’s body functions

The powerful antioxidant found in most foods helps repair tears in the plasma membranes that protect cells from outside forces and screen what enters and exits, Georgia Health Sciences University researchers report in Nature Communications. Everyday activities such as eating and exercise can tear the plasma membrane and the new research shows that vitamin E is essential to repair.

Vit E's main functions (biochemist)


  Russia building supercomputer

Russia is playing catch-up in a rapidly developing race among China, Japan, the U.S. and Europe to build an exascale system in this decade. These are systems which would have 1,000 petaflops of computing power. (A petaflop is a quadrillion floating-point operations per second.) Building an exascale system will require new approaches in microprocessors, interconnects, memory and storage.

1,000 petaflops envisioned (computerworld)


  IBM's Top 5 Technology Predictions

Who would have guessed, five years ago, that by 2011 we would have mobile phones that would, in a rudimentary way, listen to our questions and give us useful answers? Or ways for doctors to get help to people in the most remote corners of the world? Crystal-ball forecasts, fanciful or otherwise, are a staple of year-end conversations, but IBM, the computer-services giant, has a research arm that makes them as a matter of course.

IBM's forecast (


  Edison's revenge on renewable energy

At the start of the 20th century, inventors Thomas Alva Edison and Nikola Tesla clashed in the "war of the currents." To highlight the dangers of his rival's system, Edison even electrocuted an elephant. The animal died in vain; it was Tesla's system and not Edison's that took off. But today, helped by technological advances and the need to conserve energy, Edison may finally get his revenge.

Reviving the war of discoveries (reuters)


  E-Mail:`Big Brother' Software

Aided directly and indirectly by American and European suppliers, Ammar 404 took control of virtually all electronic communication in Tunisia and turned lives upside down -- even changing the content of e-mails in transit. In this world, Tunisians of all stripes could never be sure if e-mails arrived as sent or at all, or who was reading them. Asma Hedi Nairi, a former Amnesty International youth coordinator, says e-mails she and her friends exchanged were replaced by messages ranging from random symbols to ads for rental cars.


A play on the “Error 404” message (bloomberg)


  China’s Pork & Food safety

IBM recently deployed a pilot pork monitoring and tracking system at six slaughterhouses, six warehouses, and 100 supermarkets in the Shangdong Province, a major pork production hub. The system monitors temperature, humidity, GPS, and other geographic information to ensure that high-risk pork shipments don’t end up in a customer’s mouth unless they have been inspected.

China's tracking system (fastcoexist)


  Inside positioning systems

Up until now, the powerful smartphones we carry in our pockets have been useless at indoor navigation due to poor GPS signal quality while beneath a thick slab of concrete. Help is on the way however, however, with companies like Google and Nokia working to remedy the situation with the development of inside positioning systems, or IPS for short. The wireless technology behind IPS is nothing new as it makes use of WiFi and Bluetooth in conjunction with cell towers to triangulate your position.

GPS vs IPS (extremetech)


  MS-IE: silent' updates

Microsoft said it was starting the project to update millions of machines to improve security online. Future updates to the browser would be applied without a user's knowledge to help beat scammers catching people out with fake updates. Those who did not want their browser updated could opt out or uninstall the software, said Microsoft.


MS to improve security online   (bbc)


  Energy Efficiency & Moore’s Law

The world’s first general purpose computer, the ENIAC, weighed 30 tons and needed about 150 kilowatts to perform its calculations—enough electricity to power about 100 000 smartphones, with just a fraction of the speed of an iPod Nano. As powerful as computers have gotten since the days of the ENIAC, they’ve also come to use a lot less energy—and thank goodness, or else computing as we know it would be impossible.

Moores law for energy efficiency (


  Top of the line razors

The basis for Gillette's parent company, Procter & Gamble competitive advantage in a category is the process or manufacturing operation that allows the company to make better quality than their competitors at a lower cost," said Bruce Brown, chief technology officer. Mike Chaney, Gillette's vice president of product supply, cites the line of Sensor razors, introduced in 1990 and no longer protected by patents, as an example.

P & G competitive advantage (reuters)


  Survey: successful REACH registrants

During the summer, the European Chemicals Agency conducted a “Survey of successful Registrants”. We were keen to find out about their experience of the process and their feedback on the various tools and information that we made available. We obviously intend to learn from this to improve ahead of the 2013 registration deadline. I would like to thank the almost 1000 companies who gave us their feedback and responded to the survey.

Registrants' feedback (echa.europa)


  Links: Mood control & Longevity

Over the past decade, MIT biologist Leonard Guarente and others have shown that very-low-calorie diets provoke a comprehensive physiological response that promotes survival, all orchestrated by a set of proteins called sirtuins. In a new paper that appeared online in Cell on Dec. 8, Guarente and colleagues have now shown that sirtuins likely also play a key role in the psychological response to dietary restriction.

Sirtuins' protein effects (mit)


  Re-engineering Earth's climate

Variously called geo-engineering, climate remediation and planet hacking, the idea is to do on purpose what industry and other human activities have done inadvertently, which is to change the amount of climate-warming greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, and as a result, cool it down. In the lead-up to the latest round of U.N. climate negotiations in Durban, South Africa, there have been serious examinations of what it might take to start countering the effects of increasing carbon dioxide in the air.

The climate remediation (reuters)


  US Assesses Chinese nuclear forces

We could talk about the attitude of the US gov. -right now it’s something they are following with a great interest and they are concerned about the long-term prospects about this. U.S. military planners are taking it into account the way they plan their own force structures and strategies and all these things. So it is something that we will be keeping a close eye on, and something that is also not just for U.S.- Chinese relations, but also of course for the whole- the role of China in the northeast Asia, it’s a huge importance for other countries in that region as well.

US vs China military might (fas)


  Exposure to mineral oils

The Confederation of European Paper Industries (CEPI) and International Confederation of Paper and Board Converters in Europe (CITPA) made the joint pledge yesterday amid unease that traces of toxic mineral oils that can leach from paper and board packaging into food pose a hazard to humans.The issue became a major talking point last year after the Official Food Control Authority in Zurich, Switzerland raised concerns in two studies.

Mineral oils: hazard to humans (foodproductiondaily)


  US Tox21 screening 10,000 chemicals

A high-speed robotic screening system, aimed at protecting human health by improving how chemicals are tested in US, begins today to test 10,000 compounds for potential toxicity. The compounds cover a wide variety of classifications, and include consumer products, food additives, chemicals found in industrial processes, and human and veterinary drugs. A complete list of the compounds is publicly available at

Assessing potential toxicity (nih)


  Fracking: EPA first look

Rigorous studies on fracking have been sparse, and the impassioned debate has raged on. A new investigation by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) at a site in Wyoming is one of the first to look thoroughly at the potential link between fracking operations and groundwater contamination. The agency's report was released yesterday—and it provides a clear link between fracking and water supply problems.

Rigorous studies on fracking (arstechnica)


  2012 Hard drive shortage

Hard disk drive supply shortages in the wake of Thailand flooding will continue to affect consumers, computer system manufacturers and corporate IT shops into 2013, according to market research firm IDC. most painful period will occur now through February of next year. They expect the situation will improve, but it won't feel as if things are back to normal until 2013.

Thailand flood aftermath (computerworld)


  ISO Certifications up by + 6 %

The latest edition of The ISO Survey of Certifications, for 2010, underlines the global market relevance of ISO's management system standards for quality, environment, medical devices, food safety and information security revealing an increase in certificates of 6.23 %, a worldwide total of 1 457 912 certificates and users of one or more of the standards in 178 countries.

ISO certification assessment (iso)


  Why G.W.Bush look like Einstein?

The US Republican race is dominated by ignorance, lies and scandals. The current crop of candidates have shown such a basic lack of knowledge that they make George W. Bush look like Einstein. The Grand Old Party is ruining the entire country's reputation. Welcome to the wonderful world of the US Republicans. Or rather, to the twisted world of what they call their presidential campaigns.

The crop of candidates (spiegel)


  Ubuntu 12.04 Development update

Ubuntu 12.04 will be an LTS (long term support) release, so we have taken extra measures for it to be more stable, testable and the like. Martin Pitt today reported a lot of improvements in automated testing, error reporting and creating ISO images, which will speed up operations a lot. More interesting for developers who want to keep the Ubuntu archive of packages tidy,

New ubuntu at use (ubuntu)


  2012 & Byond: For IT Organizations

Gartner, Inc. has revealed its top predictions for IT organizations and users for 2012 and beyond. Analysts said that the predictions herald changes in control for IT organizations as budgets, technologies and costs become more fluid and distributed. This year's selection process included evaluating several criteria that define a top prediction. The issues examined included relevance, impact and audience appeal.

IT top predictions (gartner)


  Way to concentrate sun’s heat

Most technologies for harnessing the sun’s energy capture the light itself, which is turned into electricity using photovoltaic materials. Others use the sun’s thermal energy, usually concentrating the sunlight with mirrors to generate enough heat to boil water and turn a generating turbine. Now, researchers at MIT have found a way to use thermophotovoltaic devices without mirrors to concentrate the sunlight.

Storing sun's heat captures energy (mit)


  Alibaba is preparing bid

Shares in Yahoo rose on reports that China's Alibaba Group was preparing a takeover bid with private equity firms Blackstone and Bain Capital. Alibaba, one of China's top internet firms, said it was weighing options.Alibaba Group has not made a decision to be part of a whole company bid for Yahoo," said John Spelich, spokesman of Alibaba Group.

Alibaba's takeover bid (bbc)


  Microbial Biogeography

While we have known for some time that human-associated bacteria can be readily cultivated from both domestic and public restroom surfaces, little was known about the overall composition of microbial communities associated with public restrooms or the degree to which microbes can be distributed throughout this environment by human activity. The results presented here demonstrate that human-associated bacteria dominate most public restroom surfaces.

Human-associated bacteria (plosone)


  Chessboard : "Clash of Civilizations"

The name "Arab Spring" is a catch phrase concocted in distant offices in Washington, London, Paris, and Brussels by individuals and groups who, other than having some superficial knowledge of the region, know very little about the Arabs. What is unfolding amongst the Arab peoples is naturally a mixed package. Insurgency is part of this package as is opportunism. Where there is revolution, there is always counter-revolution.

Rule the "New Middle East" (globalresearch)


  Small Business Saturday

Between Black Friday, Cyber Monday, and the unending onslaught of online deals, there is another holiday shopping day that might get lost in the shuffle: Small Business Saturday. This year marks the second annual such event, a new tradition that tries to steal some addition from chain retailers and big e-commerce sites and give it to local vendors. And this year, the fledging ritual is getting some serious attention from social media sites. Facebook, Twitter, and Google have all pledge their efforts to support them.

The unending online deals (digitaltrends)


  Cloaking magnetic fields

Spanish researchers have designed what they believe to be a new type of magnetic cloak, which shields objects from external magnetic fields, while at the same time preventing any magnetic internal fields from leaking outside, making the cloak undetectable. The development of such a device, described as an ‘anti-magnet’, could offer many beneficial applications, such as protecting a ship’s hull from mines designed to detonate when a magnetic field is detected, or allowing patients with pacemakers or cochlear implants to use medical equipment.

New magnetic cloak (engineerlive)


  US-EU Values Gap

As has long been the case, American values differ from those of Western Europeans in many important ways. Most notably, a new survey by the Pew Research Center's Global Attitudes Project finds that Americans are more individualistic and are less supportive of a strong safety net than are the publics of Spain, Britain, France and Germany. And Americans are less inclined than the Western Europeans, with the exception of the French, to help other nations.

American individualism ? (pewglobal)


  The Thankful Software Developer

McAllister expresses gratitude for open source tools, online documentation and support, modern IDEs, desktop virtualization, distributed version control, and jQuery. I use the remainder of this post to look at some of the thing I'm thankful for as a developer. I'm thankful for open source tools and online documentation and support. I've been the beneficiary of others' work in the open source community with products (tools, libraries, frameworks, etc.)

Helpfull online doc. & support (marxsoftware.blogspot)


  A virus that could kill cancer

Research associate Samina Alam prepares DNA samples for further analysis. Alam was responsible for performing all of the laboratory experiments associated with the project. Dr. Craig Meyers and his research team at Penn State Hershey Medical Center has found a virus that kills breast cancer cells in the lab. He hopes to have human trials in the next few years, but that all depends on whether his discovery gets adequate funding.

Laboratory experiments (pennlive)


  Siemens to acquire Vistagy company

This is precisely the aim Siemens is pursuing by adding industry-specific engineering software to its industrial software portfolio for Product Lifecycle Management (PLM). Already today, Siemens is among the technology leaders for the automation of production lines for carbon fiber components. With the acquisition of Vistagy, Siemens will become the only company worldwide to support the whole value creation for carbon fiber components with its software tools – from product definition and development to manufacturing and service.

Industrial software portfolio (jeccomposites)


  The Science of Sarcasm?

Sarcasm so saturates 21st-century America that according to one study of a database of telephone conversations, 23 percent of the time that the phrase “yeah, right” was used, it was uttered sarcastically. Entire phrases have almost lost their literal meanings because they are so frequently said with a sneer. “Big deal,” for example. When’s the last time someone said that to you and meant it sincerely? “My heart bleeds for you” almost always equals “Tell it to someone who cares,” and “Aren’t you special” means you aren’t.

The Science of Sarcasm? (smithsonianmag)


  Diabete: Better treatment in sight

NCoR acts as a dimmer switch for other molecules in a cell. It is known as a corepressor, slowing the production of transcription factors, which in turn regulate the expression of genes. Dimmer-switch molecules are often good drug targets thanks to this subtle effect, says Johan Auwerx, a researcher at École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, who led the first study, which involved knocking out NCOR in muscle.

Engineering a Mightier Mouse (technologyreview)


  Who’ll Save GPS?

The enemies threatening the future of the GPS are many: Next-generation mobile broadband services angling for a piece of the electromagnetic spectrum relied on by GPS; Cheap GPS jammers flooding the highways, thanks to consumers worried about invasive police and employer surveillance; Cosmic events, like solar storms; Future location technology that will ultimately push those services to places where GPS simply cannot go.

The future of the GPS (wired)


  Screaming for Ice Cream Sandwich

Google released the source code for Ice Cream Sandwich earlier this week, which is good news for these Android enthusiasts. This means that device makers and other developers can get to work on porting the software to other devices. Will your Android samrtphone be one of them? If not can you still get Ice Cream Sandwich anyway? In this edition of Ask Maggie I answer that very question.

Ice Cream Sandwich source code released (cnet)


  Stem cells: Hope and hype

Stem cells are often portrayed in the media as a miracle cure for many serious conditions and disabilities. Hugely positive headlines have led significant and understandable public interest in this fascinating cutting-edge science. But are all the claims for stem cells justified? Can stem cell treatments pose dangers to unwary patients? And who has control over this often controversial, pioneering branch of medicine?

Stem cells in the media (NHS)


  Sopa condemned by web giant

The act aims to tackle online piracy by giving the US Justice Department new powers to go after websites, both domestically and abroad, that host disputed copyright material. The act would allow the US to effectively pull the plug on websites and go after companies that support them technically or through payment systems. A vote on the bill could come as early as next month.

US Justice Department new powers (guardian)


  Redefining the SI Base Units

The international General Conference on Weights and Measures (CGPM) has approved a plan to redefine four of the seven base units of the International System of Units (SI) in terms of fixed values of natural constants. The initiative would make possible new worldwide levels of consistency and accuracy, as well as simplify and normalize the unit definitions. Up until now, the system has been dependent on the prototype kilogram, an artifact adopted in 1889 and still used as the world’s physical standard for mass.

Plan to redefine Units system (qualitydigest)


  Urine: Future Electri. generation

So far the use of urine as a biomass that can be converted to power via MFCs (microbial fuel cells) has been neglected by scientists, despite the fact that urine is an abundant waste product. Each human produces approximately 2.5 litres of urine a day, amounting to around 6.4 trillion litres globally each year. MFCs consist of two half-cells - an anode and a cathode - that are separated by an ion selective membrane.

Urine as new fuel generation (engineerlive)


  The Future of Books

In September, just days before Borders Group met its end, one of the chain’s last retail holdouts, in the Nashville suburb of Brentwood, Tenn., was being liquidated, with prices slashed by 90 percent. It was difficult in the stark surroundings not to think of a battle waged and lost, of the armies of Kindle owners and e-book peddlars off celebrating victory while all around lay the carnage—two copies of a Paul Reiser memoir, the suspect Greg Mortensen book Stones into Schools, a still-brimming manga section.

Borders Bookstore extinction (businessweek)


  Facebook Messages reengineering

Upgrading any kind of software usually requires that its users stop using it, at least briefly, to enable the new software to replace the old and to transfer any stored information before users start working with the new version. We’re all familiar with messages from systems administrators reminding us that servers we’re using will be off-line for a couple of hours in the middle of the night for maintenance.

Facebook Messages reengineering (ieee)


  TB 'electronic nose' offers hope

A team of Indian researchers are planning to have a prototype of an "electronic nose" that can detect tuberculosis from a person's breath in hospitals by October 2013, after receiving a $950,000 grant. Working on the same principles as a breathalyser, the device – if successful – could mark a breakthrough in the fight against TB, which claimed 1.4 million lives last year.

Prototype of an "electronic nose" (guardian)


  DR.Google: Patient-Doctor Relationship

Many websites on the internet deal with online medical information, providing people with crucial tips about their health through the internet.Th is includes providing possible illnesses when one provides symptoms. Some studies show that as many as 60 per cent of internet users consult the internet to diagnose their aches and pains, rather than consult a real doctor, or before they see their doctor.


Google as a medical adviser (allafrica)


  EADS & RUSNANO Nanotec. Collaboration

European aerospace and defence group EADS and Russian Nanotechnology Corporation RUSNANO are planning to cooperate in the research and development of new technologies. The respective document was signed by Anatoly Chubais, CEO of Rusnano and EADS Chief Technical Officer Jean Botti. As a first step, the partners will identify relevant patents in EADS’s portfolio which could be suited to develop new business in the Russian industry.

Nano-Tech. cooperation (jeccomposites)


  Nobel-winning chemistry reaction

One limitation to the metathesis reaction is that it had not been possible to control the configuration of the olefin products, which can occur in one of two configurations. However, Schrock and his collaborator Amir Hoveyda at Boston College have now developed a catalyst that yields almost exclusively the more desirable configuration, known as cis. “Sought by many investigators for almost two decades, this milestone achievement will be welcomed by the synthetic community as a major advance in organic synthesis”.

Stereochemistry breakthrough (mit)


  “Natural” Search User Interfaces

“Natural” modes of interaction are starting to be commonplace in hardware and software tools, influencing search interfaces in interesting ways. Content analysis over huge collections of user behavior data, combined with interactive user-interface design could lead to breakthroughs in such longstanding problems as human-computer dialogues for question answering.

Interactive user-interface design (delivery.acm)


  Plant powered by thorium

In a rare interview, Ratan Kumar Sinha, the director of the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) in Mumbai, told the Guardian that his team is finalising the site for construction of the new large-scale experimental reactor, while at the same time conducting "confirmatory tests" on the design. Producing a workable thorium reactor would be a massive breakthrough in energy generation. Using thorium – a naturally occurring moderately radioactive element named after the Norse god of thunder – as a source of atomic power is not new technology.

India's NUKE power plants (guardian)


  Dyslexia not tied to IQ

Regardless of high or low overall scores on an IQ test, children with dyslexia show similar patterns of brain activity, according to researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health. The results call into question the discrepancy model — the practice of classifying a child as dyslexic on the basis of a lag between reading ability and overall IQ scores.

The discrepancy model (nih)


  Prescription: Quality & Safety

Observation of how doctors, receptionists, and other administrative staff contributed to, and collaborated on, the repeat prescribing routine. Analysis included mapping prescribing routines, building a rich description of organisational practices, and drawing these together through narrative synthesis. This was informed by a sociological model of how organisational routines shape and are shaped by information and communications technologies.

The repeat prescribing routine (bmj)


  Fracking tests & Tremors

It is "highly probable" that shale gas test drilling triggered earth tremors in Lancashire, a study has found. But the report, commissioned by energy firm Cuadrilla, also said the quakes were due to an "unusual combination of geology at the well site". Protesters opposed to fracking, a gas extraction method, said the report "did not inspire confidence".

Test drilling & Tremors  (bbc)


  What can make a dent?

With the world’s energy needs growing rapidly, can zero-carbon energy options be scaled up enough to make a significant difference? How much of a dent can these alternatives make in the world’s total energy usage over the next half-century? As the MIT Energy Initiative approaches its fifth anniversary next month, this five-part series takes a broad view of the likely scalable energy candidates.

Energy needs (mit)


  CIOs/CEO migration ?

A recent report from CA Technologies called”The Future Role of the CIO 2011; Becoming the Boss," reveals that ambitious CIOs want to advance their careers from technology to business leadership. The report, which includes global research of 685 CIOs, reveals that 53% feel ideally positioned to move to the CEO role. One in four CIOs stated that their board was ‘digitally illiterate’ and did not understand the impact of new and emerging technologies, and a further 39% of CIOs said that the board didn’t understand the value that IT brings to the business.

The CIO 2011 (itpreport)


  Addi. Investments in Youth Needed

Additional Investments in Youth Needed as World Population Tops 7 Billion, States UNFPA Report. Our record population size can be viewed in many ways as a success for humanity because it means that people are living longer and more of our children are surviving worldwide, the report shows. But not everyone has benefited from this achievement or the higher quality of life that this implies. Great disparities exist among and within countries.

UNFPA Report (unfpa)


  Microsoft Security Intelligence Report

IT professionals are accustomed to thinking about the technical aspects of security. However, as this report has shown, the human element—the techniques that attackers use to trick typical users into helping them—has become just as important for attackers as the technical element, if not more so. By implementing effective technical safeguards, programs, and processes designed to defend against social engineering, you can help your users avoid being taken advantage of by attackers.

Technical element vs Human element (securityvibes)


  New Island in the Canaries?

What would the island be called? And who would own it? Spewing magma and growing in height, an underwater volcano off the Canary Island of El Hierro has captured the imagination of locals in recent weeks. It could eventually rise from the sea to create a new part of the archipelago. It hasn't yet reached the surface, but residents of the Canary Islands have taken to the internet to suggest names for a potential new islet.

New Island in the Canaries? (spiegel)


  Prospects for Us economy

The authors find that the current US economic expansion may continue into 2013, but that satisfactory growth cannot be achieved without a major increase in net export demand. Although domestic monetary and fiscal stimulus measures have helped, deficits will likely remain far below the levels needed to bring about a strong recovery, largely due to congressional objections to further stimulus and a shift in focus to cutting the budget deficit.

Jobless recovery is no recovery (levyinstitute)


  FDA: Shifting focus

While the issue of how the federal agency regulates an increasingly global market is not new, the release of the Pathway to Global Product Safety and Quality report in July signaled a shift in how the FDA plans to address growing concern about counterfeit or adulterated drugs and an increasingly complex global supply chain. FDA has 50 permanent employees based outside of the United States, including 33 U.S. citizens and 17 locally employed support staff.

FDA & Global market (asq)


  Europe "is scaring the world"


France, like all of Europe, is caught in an economic tsunami, and France is teetering at the edge of the precipice. Every week, it seems, presidents and prime ministers hold urgent meetings searching for a solution, culminating with the Group of 20 convocation last weekend. Still, the problem grows only worse. It all started with Greece, of course. You might ask: How can one relatively small country cause so much havoc for everyone, everywhere?

Economic tsunami (sfgate)


  New Zealand’s Quality Model

A new report by New Zealand Trade and Enterprise suggests that New Zealand can provide a valuable model for health policy makers and IT professionals seeking to reduce costs and increase the quality of health care in the United States and other nations. By strategically viewing health care as a continuum, from the patient to the care provider and community, and employing a range of new approaches and electronic health technologies, New Zealand has overcome many of the barriers to developing a truly integrated care service.

A valuable model for health (qualitydigest)


  Mid-East:INTEL to boost Collab.

Intel will work in collaboration with the NGOs to create local capacity with programs including; Intel Entrepreneurship Challenge, Intel Learn Program and Intel Youth Enterprise Program. These programs are part of Intel’s annual investment to improve education globally. Each of the agreements seeks to enable the next generation of entrepreneurs by providing young people with the opportunity to develop their talents, passions, and skills while creating employment opportunities for other youth and developing their local communities.

Intel Entrepreneurship Challenge (albawaba)


  6 Google Reader replacements

Moments ago, Google chambered the mother of all bombshells: Reader, as soon as next week, will become part of Google+. It will be impossible to use Google Reader as a standalone product, and many of its social features (friending, following, sharing) are being buried in favor of Google+ equivalents. After exporting (click Cog> Reader Settings> Import/Export) and saying goodbye to your old friend, then, the only thing left is to find a Google Reader alternative that will allow you to import your exported OPML file.

Google+ equivalents (extremetech)


  America's Demographic Opportunity

Among the world’s major advanced countries, the United States remains a demographic outlier, with a comparatively youthful and growing population. This provides an unusual opportunity for America’s resurgence over the next several decades, as population growth elsewhere slows dramatically, and even declines dramatically, in a host of important countries.

America’s resurgence (newgeography)


  WHO worries mercury treaty

The World Health Organization is trying to fend off an effort to include a mercury derivative used in vaccines from being banned in a global treaty on mercury currently under negotiation. The next round of talks for the proposed binding treaty begin on Oct. 31, and the Geneva-based UN health agency is trying to lobby for support of its position that banning thimerosal would be a mistake.

Global treaty on mercury (huffingtonpost)


  Mind-bending holodesk design

As stuck in the mud as Microsoft is in many ways, its research division is on the cutting edge of cool. The latest innovation out of Microsoft Research is a real "holodesk" that lets you physically manipulate virtual objects through the magic of the Kinect. As you can see in the video above, moving your hands to interact with purely digital cubes and balls under the glass of the holodesk is amazingly fluid, simulating how those objects would respond to physical touch in the real world with amazing accuracy.

The latest innovation (


  Quality : Nissan's new strategy

Stung by slumping U.S. quality scores, Nissan Motor Co. will overhaul quality control in a bid to catch Japanese and Korean rivals boasting better customer satisfaction. The new strategy focuses on two areas in which Nissan acknowledges it trails the competition: perceived quality and soft quality, or the customer perception of quality through touch and feel, fit and finish and intuitive controls.

Quality Scores called into question (asq)


  The Social-Network Chip

Currently, the chips inside data-center servers are nearly all manufactured by Intel, which commands roughly 90 percent of the server market with its family of Xeon microprocessors. Xeon chips have up to 10 processing centers, known as cores, that work in parallel to do hefty computational lifting. In contrast, Tilera's chips contain up to 100 smaller, lower-power cores.

The data-center door (technologyreview)


  In China: A German Ghost Town

Anting German Town, 30 kilometers from the Chinese metropolis, is a typical German residential district built in China as an experiement that isn't working. Indeed, it is a ghost town. The streets are deserted, a bored security guard sits in his hut, For Sale signs are everywhere. The post office is finished and the postbox says "Collection Once Daily." But you wouldn't be wise to throw a letter in because it has yet to be emptied and the post office remains closed for business.

Classified as management disaster (spiegel)


  Career in Biotech Patent Law

A patent law career offered practical advantages, I realized, over a career in academia. In academic science, funds for conducting research were -- and continue to be -- very limited, and the requirements for obtaining funding are exceptionally high. Capable and qualified scientists were not being funded, and many talented postdoctoral scientists were ahead of me in the long line for an academic position.

Patent professionals work (sciencecareers)


  Influx of Brazilian students

Universities in Germany, the US, the UK and other nations are preparing for an influx of tens of thousands of Brazilian students, doctoral candidates and post-docs in the next three years. The students will start arriving in January as part of Brazil's new Science Without Borders programme. The goal of the programme is to more than quadruple the number of Brazilians studying abroad to 75,000 by 2014.

Science Without Borders programme (rsc)


  Seeding Scientists

Most research universities have technology transfer offices to help researchers transfer their ideas to the private sector. But those partnerships are good for more than transferring intellectual property. Sometimes they yield a talent transfer as well: It's not unusual for young researchers involved in those projects to join the companies that sponsored their academic pursuits.

Pipeline of talent (sciencecareers.sciencemag)


  Your Life duration could be known

The key measure, explains María Blasco, a 45-year-old molecular biologist, head of Spain's cancer research centre and one of the world's leading telomere researchers, is the number of short telomeres. Blasco, who is also one of the co-founders of the Life Length company which is offering the tests, says that short telomeres do not just provide evidence of ageing. They also cause it.

Blood test techniques (guardian)


  Health care: The future design

Every year, the biggest ideas in health care are presented at the Mayo Clinic’s Transform conference in Rochester, Minnesota. I was there this year to present a pre-conference workshop with a Continuum colleague on everyday creativity, and another pair of Continuum designers gave a main-stage talk entitled, “Patient Centricity: A design identity crisis.”

Patient Centricity (fastcodesign)


  IT hell: The nine circles

How many of us have been abandoned by our vendors to IT limbo, only to find ourselves falling victim to app dev anger when in-house developers are asked to pick up the slack? How often has stakeholder gluttony or lust for the latest and greatest left us burned on a key initiative? How many times must we be kneecapped by corporate greed, accused of heresy for arguing for (or against) things like open source?

How to learn from experience ? (infoworld)


  DHS: Data mining benefit

Data mining--a technique for extracting useful information from large volumes of data--is one type of analysis that the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) uses to help detect and prevent terrorist threats. To do so, GAO (Government Accountability Office) developed a systematic evaluation framework based on recommendations and best practices outlined by the National Research Council, industry practices, and prior GAO reports.

The systematic evaluation framework (gao)


  The third-Largest Pharmaceutical Market has announced the addition of the new report "Emerging Pharmaceutical Market in China - Forecast to Become The World's Third-Largest Pharmaceutical Market By 2013," to their collection of Country Overviews market reports. The US and Europe dominate the contract research organization market and account for the majority of clinical research activities.

Emerging Pharmaceutical Market (marketwire)


  Fingerprint Scanner

The Motorola ATRIX 4G is one of the exciting new dual-core Android smartphones to hit the market this year. One of its most compelling security features is its first-of-its-kind fingerprint reader or scanner. The fingerprint scanner is located on the back of the device, enabling users to unlock their devices at the swipe of a finger as opposed to entering cumbersome numeric codes or passwords.

The Motorola ATRIX 4G (developer)


  PC: The birth and the end

Steve was undeniably an extraordinary visionary by any standards who has left his legacy on personal computers with the Apple II and Macintosh, music with iPod and iTunes, mobile communications with the iPhone, animation with Pixar and his final legacy the iPad. He has changed the lives of millions by making technology that is easy-to-use and exciting, a man who has played a part in both the birth and the end to the personal computer.

Steve Jobs tribute (itpreport)


  The ‘perfect plastic’


Researchers at the University of Leeds and Durham University have solved a long-standing problem that could revolutionise the way new plastics are developed. The breakthrough will allow experts to create the 'perfect plastic' with specific uses and properties by using a high-tech 'recipe book'. It will also increase our ability to recycle plastics. The research is published in the journal Science.

New plastics (leeds)


  Strange Portals in Physics

Many people feared the LHC would produce a planet-devouring black hole. Scientists took it very seriously, and they ruled out this possibility not only theoretically, but also by looking at collisions of cosmic rays that create this same type of energy. We live in a world where there are many risks, and it's high time we start taking seriously which ones we should be worried about. Physicists showed this particular one is not a risk.

Opening Strange Portals in Physics (smithsonianmag)


  Zaha Hadid's Brixton school

Architect Zaha Hadid's Z-shaped school in Brixton, south London, has beaten the hot favourite, the Olympic velodrome, to win the 16th annual RIBA Stirling prize for architecture. Victory for Evelyn Grace academy gives Hadid's practice a Stirling prize for the second year running, although it is the architect's first major building project in Britain. Last year her practice won for the Maxxi Museum of 21st Century Arts in Rome.

RIBA 2011 (guardian)


  BABSON entrepreneur experience Lab

The Babson Entrepreneur Experience Lab (a partnership between Babson College and the Business Innovation Factory) is a research platform that puts the voice and experience of real-world entrepreneurs at the center of an ongoing effort to design, develop and experiment with new education and support solutions that will help shape future generations of entrepreneurs. This first look at the observations and insights gleaned from engaging over 250 entrepreneurs offers a glimpse into their everyday lives.

The voice and experience (businessinnovationfactory)


  Firefox7 & MemShrink effort

With Firefox 7, which is being officially released, Mozilla is taking specific aim at reducing the amount of memory that Firefox uses. Mozilla has been actively working on reducing memory usage by way of the MemShrink effort. The goal of MemShrink is to find areas where Firefox memory management and usage could be improved.

Memory usage with firefox7 (datamation)


  Nanotube Cables Hit a Milestone

For the first time, researchers have made carbon-nanotube electrical cables that can carry as much current as copper wires. These nanotube cables could help carry more renewable power farther in the electrical grid, provide lightweight wiring for more-fuel-efficient vehicles and planes, and make connections in low-power computer chips. Researchers at Rice University have now demonstrated carbon-nanotube cables in a practical system.

Carbon-nanotube electrical cables (technologyreview)


  Breakthroughs in rolling element

Rolling element bearings have a significant impact on the energy-efficiency of most mechanisms, yet they have their limitations in terms of load capacity, speed and longevity. Jon Severn reports on recent developments that could lead to major advances in bearing steels. manufacturers are continually seeking to improve their designs in order to stay one step ahead of their competitors.

Rolling element developments (engineerlive)


  MIT: Math Prize for Girls

On a beautiful, bright blue Saturday morning, as students soaked up the sun on lawns across campus, 276 girls from middle schools and high schools across the United States and Canada sat in buildings 4 and 10, puzzling over a set of complex math problems. The prize money is certainly a draw for participants, some of whom have traveled thousands of miles for the chance to compete.

A numbers game (mit)


  HP CEO transition

The mystery isn’t why Hewlett-Packard is likely to part ways with Chief Executive Léo Apotheker after just a year in the job. It’s why he was hired in the first place. The answer, say many involved in the process, lies squarely with the troubled HP board. “It has got to be the worst board in the history of business,” said Tom Perkins, a former HP director and a legend in Silicon Valley.

The troubled HP board (asq)


  The GMO Salmon Struggle

Transgenic salmon are not the first animal product derived from genetic engineering. That would be the transgenic mouse, an animal developed for biomedical research and now widely utilized in many different custom formulations. It is not even the first fish. They are among a handful of genetically engineered products meant for human consumption, and they have long been projected to be the first edible transgenic animal that will receive regulatory approval.

FDA May Approve GM for Human Consumption (scienceprogress)


  Remote welding at nuclear sites

Safety at nuclear power stations is of paramount importance and operators need to specify the best fail-safe repair systems in order to guarantee minimum risk. An essential part of EDF Energy's comprehensive safety system in their UK nuclear fleet is the high quality welding systems provided by Arc Machines Inc (AMI) for secure repairs to damaged re-heater tubes.

EDF' remote-controlled Tech. (engineerlive)


  UK: What are we paying for ?

The total earnings for the top-paid director at BAE Systems have increased by more than 8,000 per cent since 1978 when the company was called British Aerospace. That compares to a rise of 556 per cent in median male income over the period.Many factors have driven up pay at the top, but one of the most important when it comes to directors’ pay has been the mantra that rewards must be linked to company performance...

Performance vs Wages ? (docuticker)


  Product Sourcing in Asia Pacific

China’s infrastructure, the completeness of its supply chain, its speed to market and a growing presence in global shipping all mean that China will continue to be a preferred source for sourcing. But Southeast Asian countries will increasingly present even more attractive sourcing opportunities as new preferential trade agreements continue to be negotiated.

kpmg report on Asia-pacific economy


  German 'Energy Revolution'

The German government's 180-degree turn in nuclear policy has helped breathe new life into Europe's energy industry -- though not always to Germany's benefit. The country has gone from being an energy exporter to an energy importer practically overnight, which brings along with it a number of negative consequences for its economy, consumers and security. The Federal Statistical Office believes the nuclear phase-out has helped cause this anemic growth.

Nuclear phase out (spiegel)


  Microsoft hints at Metro Office

In the article on Windows 8, I already mentioned that in order to demonstrate the viability of Metro for something other than Facebook and Twitter, Microsoft should come up with a Metro interface for Microsoft Office - one that doesn't leave out 90% of Office's features. Well, Microsoft has hinted that they are, indeed, working on Metro Office. In addition, it turns out Microsoft isn't entirely sure to how to address the issue if legacy applications on ARM.

Viability of MS-Metro (osnews)


  JS that brings parallel programming

For the most part, JavaScript – the web's standard scripting language – does not give applications access to multiple processor cores, or even a processor's vector instructions. This puts web applications at a significant disadvantage next to traditional native software. The technology provides access both to multiple cores and vectors instructions, and since it's embedded with JavaScript.

Intel parallel javascript (theregister)


  NHS: foreign Doctors' support

Newly qualified and foreign doctors need to go on a basic induction course before they start working in the UK amid fears they may be not be fully prepared to start treating patients, according to the General Medical Council. Those entering the UK health service for the first time should be given a basic induction, the GMC said.

Induction training for Doc. (guardian)


  Microsoft: All For One

AOL, Yahoo and Microsoft compete for ad dollars. But a new pact calls for the rivals to cooperate on ad sales, too. The three companies are going to start selling ad inventory on each others’ sites, in a plan they hope will make them more competitive with Google. AOL, Yahoo and Microsoft hope to convince big Web properties to share some of their ad inventory as well, and to get big ad holding companies to funnel some of their purchases through the consortium.


Aol/Yahoo/Ms merging (allthingsd)



To have "written" 800 papers is regarded as something to boast about rather than being rather shameful. University PR departments encourage exaggerated claims, and hard-pressed authors go along with them. Not long ago, Imperial College's medicine department were told that their "productivity" target for publications was to "publish three papers per annum including one in a prestigious journal with an impact factor of at least five.″

Far from chalk and talk (guardian)


  Tunnel freeze

Tunnel freezer aimed at small processors poised for European launch. Affordability, ease of use and space savings are all benefit s claimed by Air Products for its cryogenic tunnel freezer to be launched in Europe later. The equipment has been designed with smaller volume food processors and startup operations in mind.
Cryogenic tunnel freezer (foodproductiondaily)


  UK Workless households

In 2010, there were three areas across the UK where more than three out of every 10 households had no-one in work, according to sub-regional data on working and workless households. Over the seven years since 2004 that data are available, Liverpool has had the highest percentage of workless households in five of the years, with it being in the top three in the other two years.

UK's youth unemployment crisis (docuticker)


  Fastest growing industries

Photovoltaics is a method of generating electrical power by converting solar radiation into direct current electricity. It is one of the most promising technological options to realise the shift to a decarbonised energy supply. Current solar cell technologies are well established with sufficient efficiency and energy output for at least 25 years of lifetime.

Solar radiation power (engineerlive)


  OECD Economic growth

Economic recovery appears to have come close to a halt in the major industrialised economies, with falling household and business confidence affecting both world trade and employment, according to new analysis from the OECD. Growth remains strong in most emerging economies, albeit at a more moderate pace. “Growth is turning out to be much slower than we thought three months ago, and the risk of hitting patches of negative growth going forward has gone up.

OECD navigation in a World trade(oecd)


  Taming Light

Physicists of the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics have generated for the first time “white” light pulses and they are able to control their field on a time scale shorter than an optical oscillation. These new tools hold promise for unprecedented control of the motion of electrons in the microcosm. This type of control over light pulses has now, for the first time, been achieved by a team of physicists at the Max Planck Institute of Quantum Optics (MPQ).

Creating “white” light pulses (innovations-report)


  IRCA has launched a new PQMS Auditor certification scheme

The International Register of Certificated Auditors (IRCA) has launched a new Pharmaceutical Quality Management Systems (PQMS) Auditor certification scheme (ICH Q10), to support the assurance of global supply-chain integrity. In a sector that has seen an increase in the contracting out of operations, and increasingly complex global-supply chains, companies and regulators are asking for evidence of relevant training and experience for pharmaceutical QMS auditors who conduct audits of suppliers, service providers, contractors, and their own operations.

New scheme for PQMS Auditor certification (qualitydigest)


  Updated report on furan in food

The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has issued a report with the latest Member State monitoring results of the levels of furan found in food. This is the third report on furan in food published by EFSA since 2009. With the inclusion of 2009 and 2010 findings, the report comprises 17% new data and is the first to include exposure estimates for different populations drawn from data from EFSA’s recently established Comprehensive European Food Consumption Database.

EFSA report


  EU Chemicals Trends Report

EU chemicals production recorded a 3.4 percent increase in the first six months of the year, according to the latest Cefic Chemicals Trends Report. The monthly data for June showed a 1.2 per cent decline compared with June 2010, a modest downturn in EU chemicals industry production after an impressive first three months of 2011 and positive year-on-year monthly growth in April and May.

Chemicals Trends Report (cefic)


  New way to find cancer

About 10 years ago, scientists discovered a new type of genetic material called microRNA, which appears to turn genes on or off inside a cell. More recently, they found that these genetic snippets often go haywire in cancer cells, contributing to tumors’ uncontrollable growth. A team of researchers at MIT has now engineered a way to detect abnormal microRNA levels in the blood of cancer patients, raising the possibility of developing a simple blood test to diagnose or monitor the disease.

MicroRNA involvement (mit)


  A Moore’s Law for Renewable Energy

“Oil companies should think more like technology companies.” So said one of the world’s largest oil companies, the Chevron Corporation, as part of a 2011 public outreach campaign. This idea deserves to be taken seriously, and at a global, industry-wide scale. Since World War II, the computer industry has transformed the global economy and the patterns of everyday life in ways that would have been unimaginable before.

Another way of problem solving (strategy-business)


  Dams No Longer Needed on Elwha

No one has attempted such a feat since two dams were built, near the mouth of the river, in the early 20th century, blocking salmon runs. But on September 15, officials in Olympic National Park will begin the long process of dismantling the Elwha and Glines Canyon dams on the Elwha River. The largest dam-removal undertaking in U.S. history, the project could serve as an inspiration and a model for similar enterprises in other parts of the country, conservationists say.

Dam-removal (nationalgeographic)


  Where BP failed, Exxon succeeds

FOR BP it could hardly have been worse. On August 30th Exxon Mobil struck a deal with Rosneft to explore the same icy blocks of the Arctic Kara Sea that slipped from BP’s grasp when its vaunted tie-up with the Russian state-controlled oil firm collapsed in the spring. Then things did get worse: the next day, one of BP’s Moscow offices was raided by bailiffs.

Exxon Mobil & Rosneft deal (economist)


  Hungary Introduces "Fat Tax"

In an effort to address rising obesity rates and health care costs, Hungary on Thursday implemented a law imposing special taxes on foods with high fat, salt and sugar content. The move comes as other European countries also consider policies to fight obesity. The Hungarian government argues that this kind of diet is also leading to obesity and increased health problems, and that those who partake in indulgences like sweets should also pay a premium to help offset those costs.

How to address rising obesity ? (spiegel)


  Future iPhones & voices ID.

The concept was revealed with a new patent application published by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office and discovered by AppleInsider. Entitled "User Profiling for Voice Input Processing," it describes a system that would identify individual users when they speak aloud. Apple's application notes that voice control already exists in some forms on a number of portable devices.

Voice's user Profiling (appleinsider)


  Collaborative Traffic Signal

While traffic signals are necessary to safely control competing flows of traffic, they inevitably enforce a stop-and-go movement pattern that increases fuel consumption, reduces traffic flow and causes traffic jams. These side effects can be alleviated by providing drivers and their onboard computational devices. with information about the schedule of the traffic signals ahead.

How to control flows of traffic ? (mit)


  Visionaries wanted

If Steve Jobs had never lived, would we still have the iPhone and iPad today? Similarly, if Walt Disney, George Lucas, and Pete Diamandis had all taken jobs on Wall Street instead of living their lives as true innovators, would we still have Disneyland, Star Wars, and the X-Prize Foundation today? To put it more succinctly, if the visionary never existed, would we still have the industry?

No Need to Apply, Just Do It (futuristspeaker)


  Quantitative Analysis

Real-time systems and resource allocation problems have manifested themselves under different names in application domains such as manufacturing, transport, communication networks, embedded systems, and digital circuits, and have been treated using theories and methods in several disciplines. Most of these applications involve distributed, reactive systems of considerable complexity, and with a number of real-time constraints.

Timed automata and extensions (acm)


  If PHP were British

When Rasmus Lerdorf first put PHP together, he - quite sensibly, despite his heritage - chose not to write it in Greenlandic or Danish. Good job too - that would have been rather unpleasant to work with. He opted instead, being in Canada at the time, for the local tongue. PHP developers in Britain have been grumpy about this ever since. What was he thinking? And more importantly, how do we undo this travesty?

PHP Beyond chauvinism (addedbytes) 


  Futurism a true calling

Terms and concepts that are on the tip of everyone's tongue today leap off the pages: the crisis of industrialism, the promise of renewable energy, ad-hocracy in business, the rise of the non-nuclear family, technology-enabled telecommuting, the power of the pro-sumer, sensors embedded in household appliances, a gene industry that pre-designs the human body, corporate social responsibility, "information overload"....

Technology will take on a life of its own (foreignpolicy)


  Fusion power: Are we closer?

Last year, when asked to name the most pressing scientific challenge facing humanity, Professors Stephen Hawking and Brian Cox both gave the same answer: producing electricity from fusion energy. The prize, they said, is enormous: a near-limitless, pollution-free, cheap source of energy that would power human development for many centuries to come.

Most pressing scientific challenge (guardian)  China advanc. on fusiontech. (report)


  Decay: Filling without drilling

Tooth decay begins when acid produced by bacteria in plaque dissolves the mineral in the teeth, causing microscopic holes or 'pores' to form. As the decay process progresses these micro-pores increase in size and number. Eventually the damaged tooth may have to be drilled and filled to prevent toothache, or even removed. Researchers at the University of Leeds have discovered a pain-free way of tackling dental decay that reverses the damage of acid attack and re-builds teeth as new.

Filling without pain (leeds)


  Interactive packaging: explosion expected

Germanbased Schmitt Sohne has added QR code technology to the labels and pointofsale materials for all of its brands. The QR codes, when scanned by a smartphone and code reader application, take consumers to a mobile site where they can interact with the brand in various ways, such as reading and submitting user reviews and getting advice for food pairing suggestions.

The QR code technology (foodproductiondaily)


  Alt Text: Patents Impending

Everyone agrees that patent law is a huge mess, the sort of mess rarely seen outside of Fresno’s annual “Unsupervised Toddler and Malamute Spaghetti Feed.” And yet, it remains a mess, year after year, in spite of pundits, politicians and protesters standing around clucking their tongues and making that finger gesture of shame that only grade-schoolers usually do, where you kind of slide one finger across the other as if you’re trying to start a campfire.

The patent law (wired)


  Women See Value of College

At a time when women surpass men by record numbers in college enrollment and completion, they also have a more positive view than men about the value higher education provides, according to a nationwide Pew Research Center survey. Half of all women who have graduated from a four-year college give the U.S. higher education system excellent or good marks for the value it provides given the money spent by students and their families; only 37% of male graduates agree.

Women higher education (pewsocialtrends)


  To clean up pollution

The report that prompted Ramesh’s action was prepared by the Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, and the Central Pollution Control Board. It found that 10 industrial clusters scored at least 80 out of 100 in a pollution index, or were emitting effluents and pollutants at an alarming level; 33 scored between 70 and 80 (critically polluted); and another 32 scored between 60 and 70 (seriously polluted).

Decontaminating the environment (livemint)


  Labs that gave birth to digitworld

Throughout history there is a recurring theme of like-minded individuals coming together to create a shared “hive mind” intelligence that is greater than its constituent parts. There are extremely rare cases of geniuses that worked on their own, but for the most part almost every famed inventor, pioneer, or philosopher was part of a group or cadre of other great thinkers.

A shared “hive mind” intelligence (extremetech)


  Process Safety Performance Indicators

Process and Plant Safety performance can be evaluated through the use of key performance indicators that measure and analyze Process Safety Incidents (PSI). Whilst the use of key performance indicators is common at individual company level, their application across industry is restricted because they are not harmonized into a universally shared management model for Process Safety.

Key performance indicators (cefic)


  Why Are Finland's Schools Successful?

The transformation of the Finns’ education system began some 40 years ago as the key propellent of the country’s economic recovery plan. Educators had little idea it was so successful until 2000, when the first results from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), a standardized test given to 15-year-olds in more than 40 global venues, revealed Finnish youth to be the best young readers in the world.

Finns' education success (smithsonianmag)


  IBM Unveils Cognitive Chips

Called cognitive computers, systems built with these chips won’t be programmed the same way traditional computers are today. In a sharp departure from traditional concepts in designing and building computers, IBM’s first neurosynaptic computing chips recreate the phenomena between spiking neurons and synapses in biological systems, such as the brain, through advanced algorithms and silicon circuitry.

Neurosynaptic computing chips (ibm)

  To get from London to Paris

For those who haven't made the trip, an obvious question is why you'd want to take Eurostar when you can fly between London and Paris in about an hour and a quarter. The answer, of course, starts with the fact that Eurostar leaves and departs from the hearts of the two cities rather than requiring time-consuming and costly travel to their suburban airports. And then there's added time for airport security, the limits on what you can bring, and other annoying inconveniences.

Eurostar travellers (cnet)


  Wealth Gaps Rise to Record Highs

The median wealth of white households is 20 times that of black households and 18 times that of Hispanic households, according to a Pew Research Center analysis of newly available government data from 2009. The Pew Research Center analysis finds that, in percentage terms, the bursting of the housing market bubble in 2006 and the recession that followed from late 2007 to mid-2009 took a far greater toll on the wealth of minorities than whites.

Wealth-disparity (pewresearch)


  Stick-On Electronic Tattoos

Researchers have made stretchable, ultrathin electronics that cling to skin like a temporary tattoo and can measure electrical activity from the body. These electronic tattoos could allow doctors to diagnose and monitor conditions like heart arrhythmia or sleep disorders noninvasively. To achieve flexible, stretchable electronics. A professor of materials science at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign employed a principle he had already used to achieve flexibility in substrates.

Temporary tattoo (technologyreview)


  Math to Crack the Barca Code

Math and geometry, with angles and diagonals, must be applied to the game in order to grasp why Barcelona won the Champions League and La Liga while Real Madrid only took home the Copa del Rey. It is something many football coaches occupy themselves with before and after the game, and some even during halftime. José Mourinho is obsessed with modern match analysis, like many other coaches in Spain and England.

How to decipher Barca' game ? (spiegel)


  Cell membrane & their interactions

Supported lipid bilayers are important tools for researchers who want to investigate the properties of cell membranes. Scientists create these bilayers by putting lipid vesicles in solution above a solid support. At a critical coverage the vesicles burst and fuse producing a two-dimensional membrane that can be studied with a microscope or other surface-based techniques.

Cell membrane properties (rsc)


  Underwater Volcanic Eruption

The discovery came as a surprise, as researchers attempted to recover instruments they'd left behind to monitor the peak a year earlier. When the researchers hefted a seafaring robotic vehicle overboard to fetch the instruments, the feed from the onboard camera sent back images of an alien seafloor landscape. Scientists have long known about the existence of subsea volcanoes, but information on their behavior is relatively sparse.

Subsea volcanoes (yahoo)


  Technology & digital printing

Consider this: in 2010, imports of printed material and related products from Hong Kong and China to U.S. shores hit $2.397 billion (or nearly 45% of the category total). That is almost back to the pre-crisis level of 1998. Obviously, the outsourcing flow has not ebbed despite fervent calls for made-in-U.S.A. books. Then again, there is the slumping greenback and weak economy.

Printing in Hong Kong 2011 (publishersweekly)


  Antimatter belt around Earth

This Letter reports the discovery of an antiproton radiation belt around the Earth. The trapped antiproton energy spectrum in the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) region has been measured by the PAMELA experiment for the kinetic energy range 60--750 MeV. A measurement of the atmospheric sub-cutoff antiproton spectrum outside the radiation belts is also reported.

Pamela discovery (arxiv)


  Office 15 extensions

Microsoft officials have made it clear that HTML5 and JavaScript are going to be key for developing for Windows 8. But Microsoft’s HTML5/JS love doesn’t stop there. It turns out that HTML5 and JavaScript also are going to be key to Microsoft’s Office 15 programmability story. Office programmability refers to the ability to extend the Microsoft Office platform with custom code and third-party add-on applications.

MS to focus on HTML5 and JS (zdnet)


  Worst alien invader of waterways

The agency said invasive species cost the UK about £1.7bn a year and it will work with partner groups to manage the spread of damaging plants and animals. Several species of pond plant which have escaped from gardens and parks are also on the list of non-native wildlife which pose the greatest threat to the country's rivers and lakes.

'Killer' shrimp (bbc)


  Short selling popped a China bubble

Some have never even been to China; most don't speak or read Chinese. And yet in the past nine months, this small group of "short sellers" has published research exposing accounting fraud at a series of Chinese companies listed in the United States and Canada, and made as yet unproven allegations against a whole bunch more. As a result they have scuttled a once hot sub-sector of the American capital markets.

The investigation (reuters)


  Defense of Japan 2011

Looking at the region surrounding Japan, the nuclear and missile problems of North Korea still require due caution. Tensions have increased on the Korean Peninsula due to such incidents as the shelling of Yeonpyeong Island. Furthermore, China continues to rapidly expand and modernize its military forces and the activities that it conducts in the waters surrounding Japan are growing larger in scale and more intense. Russia also continues to intensify the level of its military activities.

Report (mod.go)


  Salmonella resistant to Ciprofloxacin

The report discribe an increase in nontyphoidal salmonellosis caused by S. enterica serotype Kentucky isolated in European countries during the period 2005–2008. This increase is due to the emergence of the ST198-X1 CIPR Kentucky clone, which infected almost 500 patients in France, England and Wales and Denmark during 2000–2008. The number of cases is likely underestimated due to limitations in the catchment area of these national surveillance systems.

ST198 resistant to Ciprofloxacin (oxfordjournals)


  Missoula: Mix of Town & Country

Many towns in the West consider themselves “outdoor” towns—suggesting a citizenry eager to bike, run, ski, paddle, hunt, fish, hike, backpack, float and camp. Missoula, Montana, is one of these towns, but it possesses some indefinable spirit that keeps it from being confused with any other. Many of the West’s outdoor towns lie farther south, and closer to larger population centers. Missoula still has space around it.

The land beyond the town (smithsonianmag)


  Algae Could Solve fuel crisis

Scientists rave about a new, green revolution. Using genetic engineering and sophisticated breeding and selection methods, biochemists, mainly working in the United States, are transforming blue and green algae into tiny factories for oil, ethanol and diesel. A green algae liquid sloshes back and forth in culture vats and circulates through shiny bioreactors and bulging plastic tubes. The first tests of algae-based fuels are already being conducted in automobiles, ships and aircraft.

The green revolution (spiegel)


  Canada’s slaughter industry

The idea of horses — often viewed as majestic “companion” animals — being slaughtered for food triggers discomfort, even outrage, in Canadians who consider the practice inhumane. Those in the horse slaughter industry call such assertions naïve, insisting they provide a necessary service, feeding European demand for the exotic meat with a glut of horses whose owners can no longer care for them.

Feeding European demand (thestar)


  Technology1, distracted drivers0

Here’s proof that technology really does make driving safer: Volvos equipped with the automaker’s City Safety collision avoidance system are in 27% fewer accidents than comparable vehicles. That’s a huge reduction, says the Highway Loss Data Institute (HLDI). City Safety is a Volvo-exclusive (at least for now in the US) laser that watches the road one car-length ahead from the vantage point of the rear view mirror. If it sees a slow or stopped car ahead, it jams on the brakes.

Safety collision avoidance system (extremetech)


  Harvesting wild plants

Mendel University in Brno will begin teaching rural residents and those of low socio-economic status how to harvest and use various types of wild plants, including medicinal plants, aromatic herbs, mushrooms and wild berries. The school has joined an international project of four Central European countries whose goal is to support rural residents from areas with a high rate of unemployment. The target group is minorities, for example the Roma, as well as active retirees and women on maternity leave, university representatives told the press on July 26.

How to harvest wild plants ? (romea)


  Research: the quality of outcomes


Last month an innovative new project funded by JISC asked people to contribute to a unique dictionary of Scottish words and place-names. The twist? Contributors are using tools of the web: posting messages on Facebook, tweeting the project team and contributing to an online discussion. It's the latest in a series of community projects that are asking the general public to contribute their knowledge and expertise to research through interactive web technology, not simply because they can or because it's trendy, but because crowdsourcing is now, by default, digital.

Digital crowdsourcing (guardian)


  A Global Knowledge 'Network'

The world's first search engine is made of wood and paper. Specifically, it consists of rows of dark brown cabinets about as tall as a person, filled with boxes of index cards. "Sixteen million index cards," notes Jacques Gillen, laying one hand on a cabinet handle. Gillen is an archivist at the Mundaneum, the institution that operated this gigantic catalogue in the 1920s.

Birth of the first network (spiegel) 


  New industry initiatives

Nine of the world’s leading oil and gas companies – BG Group, BP, Chevron, ConocoPhillips, ExxonMobil, Petrobras, Shell, Statoil and Total – have launched the subsea well response project (SWRP), an initiative designed to enhance the industry’s capability to respond to subsea well control incidents. Acting on the recommendations of the International Association of Oil & Gas Producers’ (OGP) Global Industry Response Group (GIRG), the companies have signed an interim joint development agreement, with Shell as the operator.

Health and safety rules (engineerlive)


  What Happened to Software Engineering?

Over the past few years there has been an evolutionary shift in the world of software development. Not very long ago, the dominant Software Development Life Cycle (SDLC) methodology was the Waterfall Method with very specific phases that separated the construction phase from phases like design and test. This style of project management has been very successful in construction.

Software development (developer)


  New products & Manufacturing techniques

For more than a decade, scientists have been touting the promise of nanomaterials as a source of new and better products, from stronger structural materials to speedy but power-efficient computers to drugs that target and kill diseased cells. But making commercial products from nanomaterials is tricky. In these materials, tiny structural changes lead to very different properties, and precision manufacturing is critical.

Source of new-better products (technologyreview)


  Animal testing & Regulation

Better regulation is needed to govern rapidly expanding research in animals containing human tissue or genes, the Academy of Medical Sciences says. It said such studies were necessary for medical research, but that new ethical issues could emerge and called for a national body of experts. The academy recommended three classifications for research on animals containing human material.

Animal testing regulation (bbc)


  Pushing HTML5 to the limit

The emerging HTML5 model for Web apps differs in four major areas. The most visible may be the relative standardization of the canvas object, an improvement that makes it easier to write Flash-like animations with JavaScript. The results are often just as, well, flashy as the ones that come from Flash for anyone who's able to put in the time. Casual game developers who used to write for Flash are producing slick games that run in JavaScript alone.

HTML5 model for Web apps (infoworld)

  $13 bil. biodiesel & Environment harm

The EU will protect existing investment in its $13 billion biodiesel sector even as it acts on new evidence that suggests making the fuel from food crops can do more harm than good in fighting climate change. European Union policymakers are preparing a political compromise that will safeguard existing biodiesel investments, having baulked at penalizing individual biofuel crops.

Biodiesel sector & environment (reuters)


  The Man Behind The Math

Though generations of schoolchildren have cursed arithmetic, the world was a much more inconvenient place without it. Before the advent of modern arithmetic in the 13th century, basic calculations required a physical abacus. But then came a young Italian mathematician named Leonardo da Pisa — no relation to da Vinci — who, in 1202, published a book titled Liber Abaci. That's Latin for "Book of Calculation."

Leonardo da Pisa calculation (npr)


  The Swedish Invasion

Spotify's arrival on U.S. shores brings a new and much-anticipated music platform to American users. The Swedish service's social networking features and broad catalog have been a hit in Europe, and a rumored Facebook partnership shows promise, though competition in the U.S. will be tight. Meanwhile, hackers keep hacking, Netflix pulls a price switch and RIM's two-headed CEO is tasked with justifying its existence.

Tight competition in music platform (technewsworld)


  Rewriting the code of life

MIT and Harvard researchers have developed technologies that could be used to rewrite the genetic code of a living cell, allowing them to make large-scale edits to the cell’s genome. Such technology could enable scientists to design cells that build proteins not found in nature, or engineer bacteria that are resistant to any type of viral infection. The technology, described in the July 15 issue of Science, can overwrite specific DNA sequences throughout the genome.

Rewriting code of a living cell (mit)

  Clinical Evaluation of Innovative Products

Recent amendments made to the European Medical Device Directive (MDD 93/42/EEC) state that every medical device (MD) sold in Europe, regardless of its classification, must have a clinical evaluation report in its technical file. This is meant to reinforce safety and performance of Innovative Health Technologies (IHT). The Directive’s specific focus on implantable or class III medical devices gives the false impression that clinical investigation does not apply to other MD.

European Medical Device Directive (lne-america)


  Geo-engineering threats

The alert on the Climate Ark website in January 2009 was marked urgent: "Take action: A rogue science ship is poised to carry out risky experimental fertilisation of the Southern Ocean. This is likely [to be] the first of many coming attempts to begin geo-engineering the biosphere as a solution to climate change. The chemical cargo is likely to provoke a massive algal bloom big enough to be seen from outer space..."

Geo risky experimental engineering (guardian)


  Smart meter Technology

A smart meter is usually an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes.[7] Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting.

Data collection and treatment (wikipedia)


  GM Foods don't sit well in U.S.

some consumer advocates argue that chronic effects of eating genetically engineered foods could go undetected by what they see as lax oversight. "Consumers have a legitimate right to be skeptical, given the imperfections of our safety system," said Doug Gurian-Sherman, a senior scientist at the food and environment program at the Union of Concerned Scientists in Washington, D.C.

Consumers' legitimate rights (latimes)


  How to ease Internet data flow ?

Netflix, YouTube, Hulu and Skype have become household names as demand soars for movies, television shows, amateur videos, and video calls delivered via the Internet and mobile networks. As a result, this enormous thirst for moving pixels is fast outpacing the capacity to supply video to viewers' screens. A team of Princeton researchers led by Mung Chiang, is grappling with the problem by exploring ways to make global networks more efficient.

Enormous thirst for moving pixels (princeton)


  Vacation interruptus

IT staffers aren't the only ones feeling the vacation pinch, according to a poll conducted by CareerBuilder at the end of May. Of the 5,600 full-time U.S. workers polled, 24% reported they have had to work while their families went on vacation without them, and 16% said they gave up vacation days in the previous year because they didn't have time to use them. Aside from the health of the company's IT function, there is the health of the IT staff to consider as well.

The vacation pinch (computerworld)


  Tidal Power Potential

Tidal stream energy extraction is derived from the kinetic energy of the moving flow; analogous to the way a wind turbine operates in air, and as such differs from tidal barrages, which relies on providing a head of water for energy extraction. A tidal stream energy converter extracts and converts the mechanical energy in the current into a transmittable energy form. A variety of conversion devices are currently being proposed or are under active development.

Kinetic energy of the moving flow (


  How Toyota Rebounded

Within hours of the March 11 Japan earthquake, Toyota Motor Corp.’s global parts logistics teams had sprung into action. Managers worked overtime to ensure few customers would need to wait for a back-ordered part. In nearly all cases, Toyota filled about 140,000 replacement part orders per day. As of June 20, Toyota’s U.S. parts depots stopped working overtime to get inventories back to normal.

How Toyota Rebounded (asq)

  Brazil to protect Amazon activists

José Cláudio Ribeiro da Silva and his wife, Maria do Espírito Santo, had spent more than a decade fighting illegal loggers, ranchers and charcoal producers, and had repeatedly alerted local and federal authorities to the threats they suffered as a result. One of the highest-profile Amazon killings in recent history was the murder of Dorothy Stang.

Fighting illegal loggers (guardian)


  The WikiLeaks You Missed

Since the first few Julian Assange-saturated months of 2011, the U.S. media have largely moved on to Arab revolutions and other sex scandals. But WikiLeaks has continued releasing embassy cables -- fewer than 16,000 of the more than 250,000 have been published so far. In contrast to its early, now-frayed partnerships with the Guardian and the New York Times, WikiLeaks is now working with local papers in countries like Peru, Haiti, and Ireland to release cables of national interest.

What's more about Leaks-Wiki (foreignpolicy)


  ‘Radar for the human eye’

While the standard test for cataracts in an ophthalmologist’s office assigns a score on a scale of 1 to 4 — from no cataracts to completely blocked vision — the new, inexpensive test actually provides much more information. Media Lab graduate student Vitor Pamplona, a member of the team developing Catra, explains that it “scans the lens of the eye and creates a map showing position, size, shape and density of cataracts.”

Cataract early detection (mit)


  Next-Generation Product Development

To get more out of new product design, companies need to adopt a third-generation approach: a more agile product development system capable of addressing frequent iterations of multiple design options early in the process, based on continuous testing and highly sophisticated customer-driven design changes. This method, which both encourages flexibility and recognizes the unpredictability of the early stages of product development, ensures that the latter part of the cycle is much less uncertain.

New product design (strategy-business)


  How German reduce joblessness?

German model has used a "short work" policy to keep the unemployment rate down – at very low cost to the government. Its unemployment rate today is 0.5 percentage points lower than it was at the start of the downturn, even though the German economy actually has grown less than the US economy over this period. There are many different packages that fit the short work scheme, but the basic story would be that rather than having a firm lay off 20% its workers, the government encourages the firm to cut their work time by 20%.

German' "short work" policy (guardian)


  Two genes linked in cancer cells

Telomeres contain repeated sequences of DNA that, in normal cells, shorten each time a cell divides. Without telomeres, the cell division-related shortening could snip off a cell's genes and disrupt key cell functions. Most cancer cells, naturally prone to divide rapidly, use high amounts of an enzyme called telomerase to keep their telomeres intact. Yet, some cancer cells are known to maintain their telomere length without help from telomerase.

Genes' identification linked to cancer cells (innovations-report)


  Report: Mobile Wireless Competition

In this Report, we present our findings regarding the state of competition in the mobile services marketplace, pursuant to Congress's instruction in section 332(c)(1)(C) of the Communications Act. Promoting competition is a fundamental goal of the Commission's policymaking. Competition has played and must continue to play an essential role in mobile - leading to lower prices and higher quality for American consumers, and producing new waves of innovation.

State of mobile' competition (fcc)


  Anti-Virus Pioneer Evgeny Kaspersky

Unfortunately, Russians are also among the most sophisticated and advanced players in criminal cyber activity. These days, they invent viruses and complex Trojan programs on demand. They launder money through the Internet. However, the largest number of harmful programs are written in Chinese. This means that they can be coming directly from the People's Republic, but also from Singapore, Malaysia and even California, where there are Mandarin-speaking hackers.

Kaspersky' views (spiegel)


  Cambodia's oil


Emerging from genocide and decades of civil war, Cambodia's discovery of oil raised hopes of faster development for the country – but also fears that the "resource curse" might strike again. There is some cause for hope – for instance, the ministry of economics and finance's disclosure on its website of information about the rental income it receives from the extractive industries for land usage. CRRT has called the move "a significant step in the right direction".

Cambodia's faster development (guardian)


  BMW automatic crash notification

BMW has raised automatic crash notification to a new level. The on-board BMW Assist telematics system already calls 911 after a crash, just as many other brands do. But BMWs can also report to the 911 call center the likely severity of occupant injuries, and now BMW says it can transmit the injury information to a nearby hospital trauma center. BMW’s enhanced automatic collision notification (enhanced ACN or EACN) uses a sophisticated set of algorithms.

BMW' sophisticated set of algorithms (extremetech)


  Next Mars rover in action

The new action packed animation is 11 minutes in length. It depicts sequences starting with Earth departure, smashing through the Martian atmosphere, the nail biting terror of the never before used rocket-backpack sky crane landing system and then progressing through the assorted science instrument capabilities that Curiosity will bring to bear during its minimum two year expedition across hitherto unseen and unexplored Martian landscapes, mountains and craters.

Footage animation of the next Mars rover exploration (io9)


  How yeast cells reverse aging?

Human cells have a finite lifespan: They can only divide a certain number of times before they die. However, that lifespan is reset when reproductive cells are formed, which is why the children of a 20-year-old man have the same life expectancy as those of an 80-year-old man. How that resetting occurs in human cells is not known, but MIT biologists have now found a gene that appears to control this process in yeast.

Cells' rejuvenation (mit)


  Debate: High-speed trains

The Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway will shorten the travel time between the two cities by several hours, and it is just one of the many high-speed railway lines planned across the country. The government plans to build several other lines linking Beijing with the cities in western China in the next few years. This has excited some scholars, who think high-speed railway links will not only reduce travel time, but also boost industries.

The High-speed railway (chinadaily)


  German Wind Bigger than Ever

Siemens has announced installation in the sea off Denmark of its prototype 6-MW wind turbine, which has a rotor diameter of 120 meters and yet weighs in total only 350 tonnes. The company boasts that the machine's relatively low weight is path-breaking. "In tendency large wind turbines have always been heavier per megawatt than small ones," comments Henrik Stiesdal, CTO of Siemens' Wind Power Business Unit.

Siemens' Wind Power (ieee)


  Aquaculture Dilemma

Fish, of course, are different. When we tuck into a swordfish steak or halibut filet, we generally expect that it was caught in the open ocean. And yet, the efficiencies of aquaculture—or cultivating freshwater and saltwater fish under controlled conditions—are becoming ever more a part of our seafood diet. Aquaculture is a divisive topic, pitting those who fear its potential to pollute ocean waters and wild fishes’ gene pools against those who see the possibility of alleviating pressure on traditional fisheries and providing an additional source of protein.

The efficiencie of aquaculture (scienceprogress)


  2011: Gartner's Supply Chain Rankings

Last year, we talked about the trend toward vertical integration. What we've seen since then is more about choosing the right set of value chain network integration strategies that allow better control of the end-to-end value chain. What this means is that there's no one answer that's always right. We see companies like Samsung, which have always been vertically integrated, weathering the ups and downs through ownership of supply...

Network integration strategies (gartner)


  Puzzling parasite

Toxoplasma gondii, a parasite that infects about one-third of the world’s population, comes in several strains. Some can have severe consequences such as encephalitis, while others produce no noticeable symptoms. Jeroen Saeij, an MIT biologist who has been studying Toxoplasma for several years, is trying to figure out the root of that discrepancy. In his latest work, he found that two of the three most common strains of Toxoplasma produce a protein that actually suppresses inflammation in the infected host.

Puzzling parasite (mit)


  Facebook’S Facial Recognition Flops

Facebook says its facial-recognition technology is convenient because it groups together multiple images of the same person; as a result, you have to type a friend’s name only once, and the tag will apply to all photos of that person. If your friend has been previously tagged in enough photos, Facebook will suggest his or her name so you don’t have to do anything. And yes, we think that would be more convenient--if it worked.

Facial-recognition technology (cio)


  Bitcoin-thieving Trojans

Bitcoin is an encrypted, peer-to-peer (P2P) currency, in existence since 2009, designed as an alternative to government-controlled currencies. It makes it possible to digitally purchase goods and services. It has seen its value rocket recently, reaching $30 (£19) per Bitcoin on some online exchanges. Both Trojans were found on Bitcoin user forums, potentially affecting all forum members if they were to click infected links.

Trojans found on Bitcoin (zdnet)


  Digital agriculture & Harvest changes

Across the globe, rising temperatures and more intense droughts, floods and storms are forcing a rethink in how to grow food, from breeding hardier crop varieties and changing planting times to complete genetic overhauls of plants. Growing populations, changing diets and insatiable demand for grains, meat and vegetables is putting pressure on global food production and prices like never before.

Rethinking agriculture (reuters)


  Fukushima assessed by Independent Panel

An independent panel of experts met for the first time Tuesday to look into the Fukushima Dai-1 nuclear plant accident from a variety of perspectives. The panel, headed by Yotaro Hatamura, professor emeritus at the University of Tokyo, has been given the authority to question all entities involved, including TEPCO, government ministers, and even the prime minister.

Nuclear plant accident assessment (ieee)


  24hour trial of a new Internet IPv6

IPv6, which features an expanded addressing scheme, is an upgrade to the Internet's main communications protocol, which is known as IPv4. Internet engineers have dubbed this problem "IPv6 brokenness." The term refers to PCs and smartphones that have IPv6 addresses and run operating systems such as Apple Mac OS X or Microsoft Windows 7 that default to IPv6.

Communications protocol to be upgraded (cio)


  Photovoltaic system selection

Most PV systems that are installed by qualified and reputable professionals are installed safely and reliably. However, having a PV electric power system installed by untrained persons can lead to trouble. Some of the common problems associated with the design, installation, and operation of PV systems include: - Extensive shading of the PV array - Insecure structural attachment to rooftops and other structures - Inadequate weather sealing for roof and other penetrations - Unsafe wiring....

Qualifying photovoltaic installation (csemag)


  Groupon: The golden nugget

Sure, Groupon is fun: each morning, you open your email to discover one or two offers of steep discounts on restaurant food, or beauty treatments, or adventurous experiences: recent London deals, for example, included 54% off a kite-surfing course, tapas for two at £19 instead of £48, and six sessions of laser hair removal at a quarter of the regular price. Nominally, there's a catch – you get the deal only if it "tips", meaning that a sufficient number of people sign up – but today that almost always happens.

Groupon' business model (guardian)


  EU: eHealth Deployment in Acute Hospitals

The topic covered falls within the scope of research activities carried out over the past three years by the Information Society Unit at IPTS1 in the specific domain of eHealth, as regards its development and innovation dynamics and also benchmarking and evaluation. Stated briefly, the objective pursued by eHealth policy is to ‘improve the quality of care’ and at the same time ‘reduce medical costs’.

EU eHealth Deployment (jrc)

  Retaining 100 years of information

There are different reasons for storing information over a long term. Laws and regulations force organisations to keep data for specific lengths of time e.g. life insurance information has to be retained for no less than the remaining validity of the insurance (which often relates to how long people live) and people tend to live longer and longer. Other fields where data has to be stored for a long time include web services and fixed content repositories.

Data storage (theregister)

  Growing a better future

Based on the experience and research of Oxfam staff and partners around the world and, Growing a Better Future shows how the food system is at once a driver of this fragility and highly vulnerable to it, and why in the twenty-first century it leaves 925 million people hungry. The report presents new research forecasting price rises for staple grains in the range of 120–180 per cent within the next two decades, as resource pressures mount and climate change takes hold.

Growing a better future (oxfam)


  HSBC study: The Future of Retirement

HSBC’s The Future of Retirement programme is a world-leading independent study into global retirement trends. It provides authoritative insights into the key issues associated with ageing populations and increasing life expectancy around the world. The 2011 report, The power of planning, is the sixth in the series and is based on interviews with more than 17,000 respondents in 17 countries.

Global retirement trends (hsbc)


  Civilizing the Internet edition

Doctors and dentists tell patients, "all your review are belong to us": Doctors and dentists are understandably worried about damage to their reputations from negative reviews, and medical privacy laws do make it tricky for them to respond when their work is unfairly maligned. The growing use of censorious copyright assignments recently caught the attention of law professors, who created a site called Doctored Reviews to educate doctors and patients about the phenomenon.

Copyright provisions (arstechnica)


  The Startup Genome Report

Today we are releasing the first Startup Genome Report with in-depth analysis on what makes internet startups successful based on data from over 650 startups. Here is a small window into the report with 14 indicators of succes. Hundreds of people built social networks before Mark Zuckerberg came along. But Facebook emerged as the winner, and it now has the potential to grow into the most important company of this era.

What makes internet startups successful ? (startupgenome)

  Automotive Black Boxes

The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration will later this year propose a requirement that all new vehicles contain an event data recorder, known more commonly as a “black box.” The device, similar to those found in aircraft, records vehicle inputs and, in the event of a crash, provides a snapshot of the final moments before impact.

Highway Traffic Safety (wired)

  Future EU bio-based economy

Lowering trade barriers for renewable raw materials would be a first step for Europe to reach its EU2020 goals, concludes a policy paper released by Cefic – the European Chemical Industry Council. The Cefic paper, published during EU Green Week, notes that removal of import duties for renewable raw materials forms the heart of a much-needed market-based policy approach.

Renewable raw materials (cefic)


  Designing the Green Climate Fund

under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that industrialized countries must assume a large share of the global emission reduction target, adapting to the existing and future consequences of climate change will be a greater challenge for developing countries. In recognition of this, in 2009 developed countries proposed a fund of up to US$100 billion per year to help developing countries.

The global emission reduction target   (environmentmagazine)


  Research known as open science

Bill Gates has said that if he were a teenager today, he would be working on biotechnology, not computer software. There are many interpretations of what open science means, with different motivations across different disciplines. Some are driven by the backlash against corporate-funded science, with its profit-driven research agenda. Others are internet radicals who take the "information wants to be free" slogan literally.

What open science means ? (guardian)


  Drones are Ready for Takeoff

Until now, drone aircraft have been confined largely to war zones—most recently in Libya—and they have become controversial for killing civilians along with insurgents. But critics and boosters alike say unmanned aircraft will increasingly be used for peacetime work. They disagree about the likely scale of the industry, but the Federal Aviation Administration is already considering new rules and training staffers to adjust to unmanned aircraft in U.S. airspace.

New rules ahead for Drones (smithsonianmag)


  Facility Management Best Practices

While best practices and automation are not alien to the real estate (RE) and facility management (FM) fields, they haven’t been as rapidly adopted compared to other industries. Most RE/FM organizations have grown organically, with generations of management building their businesses traditionally, in their own ways, if not always the most efficient ways. This tradition-laden organizational evolution has served most RE/FM reasonably well, whether on a small scale or throughout a global portfolio.

Facility management (FM) fields (areadevelopment)


  Germany & Food safety rules

Consumers worried about filthy kitchens full of rotting food will soon know just how clean German restaurants are thanks to a new hygiene rating system set to begin in 2012. A "traffic light" scheme will show which eateries are spick-and-span -- and which have nasties lurking under the cupboards. Finding a random hair in an entrée can be distressing enough, but there are a host of other potential hygiene dangers that are often invisible to restaurant customers, hidden behind closed kitchen doors.

How clean are German restaurants? (spiegel)


  Biogen drug: EU backs Acorda

In a surprise reversal, European regulators have recommended approving Acorda Therapeutics Inc's drug Fampyra, sending the company's shares up as much as 21 percent. Fampyra is designed to improve the walking ability of patients with multiple sclerosis. The European Medicines Agency, which advises the European Commission on whether to approve new drugs, said in a statement it has recommended giving the drug conditional approval.

Acorda approved by European regulators (reuters)


  Thoughts From The Frontline

It seems like we have to pay more and more attention to politicians and what they are doing and less and less to our economic theory. But that is the nature of the Endgame. And this is not just in the US, but all over the world. The choices that voters make, and then the things the politicians do, are becoming ever more important. Those choices can mean the difference between Muddle Through and a recession here and there, a full-on Depression 2.0, or even hyperinflation in some countries...

Full-on Depression 2.0 (businessinsider)


  Fuel Cell Cars by 2015

According to Andreas Truckenbrodt, CEO of the Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation company that combines the hydrogen research of Ford and Daimler, automakers are very committed, and planning on ramping up volumes quickly. Mercedes, Honda, Hyundai-Kia and Toyota are all planning on introducing fuel-cell cars in 2015, with what he said was “tens of thousands of cars per manufacturer,” moving to as many as 100,000 per company by 2020.

Automotive Fuel Cell Cooperation (bent)


  Firefox 5 rapid release

Mozilla released a beta version of Firefox yesterday, its first on a new quick-release plan intended to bring features to browser users and Web developers sooner. Mozilla is following in Google's Chrome footsteps with a faster release cycle that means new versions arrive more rapidly but the differences from their predecessors are less dramatic. It also means a major change in version number doesn't mean a major overhaul has taken place.

Beta version of Firefox (cnet)



With Google changing the way websites advertise on the web, many companies have galvanised their businesses by investing significant amounts of money into Google’s Adwords platform to rank above their competitors and turn clicks into conversions. However, a study by Internet research firm Miratech suggests advertisers should not focus on out-bidding their competitors to rank top of Google’s sponsored listings, for second position gets more attention than the top ranked listing.

The way websites advertise on the web (miratech)


  The economic design of control charts

As Shewhart wrote on page 276 of his book, Economic Control of Quality of Manufactured Product, (D. Van Nostrand Co., 1931): “How then shall we establish allowable limits on the variability of samples? Obviously, the basis for such limits must be, in the last analysis, empirical. Under such conditions it seems reasonable to choose limits q1 and q2 on some statistic such that the associated probability P is economic in the sense now to be explained.

Quality of Manufactured Product (qualitydigest)


  China Renewable Energy Industry

“China has become the single largest driver for global wind power development. In 2010, every second wind turbine that was added anywhere in the world was installed in China,” Steve Sawyer, the Global Wind Energy Council’s (GWEC) secretary general, said earlier in April. The wind market in the Asian country doubled each year between 2005 and 2009, while in 2010 the total installed capacity arrived at 44.7 gigawatts.

China global wind power development (china-briefing)


  The camera megapixel race

Megapixels are the digital camera market's equivalent of horsepower and megahertz—a single metric that consumers and marketers latch on to tenaciously, despite the fact that it hardly describes overall performance. Over the last several years, camera manufacturers have been pumping up the megapixels on each successive camera model, regardless of whether such increases offered any real benefits (hint: they usually did not).

Digital camera market (arstechnica)


  The power of placebos

A recent survey, led by McGill Psychiatry Professor and Senior Lady Davis Institute Researcher Amir Raz, reports that one in five respondents – physicians and psychiatrists in Canadian medical schools – have administered or prescribed a placebo. Moreover, an even higher proportion of psychiatrists (more than 35 per cent) reported prescribing subtherapeutic doses of medication (that is, doses that are below, sometimes considerably below, the minimal recommended therapeutic level) to treat their patients.

Placebos survey (innovations-report)


  Microsoft Word Nightmares

Microsoft (MSFT) Word can keep you up all night, and not only because you've got writer's block. You change the font, and Word changes it back. The columns don't line up. The program freezes up, taking your work with it. If Word Fails to Load, talk about a nightmare. You load your word processor, and it either freezes up or closes down. You can't do anything with it. Chances are that your Normal template has been corrupted.

Five common Word disasters (cio)


  Local food pioneers head to Spain

Stephen and Inez Ribustello have been developing a reputation as pioneers in Tarboro’s local food movement ever since they opened On the Square almost a decade ago. Husband, wife and restaurant have won their share of epicurean accolades — Inez, in fact, was elected a runner up in the American Sommelier Association’s 2009 Best Sommelier in America competition — while at the same time tailoring their menu to support the local farming community and promote the superior flavors and sustainability of local products.

Tarboro’s local food movement (rockymounttelegram)


  Albert Einstein was right

After working for half a century and spending £500m, scientists last week revealed that they have detected strange fluctuations in Earth's orbit. Space-time is bent and then twisted round our planet as it rotates, announced researchers with Nasa's Gravity Probe B project. The effect is tiny but crucial, they added – and was predicted almost 100 years ago by Albert Einstein in his great theory of gravity, general relativity.

The Einstein'S Predicted Effects (guardian)


  Solar Power Without Solar Cells?

A dramatic and surprising magnetic effect of light discovered by University of Michigan researchers could lead to solar power without traditional semiconductor-based solar cells. The researchers found a way to make an “optical battery,” says Stephen Rand, a professor in the departments of electrical engineering and computer science, physics, and applied physics. In the process, they overturned a century-old tenet of physics.

A way to make an "optical battery" (qualitydigest)


  Fishing for Funding

Genomics gave new meaning to the phrase “big data.” One person’s genome, for instance, consists of 3 billion base pairs. Spelling out the order of, or sequencing, each pair requires about two bits of computer storage, making the whole genome’s storage size 12 billion bits. This translates to about 1.5 gigabytes of data. A modern machine can sequence more than 500 billion base pairs in a week or just over.

The way genomic science is funded (scienceprogress)

  Battle pits Cocoa speculators

From wheat to rice to soybeans -- have become objects of speculation. While cocoa speculators are threatening the survival of some of Germany's oldest chocolate makers, entrepreneurs in Ghana are trying to give farmers a larger share of the profits. Cocoa makes up one of the world's smallest commodities markets. Indeed, the annual harvest amounts to only 3.5 million tons, with more than half coming from Ivory Coast and its eastern neighbor, Ghana.

Why do we speculate on cocoa? (spiegel)


  First zero-carbon city

Conceived in 2006, phase one of the city is now complete after three years' work and a spend of $1.4bn. The development, near Abu Dhabi, in the United Arab Emirates, consists of six main buildings, one street, 101 small apartments, a large electronic library, and the Masdar Institute. This offshoot campus of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) has 167 students and 43 academics, most of whom are from other countries, the US, Europe, Asia and elsewhere in the Middle East.

Masdar: Offshoot campus of MIT (guardian)


  EU-Mediterranean Free Trade Area

To avoid the emergence of new dividing lines between the larger EU and its neighbours, the aim of the ENP has been to promote prosperity, stability and security while offering the partner countries a privileged relationship with the EU in the form of deeper economic integration and political association. The degree of integration is set out to depend on the extent to which a certain number of values are shared, namely democracy, human rights, rule of law, market economy and good governance.

investment in the South-Med countries (animaweb)


  Automation standards & Cybersecu. threats

The emergence of the Stuxnet worm last summer has forced process companies to redouble their cybersecurity efforts. It has also provoked a lot of activity from various standards authorities. According to the ISA, Stuxnet is the first known malware to have been specifically written with the intent to compromise a control system and sabotage an industrial process. The ANSI/ISA99 standards address the vital issue of cybersecurity for industrial automation and control systems.

Cybersecurity threats (engineerlive)


  Steps Closer to Design Babies

A new approach to testing the genes of early-stage fetuses could radically alter the experience of pregnancy and parenting from as early as five weeks, leading to a potentially dangerous moral quandary. The technique being developed analyzes fetal DNA that is collected from women’s blood as early as five weeks into a pregnancy. So-called “noninvasive prenatal diagnosis,” or NIPD, may hit the market as a test for Down syndrome later this year.

Prenatal genetic testing (scienceprogress)


  NUK: Trillion-Dollar Question

With nuclear plants costing several billion dollars apiece, the answer to those questions may be worth a trillion dollars to the nuclear industry. Little wonder that the main players have rushed to reassure their clients that all is well. Today, there are 62 reactors under construction, mainly in the BRIC countries (Brazil, Russia, India and China), with 158 more on order or planned and another 324 proposed, according to World Nuclear Association data from just before Fukushima.

NUK answers could save trillion $ (huffingtonpost)


  Gm Crops: Environ. & Socio-Eco. impacts

GM technology has had a significant positive impact on farm income derived from a combination of enhanced productivity and efficiency gains (Table 1). In 2009, the direct global farm income benefit from biotech crops was $10.8 billion. This is equivalent to having added 5.8% to the value of global production of the four main crops of soybeans, maize, canola and cotton.

GM technO. & Environment (pgeconomics)

  Through the looking glass

Girls do better in their exams, more of them go to university and, for the first time, women aged 22–29 have closed the gender pay gap, with young women getting paid 2.1 per cent more than their male peers. But alongside this success, British teenage girls experience worse rates of binge drinking, worse levels of physical inactivity and more frequent incidences of teen pregnancy than their European counterparts.

UK Girls & binge drinking (demos)

  Global IT Report 2010–2011

The Global Information Technology Report 2010–2011 features the latest results of the NRI, offering an overview of the current state of ICT readiness in the world. This year’s coverage includes a record number of 138 economies from both the developing and developed world, accounting for over 98 percent of global GDP.

IT Report (weforum)

  NIH genomic analysis

A team led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health is the first to systematically survey the landscape of the melanoma genome, the DNA code of the deadliest form of skin cancer. The researchers have made surprising new discoveries using whole-exome sequencing, an approach that decodes the 1-2 percent of the genome that contains protein-coding genes.

Discoveries: whole-exome sequencing (nih)

  Productivity on software projects

Software projects are notorious for getting into schedule trouble. And with that trouble comes more trouble. More often than not, overtime is seen as a way of getting a project back on track and appeasing the “higher ups” that the project team is committed to its work and that they are doing everything possible to get the project across the finish line.

Project team commitment (developer)


  Finland's paper mills battle the internet

The paper industry's raw material costs have been rocketing, and since the rapid growth of the internet, demand for paper is in free fall. Henri Parkkinen, an analyst at Pohjola, says: "The main issue for the paper business is the fact there is declining paper demand and escalating costs. It has been the same story for the past few years. Fifty per cent of the end users are advertisers and they are shifting to mobile and internet."

Shift from paper to digital (independent)


  Cyberspy vs. cyberspy

As America and China grow more economically and financially intertwined, the two nations have also stepped up spying on each other. Today, most of that is done electronically, with computers rather than listening devices in chandeliers or human moles in tuxedos. According to U.S. investigators, China has stolen terabytes of sensitive data -- from usernames and passwords for State Department computers to designs for multi-billion dollar weapons systems.

Spying on each other (reuters)


  Explanation for smell gains traction

Experiments using tiny wires show that as electrons move on proteins within the nose, odor molecules could absorb these quanta and thereby be detected. If the theory is right, by extending these studies, an "electronic nose" superior to any chemical sensor could be devised. But how precisely an odorant molecule is detected remains a mystery.

Electronic nose as new sensor (bbc)

  Microsoft: IE9's web privacy hole?

A hole has been spotted in Internet Explorer 9's do-not-track technology, and Microsoft says it's a feature not a bug. In response to a US government call for greater protection of consumers' privacy online, Microsoft added a Tracking Protection Lists (TPLs) feature to IE9. Netizens can use one or more lists to prevent certain ad networks and websites from tracking their behavior online.

IE9 & Tracking Protection Lists (theregister)


  Gazprom & the Rule of EU Law

Russian officials are openly dismissive of EU energy liberalization and are outraged at the idea that Gazprom's operations within the EU should be subject to EU competition and liberalization law. The deputy chairman of the Duma, Valeri Yazev, speaking to the Brussels press corps recently, argued that liberalization would inflict on Gazprom "direct economic prejudice," and demanded a change in the rules of the game.

EU energy liberalization (online.wsj)


  International Arms Transfers

The volume of international transfers of major conventional weapons for the period 2006–10 was 24 per cent higher than for the period 2001–2005. The five biggest suppliers in 2006–10 were the United States, Russia, Germany, France and the United Kingdom. The top five suppliers accounted for 75 per cent of all exports of major conventional weapons in 2006–10, compared with 80 per cent in 2001–2005.

SIPRI report (books.sipri)

  The future of cars

If today's traffic is like a bloom of bacteria that responds collectively to changes in the environment, then tomorrow's networked traffic, where all the cars are linked to the road, to the cloud, and to one another by a wireless nervous system, will be more like a fully formed, adaptive and evolving organism. In addition to the existing network of sensors already embedded in roads and highways, the cars themselves will become collections of sensors enmeshed in a peer-to-peer wireless network.

Cars & High-tech (arstechnica)


  Understanding Japan’s Nuclear Crisis

Following the events at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear reactors in Japan has been challenging. At best, even those present at the site have a limited view of what’s going on inside the reactors themselves, and the situation has changed rapidly over the last several days. Meanwhile, the terminology involved is somewhat confusing—some fuel rods have almost certainly melted, but we have not seen a meltdown.

Japan' nuclear crises (wired)


  Caution over RSA security breach

Several security analysts today urged companies that are using SecurID to review their authentication measures and to shore them up if necessary. Until RSA releases further details on the breach it is best to assume that SecurID is vulnerable, they added. In an embarrassing admission for a security company, RSA said on Thursday that unknown intruders had stolen information relating to its SecurID technology in what it described as "extremely sophisticated cyber attack against RSA".

RSA security breach (computerworld)


  New process: oil-tar extraction

A new, more environmentally friendly method of separating oil from tar sands has been developed by a team of researchers at Penn State. This method, which utilizes ionic liquids to separate the heavy viscous oil from sand, also is capable of cleaning oil spills from beaches and separating oil from drill cuttings, the solid particles that must be removed from drilling fluids in oil and gas wells.

New oil-tar' extraction process (physorg)


  The discovery of Roman' road

The discovery of a road in Shropshire that was built by pre-Roman engineers suggests that indigenous Britons may have been much more accomplished than we – or the Romans – liked to imagine. The road itself tells the story well. Archaeological evidence is clear that long before the Roman invasion, the British landscape was well organised, with a dense network of fields and tracks.

Pre-Roman engineering (guardian)


  California: Earthquake prediction


Part of the lesson from the disaster that hit Japan on Friday is that no amount of preparation can fully protect a region such as California that sits on top of fault lines. Even so, critics fear the state may have long skimped on retrofitting older buildings. Yet the cost of cleaning up after a big quake is likely to be much higher than the cost of even the most expensive prevention, they warn.

Earthquake lessons (reuters)


  Corrective Action / Acceptable Excuse?

The airline industry is barely even at the excuse level of maturity, but this is nonetheless a valid observation. The reader seems to want to know what the airline should do to avoid being ripped, reamed out, or more to the point, bad-mouthed to as many potential customers as the disgruntled passenger can reach—and the internet makes that reach extensive, indeed. Closed-loop corrective action (CLCA) is the only acceptable “excuse” for a quality or service failure, and it is of course not merely an excuse.

The excuse level of maturity (qualitydigest)


  The Myth Of "Full Hardware Acceleration"

It's true that some graphics benchmarks consistently report better scores for IE9 than for Firefox, so over the last few days I've been looking into that. Below I'll explain the details what I've found about various commonly-cited benchmarks, but the summary is that the performance differences are explained by relatively small bugs in Firefox, bugs in IE9, and bugs in the benchmarks, not due to any major architectural issues in Firefox (as Microsoft would have you believe).

Benchmark: IE9 vs Firefox (weblogs.mozillazine)


  Testing 10,000 chemicals for toxicity

Several federal agencies, including the National Institutes of Health, today unveiled a new high-speed robot screening system that will test 10,000 different chemicals for potential toxicity. The system marks the beginning of a new phase of an ongoing collaboration, referred to as Tox21, that is working to protect human health by improving how chemicals are tested in the United States.

New high-speed robot screening system (genome)

  TSA to retest body scanners

The TSA says that the records reflect math mistakes and that all the machines are safe. Indeed, even the highest readings listed on some of the records — the numbers that the TSA says were mistakes — appear to be many times less than what the agency says a person absorbs through one day of natural background radiation. U.S. Rep. Jason Chaffetz was troubled by the information posted by the TSA.

Body's scanners safety reassessment (usatoday)

  US Health: IT industry growth

"It's not just doctors and nurses, though, that are benefiting; as the PPACA -- health care reform -- comes closer to its final effective date in 2014, information technology roles will continue to grow in both scope and number." Dell recently introduced a new suite of health service technology including cloud storage, intended to lower data storage costs and increase efficiency (, 2/22/11).

I.T. role in US' Health Field (prweb)

  Sterile Medical Device Packaging

Naturally, manufacturers of sterile devices must validate their method of sterilization. However, the essential requirements also require such products to remain sterile throughout transport until their eventual use. The distribution of medical devices can involve a variety of diverse methods, each with its own potential hazards.

Packaging regulation for Medical Devices (lne-america)


  The APHEKOM study

If we cut levels of air pollution in cities across Europe, we could boost our health and financial benefits, new research shows. The findings of the APHEKOM ('Improving knowledge and communication for decision making on air pollution and health in Europe') project confirm that making our air cleaner will in turn have a huge impact on our well-being. APHEKOM has received EUR 800,000 under the European Commission's programme on Community action in the field of public health.

Impacts of Air Pollution (cordis.europa)


  EU: Industrial Relations 2010

The Industrial Relations in Europe report provides an overview of major trends and developments in the relationship between employers and trade unions across Europe. It combines factual information with in-depth quantitative and qualitative analysis of current issues in industrial relations at company, sectoral, national and European level. The report has been published every two years since 2000.

Industrial development and Major trends (europa)


  100th birthday could be common

By 2080, the crystal ball showed, UK would boast 626,900 people aged 100 or more – with 21,000 of those being 110 or over. This is more than 53 times greater than the current number of centenarians (11,800), and at present fewer than 100 people are older than 110. Whoever is monarch of the day will constantly be sending out messages of congratulation. A new report by Scottish Widows shows that, on average, 40% of people aged 45 to 54...


Live to 100 and Beyond (guardian)


  Could Dmail offer less spam?

De-mail -- a play on the country-code abbreviation for Deutschland (Germany) and the word e-mail -- is a government-backed service in which all messages will be encrypted and digitally signed so they cannot be intercepted or modified in transit. Businesses and individuals wanting to send or receive De-mail messages will have to prove their real-world identity and associate that with a new De-mail address from a government-approved service provider.

Dmail solution (csoonline)


  MS anti-AutoRun update

Microsoft last week changed how it delivers an update that disables AutoRun, a Windows feature that big name worms, including Conficker and Stuxnet, have used to infect millions of PCs. When Microsoft first deployed the update Feb. 8, it said the patch would be offered as an optional download. To retrieve it, users had to manually checkmark the "KB971029" update in the "Software, Optional" section of Windows Update in XP, or in Vista's Windows Update panel under "Important."

MS overhauled its update process (computerworld)


  The nanoscopic world watched

The microscope imaged objects down to just 50 billionths of a metre to yield a never-before-seen, direct glimpse into the "nanoscopic" world. Their technique, reported in Nature Communications, makes use of "evanescent waves", emitted very near an object and usually lost altogether. Instead, the beads gather the light and re-focus it, channeling it into a standard microscope, allowing researchers to see with their own eyes a level of detail that is normally restricted to indirect methods.

The nanoscopic world watched (bbc)

  Large hadron collider higgs boson

The race to discover an elusive subatomic particle that was predicted by researchers with pen and paper nearly half a century ago enters the final straight this week at the home of the world's largest scientific instrument. Workers at Cern, the European particle physics laboratory near Geneva, will begin smashing particles together inside the £6bn Large Hadron Collider (LHC) within days, following a 10-week winter shutdown for basic maintenance.


The elusive subatomic particle  (guardian)


  Computer-Information Science&Engineering

The information revolution is far from having run its course: "machine-thought" has not yet replaced "brain-thought," to the extent that "machine-made" has replaced "hand-made." One can be confident that the use of digital technologies will continue to spread; that more and more workers will move from the physical economy to the information economy; and that people will spend more and more of their work and leisure time creating, manipulating, and communicating information.

"Machine-thought" Vs "Brain-thought" (cacm.acm)


  China shuns US silicon

China started developing its own processor since 2002, explained Hu, and the Godson family of chips, which is based on the MIPS architecture created by Silicon Graphics, is part of a holistic technology investment program. The Godson chip effort is one of 16 different projects, in fact, that are each funded with between $5bn and $10bn. The massive projects focus on specific technology areas that China reckons are key for its technological independence and economic future..

The Godson family of chips (theregister)

  Energy Management Demand

Demand Response (DR) refers to mechanisms used to encourage consumers to reduce demand, thereby reducing the peak demand for electricity. Since electrical generation and transmission systems are generally sized to correspond to peak demand (plus margin for forecasting error and unforeseen events), lowering peak demand reduces overall plant and capital cost requirements.

Reducing the peak demand (areadevelopment)


  USA: Expanding Internet Usage

Over 80 million households have adopted broadband in US, but 38.0 million do not have such connectivity. Unfortunately, too many people with low incomes, less education, or disabilities, as well as unemployed individuals or seniors, certain minorities, and non-family households, are on the wrong side of the divide. The rural-urban disparity has decreased, but still persists.

Internet connectivity (ntia.doc)


  UK net migration rises by 36%

Separate figures, published for the first time by the ONS, suggest 2009's economic slowdown had a dramatic impact on the number of people coming to England and Wales to work for less than 12 months. An estimated 97,000 overseas residents visited the UK for short-term work-related purposes in the year to mid-2009, down from 162,000 the previous year - a reduction of 40%.

UK'migratory flows (statistics)

  First mm-scale computing system

University of Michigan computer scientists and engineers are at the International Solid-State Circuits Conference in San Francisco today presenting papers on two systems: a prototype implantable eye pressure monitor for glaucoma patients and a compact radio for wireless sensor networks. What makes their presentation so remarkable is that both systems involve what is believed to be the first complete millimeter-scale computing system.

Implantable monitor for eye's pressure (cnet)

  Al Jazeera's news revolution

It was Al Jazeera that first grasped the enormity of the Tunisia uprising and its implications for the region, and Al Jazeera which latched onto -- critics would say fueled -- subsequent rumblings in Egypt. And audiences around the world responded: the network's global audience has rocketed. During the first two days of the Egyptian protests, livestream viewers watching the channel over the internet increased by 2,500 percent to 4 million, 1.6 million of them in the United States.

AlJazeera's breakthrough in US (reuters)


  Intel-powered smartphones

Intel, of course, grew to power on the basis of its x86 chip family, including Pentium, Xeon, and now Core and Atom processors. Today's smartphones, though, use ARM-based chips from companies such as Qualcomm, Texas Instruments, and perhaps most concerning for Intel, now Nvidia as well. Those products are hogging the spotlight at the Mobile World Congress show here. So when will Intel-powered smartphones arrive?

When will Intel-powered smartphones arrive? (reviews.cnet)

  EU public consultation on eSignatures

In order to tackle low levels of consumer and business confidence in online transactions, the European Commission is asking citizens and other interested parties how electronic signatures and electronic identification (eID) and authentication can help the development of the European Digital Single Market. Currently, difficulties in verifying people's identities and signatures are a significant factor holding back the development of the EU's online economy.

Online transactions & public consultation (europa)


  Growing Automotive Industry competition

Globalisation has resulted in a challenging automotive manufacturing environment that is changing at a rapid pace, resulting in growing competition between international and domestic car manufacturers. Frost & Sullivan states that globalisation has placed cost pressures on producers, requiring them to outsource low-cost manufacturing processes and to place increasing emphasis on quality and productivity measures.

Automotive manufacturing environment (engineeringnews)


  Astressin-B Reverses Alopecia

Based on existing evidence that chronic stress impairs hair growth and that major components of the CRF system are expressed in the mouse and human skin, Researchers investigated the ability of CRF receptor antagonists to influence hair loss/re-growth in CRF-OE mice. They assessed whether blocking CRF receptors by short-term peripheral treatment with the long acting peptide CRF1/CRF2 receptors antagonist, astressin-B would induce hair re-growth and prevent the development of alopecia in young CRF-OE mice.

Astressin-B Reverses Alopecia (plosone)


  Space freighter heads to station

Johannes Kepler - also known by the generic name of Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) - is the second such craft to be sent to the station by the European Space Agency (Esa). One of its key tasks in the coming months will be to push the station to a higher altitude. The ISS has a tendency to lose height over time as it brushes through the residual atmosphere still present 350km above the Earth.

The Automated Transfer Vehicle (bbc)

  The free-electron laser

“Five hundred [kilovolts] has been the project goal for a long time,” says George Neil, the FEL associate director at Jefferson Labs, whose Rav 4 license plate reads LASRMAN. “The injector area is one of the critical areas” of the whole project. The free-electron laser is one of the Navy’s highest-priority weapons programs, and it’s not hard to see why. “We’re fast approaching the limits of our ability to hit maneuvering pieces of metal in the sky with other maneuvering pieces of metal,” says Rear Adm.

The Navy’s highest-priority weapons (wired)


  A Forecast for Disaster

Weather predictions used to be a frequent punchline but they have improved dramatically in recent years. More often than not you’ll need an umbrella if your local television channel or website of choice tells you to bring one when you leave the house. But we could take a huge step back to the days when your dartboard had a reasonable chance of outpredicting Al Roker if House Republicans have their way with the 2011 federal budget.

How to accurate weather forecasting ? (scienceprogress)

  What is HQME ?

Global leader in flash memory cards SanDisk (SNDK) is partnering with mobile operators Orange, Softbank and Sony Pictures Entertainment to launch the HQME (High Quality Mobile Experience) Steering Committee. The HQME (High Quality Mobile Experience) Steering Committee will drive the development of the HQME standard, coordinating the standards body and spearheading the development of business models that implement the standard.

High Quality Mobile Experience standards  (ceoworld)


  Energy consumption to increase by 44%

The main trend in the global energy industry is power demand growth, as the world energy consumption is projected to increase by 44 percent from 2006 to 2030, (Energy Information Administration, US, 2009). Europe, with its ageing fleet of power plants would require approximately 25GW of additional generation capacity annually up to 2020, according to Frost & Sullivan estimation.

Global trend in energy (engineerlive)


  WebM's value proposition

In its promotion of WebM and VP8, Google has insisted that all the relevant patents were developed by codec company On2, which Google purchased last year. The patents can be licensed from Google without payment of any royalties or any restrictions on usage. Google has been heavily promoting WebM for use with the HTML5 <video> tag.

Promotion of WebM (arstechnica)


  10 Art Pieces from Data

One of my first jobs gave me the task of creating Excel documents that kept a record of all our cheap plastic merchandise as it made its way to box stores around the U.S. It wasn't very demanding. To keep it somewhat interesting, I filled the docs with colored backgrounds and spent a ridiculous amount of time and energy finding the perfect fonts. Here are some of our favorite projects that repackage complex systems into more inviting graphic presentations.

Data/Network as art pieces (extremetech)

  Industry Clusters Evolving Role

As physical location becomes less important in a technologically-advanced, globalized work place, how will industry clusters adapt? What if physical location no longer mattered, or mattered much less, to idea exchange or interaction in the value chain? Would a location near one’s peers still be valuable? Would the concept of an industry cluster retain meaning in a world of virtual, global interaction?

Industry Clusters & Globalisation (areadevelopment)


  DNA Sequencing Costs

The cost-accounting data presented here are summarized relative to two metrics: (1) "Cost per Megabase of DNA Sequence" - the cost of determining one megabase (Mb; a million bases) of DNA sequence of a specified quality; "Cost per Genome" - the cost of sequencing a human-sized genome. For each, a graph is provided showing the data since 2001; in addition, the actual numbers reflected by the graphs are provided in a summary table.

DNA Sequencing Costs (genome)

  Green Economy Report

A Green Economy is characterized by substantially increased investments in economic sectors that build on and enhance the earth’s natural capital or reduce ecological scarcities and environmental risks. These sectors include renewable energy, low-carbon transport, energyefficient buildings, clean technologies, improved waste management, improved freshwater provision, sustainable agriculture and forest management, and sustainable fisheries.

Green Economy Report (unep)


  The man who sold the sky

Leahy -- whose voice can turn to salesman-smooth in an instant -- represents a flavor of raw capitalism that many Europeans are not by instinct happy to embrace. In France, where Airbus is based, Leahy has little to do with the Parisian elite and is in turn largely ignored by them, which may explain why he has yet to receive such common Gallic honors as the Legion d'Honneur. Apart from his lack of French -- the 200 or so days a year he has spent on the road mean he "hasn't had the time" to learn...

Airbus-Leahy-Industry (reuters)


  Shark fishing in Japan

Kesennuma, a fishing town on Japan's north-east Pacific coast, does a lucrative business in the staples of Japanese cuisine: tuna, flounder, octopus, crab, bonito, Pacific saury, seaweed and squid. The movement to turn shark fin soup into a culinary pariah is gathering pace. The British celebrity chef Gordon Ramsay highlighted the cruelty involved in finning – the practice of removing fins and discarding the body – in a recent documentary for Channel 4, while several Chinese restaurants in London have removed the soup from their menus.

Endangered Shark Species (guardian)


  German machine running smoothly

German companies great and small are making the most of globalisation. Their success owes more to judgment than to luck. THE silence is unsettling, as is the sight of half-assembled cars gliding about on robotic transporters that move as if they had minds of their own. The scene of this industrial serenity is Porsche’s assembly line in Leipzig. The airy, almost clinical factory provides a good illustration of how, even as its European neighbours and other rich economies splutter fitfully out of recession, Germany has been zooming along the economic autobahn.

German's economy is booming (economist)

  ECHA Communication: Practical guide

The purpose of this Practical Guide 12 is to explain in simple terms what dossier evaluation is, how the dossiers are processed under dossier evaluation and to highlight the opportunities and obligations that registrants have in making sure that their dossiers are compliant with the REACH Regulation. This guide also explains what kind of different administrative outcomes of dossier evaluation can be expected and how and when the registrants can react to communications received from ECHA.

REACH Regulation in practice (echa.europa)


  Cloud Computing at NIST

The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued two new draft documents on cloud computing for public comment, including the first set of guidelines for managing security and privacy issues in cloud computing. The agency also has set up a new NIST Cloud Computing Collaboration site on the Web to enable two-way communication among the cloud community and NIST cloud research working groups.

New draft documents in Cloud Computing (nist)

  More light with 1 Solar Cell

The most efficient solar cells typically have several layers of semiconductor materials, each tuned to convert different colors of light into electricity. Researchers at Lawrence Berkeley National Lab have now made a single semiconductor that performs almost the same job. More importantly, they made the material using a common manufacturing technique, suggesting it could be made relatively inexpensively.

New generation of photovoltaic cell (technologyreview)

  Demystifying Mentoring

While the concept of mentoring has changed, the need for career counseling has not. In fact, because most careers take numerous twists and turns in today's world, it's required more than ever. Because the world moves fast and people change jobs and careers more often, a long-term advising relationship may be unrealistic and unnecessary. "Mentoring can be a one-hour mentoring session. We don't have to escalate it to a six-month or year-long event".

Mentoring in practice (blogs.hbr)

  EU Economic governance survey

The report presents, under the title "Economic governance in the European Union",firstly, a selection of questions relating to the present financial and economic crisis, governance measures to exit the crisis, measures to improve governance of thefinancial markets and the perceived role of the carious global actors. Then, in a second part, the report focuses on the Europe 2020 strategy, with a view to take up with economic growth on a mid-term perspective.

Economic governance in the EU

  Are we in the Human Age?

DAVOS, Switzerland, Manpower Inc. MAN, world leader in innovative workforce solutions, has warned that companies must tap into employees' full range of talents to succeed in the Human Age. Manpower kicked off the 2011 World Economic Forum Annual Meeting in Davos, Switzerland with a panel discussion with CNBC, "Entering the Human Age — unleashing and leveraging human potential in the new reality.

New workforce solutions approach (money.msn)


  Carbon trading scandal

People thought the carousel fraud on carbon was the tin-pot scheme of small-time crooks, but over the past two years it escalated into an organised crime depriving taxpayers of €5bn in revenue. At one point, fraudsters accounted for up to 90pc of all market activity in some European countries, with more than 100 people arrested mainly from Britain, France, Spain, Denmark and Holland.

The carousel fraud on carbon (telegraph)


  Uranium Report 2011

Our future energy course is being charted today because of the ramifications of peak oil, because cars pollute too much, because of climate change and because we wish to end our dependence on foreign supplied energy. Many countries have energy independence and global warming as two of the key policy issues of their current administrations. For instance US President Obama made a pledge to eliminate oil imports from the Middle East.

The key solution issue (resourceinvestor)

  Java EE Productivity

Last year, we published a report on turnaround time, tools and application containers in the Java ecosystem. Over 1300 Java developers ended up sharing info about their development environment, and over 40,000 people found these results helpful. This year we expanded on that, asking more and better questions to give you better and more accurate information. The survey itself (found here) provided data from over 1000+ Java EE developers and those responses were analyzed to create this report.

The Java ecosystem (zeroturnaround)


  2011 Customer Engagement

The report looks at trends relating to customer behaviour and attitudes, and the tactics and techniques being used by companies to cultivate engagement. Companies continue to use a range of established techniques such as email newsletters, blogging and branded communities or forums. Businesses are now more likely to be using both social media and mobile channels to deepen customer relationships and improve levels of service.

Customer behaviour and attitudes (econsultancy)


  IFPI Digital Music Report 2011

The digital music market is evolving and there is still plenty of room for growth, which is reflected in surveys conducted in 2010 in two of the most advanced digital markets. In the US, only 16.5 per cent of internet users aged 13+ purchased digital music in the third quarter of 2010, according to NPD Group. In the UK, 14 per cent of internet users aged 16-54 frequently purchase music online (Harris Interactive, 2010).

The digital music market (


  IPv6 Day is Coming

In order to help prove that IPv6 is ready to handle a major influx of Internet traffic, the Internet Society is organizing World IPv6 Day, set for June 8, 2011. Major Web properties including Google and Facebook have already committed to the effort, which will see fully IPv6 services run on their main websites for at least a 24 hour period. The World IPv6 Day effort is intended to be a test of the next generation Internet addressing system, but it won't mean that IPv4 will be shut-off either.

IPv6 is ready (enterprisenetworkingplanet)


  Is social mobility good?

Who could argue against lifting people out of poverty, rewarding individuals according to merit, and ensuring equal opportunities for all? Surely, a more socially mobile world is a more just world. To be enlightened is to question and challenge such aristocracies, be they aristocracies of wealth, politics or the church. Social enlightenment brings justice in its wake. But there's a price to pay for social mobility that other ways of looking at ethics highlight.

How To be enlightened nowadays? (bbc)

  D.Börse: Need for speed

Deutsche Börse is preparing to switch its Xetra trading platform to a hi-tech data center in Frankfurt to better accommodate the algorithmic traders who are changing the way shares are bought and sold. Deutsche Börse's move to Equinix's FR2 International Business Exchange (IBX) site will enable banks and trading firms using computer-based systems to install so-called proximity hosting services directly on to the exchange's trading engines.

The Xetra trading platform (dw-world)


  Invisibility cloaks to 4th dimension

The novel design is based on metamaterials which can be engineered to distort light or sound waves. Scientists have already created invisibility cloaks that can bend light around objects, effectively rendering them invisible. The spacetime cloak described in this study does not bend light in space but alters the speed at which it travels through the material so that the light splits in two, opening up a kind of corridor of invisibility.

Invisibility cloaks (cordis.europa)

  US regulation: Cost-benefit analyses

Business concedes that some new rules were long overdue. A law passed last December gives the FDA sweeping new authority to order food recalls, track the supply chain for fresh food and order companies to submit food-safety plans, while authorizing some 1,000 new staff to carry out its orders. Despite its intrusiveness, food manufacturers backed the law in the hope it would restore public trust in the food system, which had been shaken by fatal outbreaks of E. coli and salmonella.
U.S. tough new regulations (asq)

  Avoiding component failure

Critical component failures often make the headlines, whether occurring at sea, underground, in mid-air or in production plants. Faulty pipes, valves, shafts, gears, couplings and other engineered components give rise to safety, environmental, productivity and financial issues, some catastrophic. These failures might result from design, inadequate quality assurance or unforeseen operating conditions, but sometimes they relate just to substandard materials and improper processing treatments.

Quality assurance & Process (engineerlive)


  Solar trade war

Now there's a different foreign presence in Finow. When the first solar modules arrived for installation they came not from a local manufacturer -- German solar company Conergy runs a factory just 45 minutes away in Frankfurt an der Oder, for instance -- but from China's Suntech Power Holdings, now the world's largest maker of photovoltaic (PV) solar modules. "We were quite surprised when the trucks brought Chinese modules, and not German ones," Kobbe says. "But they were probably cheaper."

Solar trade war (reuters)

  Biotech Accountability

Despite fierce opposition from businesses, organizations and consumers supporting organic agriculture, the USDA has determined that they will approve the full deregulation or modified deregulation of genetically engineered (GE) alfalfa, announced on, or shortly after, January 24. the USDA released its environmental impact statement (EIS) of Monsanto’s genetically engineered (GE) Roundup Ready alfalfa.

Organic agriculture (yankton)


  Attack of the drones

British forces are also using smaller drones, such as Lockheed Martin's hand-launched Desert Hawk. The lightweight surveillance aircraft is flown by Royal Artillery controllers to provide army patrols with "over the hill" vision for improved reconaissance. Last summer the Ministry of Defence ordered £3m worth of an enhanced version that will give troops in Afghanistan "greater situational awareness" and upgraded "target acquisition" capabilities.

The lightweight surveillance aircraft (guardian)

  Herbal remedies future regulation

Hundreds of traditional and imported remedies on the shelves of health food shops and herbalists are set to be banned under new licensing rules. The EU directive aims to protect users from any damaging side-effects that can arise from taking unsuitable medicines. Only high quality, long-established and scientifically safe herbal medicines will be sold over the counter.

Herbal remedies future regulation (bbc)

  DOD in genome implication


Rapid advances in DNA sequencing and other technologies are ushering in an era of personal genomics. Soon it will be possible for every individual to have access to the complete DNA sequence of his or her genome for a modest cost. This development, coupled with the improving ability to predict how genetic variation affects susceptibility to disease, response to medical treatment, and other important phenotypes, will have a transformative effect on health care.


Personal genomics & military links (fas)

  Rising to the Challenge

China is now investing in many of the building blocks of innovation-driven economic growth that the United States has all but abandoned over the past several decades. Pick your sector and you’ll find China spends more on a per capita basis, and sometimes in total amounts, on public investments in basic science and education, research and development, or R&D, infrastructure development, and workforce training.

China innovation-driven by economic growth (americanprogress)

  Keys to Nourishing the Hungry

Worldwatch Institute's latest report, "Innovations that Nourish the Planet," spotlights successful agricultural innovations and unearths major successes in preventing food waste, building resilience to climate change, and strengthening farming in cities. The report provides a roadmap for increased agricultural investment and more efficient ways to alleviate global hunger and poverty.

Innovations that Nourish the Planet (eponline)


  Top Risks 2011

We're entering an entirely new world order with new ways for states to relate to one another, both politically and economically. That problem could provoke new areas of conflict, and it will highlight an emerging vacuum of power in international leadership -- and the uncertainty that comes with it. We're calling this new order the G-Zero, because no country or bloc of countries has the political and economic leverage today to drive an international agenda.

New world order & Risks (eurasiagroup)

  Copying biotech medicine

A regulatory system for producing lower-cost generic versions of traditional pills and capsules -- after patents expire -- has been in place for decades, but agreement on a similar pathway for newer biotech drugs has been more difficult. Lobbying is still underway regarding specific rules for the U.S. biosimilar process, but the U.S. healthcare overhaul law passed last year laid out a framework that includes 12 years of exclusivity for branded biotech drugs.

Copying biotech medicine (reuters)

  Dead Heat for Top Spot

During a two-year period, Ford has climbed by 35 percentage points as Toyota has plummeted by 46 points, with total scores of 144 and 147, respectively. A year ago, Toyota retained a substantial lead over Ford and Honda, the No. 2 and No. 3 makes, respectively, in terms of the strongest or most favorable car brand. In 2010, however, Toyota finished only slightly ahead of Ford, which widened its advantage over Honda. Honda has continued to lose ground, sliding 28 points since 2008.

Ford & Toyota competition (qualitydigest)


  Global Software Leaders

This report not only provides a look at the world’s leading software companies, but also offers a snapshot of the present state of the industry. More importantly, it highlights the thoughts and insights of leading executives on where they see the industry going and how best to meet the challenges ahead. We thank those who took the time to share their ideas with us. We believe open dialog benefits the industry as a whole.

The world’s leading software companies (afdel)

  Power without cables

Product-specific wireless charging systems consist of a charger as well as a so-called 'skin' or receiver sold for specific devices. These product-specific devices contrast with aftermarket solutions, which comprise universal chargers and various skins that can be utilised with multiple consumer electronics. Although wireless charging is poised for growth in 2010 and the years to come, it will take several years for manufacturers to fully implement wireless charging in their devices, iSuppli believes.

Wireless charging systems (engineerlive)


  Proteins that sustain life

The team of researchers created genetic sequences never before seen in nature, and the scientists showed that they can produce substances that sustain life in cells almost as readily as proteins produced by nature's own toolkit. The work, represents a significant advance in synthetic biology, an emerging area of research in which scientists work to design and fabricate biological components and systems that do not already exist in the natural world.

Advances in synthetic biology (innovations-report)


  Networks need buffers

Networks need buffers to function well. Think of a network as a road system where everyone drives at the maximum speed. When the road gets full, there are only two choices: crash into other cars, or get off the road and wait until things get better. The former isn't as disastrous on a network as it would be in real life: losing packets in the middle of a communication session isn't a big deal.

Why networks need buffers? (arstechnica)


  The Right to Win

The phrase right to win may strike some observers as arrogant. After all, no company has this kind of assurance handed to it. But that’s precisely the point. The right to win cannot be taken for granted. It must be earned. You earn it by making a series of pragmatic choices that align your most distinctive and important capabilities with the way you approach your chosen customers, and with the discipline to offer only the products and services that fit.

Capabilities-driven strategy (strategy-business)

  The Pluses & Oddities of 3D-TV

As with most technological advances, the hype seems to have taken over the conversation when it comes to 3-D TV technologies. Thus far, consumers aren’t waiting for new and better 3-D sets to come along and instead are going for deals found online and at big retailers like Best Buy and Wal-Mart. But when 3-D TVs do become available in the next few months, should you invest in one? Let’s look at some of the common questions most consumers have when it comes to viewing in three dimensions.

Advanced Technology (nytimes)


  America Competes Act

Technical standards are not the stuff of everyday conversation, but they are crucial to smart development and economic growth. Whether the goal is reducing health care costs, building a clean energy economy, or defending our Nation, standards are essential to ensuring efficiency, economy, and interoperability. And historically, no one has done it better than the United States.

NIST revamping its standards (whitehouse)

  CES 2011 & Arm's Tech.

Few people outside the industry will have heard of Arm Holdings, but the microchip designer – which today employs more than 1,700 people – has seen its share price rocket by more than 170% on the London stockmarket over the last year. Its products are used in more than 95% of mobile phones and its chips are also increasingly found in everyday consumer devices ranging from washing machines to toys.

Arm's growing business (guardian)

  Next Five in Five

IBM have unveiled the fifth annual "Next Five in Five" - a list of innovations that have the potential to change the way people work, live and play over the next five years. The Next Five in Five is based on market and societal trends expected to transform our lives, as well as emerging technologies from IBM’s Labs around the world that can make these innovations possible.

Market and societal trends (itpreport)

  Facts: European chemical industry

Released each year, the Cefic European Facts and Figures document provides the most up-to-date information based on currently available data about the sector, which produce 24 per cent of the world’s chemicals. Facts & Figures provides a clear analysis that gives readers a better economic picture of the European chemical industry. The analysis excludes the pharmaceuticals sector unless specified.

The Cefic European Facts (cefic)

  Making the Smart Grid Smarter

New semiconductor-based devices for managing power on the grid could make the "smart grid" even smarter. They would allow electric vehicles to be charged fast and let utilities incorporate large amounts of solar and wind power without blackouts or power surges. These devices are being developed by a number of groups, including those that recently received funding from the new Advanced Research Projects Agency for Energy (ARPA-E) and the National Science Foundation.

Smart Grid power management (technologyreview)

  NASA's LOLA maps the moon

During the one-year mapping period, the measurement laser was fired from the LRO more than 600,000 times, taking more than 3 billion measurements of the moon's surface. The short pulses from a single laser burst produced a five-beam pattern that achieved the accurate measurements. With each of the five beams, LOLA measures the time of flight, pulse spreading (which measures the surface roughness), and the transmit versus return of energy (denoting the reflective qualities of the location).

NASA's LOLA maps the moon (cnet)

  2011: 11 Outsourcing Resolutions


The end of the year is a time for assessment, and that goes for outsourcing, too. While it's easy to point fingers at IT service providers for problems that have arisen over the past twelve months, customers play a significant role in the success or failure of any outsourcing deal. As the dawn of 2011 approaches, we offer eleven resolutions for the striving outsourcing customer.

The outsourcing deal (cio)


  Efficiency & Environmental impact

If the lifetime of a repaired part can be increased over that of a new part, plant performance and availability can also be improved, leading to significant energy savings and carbon generation. The installation of new plant capacity can take years so there is an enormous pressure on power plants to improve operational output, efficiency and availability.

Plant performance and availability (engineerlive)


  US rare earth metals

At the bottom of the vast site, beneath 6 metres (20ft) of bright emerald-green water, runs a rich seam of ores that are hardly household names but are rapidly emerging as the building blocks of the hi-tech future. The mine is the largest known deposit of rare earth elements outside China. Eight years ago, it was shut down in a tacit admission that the US was ceding the market to China.

Rare earth elements in US (guardian)

  2011 Fertilizer Outlook

The Short-Term Fertilizer Outlook draws on the final versions of two IFA reports presented at the 36th IFA Enlarged Council Meeting held in New Delhi in December 2010: Short-Term Prospects for World Agriculture and Fertilizer Demand 2009/10-2011/12 (A/10/169) and Global Fertilizer Supply and Trade 2010-2011 (A/10/149b).

IFA report (fertilizer)


  Blackawton bees

People think that humans are the smartest of animals,and most people do not think about other animals as being smart, or at least think that they are not as smart as humans. Knowing that other animals are as smart as us means we can appreciate them more, which could also help us to help them. Scientists do experiments on monkeys, because they are similar to man, but bees could actually be close to man too.

Humans might have some link with bees (royalsocietypublishing)


  2011 R&D Funding Forecast

This year’s Forecast includes not only a country-by-country view of investment in R&D and our specific discussion of U.S. R&D funding and performance, but also a breakout of spending by six key, broadly defined industry segments – Life Sciences, Information Technology, Electronics, Aerospace/Defense/Security, Energy, and Advanced Materials.

View of investment in R&D (rdmag)


  New solar fuel machine

The prototype, which was devised by researchers in the US and Switzerland, uses a quartz window and cavity to concentrate sunlight into a cylinder lined with cerium oxide, also known as ceria. Ceria has a natural propensity to exhale oxygen as it heats up and inhale it as it cools down. If as in the prototype, hydrogen and/or water are pumped into the vessel, the ceria will rapidly strip the oxygen from them as it cools, creating hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide.

New solar fuel machine (bbc)

  The American dream overseas

Over the past two decades, thousands of immigrants have been burned by misrepresentations that EB-5 promoters make about the program, both inside and outside the United States. Many have lost not only their money but their chance at winning U.S. citizenship. The number of U.S. businesses seeking immigrant investors through EB-5 has exploded over the past three years.

The misrepresentation of EB-5 visa (reuters)

  Pentagon Wants Terminator Vision

Imagine a suite of cameras that digitally capture a kilometer-wide, 360-degree sphere, representing the image in 3-D (!) onto a wearable eyepiece. The imaging wouldn’t just be limited to what any individual soldier sees. SCENICC envisions a “networked optical sensing capability” that fuses images taken from nodes worn by “collections of soldiers and/or unmanned vehicles.”

Battlefield in 3-D image (wired)


  The next-generation of Airbus A320

U.S. engine maker Pratt and Whitney, which developed the engine has signed a deal that should see the engine enter service in 2016 on the next-generation Airbus A320. The design promises to lower noise pollution and nitrous oxide emissions significantly and reduce fuel consumption by up to 15 percent. The fuel saving should mean that each aircraft will emit 3,600 fewer tons of carbon dioxide annually, says Tom Enders, CEO and president of Airbus.

Airbus' new engine design (technologyreview)

  Google & Java tool solutions

Google is donating the source code for two new open source projects at the Eclipse Foundation. The WindowBuilder Java GUI designer and the CodePro Profiler technologies were both acquired by Google from developer tools vendor Instantiations in August of this year. The new projects will join the annual Eclipse release train in 2011, which is a coordinated release of over 30 Eclipse projects.

Google hands over OS project (developer)


  Tools to monitor lightning

"Lightning is a very good proxy for severe weather. In fact, it is a lead indicator - you often get lightning just before you get heavy rain, hail and even big gusts of wind," explained Dr Jochen Grandell from the European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (Eumetsat). The addition of systems that sit and stare at the Earth from 36,000km should deliver a wealth of new data to improve warnings about imminent storms.

How to monitor lightning? (bbc)

  Metal dental fillings

U.S. health regulators are seeking a second opinion on whether mercury-containing dental fillings pose a risk to dental patients, especially children and pregnant women. The FDA in July 2009 declared the fillings, known as dental amalgam, posed no risk. A year earlier, it had cautioned against their use in certain more vulnerable people such as pregnant women and children, noting mercury's risks.

Risk to dental patients (reuters)


  Russia-EU relations

By mutual needs, relations between Russia and the EU have been visibly improved this year after hitting their lowest point in 2008 when the two argued over the conflict between Russia and Georgia. However, inveterate mistrust and divergence left over by history still shadow the road of Russia-EU cooperation and linger in their bilateral ties. As two big powers on the world stage, their relations are hardly serious setbacks nor quick boosts.

Russia & EU ties (english.people)

  Swiss economy & competitive advantage

Swiss exporters still face problems associated with the strengthening franc and a weakening of their most important market – the European Union. But a steady diversification of exports away from the EU towards emerging economies is one of the key reasons Switzerland is enjoying comparatively strong economic growth and low unemployment rates.

Swiss economy & Emerging markets (swissinfo)


  When internet came to power

The assault on the royal car carrying Prince Charles and the Duchess of Cornwall last week showed that the old politics is alive and kicking – and daubing paint and smashing windows – as ever. But, threatening though it was, there was something faintly anachronistic about the preposterous cries of "off with their heads". The assault on corporate websites – in retaliation for the global establishment's attempts to shut down WikiLeaks – was, by contrast, singularly modern.

When internet came to power (


  Who Tweets?

Eight percent of the American adults who use the internet are Twitter users. It is an online activity that is particularly popular with young adults, minorities, and those who live in cities. This is the first-ever survey reading from the Pew Research Center's Internet & American Life Project that exclusively examines Twitter users. In previous surveys, the Pew Internet Project had asked internet users whether they "used Twitter or another service to share updates about yourself or to see updates about others?"

The internet Twitter users (pewresearch)


  We Need a Research Data Census

The Census is particularly valuable as a planning tool in the building of physical infrastructure, as the distribution and characteristics of the population drive the development of hospitals, public works projects, and other essential facilities and services. Given the role and importance of the Census in the physical world, it is useful to ask what provides an analogous evidence-based and publicly available snapshot of the "inhabitants" of the Digital World—our digital data.

Building physical infrastructure (cacm.acm)


  The Colossus of Wall Street

As Bear Stearns fell apart in March 2008, JPMorgan Chase CEO Jamie Dimon had a BlackRock team of 50 analysts work through the weekend to evaluate Bear Stearns' most illiquid assets. At the end of the weekend, Geithner called Fink to ask him to manage $30 billion in bad mortgage debt that had been carved out from Bear Stearns' books before its healthier parts were sold to JPMorgan.

The machinery of Wall street (businessweek)


  The Chinese consumer awakens

Spending might be sturdy in China, but investment has been off the charts. As a result, consumption was just 35.6 percent of Gross Domestic Product in 2009, from 46.1 percent a decade earlier - and that was helped by a massive government stimulus to counter the global financial crisis. The task for China's policymakers is to lift that proportion by boosting wages, speeding up urbanization and building a social safety net.

Chinese consumption forcasts (reuters)

  Top papers to charge online

The New York Times has spent the past year studying its proposed new metered model, finding ideas from telecom and cable companies, and even WeightWatchers, which charges users for in-depth diet tips. The U.S. and UK newspaper industries suffered an unprecedented decline in advertising spending that pushed papers into bankruptcy and resulted in thousands of job losses.

Papers Test Revenue Models (reuters)

  For safer use of chemicals

REACH seeks to close the knowledge gap that previously existed concerning the risks associated with particular chemicals and to encourage the progressive replacement of dangerous chemicals with safer ones by means of its authorisation system. REACH places greater responsibility on industry to manage the risk of chemicals and provide appropriate safety information to professional users and to consumers.

REACH: Frequently asked questions (europa)


  The crisis in the euro area

The euro may have abolished market-based nominal exchange rates but it has led to marked divergences in real exchange rates. Consumer prices in peripheral countries have risen at a faster rate than in Germany since the start of the euro in 1999. So have wages, making it hard for firms in those countries to compete with Germany in foreign markets and with low-cost imports from Asia in their home markets.

The costly legal battles (economist)

  Offshore Outsourcing

For nearly a decade, China has been touted as the biggest threat India's supremacy in offshore outsourcing, and its central government has been funneling money into developing the country's growing IT outsourcing (ITO) industry. But beyond the obvious similarities (they're both big—really, really big—and cheap in comparison to their Western counterparts), there remain major differences in the two mega-markets for offshore IT services, from language and management skills to industry focus to supplier and customer bases.

24 Ways to Compare India vs. China (cio)


  Build machines that learn

Researchers have suspected for decades that real artificial intelligence can't be done on traditional hardware, with its rigid adherence to Boolean logic and vast separation between memory and processing. But that knowledge was of little use until about two years ago, when HP built a new class of electronic device called a memristor. Before the memristor, it would have been impossible to create something with the form factor of a brain, the low power requirements, and the instantaneous internal communications.

Real artificial intelligence   (


  Ten questions science must answer

Over the last 350 years our lives have been changed beyond recognition by the application of science. In 1660, vast areas were terra incognita; today, rapid communication and travel makes the world seem connected, even constricted. Some of the changes have been less benign: this is the first century when one species – ours – risks irreversibly degrading the entire planet's environment.

The responses of science (guardian)


  Bacterium: Arsenic Instead of Phosphorus

Life is mostly composed of the elements carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, sulfur, and phosphorus. Although these six elements make up nucleic acids, proteins, and lipids and thus the bulk of living matter, it is theoretically possible that some other elements in the periodic table could serve the same functions. Exchange of one of the major bioelements may have profound evolutionary and geochemical significance.

new avenue of bacterial metabolism (sciencemag)


  The World Is Growing Older

More than pension schemes and care, Media reports on the world's aging population tend to focus on pensions and care for the elderly. But other changes could be just as important. What will happen to family life, for example? And what will the relationship between the generations be like when so many of us live longer and have fewer children?

The world's aging population (medicalnewstoday)

  Processors with 1,000 cores

Intel remains adamant that the future progress of microprocessors will depend on packing ever more cores onto a chip. As more cores are added, however, Intel designers must confront the problem of scalability. Initial multicore chip architectures depended on a set of protocols that assures that each core has the same view of the system's memory, a technique called cache coherency.

Future progress of microprocessors (itworldcanada)


  ‘Smart Regulation’ is en vogue


How the smart regulation initiative would be better implemented if it was to bring concrete results. Cefic's legal department has drafted a Manifesto on smarter regulation, as a response to the amount of legislation in the environmental and more specifically the chemicals sector. 

Cefic's Manifesto Draft (cefic)


  Randomness fuels innovation

Cities are incredible engines of innovation. It's easier to stumble across people who have very different experiences, professions or subcultures that are outside the mainstream, and it's in the interaction between those different frameworks that people end up having interesting ideas.

The collision of hunches

  Will FDA recognize ISO 13485 ?

FDA recently opened the door to recognizing, or at least taking into account, ISO 13485 registration in a draft guidance document the agency issued for comments. While you shouldn’t rule out visits from FDA inspectors any time soon, the proposed program of voluntary audit report submissions could lower your inspection frequency.

Recognizing ISO 13485 (lne-america)


  Russia linked to French Riviera

Every Sunday evening, amid an array of local trains to Cannes and Monte Carlo, a remarkably different destination pops up on the departures board of Nice-Ville railway station. Train 17 to Moscow chugs out of the station shortly after nightfall and deposits passengers in the Russian capital, after an epic journey across Europe, just before midnight on Tuesday.

Journey across Europe (independent)


  Can Airports Be Green ?

The International Air Transport Association (IATA) presents some encouraging statistics. According to the organisation, airlines have improved fuel efficiency and CO2 performance by 14% over the last ten years. IATA director general has set ambitious environmental aims for the industry, including carbon neutral growth, an 80% reduction in nitrogen oxide levels around airports by 2020.

Ambitious environmental aims (airport-technology)

  Space - the EU frontier ?


INTERCEPTING ASTEROIDS, charting the evolution of stars, circling Mars to map organic molecules and even landing on the red planet to collect and analyse materials. These are all on the European Space Agency (ESA)’s to-do list over coming years. At a time when the economy on planet Earth isn’t quite as flush as it used to be, is now really the time to be spending on space ventures that push back the frontiers?

ESA Space ventures (irishtimes)


  IBM to run quake simulations

The rush to build more powerful supercomputers is part of a larger race to solve some of mankind's biggest problems and threats, and one person on the front line of that effort is Thomas Jordan, the director of the Southern California Earthquake Center. Until this week Jaguar had been the world's fastest supercomputer, at 1.75 petaflops.

A planned 10-petaflop system (IBM)


  How to reverse Japan's decline

Back in the 1980s, Japan was an economic powerhouse and the envy of the world. But there appears to be no end in sight to its current decline, as jobs are lost, pensions cut and companies move overseas. The country's much-vaunted social cohesion is also disintegrating as people find themselves forced to rely on their own resources.

Can Japan Reverse Its Long Decline? (spiegel)

  Screening: X-Ray imaging scanners

The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) has been taking a beating lately over its new, full-body X-Ray imaging scanners that show people naked. People are concerned about both the humiliation of the procedure and the extra doses of X-rays they get from these scanners, but travelers who refuse to be scanned must submit to a TSA "enhanced pat-down," which now involves a newer, more aggressive policy.

Questionable TSA Activities (prwatch)

  Outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis

A group that protects the welfare of animals has released an undercover video it claims shows animal abuse at a Texas farm operated by the largest egg producer in the United States. The Humane Society of the United States says one of its investigators worked at the Cal-Maine farm in Waelder, TX, for almost a month this fall and documented multiple abuses and food-safety violations.

Salmonella enteritidis infection (asq)

  Organs Made from Scratch

Growing living tissue and organs in the lab would be a life-saving trick. But replicating the complexity of an organ, by growing different types of cells in precisely the right arrangement—muscle held together with connective tissue and threaded with blood vessels, for example—is currently impossible. Researchers at MIT have taken a step toward this goal by coming up with a way to make "building blocks" containing different kinds of tissue that can be put together.

Turning cells into different tissue (technologyreview)

  Weather satellite work begins


Six satellites will be built to give forecasters up-to-the-minute data on developing weather systems. The R&D phase of the programme was approved by governments in 2008, but political wrangling delayed its start. Thales Alenia Space (France) and OHB System (Germany) have now been told they can proceed with the work.

An industrial consortium to begin (bbc)


  Radioisotope thermal rocket

Rocket-propelled vehicles capable of travelling a kilometre or more in a ballistic ‘hop’ with propellants acquired from the Martian atmosphere offer the potential for increased mobility and planetary science return compared with conventional rovers. In concept, a radioisotope heat source heats a core or ‘thermal capacitor’, which in turn heats propellant exhausted through a rocket nozzle to provide thrust.

Thermofluid design (royalsocietypublishing)

  EU consumers & food-related risks

Those who are concerned about possible food-related risks tend to worry more about chemical contamination of food rather than bacterial contamination or health and nutrition issues. The poll also showed most Europeans have confidence in national and European food safety agencies as information sources on possible risks associated with food.

European food safety & Quality (efsa)  


  Towards autonomous defence systems

High-profile armed systems such as Taranis (UAV from BAE Systems) have the true nature of their autonomy kept secret, but other projects hint at what might be in store. At the Robotics Institute of Carnegie Mellon University in Pennsylvania, researchers are using Pentagon funding to develop a six-wheeled tank that can find its own way across a battlefield.

BAE Systems & UAV prototype (guardian)


  Side effects of Isotretinoin

Isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid) has been used since the 1980s to treat severe recalcitrant nodular acne with good effect, but case reports and spontaneous reporting of adverse drug reactions have suggested an association between isotretinoin, depression, and suicidal behaviour. Some authors have observed that isotretinoin actually leads to an improvement in anxiety and depression because of the clearing of disfiguring acne.

Nodular acne & medication (bmj)

  Custom Google Maps Markers


Location-based services have become an indispensable part of the Web in recent years. Google Maps is the overwhelming market leader not only in terms of providing search services through its namesake website, but also due to the powerful Google Maps API, which has been integrated into tens of thousands of third-party websites around the globe.

The powerful Google Maps API (developer)

  Chasing Pirates: Inside Microsoft

The arrival of organized criminal syndicates to the software piracy scene has escalated worries at companies like Microsoft, Symantec and Adobe. Groups in China, South America and Eastern Europe appear to have supply chains and sales networks rivaling those of legitimate businesses, says David Finn, Microsoft’s anti-piracy chief.

Inside the software piracy (registration/nytimes)

  Nanoparticle measurement

Tougher environmental legislation is driving the emissions monitoring market, from acquisitions and distribution deals to new technologies. Rising fuel costs for thermal systems highlight more and more the need for efficiency monitoring using emission measurements. A practical, easy-to-use emission analyser for a variety of applications is therefore ideal.

Nanoparticle measurement (engineerlive)


  Relevant information on crop interception

The purpose of the assignment was to provide scientific information to be used for the revision of the Guidance Document on Persistence in Soil and for other upcoming opinions and guidance on exposure assessment of pesticides in the environment. The objective was to undertake a data-collection on crop interception of plant protection products when applied and to collect the data in an electronic data-base.

Exposure assessment on pesticides  (efsa.europa)

  Before Pythagoras, Babylonian Mathematics

The cuneiform tablets illustrate three major themes: arithmetic exploiting a notation of numbers based entirely on two basic symbols; the scribal schools of Nippur; and advanced training. Many of the latter problems were much more difficult than any that they would have to deal with in professional scribal careers.

Babylonian tablets delivre their secrets (nyu)

  EU Civil Justice Survey

DG Justice has commissioned this Eurobarometer survey to gain insight into personal experience, knowledge and attitudes of Europeans about crossborder civil justice cases within the European Union. This survey was carried out between 9 June and 30 June 2010. It is follow-up to the first survey carried out between 9 November and 14 December 2007, which was published in April 2008.

Eurobarometer survey   (ec.europa)

  The Berlin housing myth

Berlin may be the housing heaven that Young Urban Creative Internationals (YUCIs) envy the world over. But as prices are climbing and poor residents are being squeezed out of the centre, more and more Berliners are trying to beat the speculators with alternative housing projects.

Alternative housing projects   (exberliner)

  Gravity shows its helpful side

David Toms, a theoretical physicist at Newcastle University, UK, has found that gravity seems to calm the electromagnetic force at high energies. The finding could make some calculations easier, and is a rare case in which gravity seems to work in harmony with quantum mechanics, the theory of small particles. His paper is published today in Nature1.

Electromagnetic force at high energies  (physorg)

  Competing with China on solarTech

When Greentech Media, a Cambridge-based research firm focused on renewable energy, issued a report last month looking at the world’s 15 most successful producers of solar panels, it found that eight were based in China (including numbers two, three, and four on the list). The bulk of China’s growth happened in 2008 and 2009, said Shyam Mehta, who wrote the report.

Renewable energy competition  (boston)


  Peel me an e-book

The fundamental elements of e-ink and OLED displays are small enough that they won't break if laid down on flexible backing. The problem, according to Janglin Chen of Taiwanese government-funded research lab ITRI, is the backing itself. The substrate the components are mounted onto has to have certain physical properties, especially during the manufacturing process.

The e-ink and OLED  (news.cnet)

  EU copyright overhaul

Private copy levies are not applied in the UK, but in several other European countries they add varying amounts to the costs of memory sticks, optical drives, MP3 players and recordable media. The harmonisation of such levies across Europe could mean the cost of such items goes up in the UK.

Harmonizing European Copyright Law  (zdnet)


  Self-Cleaning Solar Panel

Generally, the smooth silicon surfaces used in solar cells reflect a lot of the light that hits them, lowering their efficiency. The shaped surfaces, though, barely reflect any light at all. According to the researchers' paper, High-throughput fabrication of low-cost self-cleaning surfaces, which suppress the reflection of light over a wide spectral range, is expected to have applications ranging in chemical analysis of drugs or biomolecules to photovoltaics.

Solar Panel Efficiency  (onlinelibrary.wiley)

  Launch of ISO 26000 guidance

The publication of ISO 26000 is eagerly awaited by organizations worldwide, whether they are business enterprises, or public sector organizations. Operating in a socially responsible manner is no longer an option. It is becoming a requirement of society worldwide. What makes ISO 26000 exceptional among the many already existing social responsibility initiatives is that it distils a truly international consensus on social responsibility.

ISO 26000: Guidance on social responsibility  (iso)

  GE Buying EVs

It makes sense that a company called General Electric would be bullish on cars with cords. But even by that standard the company is diving into the deep end, with what it says will be the biggest order ever placed for electric vehicles. First and foremost, General Electric builds the equipment that provides one-third of the world’s electricity, so of course it will do everything possible to promote the technology.

General Electric eyeing on Evs  (wired)

  Is team science productive ?

To find a way to measure the productivity of collaborations in a young, emerging institute ? While metrics exist to measure the contributions of individual scientists, judging the effectiveness of team science has been more challenging. Reasoning that team science produces papers and grants, first author postdoctoral fellow Michael Hughes, PhD, (now at Yale University) and colleagues measured these endpoints and analyzed them over time using network analysis.

The Metric in scientific productivity  (scienceblog.)

  R&D & the economic crisis

Top EU firms cut investment less than US rivals, but Europe still well behind. The European Commission's 2010 "EU Industrial R&D Investment Scoreboard" shows that R&D investment by top EU companies fell by 2.6% in 2009, even though sales and profits fell much more, by 10.1% and 21.0% respectively.

R&D & the economic crisis  (europa)


  How Vodafone increased its BI value

The very well-equipped and expensive Vodafone Teradata system and other supplier relationships were reviewed to extract double the number of answers for the same money. BI had to bridge the language gap by translating information the businesses valued into terms the technologists could relate to.

BI value & Data quality  (computerweekly)


  Smart Grid Technologies

The Department of Energy (“DOE”) released a report entitled “Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to Smart Grid Technologies.” The idea behind the Smart Grid is that electricity can be delivered more efficiently using data collected through monitoring consumers’ energy use.

Security in Smart Grid Technologies  (

  Dream recording device 'possible'

For centuries, people have been fascinated by dreams and what they might mean. In Ancient Egypt they were thought to be messages from God. More recently, dream analysis has been used by psychologists as a tool to understand the unconscious mind. But the only way to interpret dreams is to ask people about the subject of their dreams after they had woken up.

Dream recording device 'possible'     (bbc)


  Petrofac's road to Damascus

With major projects under way around the world, including in his native Syria, the chief executive of the FTSE darling believes the sun has long to shine on the oil industry. Syria has something of a Cinderella image when it comes to the oil giants of the Middle East. With Iraq on its doorstep and huge opportunties to piggyback on that country’s post-Saddam oil boom, Mr Asfari, a Syrian by birth, knows that could be about to change.

Huge opportunties for Petrofac  (telegraph)


  Brains for hire: the thinktank

In western Europe, there are huge research agencies funded by public money, but again they are monolithic and don't innovate. Britain have political entrepreneurship. They have tanks of people, all thinking; they need no mandate. They just think. And then their thoughts become public policy.

Britain's thinktank industry  (guardian)

  Life aboard ISS


It's 10 years since the first crew entered the International Space Station 220 miles above the Earth. With more than a decade of construction now coming to an end (next week's shuttle mission leaves only two more before the fleet is mothballed), astronauts can finally look forward to stretching out and using the space station to the full.


Life aboard ISS  (guardian )


  Quality of inexpensive tests

Disposable diagnostic tests currently under development could offer medical workers and patients in rural areas more detailed health information, such as viral counts in the blood of HIV patients, without the need for expensive equipment such as cameras, computers, or even cell phones. Researchers at two startup companies and the University of Illinois are building all the capabilities of expensive lab-bench tests onto a piece of paper, without adding significant weight or other cost to the tests.

Diagnostic tests development   (technologyreview)

  State of the Internet 2010

Today approximately 1.8 billion people use the Internet to do everything from conduct business,communicate with friends and family, keep up with current events or simply entertain themselves playing games or watching videos. Each individual and each Internet-connected device presents a certain footprint that is exposed and often manipulated for criminal or political gain.

Internet in 2010  (ca)

  Report on French Research Agency

The role of the Agency is to bring more flexibility to the French research system, foster new dynamics and devise cutting-edge strategies for acquiring new knowledge. By identifying priority areas and fostering public-private collaborations, the ANR also aims at enhancing the general level of competitiveness of both the French research system and the French economy.

French research system   (agence-nationale-recherche)


  Osteoporosis : Improving post-fracture

This study reviewed randomised controlled trials (RCT) involving fully qualified healthcare professionals caring for patients with a fragility fracture in all healthcare settings. Any intervention designed to modify the behaviour of healthcare professionals or implement a service delivery change was considered.

How to improve post-fracture ?  (implementationscience)

  W3C : Mobile Best Practices

The Mobile Web Best Practices Working Group has published a Proposed Recommendation of Mobile Web Application Best Practices. The goal of this document is to aid the development of rich and dynamic mobile Web applications. It collects the most relevant engineering practices, promoting those that enable a better user experience and warning against those that are considered harmful.

Mobile Best Practices   (w3)

  Supply of Medical Radioisotopes

At the request of its member countries, the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) has become involved in global efforts to ensure a reliable supply of Molybdenum-99 (99Mo) and its decay product, Technetium-99m (99mTc), the most widely used medical radioisotope. The collective efforts of HLG-MR members and nuclear medicine stakeholders have allowed for a comprehensive assessment of the key areas of vulnerability in the supply chain.

Medical Radioisotopes & Reliable supply  (nea)

  Weighing a wider wealth gap

The fact that economists are even examining the link between inequality and financial crises shows just how much the thinking has changed in the wake of the Great Recession. Paul Krugman, the Nobel prize-winning economist, said that before 2008, when he spoke of inequality approaching levels last seen before the Great Depression, it would inevitably lead to questions about whether another crisis was looming.

The wealth gap  (reuters)

  World of work outlook

The number of people that have been unemployed for more than one year has increased in nearly all of the countries for which information is available – in some cases significantly. Over the medium term, in advanced economies job growth is expected to remain stagnant through 2010 and a return to pre-crisis levels is not foreseeable before 2015.

Outlook of the Labour Market   (ilo)


  IPCC aims for clarity

Leaders of the IPCC's scientific assessment were speaking to BBC News during a conference in South Korea aimed at modernising the organisation. They indicated that procedures used in compiling AR5 will reflect some criticisms made in the wake of errors uncovered in its previous assessment, in 2007.

IPCC: Modernising the organisation   (bbc)

  Measuring Competitiveness Report

This year’s Global Competitiveness Report is being published amid uncertainty in the global economy and a continuing shift in the balance of economic activity away from advanced economies and toward developing ones. Despite significant government stimulus spending aimed at dampening the recession, growth in advanced economies remains sluggish as they are mired in persistent unemployment and weak demand.

2010-2011 Global Competitiveness   (scribd)

  Inter. Aviation & Climate Change

As the world has become increasingly concerned with global climate change, ICAO has taken the lead in addressing international aviation’s contribution, which is estimated by the IPCC to be less than 2% of global human-made CO2 emissions. As this outlook discusses, projections of global aviation fuel consumption and efficiency through the year 2050 reveal that on a per flight basis, fuel efficiency is expected to improve over the period.

ICAO 2010 Environmental Report  (icao)

  Central Asian Research Network

Launched in January 2009, the Central Asian Research and Education Network (CAREN) is a high-capacity regional research and education network which will provide high speed internet for universities and research centers. CAREN will help decreasing the digital divide and will directly contribute to the development of the education and research sector in the region.

CAREN & The Silk Road  (cordis.europa)

  Rinderpest virus wiped out

If confirmed, rinderpest would become only the second viral disease - after smallpox - to have been eliminated by humans.The FAO said it was "confident" the virus has been eradicated from those parts of the world where it is prevalent.The eradication of the virus has been described as the biggest achievement in veterinary history.

Rinderpest have been eliminated  (bbc)

  Botox maker

Botox manufacturer Allergan has seen cosmetic use of the toxin shrug off the recession but now its potential for therapeutic treatments such MS has made the firm 'ecstatic'. It is all its other less sexy applications for Botox – 20 of them in total, including the recently approved application as a preventative medicine for chronic migraine – that opens up another potential goldmine.

Botox Effect  (guardian)


  Kyoto & 2020 targets in EU

This report presents an overview of the progress achieved so far by the EU, its Member States and other EEA member countries towards their respective targets under the Kyoto Protocol and the EU burden-sharing agreement. The assessment is based on greenhouse gas (GHG) emission data in Europe for 2008, the first year of the Kyoto Protocol's first commitment period which runs from 2008 to 2012.

Tracking progress towards Kyoto  (eea.europa)


  Botnet & malicious commands

Bots in early 2000 were aimed at remote control and information theft, but the move towards modularisation and open-sourcing began the huge increase in variants and the expansion of functionality. Malware authors gradually introduced encryption for ransomware, HTTP and Socks proxies allowing them to use their victims for onward connection or FTP servers for storing illegal content.

Know your Enemy & Tracking Botnets  (zdnet)


  Brazil: microchips for forest management

It could be just another of the thousands of trees felled each year in Brazil's portion of the world's largest forest except for one detail: a microchip attached to its base holding data about its location, size and who cut it down. The chips allow land owners using sustainable forestry practices to distinguish their wood from that acquired through illegal logging that each year destroys swathes of the forest.

New Tech and environment  (reuters)

  What were driving at


Engineers at Google have tested a self-driving car on the streets of California, the company has announced. Mr Thrun - professor of computer science and electrical engineering at Stanford University - insisted that safety was the "first priority" in the project. While this project is very much in the experimental stage, it provides a glimpse of what transportation might look like in the future thanks to advanced computer science.


Google's self-driving car  (googleblog.blogspot)


  10 great free desktop tool

Most everyone who's had some experience with free open source software has learned about the suite of productivity programs: a word processor, spreadsheet, presentation, database, and drawing tool that provide a good deal of the functionality of their commercial counterparts. But apart from, what else is there?.

Free open source software   (infoworld)


  Business link to ecosystem services

in the past 50 years, human activity has altered ecosystems faster and more extensively than ever before. This is unfortunate, as the degradation of ecosystems and the services they provide destroys business value and limits future growth opportunities. Biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation come at a price, which has been estimated to be between Euro 1.35 trillion and Euro 3.10 trillion each and every year.

Ecosystems & Business    (wbcsd)


  FAA Warning over Li. battery shipments

The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) said the batteries, widely used in consumer products, could ignite in a fire, overwhelming suppression systems. The FAA said a US cargo flight that crashed last month near Dubai carried a shipment of lithium batteries. The warning did not apply to batteries carried by passengers, the FAA said.

FAA Warning   (faa)


  Galileo project

As the US prepares to launch its third-generation global positioning system (GPS) and Russia and China push ahead with their own competing systems, the European Union continues to face delays and soaring costs with its prestige project. The EU now calculates that the Galileo project will be completed by 2018 – nearly a decade later than initially planned – and will cost taxpayers an additional 1.5 to 1.7 billion euros.

Galileo project   (dw-world)

  Energy-efficiency & cloud computing

Conventionally, data storage and data processing are done at the user's own computer, using that computer's storage system and processor. An alternative to this method is cloud computing, which is Internet-based computing that enables users at home or office computers to transfer data to a remote data center for storage and processing.

Cloud computing alternative   (physorg)

  Turning Europe into Innovation Union

There is no one single definition. But innovation as described in the Innovation Union plan broadly means change that speeds up and improves the way we conceive, develop, produce and access new products, industrial processes and services. Changes that create more jobs, improve people's lives and build greener and better societies.

Changes that speed innovation  (europa)


  Infected computers should be quarantined

Millions of computers around the world running versions of Microsoft's Windows operating system are infected by viruses without their user's knowledge and used to generate billions of spam emails and attacks against websites, such as that used against a British law company earlier this month. The new proposal, Microsoft claimed, is built on the lessons of public health.

Microsoft's new proposal  (guardian)


  Wind farms trouble

Wind farms, especially big ones, generate turbulence that can significantly alter air temperatures near the ground, say researchers. As turbines often stand on agricultural land, these changes could in turn affect crop productivity.

Wind farms generate turbulence   (bbc)

  Bios: Final step

Bios' replacement, known as UEFI, will predominate in new PCs by 2011. The upgrade will spell the end for the 25-year-old PC start-up software known as Bios that initialises a machine so its operating system can get going. The code was not intended to live nearly this long, and adapting it to modern PCs is one reason they take as long as they do to warm up.

Bios' replacement   (bbc)

  The Carbon Age

An important tension is unfolding between two types of carbon--atmospheric carbon in the form of carbon dioxide emissions, and elemental carbon as a building block for a new generation of devices designed to manage and abate those same pollutants. Our way of life has become dependent on energy generated by the process of extracting carbon from the earth in the form of fossil fuels and then burning it to form carbon dioxide.

The Carbon Age  (cnet)

  Back Biodiversity 100

In less than a month, unless we can rouse sufficient public indignation to avert it, a widespread suspicion that humanity is incapable of looking after this planet will be confirmed. The world's governments will meet at Nagoya in Japan to discuss the catastrophic decline of life on the planet. The outcome is expected to be as tragic and as impotent as the collapse of last year's climate talks in Copenhagen.

Climat talks  (guardian)


  Solar cells

Photovoltaic cells work by absorbing photons and using that energy to shift electrons to the conduction band, which creates an electron-hole pair called an exciton. The key to improving photovoltaic economics is more efficiently utilizing the energy that the cells receive, as recently demonstrated by solar cells that utilize a combination of light and heat.

Energy & Efficiency  (arstechnica)


  BlackBerry Development

A variety of money-making opportunities should be arriving from RIM in the near future. One item that RIM announced last year is the creation of an advertising services platform. It has finally arrived, and you should need only three lines of code to insert simple or rich media ads into Java-based or Web-based apps.


BlackBerry Development  (developer)


  Lighting Revolution

Light-emitting diodes, or LEDs, have become popular with backpackers and cyclists who mount them on headbands for a reliable, hands-free source of illumination. Now, a new lab at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is helping to bring these tiny but brilliant devices into your home, to help save both energy costs and the environment.

A vision of illumination’s future  (nist)

  The European Chemical Industry

The €449 billion EU chemical industry is still in a strong position, but has lost its top ranking in terms of sales to Asia, mainly due to the rise of China. Taken together, the European Union, Asia and North American Free Trade Area, account for 89.7 per cent of world turnover. Developments during the previous 10 years from 1999 to 2009 indicate that the European Union was the clear leader in terms of world chemicals sales, but the region has gradually lost ground to Asia (excluding Japan).

Report on EU Chemical Industry   (cefic)

  BMW's Tiny Little Electric Car

The company spent years developing hydrogen-combustion technology, using hard-to-handle liquid hydrogen, which needs to be cooled to minus 253 degrees Celsius, just 20 degrees above absolute zero, to become a fluid. BMW showcased the technology in 2007 by outfitting 100 of its 7-Series sedans with bulky hydrogen tanks; the fuel, however, boiled away despite insulation equivalent to 17 meters (55 feet) of Styrofoam.

BMW's hydrogen-combustion technology   (businessweek)

  US: Accountable Science

For more than 10 years, peer reviewers of NSF proposals have been asked to consider both whether the proposed activity constitutes good science and whether it would have an impact (presumably positive) on the larger society outside of science, as well as within the scientific community. NSF instituted its more streamlined approach to merit review (prior to FY 1998, there were four criteria) in an effort both to simplify the process.

US: Accountable Science  (scienceprogress)

  China: to reverse 'Brain Drain'

Thousands of Chinese go abroad every year to study science, engineering and other fields and many never return home _ not because they want to emigrate but because their still-developing economy lacks jobs to match their advanced skills. Of the 1.4 million Chinese students who received student visas to go abroad since 1979, only 390,000 have returned _ just over a quarter, according to China's statistics bureau.

Chinese Students 'Brain Drain'  (economictimes.indiatimes)


  Most unusual telescopes

Floating just over one kilometre below the surface of the world's deepest lake - Baikal in central Russia - the NT-200 telescope points not at the sky but towards the centre of the Earth. The telescope was built to capture an elusive fundamental particle called the neutrino, in a bid to unravel the secrets of how the Universe formed.

The NT-200 telescope  (bbc)

  Interna. scrutiny on offshore drilling

Draft proposed by Germany and seen by the Guardian specifically recommended an international review and talked about a "moratorium on certain new oil exploration activities in deep waters". The original documents made clear that Germany's worries lay beyond just BP's Deepwater Explorer accident and it made specific reference to North Sea incidents.

Offshore drilling regulation  (guardian)


  Quality of Life Index

The UK came 9th out of the 10 European countries in the Index, thanks to high living costs, below average government spending on health and education, short holidays and late retirement. The Index shows that people in France enjoy the highest quality of life, closely followed by Spain.

Quality of Life Index  (uswitch)


  London to Frankfurt by train

A spokesman for Deutsche Bahn said: "DB is committed to introducing high speed passenger rail services between London and Germany, enhancing connectivity between these two countries. Services are expected to start at the end of 2013. DB is considering a route that would start in Frankfurt – the heart of Germany's finance industry – with possible stops at Cologne and Brussels en route to London.

The London & Frankfurt Speed passenger rail    (guardian)

  Travel Smarter, Live Better

From 16 to 22 September 2010, hundreds of European towns and cities will participate in the ninth edition of European Mobility Week and invite their citizens to a wide range of activities promoting sustainable mobility. The 2010 campaign theme – “Travel Smarter, Live Better” – was selected as the focal theme for European Mobility Week 2010 in recognition of the detrimental effects that current urban transportation trends have on health.

European Mobility   (mobilityweek)


  Siluria Tech startup

Converting methane directly to valuable chemicals and liquid fuels is an industrial challenge that has defied the best minds in chemistry. Now catalyst developer Siluria Technologies claims to have solved the problem. Siluria's solution is a catalyst that efficiently turns methane into ethylene, the feedstock underpinning more than two-thirds of global chemical production.

Liquid fuels development  (technologyreview)

  The Ecology of Intern. Security

How much security does more than $1 trillion buy? It may buy very little or even make matters worse. According to the U.S. Congressional Research Service, the United States has spent to date this amount of money on the War on Terror, especially about $784 billion on the Iraq war and $321 billion on the military operations in Afghanistan.

Ecology vs Security  (fas)

  Public Company & Risk Management

"The financial crisis underscored the importance of risk management in the pursuit of a business strategy," says Matteo Tonello, director of corporate governance research at The Conference Board and founder of the Director Notes series. "Today, as companies recover from that turmoil, many corporate directors wonder if they and their boards are doing all they should to fulfill their fiduciary duty with respect to risk oversight."

Business strategy  (prnewswire)


  Berners-Lee Grid Net's vision

Berners-Lee suggested that concerns over privacy and the sharing of personal data will mean that businesses will have to improve their ability to segment the use of user-specific data such as addresses and where people are using their phones.On net neutrality – which has become a major talking point in the US, especially as Google appears to have ceded the principle to some of the major mobile carriers there.

Berners-Lee personal view  (guardian)


  Office Romance on the Wane

As job insecurity has mounted and third party claims have risen, the office fling may become the recession's latest victim. "It seems likely that there's a certain opportunistic element to what's happening out there," says Sondra Solovay, a director of Workplace Answers, a San Francisco-based compliance services company.

Work relationship & job involvement  (businessweek)


  Quality Remix


Lean engineering became fairly ubiquitous in the aerospace industry in recent years. Lean was pushed much harder by aerospace management than the earlier programs were. In some companies, lean achieved the status of a cult religion. Individuals who embraced the program, or just wanted to please management, got on the “lean bandwagon.”

Lean engineering in today's world  (qualitymag)


  Insulating materials in sealed equipment


The connector selection process becomes critical when the application involves sealing the connectors against various environmental conditions. Harsh situations include salt water for a remotely operated underwater vehicle or vacuum in research instrumentation. Leakages occur due to gaps and other paths in the connector body, the insulating material, the contacts or the wires.

How products can pertain your needs  (engineerlive)

  Nuclear Fuel Cycle future


This MIT report focuses on what is known as the “nuclear fuel cycle”—a concept that encompasses both the kind of fuel used to power a reactor (currently, most of the world’s reactors run on mined uranium that has been enriched, while a few run on plutonium) and what happens to the fuel after it has been used (either stored on site or disposed of underground—a “once-through” cycle—or reprocessed to yield new reactor fuel).

MIT report on Nuc fuel  (mit)


  Getting Started with Memcached Data

Apparently, Memcached is best implemented for queries that are triggered multiple times in a second and demand huge data as output. Access to Memcached data is faster than the access time to disk drives because the Memcached data is stored in temporary memory. You will find Memcached preinstalled on almost any production server. But if you are trying Memcached for the first time, the first step is to install the Memcached extension on your server.

Memcache rules   (developer)


  Who Makes Your iPhone ?

It actually wasn't until late May, after the ninth Foxconn employee had leaped to his death, that Foxconn went into full crisis management mode, stringing more than 3 million square meters of yellow-mesh netting around its buildings to catch jumpers and setting up a 24-hour counseling center staffed by 100 trained workers.

Foxconn Growth (businessweek)

  About Dikerogammarus villosus !

Dikerogammarus villosus is an invasive non-native shrimp that has spread from the Ponto-Caspian Region of Eastern Europe. The killer shrimp is a voracious predator. It kills a range of native species, such as freshwater invertebrates, particularly native shrimps and even young fish. This alters the ecology of the habitats it invades. It often kills its prey and leaves it uneaten.

The invasive species  (

  Nurture as Important as Nature

Researchers have long overestimated the role our genes play in determining intelligence. As it turns out, cognitive skills do not depend on ethnicity, and are far more malleable than once thought. Targeted encouragement can help children from socially challenged families make better use of their potential.

Nurture as Important as Nature  (spiegel)

  Vitamin B 'puts off Alzheimer's'

Brain shrinkage is one of the symptoms of mild cognitive impairment, which often leads to dementia. Researchers say this could be the first step towards finding a way to delay the onset of Alzheimer's. Experts said the findings were important but more research was needed. The study looked at 168 elderly people experiencing levels of mental decline known as mild cognitive impairment.

Vitamin B to counter Alzheimer's development  (

  BP internal investigation

BP has published its internal investigation team's report into the accident on the Deepwater Horizon rig in the Gulf of Mexico on 20 April 2010. The investigation found that no single factor caused the Macondo well tragedy. Rather, a sequence of failures involving a number of different parties led to the explosion and fire which killed 11 people and caused widespread pollution in the Gulf of Mexico earlier this year.

Latest BP Oil Spill Report   (bp)



A satellite-based meter in the car determines "internally and privately" every piece of road you drive — when, where and how many kilometres. That information is applied to a pricing database that knows how much you owe, depending on where you were driving. Many trips would cross municipal or provincial boundaries. Skymeter would calculate how much you owe to individual road authorities.

Pay-as-you-drive  (thestar)


  Key Coal-Chemical Exhibition


The "2010 China International Exhibition on Coal Processing & Utilization and Coal Chemicals" took place in late August 2010 with over 100 exhibitors to showcase their most recent coal chemical technologies and equipment, among which there are multinational companies such as Shell, Total, GE, Dow Chemical and Davy.

China International Exhibition  (prnewswire)


  Re-employed' Workers Overqualified

Workers who suffered a spell of unemployment during Great Recession are, on average, less satisfied with their new jobs than workers who didn't. They are more likely to consider themselves over-qualified for their current position. And six-in-ten say they changed careers or seriously thought about it while they were unemployed.

Are you Overqualified ?  (pewsocialtrends)

  The Web of Intent is Coming

The Web of Intent will be largely driven by consumers’ actions and interests. It will be based on implicit actions consumers take around what is most important to them. There’s an emerging opportunity for content publishers (and the publishing technologies they rely upon) to dramatically improve how they filter the stream for the consumers they serve.

Web & implicit actions   (gigaom)


  Submarine fiber-optic cables

The ship is usually based in Calais, France, but made a stop recently in Greenwich, England, to pick up components from Alcatel-Lucent's factory. The telecommunications infrastructure company invited ZDNet UK to see the factory and the ship, and have a look at a vital part of the global Internet that's normally hidden by miles of water.

Alcatel-Lucent at work  (news.cnet)

  NFS: Future Internet Architecture

The Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) at the National Science Foundation (NSF) announced today awards for four new projects, each worth up to $8 million over three years, as part of the Future Internet Architecture (FIA) program. These awards will enable researchers at dozens of institutions across the country to pursue new ways to build a more trustworthy and robust Internet.

Future Internet Architecture

  UN Development Goals

The Millennium Declaration in 2000 was a milestone in international cooperation, inspiring development efforts that have improved the lives of hundreds of millions of people around the world. Ten years later, world leaders will gather again at the United Nations in New York to review progress, assess obstacles and gaps, and agree on concrete strategies and actions to meet the eight Millennium Development Goals by 2015.

A milestone in international cooperation  (UN)


  RFID: Vulnerability of PAP

In this paper, the authors analyze the security of an RFID authentication protocol proposed by Liu and Bailey, called Privacy and Authentication Protocol (PAP), and show its vulnerabilities and faulty assumptions. PAP is a privacy and authentication protocol designed for passive tags. The authors claim that the protocol, being resistant to commonly assumed attacks, requires little computation and provides privacy protection and authentication.

RFID vulnerability (arxiv)

  China clean energy plan

The world's second-largest economy faces formidable challenges to make the plan work. Beijing must upgrade its rickety electricity grid, open up the network to alternative energy and raise tariffs to make new energy sources competitive with coal-fired power. All that while retaining investor confidence China will remain the low cost factory of the world.

China alternative energy  (reuters)

  Synaptic Plasticity & Memory Formation

Reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton is essential for synaptic plasticity and memory formation. Presently, the mechanisms that trigger actin dynamics during these brain processes are poorly understood. In this study, we show that myosin II motor activity is downstream of LTP induction and is necessary for the emergence of specialized actin structures that stabilize an early phase of LTP.

Brain processes   (download.cell)

  The Wheat genome

UK scientists have released draft sequences of the wheat genome, which they think could make a vital contribution to securing global food supplies. The researchers also say their efforts could help British farmers to develop new strains with greater yields.Global wheat production has been under threat in recent years from increasing demand and climate change. Wheat is regarded as one of the most important crops for human consumption.

The wheat genome  (

  Bioengineering Design

New testing instrumentation developed ASU researchers promises to make the procedure less costly and produce results in less time. Current testing is slow and expensive because of the complications of working with blood, saliva, urine, and other biological fluids, says Garcia, a professor in the School of Biological and Health Systems Engineering, one of ASU’s Ira A. Fulton Schools of Engineering.

New testing instrumentation  (qualitydigest)


  Bill Gates talks energy

When Bill Gates is interested in something new, his organizing, capacious intelligence learns everything about it, and he imagines ways it could be better. Now the cofounder of Microsoft and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation is interested in energy. At his offices in Kirkland, WA, he spoke to Jason ­Pontin, Technology Review's editor in chief.

Former MS CEO talks energy  (technologyreview)

  Beyond the Black Box

The black box may be the greatest single invention in the history of safety engineering. Nevertheless, technology has moved on, and we can—we must—improve on it. Rather than store data in an onboard box that might be unrecoverable if the aircraft goes down in the sea, it would be far better to transmit the data continuously and in real time to a ground-based system that would record the output of the plane's sensors and electronics.

Transmitting data rather than storing it!  (


  How to restructure German vacations ?

Germans should shorten their trips to Spain's beaches or Italy's piazzas in the future to help the economy, two German business associations have said. According to them, six weeks, the amount of paid holiday most Germans get, is too much, or should at least be restructured. The UMW business association, a Koblenz-based group which represents small and medium-sized firms, would like to see those six weeks cut down to four.

How to shorten germans's holidays ?   (dw-world)

  From machete to machine

For nearly five centuries, the classic image of sugar production in Brazil has been one of workers setting cane fields on fire and then descending on the crop with their machetes for harvest. The transition, driven by both increased competition and tougher Brazilian environmental laws, has been a boon for multinational equipment manufacturers supplying the world's leading producer of sugar and the second largest ethanol producer after the United States.

Boom of the agricultural machinery  (reuters)

  Formation of plant vacuoles

Scientists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) have now discovered a new protein essential to the formation of vacuoles. In the process they uncovered new clues that may help demystify the vacuole formation mechanism. They now hope to unravel the process completely. Cells – whether plant, animal or human – comprise a variety of organelles. In plant cells, the largest organelle by far is the so-called vacuole.

The formation of vacuoles   (biochemist)

  2010 Global Cities Index

We are at a global inflection point. Half the world's population is now urban -- and half the world's most global cities are Asian. The 2010 Global Cities Index, a collaboration between Foreign Policy, management consulting firm A.T. Kearney, and The Chicago Council on Global Affairs, reveals a snapshot of this pivotal moment. In 2010, five of the world's 10 most global cities are in Asia and the Pacific.

50% world's population is now urban   (foreignpolicy)


  Giving Up Meat

The number of conscientious eaters is growing, including those who practice restraint purely to help save the planet. In the past, the people who stayed away from meat did so because of fears of disease, religious rules or love of animals, but today many are motivated by a concern for the rest of the world. Residents of big German cities are holding meat-free "veggidays."

How to stay away from meat ?   (spiegel)

  Stark warning from Google chief

Chief executive of Google, has issued a stark warning over the amount of personal data people leave on the internet and suggested that many of them will be forced one day to change their names in order to escape their cyber past. For a man whose company is built on the ability to store information and retrieve it again in a faster and more efficient way than its rivals, Mr Schmidt's admission revealed a surprising concern among Google's leadership over the importance of data privacy.

Web: You will never be forgotten !   (independent)


  Rogue Microbes

Biologists often speak of switching genes on and off to give microbes new abilities--like producing biofuels or drugs, or gobbling up environmental toxins. For the most part, though, it's nearly impossible to turn off a gene without deleting it (which means you can't turn it on again). This limits biologists' ability to control how much of a particular protein a microbe produces. It also restricts bioengineers' ability to design new microbes.

Gene manipulation   (technologyreview)

  India forefront of outsourcing


Indian companies have made great strides in the global arena across different business segments. They have also demonstrated their ability to play the leader’s role in each of the segments. Currently, the Indian pharma industry ranks third worldwide in volume of production that is, 10% of the world’s total pharma output by volume and 14th by value, which is nearly 1.5% of the global value.

India forefront of outsourcing  (stockmarketsreview)


  The Successful Optimist


Optimism is not about fooling yourself and being all rosy; it is about seeing options to reality--i.e., being an "optionist." That requires having a good lock on what is actually happening. To be a successful optimist, you must also have an accurate barometer on reality. If you are correct about reality, you can become an excellent "optionist." Most people think of optimists as flaky nonrealists, which they can be if their perception of reality is distorted.


Being an "optionist"   (entrepreneur)


  The best Web browser


Not too long ago the job of a Web browser was simple: Get the text from the Internet and pour it into the window. If a tag like <strong> comes along, change the font. Now the challenges are greater because the browser is becoming the home for almost everything we do. Do you have documents to edit? There's a website for that. Did you miss a television show? There's a website for that. The Web browser handles all of that and more.

Comparison of web browsers  (infoworld)


  Pedagogical Innovation in NLC


The main aim of this study is to collect evidence on the learning innovation emerging in online communities and to draw conclusions on the lessons learnt and on emerging models and features that could eventually be transferred to Education and Training systems to support lifelong learning, innovation and change in Europe.


online: Learning innovation    (jrc)

  New Drug Approvals in 2009

Thirty-four new drugs and biologics created by America’s pharmaceutical research and biotechnology companies were approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for patients in 2009. These new medicines—three more than the 31 approved in 2008—represent significant advancements in the treatment of a wide range of disease and will contribute to improved patient care, disease treatment and prevention as well as help patients to live longer and healthier lives.

2009 approved Drugs  (phrma)

  Reinventing the City

Our cities play a vital role in the quest to achieve global ecological sustainability (GES). They are the largest contributors to greenhouse gases and climate change. However, if we can achieve sustainable construction and use of urban infrastructure, our cities could become a critical leverage point in global efforts to drastically reduce emissions and avoid the social and economic costs.

City & GES  (policyinnovations)


  Critical move in engine war

Airbus and Boeing are sweating this summer over whether to upgrade their best-selling aircraft with new, more efficient engines, a move which could reshape the $80-billion jetliner industry. Billions of dollars in profits and trade balances are at stake as they act to fend off emerging competition from Canada, China and Russia.

Airbus, Boeing & Other future competitors  (reuters)


  Study: Campylobacter in chickens

EFSA has published an evaluation of factors that may contribute to the spread of Campylobacter in live chickens and chicken carcasses in the European Union. The scientific report follows the publication of the first EU-wide survey carried out by Member States on the occurrence of this bacterium in chickens and their carcasses. The findings will be utilised by risk assessors to further investigate the role of chicken meat in human campylobacteriosis.

Campylobacter in live chickens  (efsa.europa)

  How to define your need for Statistical Process Control ?

An ambitious quality manager knew statistical process control (SPC) software would be an essential tool for his company’s goal of reducing manufacturing costs, improving quality and increasing competitiveness. He drew up a detailed plan for a successful launch. And while the process started off well, a few weeks after the SPC software implementation launch, problems became evident.

How to define your need for SPC ?  (qualitymag)


  Magnetic detectors's true potential

Magnetic fields play some really important roles in modern life. We store information in the alignment of magnetic fields on hard disks, we use the molecular response to magnetic fields to determine the shapes of proteins and image inside the body. In these cases, we apply a magnetic field and measure a response to that applied field. However, a lot of information could potentially be gained just by measuring naturally occurring magnetic fields.

Magnetic detectors's true potential  (arstechnica)


  Feds admit storing body scanning image

For the last few years, federal agencies have defended body scanning by insisting that all images will be discarded as soon as they're viewed. The Transportation Security Administration claimed last summer, for instance, that "scanned images cannot be stored or recorded." Now it turns out that some police agencies are storing the controversial images after all.

The intimacy at stake  (news.cnet)


  Infrengement: SAP/ORACLE dispute

You have to wonder if SAP is experiencing buyer's remorse from its 2005 purchase of TomorrowNow. It looks like the company is trying to put the issue behind it and has accepted that the third-party software provider committed copyright infringement of Oracle's intellectual property, but is disputing over the amount.

S.A.P recognises the infringement   (.zdnet)

  6 cool innovations for data center

Some of these new technologies are already on the market, and some have yet to hit -- but they all promise to make your data center operation run more smoothly. consumer gadgets are getting most of the attention these days, but data centers are getting some love too. These new products and technologies promise to solve real data center problems or are already working to make enterprise operations run more smoothly. How many are on your wish list?

What's new in Data Center   (computerworld)


  Nuc. fusion test reactors

Researchers have discovered mechanisms critical to interactions between hot plasma and surfaces facing the plasma inside a thermonuclear fusion reactor, part of work aimed at developing coatings capable of withstanding the grueling conditions inside the reactors. Fusion powers the stars and could lead to a limitless supply of clean energy.

Critical mechanisms discovered in Nuc-Fusion  (purdue)

  EU survey on B & C

Sentiment in industry, which increased by 2 points in both regions, was the main contributor to the overall improvement. Most respondents in this sector reported substantial improvements in their order books. However, managers were cautious on their production expectations. The quarterly manufacturing survey indicates an increase in capacity utilisation.

EU Business & Consumers survey  (ec.europa)


  Context-aware computing

As Web search, mobile advertising and social platforms become increasingly interwoven, businesses will have new opportunities to provide not just content and applications, but context-aware user experiences to end users, according to Gartner, Inc. By 2013, 40 percent of Global 2000 enterprises will have context-aware computing projects focused on the user experience under way.

Context-aware computing  (itpreport)


  Threat Level & Security

A security researcher created a cell phone base station that tricks cell phones into routing their outbound calls through his device, allowing someone to intercept even encrypted calls in the clear. The device tricks the phones into disabling encryption and records call details and content before they’re routed on their proper way through voice-over-IP.

The information security


  The big cheese

The UK, after all, is a major cheese-producing country: 700 varieties are produced within these shores, 14 of which are subject to protected designation of origin in the same manner as champagne or Parma ham. According to the British Cheese Board (BCB), the British consume some 600,000 tonnes of the product each year, or 10kg per person - but this is still only about half as much as consumers in Germany, France, Italy and Greece manage to put away.

UK cheese  (bbc)

  Wind farm location site

The parameters used to identify sites can be fine-tuned to suit the individual requirements of any developer - such as wind farm and turbine size, minimum wind speed, distance from houses, designated areas, roads, rail and proximity to the electrical distribution grid. The size of overall land areas reviewed can vary widely from 20,000m2 up to 2000 hectares or more.

Where to build best wind farm ? (engineerlive)


  UE Road safety survey


In order to be in the position to make more progress in road safety, the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Mobility and Transport requested a survey to ascertain the awareness of, and attitudes towards, road safety issues.
The European Commission is committed to making a contribution to the goal of safer roads in Europe.

UE Road Safety Survey   (ec.europa)


  EU funding 200 Envir. projects

The European Commission has approved funding for 210 new projects under the third call for the LIFE+ programme (2007-2013), the European fund for the environment. The projects are from across the EU and cover actions in the fields of nature conservation, environmental policy, and information and communication. Overall, they represent a total investment of €515 million, of which the EU will provide €249.8 million.

200 UE Envir. projects   (europa)


  Listening to Bacteria

In deciphering the nuances of bacterial communication, biologists have learned that the lexicons come in two distinct styles: private and public. Every bacterial species has its own dialect, a molecular signature that can be understood only by others of its kind. Microbiologist have discovered that bacteria also traffic in the second, more universally recognized set of signals that seems to serve as bacterial Esperanto.

The lexicon of bacteria   (smithsonianmag)


  UK & new approach to innovation

It is now time for Europe to wake up to the potential that the more for less for more approach holds for pulling itself out of the lingering economic crisis. We believe that the UK is well positioned to show the way. First, the sense of urgency within the UK requires it to adopt such a radically new approach to innovation: reducing its massive fiscal deficit without compromising the quality of life of its citizens will require a complete rethink of how to innovate and grow.

New approach for innovation in UK  (blogs.hbr)

  Tokyo Sky Tree

From Utsunomiya to Mt. Tsukuba to Chiba Port Tower, Tokyo Sky Tree is becoming a part of the Kanto skyline. Two years after construction started on the terrestrial digital broadcasting tower in Sumida Ward, Tokyo, the "tree" now stands 398 meters high and has become a dominant part of the horizon in Tokyo--and beyond. About 700 pictures of the tower, taken from various spots, are carried on a Web site called "Tokyo Sky Tree Kokokara Mieruyo Map".

The Kanto skyline   (muza-chan)

  Sanofi could acquire Genzyme

Genzyme, whose shares rose more than 15 percent on the news, is beginning to emerge from a manufacturing crisis that caused shortages of two of its biggest-selling drugs. Sanofi, meanwhile, is facing patent expirations on some its top products. Late on Friday, the company lowered its view for 2010 earnings per share after U.S. regulators approved a generic form of the Lovenox blood thinner, its No. 2 product last year.

Sanofi could acquire Genzyme   (reuters)

  UK Earth observation hub

The Earth observation hub will focus on acquiring environmental data, such as information on deforestation and the impact of climate change. The hub will be based at the International Space Innovation Centre (ISIC) at Harwell in Oxfordshire, which will open in April 2011. The aim is to bring together UK expertise in Earth observation. The hub will also be used as a flight operations centre for controlling satellites.

UK Earth observation hub    (

  Remote exploration

In what is a highly data-intensive industry, ships once had to collect seismic and other exploration data and bring it back with them when the ship next docked in port. But, as the search for oil and gas moves into deeper waters, satellite technology is the only realistic option for communication. As we move towards exploration in deeper waters and more remote geographies, the communications landscape changes completely.

Satelleite Tech. and exploration  (engineerlive)


  Anti-aircraft laser unveiled

US firm Raytheon said the solid state fibre laser produces a 50 kilowatt beam and can be used against UAV, mortar, rockets and small surface ships. The idea of using lasers as weapons has been around almost as long as the laser itself, invented in 1960. Initially, the systems were chemical lasers, which get their power from a chemical reaction. They are very large pieces of equipment and are very fuel hungry, requiring a significant quantity of chemicals to drive them.

A 50 kilowatt beam laser unveiled  (

  India fuels: Developing diesel

India's car market is strikingly one-dimensional, with new sales dominated by small, fuel-efficient cars with small engines. Most of these are petrol-driven, but both domestic and global carmakers are now racing to increase the number of diesel models they sell in this market. The key issue, though, remains price and any changes to the cost of fuel – policy driven or otherwise - could quickly send sales back the other way.

Fuel-efficient cars   (viewswire.eiu)

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  Some Harvard SmartCream

The Brits pioneered global warming (GW). Before GW there was Mad Cow, a huge public health fraud that was based on unsupported computer modeling in the United Kingdom -- which should sound familiar. If you assume that prion infections like Mad Cow spread on an accelerating curve, just like the infamous global warming hockey stick, you can show that everybody is going to die tomorrow, or next week at the latest, based on a perfectly good math model that just happens to be totally wrong.

Some Harvard SmartCream  (americanthinker)

  Turkey Information Technology Report

Turkish spending on IT products and services is expected to strengthen throughout 2010, buoyed by a recovery in industrial production and domestic lending growth. A faster-than-anticipated emergence from recession in H209 bodes well for an upswing in 2010 and confirmed our prediction that, over our fiveyear forecast period to 2014, the Turkish IT market will be a regional outperformer.

Turkey's investments in I.T.   (prlog)


  IED/Sustainable environmental protection

The European institutions are close to finalising the second reading of the Industrial Emissions Directive (IED). Cefic, the European Chemical Industry Council, supports the objectives of the Directive. Cefic suggests the Directive would be more effective in ensuring sustainable environmental protection if it took greater account of different local needs and circumstances. A justified flexibility is here definitely needed.

The Industrial Emissions Directive   (cefic)

  The Google Algorithm

Google handles nearly two-thirds of Internet search queries worldwide. Analysts reckon that most Web sites rely on the search engine for half of their traffic. When Google engineers tweak its supersecret algorithm — as they do hundreds of times a year — they can break the business of a Web site that is pushed down the rankings. In the past few months, Google has come under investigation by antitrust regulators in Europe.

Google under painstaking examination  (nytimes)
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  Jellyfish: Next King of the Sea

Nightmarish accounts of “Jellyfish Gone Wild,” as a 2008 National Science Foundation report called the phenomenon, stretch from the fjords of Norway to the resorts of Thailand. By clogging cooling equipment, jellies have shut down nuclear power plants in several countries; they partially disabled the aircraft carrier USS Ronald Reagan four years ago.

Is the Jellyfish a threat ?   (smithsonianmag)


  Natural Gas Year-In-Review 2009

This report provides an overview of the natural gas industry and markets in the United States in 2009 with special focus on the first complete set of supply and disposition data for 2009 from the Energy Information Administration (EIA). All data for 2009 should be considered preliminary and, unless otherwise noted, are derived from weekly and monthly EIA products.

US Natural Gas focus  (eia)

  Deep space X-ray flash

X-rays from space are absorbed by Earth's atmosphere, so pose no danger on the ground. However, Swift orbits Earth at an altitude of 600 kilometres, where the blast was so intense that it overwhelmed the spacecraft's X-ray detector. It also confused the software that analyses the mission's data on the ground, says David Burrows of Pennsylvania State University in University Park, the mission's chief scientist.

Deep space X-ray flash  (newscientist)


  Most expensive defence project

Development of the next generation of warplane (Joint Strike Fighter) is already over budget and behind schedule. Hidden in a hangar at the US Navy's Patuxent River Air Base, in Maryland, away from prying eyes and shaded from the intense sun, US and British ground crew made the final preparations before the plane took to the clear blue skies. The JSF is also a spy in the sky. It can gather information from space, land and other aircraft - and then transmit that information to commanders on the ground.

The "Joint Strike Fighter" project   (bbc)

  U.S growth driven by Startups

When it comes to U.S. job growth, startup companies aren’t everything. They’re the only thing. It’s well understood that existing companies of all sizes constantly create – and destroy – jobs. Conventional wisdom, then, might suppose that annual net job gain is positive at these companies. However, shows that this rarely is the case. In fact, net job growth occurs in the U.S. economy only through startup firms.

Job Growth Driven by Start-ups  (kauffman)


  India & Demographic Dividend


Countries with a large and expanding workforce and relatively few people of dependent age (under 15 or over 64) can reap what Harvard School of Public Health demographer David Bloom has called a “demographic dividend.” Young, unencumbered workers spur entrepreneurship and innovation, enabling significant gains in productivity, savings, and capital inflows.

Demographic Dividend from indian workforce   (strategy-business)


  Math-Model Predicts WCF Winner

We're not endorsing any big bets, of course, but a pair of London mathematicians say they're confident Spain will win the World Cup final Sunday. It's not just a prediction -- it's science. Queen Mary, University of London professors -- and soccer fans -- Javier López Peña and Hugo Touchette collected ball-passing data from each World Cup team and used graph theory to analyze each team's style of play.

Science prediction  (popsci)


  Europe gets tough on pay

As public outrage over Wall Street bonuses fades a bit in the United States, the European Parliament on Wednesday approved tough new rules that limit bankers' bonuses and align compensation with long-term financial performance. The new rules are more rigid than any steps the U.S. has taken to regulate pay practices within the financial industry and highlights a growing divide between U.S. and E.U. policy on this key issue.

EU tough new rules  (cnn)

  Outsourcing Vs Shared Services

Two diametrically opposed perspectives continue to coexist in IT and other business service functions. One camp argues in favor of shared services, wherein the IT organization becomes the internal service provider to the rest of the company. The other camp promotes outsourcing: the delivery of IT services all done under one roof but with that roof located somewhere other than at the company.

Outsourcing Vs Shared Services  (cacm.acm)


  Testosterone Trial in Older Men


A clinical trial of testosterone treatment in older men, reported June 30 online in the New England Journal of Medicine, has found a higher rate of adverse cardiovascular events, such as heart attacks and elevated blood pressure, in a group of older men receiving testosterone gel compared to those receiving placebo. Due to these events, the treatment phase of the trial was stopped.

Testosterone Trial in Older Men  (nih)

  Heat waves could be commonplace

In the next 30 years, we could see an increase in heat waves like the one now occurring in the eastern United States or the kind that swept across Europe in 2003 that caused tens of thousands of fatalities". Those kinds of severe heat events also put enormous stress on major crops like corn, soybean, cotton and wine grapes, causing a significant reduction in yields."

Severe heat events  (innovations-report)


  UK nuclear waste plan

The UK's deep store for nuclear waste should open for business around 2040 - but spending cuts could delay the plans, and community support is vital. "All the experience internationally shows that if you just choose a technically good site and try to implement without buy-in from the local community, you're bound to fail," said Bruce McKirdy, managing director of NDA's Radioactive Waste Management Directorate.

UK nuclear waste management  (

  World's Best Gallium Nitride

Want to revolutionize the electronics industry, become a multimillionaire, and earn your place as an immortal in the tech pantheon? Your job is simple: Figure out a cost-effective way to make really good, reasonably large crystals of pure gallium nitride. With such crystals as the foundation for the growth of devices made of the same material, manufacturers would have a far richer yield of the violet lasers on which the opto­electronics industry increasingly depends.

Gallium Nitride & Electronics industry     (


  Insourcing Outsourced IT ?

Bringing IT back in house can be as complex as transitioning services to an outsourcing provider. And sometimes, insourcing is even costlier than outsourcing. Termination fees, facility build-outs, shared assets, application migration, personnel training and transitions, new hiring, and software license transfers can quickly add up. The decision to insource should not be made lightly. It requires a thorough assessment of current and future objectives and options.

Insourcing Outsourced IT ?   (cio)


  Sanofi looking at U.S. deals

French drugmaker Sanofi-Aventis (SASY.PA) is looking at several U.S. acquisitions, including one or two that could be worth at least $15 billion, a source familiar with the situation said on Friday. Analysts cited Allergan, Biogen and Genzyme as possible targets, with market values of $17 billion, $12.7 billion and $13.5 billion, respectively.

Sanofi looking at U.S. deals   (reuters)

  Single EU patent on the way

The European Commission has presented a proposal on translation arrangements for a future EU patent, the final step needed for the realisation of a single EU patent which could encourage greater research, development and innovation in the technology industry. Processing costs for an EU Patent covering 27 Member States would be less than €6,200, of which only 10 per cent would be due to translations, said the Commission.

The future of EU patent   (v3)

  EU world's No 1 tourist destination

The European Commission intends to encourage a coordinated approach for initiatives linked to tourism and define a new framework for action to increase its competitiveness and its capacity for sustainable growth. It therefore proposes a number of European or multinational initiatives aimed at achieving these objectives, drawing in full on the Union's competence in the field of tourism as introduced by the Lisbon Treaty.


EU world's No 1 tourist destination   (ec.europa)


  A New Bloom for Algae

This week the U.S. Department of Energy released a new roadmap for the development of algal biofuels. DOE researchers had dismissed this type of biofuel as too costly to be commercially successful in the mid-1990s following a nearly two-decade-long research project. The new roadmap was accompanied by the announcement of $24 million in new DOE funding for algal biofuels research.

Algal biofuels   (technologyreview)

  UK government websites efficiency

The Central Office of Information (COI) has delivered the standards and guidance recommended and invited government departments to report on their progress. The policy for fewer audience-focused digital channels has led to the closure of many websites.

COI standards and guidance  (

  MIT Study on Natural Gas

A study of natural gas is more complex because gas is a major fuel for multiple end uses — electricity, industry, heating — and is increasingly discussed as a potential pathway to reduced oil dependence for transportation. In addition, the realization over the last few years that the producible unconventional gas resource in the U.S. is very large has intensified the discussion about natural gas as a “bridge” to a low-carbon future.

Potential pathway on energy  (

  Red Hat unveils cloud products

Red Hat has introduced Cloud Foundations, a family of packaged tools for businesses that want to accelerate moving their applications to public and private clouds. Each Cloud Foundations package will bring together products, implementation guides, reference architectures and consulting services, the Linux specialist said in its launch announcement at on Wednesday at the Red Hat Summit in Boston.

Red Hat on virtualization  (zdnet)


  Can AIDS Be Cured ?

Drugs can control HIV, but they exact a steep cost. Now, researchers are pursuing radical new ways to eliminate the infection entirely. This is a feat that medications have not accomplished in a single human, although daily doses of powerful anti-HIV drugs known as antiretrovirals can now control the virus and stave off AIDS for decades.


AIDS treatment pathway  (technologyreview)

  Deutsche Bahn liberalization

Deutsche Bahn has expressed interest in running direct rail connections between London and the continent following the liberalization of the European cross-border rail passenger market at the start of the year. bThis comes on the back of the company's takeover of British transport group Arriva to create Europe's No.1 passenger carrier.

Deutsche Bahn liberalization  (dw-world)

  China & Intelligent transp. system

China has witnessed a rapid increase in the number of vehicles plying the nation's highways over the last few years, which inevitably bring with them traffic jams and accidents. Now, many companies have found a way to cash in on these very problems, including both international firms and homegrown startups.

ITS homegrown startups  (english.people)

  MetroMonitor : Tracking US's Economy

A quarterly, interactive barometer of the health of America’s 100 largest metropolitan economies. It examines trends in metropolitan-level employment, output, and housing conditions to look “beneath the hood” of national economic statistics to portray the diverse metropolitan trajectories of recession and recovery across the country.

US Metropolitan economies   (brookings)

  EU foreign policy & Strategy

The EU’s ability to influence the international order will in future depend not only on its ability to bring together the whole of the EU – i.e. the institutions and, crucially, the Member States, who remain decisive in foreign and security affairs – but just as importantly on drawing up a strategy for EU international policy to guide external action as a whole.

Report on EU foreign policy  (iss.europa)

  TanDEM-X Stellite: 3D view of Earth

The German radar spacecraft will fly in formation with an identical platform called TerraSAR-X launched in 2007. Together, the pair will measure the variation in height across the globe to an accuracy of better than two metres. Their digital elevation model will have myriad uses, from helping military jets fly ultra low to showing relief workers where an earthquake's damage is worst.


3D view of Earth   (


  OECD Report on Shifting Wealth

Perspectives on Global Development: Shifting Wealth aims to avoid a costly lag in recognising the new geography of growth – a structural realignment in the global economy at the opening of the 21st century. The seeds of this change were planted over the last 20 years. Billions of people have entered the global market economy – as workers, consumers and investors – and economic catch-up has lifted hundreds of millions out of poverty.

Report on Shifting Wealth   (oecd)

  Net & Web are not the same

the internet resembles the tracks and infrastructure of a railway, while the web is just one part of the traffic that runs on it.All of which might lead a detached observer to ask: if the internet is such a disaster, how come 27% of the world's population (or about 1.8 billion people) use it happily every day, while billions more are desperate to get access to it?

Infrastructure & content   (guardian)


  UE on organ donation

In 2008 the European Commission adopted a proposal for a Directive on standards of quality and safety of human organs intended for transplantation1. At the same time, the Commission launched an Action Plan2 designed to the promote the availability of deceased and living donors across the European Union, increase the supply of organs, enhance transplantation systems and ensure the quality and safety of procedures.

Quality Assurance & organ donation   (ec.europa)


  Nanotech & medical diagnostics

Much of the hype around nanotechnology has concentrated on its more outlandish medical applications, with the prospect of tiny cell-sized nanobots, telepathy chips and the ability to manipulate materials at the molecular level arousing wonder and concern in equal measure. But while many have raised concerns about the safety and consequences of the technology, others believe the field is misunderstood.

Nanotech & medical diagnostics   (theengineer)


  EEA Annual Environmental statement

The top level of the EEA balanced scorecard attempts to give an easy overview of how we are performing as an organisation and direct attention to areas where performance are below the desired level. Indicators at this level are displayed as achievements according to set targets — easily conveying how close we are to the target. The metrics chosen are a blend between performance and process indicators trying to capture the complexity that is required when describing progress in strategy.

Metrics & Indicator   (eea.europa)


  Biology 2.0

post-genomic biology—biology 2.0, if you like—has finally killed the idea of vitalism, the persistent belief that to explain how living things work, something more is needed than just an understanding of their physics and chemistry. True, no biologist has really believed in vitalism for more than a century. Nevertheless, the promise of genomics, that the parts list of a cell and, by extension, of a living organism, is finite and cataloguable, leaves no room for ghosts in the machine.

Post-genomic biology   (economist)

  Indian Immigrants in the US

The United States is home to about 1.6 million Indian immigrants, making them the third-largest immigrant group in the United States after Mexican and Filipino immigrants. Indian immigration to the United States, a fairly recent phenomenon, grew rapidly during the 1990s and 2000s. In addition, people with Indian ancestry have also immigrated to the United States from the Caribbean, East Africa, Canada, and the United Kingdom.

Indian immigration in US   (migrationinformation)

  African higher education

In response, universities from America and Europe, government aid agencies, and charitable foundations have started major efforts to help rebuild higher education in Africa. While those projects have dedicated substantial funds and human resources to the cause, they so far have produced mixed results. The problem is that representatives of universities from developed countries and other well-intentioned people come to Africa with basic assumptions that undermine their work.

Rebuilding higher education in Africa   (chronicle)


  Environment in France

Given the data sources available, most of the information presented in the report predates the start of implementation of commitments made at the Grenelle Environment Forum. Data for the years 2008 and 2009 are still lacking in many areas. Environment in France is thus a statistical report on France's environment on the eve of the Grenelle Environment Forum; the report does not constitute an environmental assessment.

Environment in France   (stats.environnement.developpement-durable)


  Social engineering techniques

It doesn't matter how many locks you put on the door that is your security plan, because criminals who use social engineering techniques will still sail right in. Why bother breaking down the door if you can simply ask the person inside to let you in? That is the question posed by Lenny Zeltser, head of the security consulting team at Savvis and a SANS Institute faculty member.

Security techniques


  Challenging Your Industry Dogma

What does it mean to be a revolutionary? To challenge an existing dogma, instead of complying with it: to reject its tenets, highlight its flaws and improve each of its shortcomings. Here are six ways to challenge the dogma that's invisible and omnipresent in your industry — to be a breath of fresh air.

Challenging an existing dogma  (blogs.hbr)

  The saga of Europe's A400M

The first shot to be fired at Europe's 21st century army plane came not from the barrel of a gun but a safety inspector's clipboard. In 2008, weeks after the first A400M troop transporter rolled off a gleaming new assembly plant in Seville, a group of inspectors traveled to southern Germany to scrutinize an important component for the plane's huge turbo-prop engines.

The A400M troop transporter   (reuters)

  Vision Renewed

Imagine a day when blindness is obsolete. That day may be closer than we think. Very recently, scientists at the University of California, Irvine created an eight-layer, early stage retina from human embryonic stem cells—the first three-dimensional tissue structure to be made from stem cells, according to Science Daily.

Embryonic stem cells   (scienceprogress)

  IT Career Burnout

In his post that sparked the discussion about burnout on the LinkedIn CIO Forum, the IT director noted that he used to love working in IT. He didn't mind the 14-hour days because, as he put it, "New technology, new ideas, innovation made it seem as though anything were possible." But after 12 years in IT, the IT director's time is now spent on "paperwork, politics and squeezing the last penny out of every dollar," he said.

IT Career Burnout  (cio)


  Bank:Solving Moral Hazard

Today, the urgent question that remains unanswered is whether the proposals that are moving ahead will address moral hazard adequately and thus prevent another systemic crisis.An endemic problem is the policy preference for across-the-board rules, applied at a minimum to “systemically important institutions” irrespective of institutional risk profiles.

Solving Moral Hazard   (strategy-business)

  Managing Your Online Profile

Reputation management has now become a defining feature of online life for many internet users, especially the young. While some internet users are careful to project themselves online in a way that suits specific audiences, other internet users embrace an open approach to sharing information about themselves and do not take steps to restrict what they share.

Online Profile & Reputation  (pewresearch)


  Bhopal: The scales of injustice

According to Eveready Industries, the successor to Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL), there was never any danger of a judgement against the company, consequently no need to provide financially for that eventuality. Whence comes this overweening confidence? Justice in Bhopal will be done only if the individuals and corporations are punished in an exemplary manner.

Bhopal: Will justice be done ?   (bhopal)

  Today's Environmental Consultant

Northrop Grumman Corp. has successfully deployed the Volumetric Error Compensation (VEC) service from Automated Precision Inc. (API) to achieve higher accuracies on its large volume machine tools. Seeking greater machine-tool accuracy for the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter production, the military aircraft and defense systems integrator and manufacturer selected VEC to achieve the high-tolerance machined parts.

Greater machine-tool accuracy   (qualitydigest)   


  Reproductive success

It looks as though two male strategies may be in equilibrium: the hunk and the troubadour, perhaps. What is clear from both studies, though, is that no matter how hard males compete, they will always be outwitted by the wiliest, most subversive competitors of all: females.

The hunk and the troubadour   (economist)


  Japan: tests space age parts

The Rockot launcher, a modified Russian ballistic missile, lifted off Wednesday with a Japanese satellite running on off-the-shelf components designed to prove the utility of everyday parts in space. The launch was conducted under the commercial management of Eurockot, a German company that sells Rockot flights on the international market.

Japanese space exploration   (spaceflightnow)

  How to Cope with Frustration?

Frustration has typically been extremely difficult to study because even systems with relatively few components have interactions so complex that they cannot be modeled effectively on the best conventional electronic computers. Now, however, a team of researchers has simulated frustration in the smallest possible quantum system in a precisely controllable experimental arrangement, one which can be extended to much larger systems.

Modelling of the frustration    (innovations-report)


  Nuclear option on Oil Spill?

This week, with the failure of the “top kill” attempt, the buzz had grown loud enough that federal officials felt compelled to respond.A spokeswoman for the Energy Department, said that neither Energy Secretary Steven Chu nor anyone else was thinking about a nuclear blast under the gulf. The nuclear option was not — and never had been — on the table, federal officials said.

Nuclear option on Oil Spill?   (nytimes)

  China superpower : to be become supercomputer

For the first time, a second Chinese supercomputer appears in the list of the top ten fastest machines. However, the US still dominates the list with more than half the Top 500, including the world's fastest, known as Jaguar. The Cray computer, which is owned by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee, has a top speed of 1.75 petaflops.

China to be become supercomputer  ( 

  Acupuncture: natural-painkiller

Writing in the Lancet  journal , Nedergaard's team describe how acupuncture reduced pain by two thirds in normal mice, but had no effect on the discomfort of mice that lacked the adenosine receptor gene. Without adenosine receptors, the chemical will have no effect on the mice when it is released in their bodies. The acupunture had no effect at all in either group if the needles were not rotated.

The science of acupuncture   (guardian)


  Gulf farmland search

Gulf nations seeking farmland for food security have shifted their focus to East Europe and Australia after a buying spree in the developing world as they look for land that comes with less political and financial risk. The Gulf is one of the world's biggest food importing regions.

Gulf farmland search    (arabianbusiness)


  Google’s Economic Impact

Google's not just a search engine. They also helped hundreds of businesses in every U.S. state to grow. Across the U.S., Google generated $54 billion of economic activity for American businesses, website publishers and non–profits in 2009. For every $1 a business spends on AdWords, compagnies receive an average of $8 in profit through Google Search and AdWords.

Google Home Income  (google)

  Monitoring the WSIS targets

World Telecommunication/ICT Development Report 2010 was launched today at the World Telecommunication Development Conference (WTDC-10), which is currently meeting in Hyderabad. The report provides a mid-term review of the progress made in creating a global information society by 2015, a commitment that governments agreed upon at the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) which took place in Geneva in 2003 and in Tunis in 2005.

The world telecommunication development   (itu)

  Safety Rules & Biotech Industry

Whether handling deadly pathogens for biowarfare research, harnessing viruses to do humankind’s bidding or genetically transforming cells to give them powers not found in nature, the estimated 232,000 employees in the nation’s most sophisticated biotechnology labs work amid imponderable hazards. And some critics say the modern biolab often has fewer federal safety regulations than a typical blue-collar factory.

Safety Rules & Biotech Industry   (nytimes)

  Egypt's Avenger of the Pharaohs

Egypt, plagued by tomb raiders and art dealers, has lost large portions of its pharaonic heritage to Europe and the United States. The head of the country's Supreme Council of Antiquities is waging a bitter moral campaign against the West, and he is now demanding the return of six of the most beautiful masterpieces.

Theft of pharaoh's Heritage   (spiegel)

  Managing Scientific Data

Data-oriented scientific processes depend on fast, accurate analysis of experimental data generated through empirical observation and simulation. However, scientists are increasingly overwhelmed by the volume of data produced by their own experiments. With improving instrument precision and the complexity of the simulated models, data overload promises to only get worse.

Managing Scientific Data  (cacm.acm)

  Strong Sectors Despite Economy?

Predicting the business future of most industries has been nearly impossible for the past few years, and the recession has made any hazy image in the crystal ball downright scary. For those in the pharmaceutical, biotech, and medical equipment industries, the long debate over health care reform has complicated business conjecture. Companies are continuing their groundbreaking research that likely will lead to new therapies.

Biotech et Med. Industries   (areadevelopment)


  Biofuels learn to eat less

THE feast is coming to an end for biofuel producers. Their supposedly clean, green fuel has been gobbling up some of the choicest food crops, including corn, rape and soya, leading to controversy and protests around the world. Now the industry increasingly finds itself forced to dine on more meagre fare: the inedible scraps left by other industries. But it is now finding ways to turn these scraps into a hearty dinner - and it could even provide for others, too.

Biofuels learn to eat less   (newscientist)


  EU crisis threatens liberal benefits

Europeans have benefited from low military spending, protected by NATO and the American nuclear umbrella. They have also translated higher taxes into a cradle-to-grave safety net. “The Europe that protects” is a slogan of the European Union. But all over Europe governments with big budgets, falling tax revenues and aging populations are experiencing rising deficits, with more bad news ahead.

The Future of Europe   (nytimes)

  Cloud Computing & Developing Nations

It's a trend with enormous implications. "Cloud computing provides access to large-scale remote resources in a very efficient and quick manner," explains Karsten Schwan, director of the Center for Experimental Research in Computing Systems at Georgia Tech University. "It has the potential to dramatically change business models and the way people interact with one another."

Cloud Comp. as new business model  (cacm.acm)

  UK's Regional airport uprising

In March 2010, campaigners against plans for a third runway at London's Heathrow Airport won a High Court battle that has forced the then UK Government to review its policy support for the expansion. Besides throwing what was the Labour Party's flagship transport policy into disarray, the decision has aviation experts warning that the nation could suffer a shortfall in its long-term passenger capacity.

UK's Regional Airport Uprising   (airport-technology)

  GBO3: Global biodiversity outlook


The world has collectively failed in its bid to halt the rapid loss of the planet's species, a milestone UN report found this week. Since the presentation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in 1992 at the United Nations "Earth Summit" in Rio de Janeiro, 168 countries have signed the document.

Global Biodiversity Outlook   (gbo3.cbd)


  BMW & App. Virtualization

1,000 apps to be more precise. Managing and deploying these applications for employees in 250 global locations had become an expensive, time-consuming grind.When you're auto giant BMW, with 24 production sites in 13 countries, you're going to have your share of important business applications.

BMW & App Virtualization   (cio)

  How to Prevent Cell Death ?

What if people could stop their cells from dying? Wouldn't that be the same as eternal life? Well that is not possible, so the best people can do is delay the cellular inevitable. To do so merely entails exercise, an activity that people should be doing anyway. An Italian team of scientists at the University of Rome put their collective skills together to prove this hypothesis.

Cell Death process  (enn)

  Euro Zone's Governance

In the course of the crisis, the governing council of the European Central Bank decided, for the first time, to buy the government bonds of troubled EU countries -- thus breaking a taboo. The president of Germany's central bank, the Bundesbank, Axel Weber, his Dutch counterpart and the ECB's chief economist, Jürgen Stark, voted against this move.

Euro Zone's Governance   (spiegel)

  Modern Automobile Security Analysis

The paper “Experimental Security Analysis of a Modern Automobile” is an example of our experimental research theme. Our research was aimed at comprehensively assessing — and learning from — how much resilience a conventional automobile has against a digital attack mounted against its internal components by an attacker with access to the car’s internal network.

Automobile: Experimental Security Analysis  (autosec)

  Walgreen's Genetic Test Kits

The FDA posted online a letter to Pathways, indicating the San Diego-based company never submitted its product for federal review, a requirement for medical decided not to stock the tests until it has “further clarity” on the issue. Pathway’s test would have been the first low-cost, mass-marketed version of kits that screen for genes associated with diseases.

Genetic Test Kits at stake  (asq)

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