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      French news At a glance 

             

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  Germany-2050

   
The background paper is a summary of a study which shows that future greenhouse gas neutrality in Germany is technically achievable. The scenariolooks at the issue merely from a national perspective and does not include interaction with other countries. The study focuses on the national GHG reduction target of 95 %. Taking into account the mentioned assumptions, this should be achievable in Germany by technical means.

   
A greenhouse gas-neutral country (umweltbundesamt)

   

  The life sciences sector

   
The patent cliff, or the mass expiration of patent protections on a variety of drugs, is fueling significant change among big pharma companies and the broader life sciences industry. In 2013 alone, patents will expire on drugs that currently have sales of about $29 billion annually, according to data from EvaluatePharma. Those patent expirations are a big blow to large pharmaceutical firms.

   
Market report (areadevelopment)

   

  Guidelines from the chemical industry

   
This document provides guidelines for calculating avoided GHG emissions enabled by chemical products, by comparing two solutions with the same user benefit. It also gives guidance on how to communicate the results. A number of case examples are published on the ICCA website (www.icca-chem.org/avoidedemissions). Some case examples will provide additional insight for users.

   
Reporting guidelines (icca-chem)

   

  Use your loaf and save billions

   
The ground-breaking report into UK food waste by WRAP, also reveals that since 2007 we have cut avoidable household food waste by an impressive 21%, which saved cash strapped consumers almost £13 billion***. Yet we still throw away a staggering 4.2 million tonnes (Mt) of household food, which could have been eaten. Almost half of this food goes straight from our fridges or cupboards to the bin and doesn’t even make it onto our dinner plates.

   
Buying more than we need (wrap)

   

  Auditing under scrutiny

   
The structure of the auditing business appears problematic: Typically, major companies pay auditors to examine their books under the so-called "third-party" audit system. But when an auditing firm’s revenues come directly from its clients, the auditors have an incentive not to deliver bad news to them. Does this arrangement affect the actual performance of auditors?

   
Conventional auditing markets (myscience)

   

  Antimicrobial resistance

   
Respondents (n= 26,761) in a recent Eurobarometer survey claimed that they last took an antibiotic for a viral infection, such as a flu (20%) or a cold (14%), and 53% believed the misconception that antibiotics killed viruses.2 Eighty three percent of respondents were aware that the unnecessary use of antibiotics rendered them less effective; however, the report concluded that greater public awareness was required.

   
A shared responsibility (eufic)

   

  DNA repair and apoptosis assays

   
DIM (3,3′-diindolylmethane), a small molecule compound, is a proposed cancer preventive agent that can be safely administered to humans in repeated doses. We report that administration of DIM in a multidose schedule protected rodents against lethal doses of total body irradiation up to 13 Gy, whether DIM dosing was initiated before or up to 24 h after radiation.

   
Cancer preventive agent (pnas)

   

  Venture cap. in an age of algorithms

   
venture capital remains pretty old school. It is more art than science. So why aren’t more VCs using data science to guide their investments? As chief technical officer of Ironstone Group, a data science-based venture investment company, this is a question I’m especially interested in. Venture capitalists (VCs) hear lots of pitches from startups, and usually use their personal intuitions to separate the good from the bad.

   
Analytics hybrid system (gigaom)

   

  Exclusive Bill Gates' views

   
In many ways, Gates was the archetype for the successful tech entrepreneur, the driven nerd who created an industry with little more than foresight and drive. But to the generation of aspiring techno-visionaries who have followed, the arc of his career no longer has the allure it once did, even if his iconic status is assured. These include people such as Peter Diamandis, a serial entrepreneur who founded the X Prize.

   
Doing 'God's Work' (ft)

   

  New era of renewable energy

   
With its abundant dams and rivers that carry more fresh water than any other country, Brazil — big and bountiful — essentially runs on hydropower. But it turns out that the country can also count on a good strong breeze. Wind is emerging as a prize for energy planners here who see the howling gusts that arrive from the east as a way to offset the fresh limits imposed on hydropower.

   
Wind-Energy power turbines (pulitzercenter)

   

  Navigating the digital future

   
At Catalent, a U.S.-based producer of pharmaceutical products and provider of advanced drug delivery technologies and services, digital tools often support the practices of the company’s 18 research and development sites around the world. Data pours in from R&D, sales and marketing, operations, quality assurance, and regulatory affairs, as well as customers.

   
The global innovation 1000 (strategy-business)

   

  Cultures of the internet

   
OxIS provides the UK’s contribution to the World Internet Project (WIP), an international collaborative project that joins over two dozen nations in studies of the social, economic and political implications of the Internet. A majority of users believe that the government should not regulate the Internet more than it does, but there is an increase in the proportion of the public that wants the government to do more to protect children online.

   
Internet in Britain (oxis.oii.ox.ac)

   

  E-resource: Food risks & benefits

   
Today, many communicators send out news about food risks and benefits through a variety of channels. For consumers, it can be difficult to make sense out of this, especially if the messages are conflicting. The European Commission-funded FoodRisC project was a three-and-a-half-year activity to understand current barriers about communicating food risks and benefits, and to identify potential solutions.

   
Effective communication (eufic)

   

  Why U.K. Wants a Genomic institut ?

   
By sequencing the genomes of 100,000 patients and integrating the resulting data into medical care, the U.K. could become the first country to introduce genome sequencing into its mainstream health system. The U.K. government hopes that the investment will improve patient outcomes while also building a genomic medicine industry. But the project will test the practical challenges of integrating and safeguarding genomic data within an expansive health service.

   
The 100,000 genomes project (technologyreview)

   

  Tech.: Your Business in 2020?

   
Human-like technology. The potential downfall of the data center. Hyper-personalization of data. These are some of the responses IT leaders gave to us when we asked, “What will business technology look like in 2020?” In 2020, tech experts say, computers could learn from experience, much like the human brain. The end of the data center as we know it might arrive.

   
Business-technology (thinkgig)

   

  Feast or Famine for Pacific Salmon

   
One year rivers on the West Coast of Canada seem to be empty of salmon, the next they are so full commercial boats are being allowed to drop their nets in the estuaries. So what gives? Is there a shortage of salmon on the Pacific Coast, or a great abundance? The complicated answer – and there are no easy answers when it comes to salmon is that both conditions often exist at the same time and in the same place.”

   
A river ever sleeps (futureofhowesound)

   

  When interoperability has become a topic

   
How to design and implement agent training, how to manage fraud & risk and how to build successful organization structures at each stage of a mobile money deployment are all areas in which mobile money managers have indicated that they need support. In response, MMU has gathered insights and best practices from existing deployments and adjacent industries to promote tried-and-tested methods for addressing these issues.

   
Mobile money deployment (gsma)

   

  The shifting global business landscape

   
The rise of emerging economies has presented multinational corporations with unprecedented market opportunities and the ability to tap into an increasingly skilled labor force. But a related shift is just beginning to gather force, and it has the potential to redraw the world’s business map and rewrite the rule book on global corporate competition.

   
Major hubs today (mckinsey)

   

  Ontario: the Great Lakes protection

   
The Ontario government embarked on a process of developing new goals and strategies to guide the province’s long - term actions in protecting and restoring the Great Lakes. The first step in the process was to release a discussion paper, Healthy Great Lakes, Strong Ontario, to solicit input from stakeholders, the public and Aboriginal communities on the province’s long - term vision for the Great Lakes.

   
Why the Great Lakes Matter ? (eco.on)

   

  Statistics done wrong

   
Statistics Done Wrong is a guide to the most popular statistical errors and slip-ups committed by scientists every day, in the lab and in peer-reviewed journals. Many of the errors are prevalent in vast swathes of the published literature, casting doubt on the findings of thousands of papers. Statistics Done Wrong assumes no prior knowledge of statistics, so you can read it before your first statistics course or after thirty years of scientific practice.

   
The woefully complete guide (refsmmat)

   

  Carbon-negative energy

   
Located in one of the grittiest areas of town, where train tracks, garbage, and broken down cars are far more prevalent than the hippies Berkeley is famous for, All Power Labs has set up shop inside the Shipyard. Run by CEO Jim Mason -- who owns the space -- the 5-year-old startup now produces technology used to transform dense biomass like corn husks or wood chips into clean, sustainable, and cheap energy.

   
Clean energy at less than $2 a watt (cnet)

   

  Farm & infection prevention

   
School visits to farms are a positive educational experience but pose risks due to the spread of zoonotic infections. A lesson plan to raise awareness about microbes on the farm and preventative behaviours was developed in response to the Griffin Investigation into the E. coli outbreak associated with Godstone Farm in 2009.

   
School gastro-intestinal outbreaks (plosone)

   

  iMessage security is a myth

   
"At the 10,000-foot level, Quarkslab's technical argument is that it is possible to reverse-engineer Apple's encryption technology," said NSS Labs' Randy Abrams. However, the effort required "is such that you already have to be a person of extreme interest to some group somewhere in the world with a high level of technical expertise, and be worth the investment of time and effort."

   
More trouble than it's worth? (technewsworld)

   

  Trouble at the lab

   
The idea that the same experiments always get the same results, no matter who performs them, is one of the cornerstones of science’s claim to objective truth. If a systematic campaign of replication does not lead to the same results, then either the original research is flawed (as the replicators claim) or the replications are (as many of the original researchers on priming contend). Either way, something is awry.

   
False negative vs false positive (economist)

   

  Global food security: 10 Challenges

   
Today, with incomes rising fast in emerging economies, there are at least 3 billion people moving up the food chain toward Westernized diets. They consume more grain-intensive livestock and poultry products. Today, the growth in world grain consumption is concentrated in China. It is adding over 8 million people per year, but the big driver is the rising affluence of its nearly 1.4 billion people.

   
Rising population (theglobalist)

   

  Four business opportunity

   
As the sharing economy hits the mainstream it will force businesses to rethink customer acquisition and retention – in a world where the customers, increasingly often, are the business. The sharing economy, where businesses such as Zipcar or Airbnb provider resources or a platform for people to share goods when they need them, is growing thanks to always-on connectivity and real time data.

   
Sharing opportunity (gigaom)

   

  Quality of software patents

   
Whatever one’s views of the basic arguments on patentability, software is bringing out some troublesome limitations of the patent system. Can the system be fixed to better accommodate software? Many in the patent world claim the answer is improving patent quality, an unobjectionable goal, except that patent quality is hard to define and measure in a meaningful way.

   
Separating rhetoric from facts (scienceprogress)

   

  Permanent bacteria barrier

   
Any medical device implanted in the body attracts bacteria, proteins, and other microbes to its surface, causing infections and thrombosis (blood clotting) that lead to hundreds of thousands of deaths annually. Devices can be coated with antibiotics, blood thinners, and other agents — but these eventually dissolve, limiting their longevity and effectiveness.

   
Impenetrable barrier against microbes (mit)

   

  China' investment pipeline in Germany

   
Chinese enterprises are expected to maintain their robust levels of investment in Germany, while some sectors like auto parts may see major upswings, due to merger and acquisition moves, leading industry experts say. Markus Hempel, the China representative of the Investment Promotion of Germany Trade & Investment, says that Germany is now the most preferred European destination for Chinese investment.

   
The robust investment pipeline (europe.chinadaily)
   

  The X and Y of human origins

   
Rapid advances in genomic sequencing are beginning to provide insight into the complex narrative of human ancestry embedded in human DNA, particularly through genetic variation. Genetic variants are sequences of DNA base pairs that differ from more common ancestral sequences and can be traced to specific human populations, both past and present.

   

Human evolution (genome)

   

  Probabilistic computing

   

Semiconductors today are manufactured to tolerances of a nanometer or less, fab air quality is controlled to the point where contaminants are measured in parts-per-trillion, and we’re working on building chips using wavelengths of light just 40nm wide. But it’s precisely because manufacturing to such tight tolerances is so difficult that scientists are working to find ways to build chips that can handle failure gracefully.

   
Higher performance and/or saving power (extremetech)

   

  Selling to China

   
From food to clothing, mobile phones, electronic appliances and cars, foreign brands are perceived as superior to domestic ones, and consumers are willing to pay a premium for them. However, while many opportunities abound, selling to China may not be as simple and straightforward as what foreign sellers are accustomed to in other markets.

   
Facing evolving legal requirements (asiabriefing)

   

  Flexible electronic devices

   
Organic semiconductors made from small aromatic molecules can be dissolved and screen-printed onto many substrates, including plastics, opening the path for flexible electronic devices such as low-cost polymer solar cells. Kazuo Takimiya and colleagues, in collaboration with researchers, have now developed a synthetic procedure that makes it easier to tailor the chemical structure of an important organic semiconductor.

   
Molecules for Bendable Electronics (laboratoryequipment)

   

  P&G'cheap razor

   
To successfully sell products overseas, particularly in developing markets, companies must tweak them so they're relevant to the people who live there. And often, that means rethinking everything from the product's design to its cost. More companies will have to consider this balancing act as they increasingly move into emerging markets such as India, China and Brazil to offset slower growth in developed regions such as the U.S.

   
Linking R&D to market needs (news.yahoo)

   

  A novel "virulence mechanism"

   
A research team led by a molecular plant pathologist at the University of California, Riverside has discovered the mechanism by which an aggressive fungal pathogen infects almost all fruits and vegetables. The team discovered a novel "virulence mechanism" — the mechanism by which infection takes place — of Botrytis cinerea. This pathogen can infect more than 200 plant species, even at times in the refrigerator, for more than a week.

   
Aggressive fungal pathogen (innovations-report)

   

  Tesla electric car

   
The company's battery system and the Model S itself have received rave reviews, including a top crash-test score from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and a tie for the highest auto rating ever recorded by Consumer Reports magazine. But lithium-ion batteries have raised concerns in other vehicles. The fires tarnished the Volt's reputation and cut into sales.

   
Vehicle's battery pack (asq)

   

  How to see through the cloud

   
The web isn't magic. It's not some faraway place we just 'connect' to, but a vast and complex system of computers, connected by actual wires under the ground and the oceans. Every time you open a website, you're visiting a place where that data is stored. This tutorial will show you how to find some of those places.

   
The list of the 13 steps (stml.makes)

   

  Why women are out of the STEAM?

   
Last summer, researchers at Yale published a study proving that physicists, chemists and biologists are likely to view a young male scientist more favorably than a woman with the same qualifications. Presented with identical summaries of the accomplishments of two imaginary applicants, professors at six major research institutions were significantly more willing to offer the man a job.

   
Barriers for Female Scientists (nytimes)

   

  Google in Jeopardy

   
If you had a choice between asking a question to a Jeopardy champion and a search engine, which would you choose – Watson or PageRank? One obvious answer to who has the upper hand is that it depends on what people value more: retrieving information or solving problems. But information retrieval is part of problem solving. All the search traffic that makes Google seemingly invincible.

   
Dethroning the King of Search? (wired)

   

  Ageing global population

   
The Global AgeWatch Index examined the quality of life of the elderly in 91 nations. Norway and Germany made up the top spots, with the UK in 13th place. The index warns that many countries do not have adequate support in place for their ageing populations. By 2050, older people will outnumber under-15s for the first time, with most of the elderly in developing countries.

   
The global agewatch index (helpage)

   

  Rethinking drugs spend

   
In recent years, public health authorities in Italy have sought new models of drug distribution that circumvent some of the steps in the supply chain. This has expanded the number of available channels by which patients can access drugs, boosting competition and making drugs more affordable. Nowadays, “if you go to a doctor, a GP or a specialist in Italy you can get your prescription filled via three different channels.”

   
Finding savings in Italy (eyeforpharma)

   

  Separating Signals vs threshold

   
Given a collection of data it is common to begin with the computation of some summary statistics for location and dispersion. Averages and medians are used to characterize location, while either the range statistic or the standard deviation statistic is used to characterize dispersion. This much is taught in every introductory class.

   
Data collection tools (qualitydigest)

   

  Thirdlargest labor force in US

   
While there are many educational opportunities in this field, there's good reason to be cautious about spending too much money on an expensive degree if your focus is social entrepreneurship. Nonprofit professionals generally earn less than their counterparts in private enterprise. Besides, according to a recent survey of social sector executives, real-world skills are more important than degrees in this field.

   
Social innovation degree (fastcompany)

   

  Free Software : Why is more important ?

   
The freedom to study the program’s “source code”, and change it, so the program does your computing as you wish. Programs are written by programmers in a programming language — like English combined with algebra — and that form of the program is the “source code”. Anyone who knows programming, and has the program in source code form, can read the source code, understand its functioning, and change it too.

   
Now than ever (wired)

   

  Support to agriculture rising

   
This year’s OECD report examines the state of agricultural policy in 47 countries that account for nearly 80% of global farm output, including seven emerging economies that are major players in food and agriculture markets: Brazil, China, Indonesia, Kazakhstan, Russia, South Africa and Ukraine. It shows that support levels vary widely, both across the OECD countries and across major emerging economies.

   
Market price support measures (oecd)

   

  Samsung Gear smartwatch review

   
Following in the footsteps of LG and Sony and beating Apple to it, Samsung's wearable smartphone accessory acts as a second screen for owners of the latest Samsung Galaxy devices, although it only currently works with the firm's Galaxy Note 3 handset. the Galaxy Gear smartwatch offers unique features such as a 1.9MP integrated camera and voice controlled commands, all running on the latest Android 4.3 Jelly Bean mobile operating system.

   
Quality & display (theinquirer)

   

  Seeing bonds

   
Peering at molecular structures is what chemists do. Technology that can improve the way that they see this world can have a huge impact on the field. In one such leap, researchers in China report the first visualisation of a hydrogen bond using atomic force microscopy (AFM). In the latest study to visualise molecules, Xiaohui Qui and colleagues at the National Centre for Nanoscience and Technology, China, went one step further.

   
Hydrogen bonds unveiled (rsc)

   

  Determining customer satisfaction?

   
If your company is ISO-certified or thinking about becoming so, you may already know that meeting customer requirements and achieving customer satisfaction is paramount to the certification. However, it’s not always clear who should be in charge of determining whether customer satisfaction has been achieved. Who should send fact-finding surveys to customers? Who should collect them?...

   
Who is in charge ? (qualitydigest)

   

  Strategies for Satellite Coverage Gaps

   
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has made progress on both the Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) and Geostationary Operational Environment Satellite-R series (GOES-R) programs, but key challenges remain to ensure that potential gaps in satellite data are minimized or mitigated. On the JPSS program, NOAA has made noteworthy progress in using Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) data in weather forecasts and developing the JPSS-1 satellite.

   
Environmental satellites (gao)

   

  Recognize intrapreneurs before exit

   
Any CEO can tell you that finding ideas is not the always the problem. The real issue is selecting and spreading the best ideas, testing quickly, and executing flawlessly. An “innovation engine” is an organization’s capability to think and invest in long-term opportunities along with the competence to drive continuous innovations for top-line growth each year. Intrapreneurs can transform an organization more quickly and effectively than others because they are self-motivated free thinkers.

   
Successful intrapreneurs (hbr)

   

  Russia' energy policy

   
Russia remains the only stable energy source. Nord Stream and South Stream projects are making impressive progress in Serbia and Bulgaria. EU and Russia have agreed a deal on the use of Germany’s OPAL link to Gazprom’s Nord Stream gas pipeline, a Russian energy ministry spokeswoman confirmed on September 16. However, attempts of EU Directorate-General for Energy to create non-competitive advantage haven’t gone unnoticed in Moscow.

   
Gazprom & Novatek deal (dissidentvoice)

   

  Risk management vs greater uncertainty

   
This report is based on a quantitative survey of executives from 446 organizations carried out in 2013. Participants came from seven industries and two public services subsectors (government administration and postal services). All respondents were C-level executives involved in risk management decisions. Surveyed respondents were from Europe (35%), North America (31%), Latin America (9%), and Asia Pacific (25%).

   
Report (accenture)

   

  EU regulation: U.S. Internet Companies

   
France is calling on the European Commission, the bloc's executive arm, to draw up proposals by spring 2014 aimed at "establishing a tax regime for digital companies that ensures that the profits they make on the European market are subject to taxation and that the revenues are shared between the Member States, linking the tax base to the place where the profits are made."

   
French taxation (wsj)

   

  Transparent e-paper

   
In a new study, researchers have synthesized silicon nanowires and woven them into a paper that outperforms many other paper-like materials in terms of transparency and flexibility. Since today's integrated circuit technology is designed for silicon (in bulk form), silicon nanowires would be much more compatible with these existing technologies than other materials..

   
The silicon nanowire paper (phys)

   

  FSMA: Third-Party Auditors

   
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is amending its regulations to provide for accreditation of third-party auditors/certification bodies to conduct food safety audits of foreign food entities, including registered foreign food facilities, and to issue food and facility certifications, under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).

   
Accreditation process (fda)

   

  Managing multicore memory

   
In today’s computers, moving data to and from main memory consumes so much time and energy that microprocessors have their own small, high-speed memory banks, known as “caches,” which store frequently used data. Traditionally, managing the caches has required fairly simple algorithms that can be hard-wired into the chips. In most multicore chips, each core has several small, private caches.

   
Cache management (mit)

   

  2013/2014 : Competitiveness report

   
The Global Competitiveness Report 2013–2014 is being released at a time when the world economy is undergoing significant shifts. The global financial crisis and the ensuing developments have heightened the role of emerging economies in the global context. This has accelerated the major economic transformations already underway, which have fueled rapid growth and lifted millions of people out of poverty.

   
Productivity and prosperity insight (www3.weforum)

   

  Standalone medical device software

   
As smartphones, computers, and hand held devices make the modern world more connected and productive,the sale and use of software and apps that may have a utility in the medical sector has also grown. These pieces of software and apps range from simple database software that institutions and patients can use to document and store data, to software that can read and interpret patient lab results and help doctors diagnose diseases and conditions.

   
Global definitions (lne-america)

   

  Nuclear weapons inventories

   
Excessive secrecy prevents the public from knowing the exact number of nuclear weapons in the world. Although the United States, Russia, Britain, and France have taken steps to increase the transparency of their nuclear stockpiles—both past and present—China, Pakistan, India, Israel, and North Korea continue to refuse to provide basic information about their arsenals.

   
Current nuclear stockpile (sagepub)

   

  Ancient river across the sahara

   
Human migration north through Africa is contentious. This paper uses a novel palaeohydrological and hydraulic modelling approach to test the hypothesis that under wetter climates c.100,000 years ago major river systems ran north across the Sahara to the Mediterranean, creating viable migration routes. We confirm that three of these now buried palaeo river systems could have been active at the key time of human migration across the Sahara.

   
Human Migration vs sahara (plosone)

   

  IBM's corelet language

   
No stranger to creating new programming languages and paradigm, IBM has embarked on an effort to complete a computer language that enables programmers to build applications that work like the human brain. In a project funded by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), IBM on Aug. 8 announced a breakthrough software ecosystem designed for programming silicon chips that have an architecture inspired by the function, low power and compact volume of the brain.

   
Pro. like the human brain (developer)

   

  Applicants 50 and older

   
Surveys consistently show older people believe they experience age discrimination on the job market, and although unemployment is lower among older workers, long-term unemployment is far higher. As the American population and its labor force reshape, though, with a larger chunk of older workers, some employers are slowly recognizing their skill and experience.

   
The embrace of older workers (news.yahoo)

   

  T-cell deficiency vs Alzheimer

   
Some, known as "regulatory" T-cells, reign in the immune system when it starts to get out of control. Dysfunctional regulatory T-cells can lead to inflammation and autoimmune disorders. Regulatory T-cell deficiency is linked to the type of inflammation commonly found in the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease.

   
Good hygiene may be to blame (telegraph)

   

  Skills Gap Fact or Fiction?

   
Four years after the Great Recession officially ended, the nation's unemployment rate remains above seven percent. Twelve million Americans are unemployed. Ten million more are classified as "underemployed," meaning they work in jobs that they are overqualified for. The U.S. Department of Labor Statistics reports the number of "open" jobs -- positions that employers advertise but have not found "qualified" applicants for has doubled.

   
How current are your technology skills ? (cio)

   

  Highly detailed 3D maps

   
The new mapping technique determines how to connect a map by tracking a camera’s pose, or position in space, throughout its route. When a camera returns to a place where it’s already been, the algorithm determines which points within the 3D map to adjust, based on the camera’s previous poses. The developed technique allows you to shift the map so it warps and bends into place.

   
Three-dimensional maps (qualitydigest)

   

  Electricity as a luxury good

   
If you want to do something big, you have to start small. That's something German Environment Minister Peter Altmaier knows all too well. The politician, a member of the center-right Christian Democratic Union (CDU), has put together a manual of practical tips on how everyone can make small, everyday contributions to the shift away from nuclear power and toward green energy.

   
German-transition-to-renewable-energy (spiegel)

   

  Transparency taken too far?

   
EUCOPE are an advocacy group representing the interests of mid-size pharmaceutical companies, informing its members on a range of ongoing regulatory, pricing and reimbursement issues with their primary focus being on market access issues across all EU member states. The current climate within Europe of evolving regulatory requirements as payers seek to implement cost-containment strategies.

   
Freedom vs competitive information (eyeforpharma)

   

  Bypassing encryption

   
The short answer is almost certainly by compromising the software or hardware that implements the encryption or by attacking or influencing the people who hold the shared secrets that form one of the linchpins of any secure cryptographic system. The NYT alludes to these techniques as a combination of "supercomputers, technical trickery, court orders, and behind-the-scenes persuasion."

   
Asking for the keys (arstechnica)

   

  Using tech to empower people

   
Red wasn’t particularly interested in IPOs or the latest tech fetish, even though she was always exceptionally proud of her students and their accomplishments. She knew that technology was a means to an end — and that the end was people. Red wasn’t that interested in technology per se; she saw it as something you needed to get to the real work: improving people’s lives, making them feel more connected.

   
Stop focusing on gadgets (wired)

   

  Intel’s laser chips

   
Clear connection: These optical fibers, dubbed ClearCurve, were developed by Corning and Intel to replace copper cables and move data faster. The silicon wafer in the background is patterned with chips able to convert between electrical and optical signals. Intel hopes to make computing far more efficient by introducing a technology that replaces conventional copper data cables with faster optical data links.

   
How to make computing efficient ? (technologyreview)

   

  2013 Hype Cycle

   
The evolving relationship between humans and machines is the key theme of Gartner's "Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, 2013." Gartner has chosen to feature the relationship between humans and machines due to the increased hype around smart machines, cognitive computing and the Internet of Things.

   
Hype Cycle Special Report (itpreport)

   

  Expanding beyond your market

   
Because developing countries do vary, it's important to investigate them thoroughly, says Alan Hagie, president and CEO of Hagie Manufacturing, a farm equipment manufacturer based in Iowa. When the company began exporting in the 1960s, it tried to sell its equipment without making modifications for that market. We have been trying to assess the markets very carefully and understand their needs.."

   
Facing tough competition (industryweek)

   

  European social statistics

   
This publication presents the latest results for ‘social’ headline in - dicators on the EU-27 aggregates, individual Member States and, where available, on the EFTA and the candidate countries. EU policies, notably in social and economic fields, use demographic data for planning and for programme monitoring and evaluation.

   
EU' pocketbook (eurostat)

   

  The electric warship

   
The U.S. Navy has not released details about the ship’s interior. But after gathering what information we could, including construction photos, we assembled the accompanying illustration. Together these visual elements offer what may be a preview of how warships will look for decades to come. In another break from the U.S. Navy’s usual designs, the Zumwalt’s propellers and drive shafts are turned by electric motors.

   
The USS Zumwalt (ieee)

   

  Fruit consumption and risk

   
Fruits are rich in fibre, antioxidants, and phytochemicals that may have beneficial health effects. Increasing fruit consumption has been recommended for the primary prevention of many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes,1 although epidemiologic studies have generated somewhat mixed results regarding the link with risk of type 2 diabetes.

   
Cohort studies (bmj)

   

  X-rays as push to Moore's law

   
One of the difficulties involved in developing thermo-electric systems that convert heat into electric current is the need for materials exhibiting high electrical conductivity but low thermal conductivity, which is only possible with complicated crystal structures. Scientists have now discovered a way of suppressing thermal conductivity in sodium cobaltate, opening new paths for energy scavenging.

   
Harvesting unused energy (esrf)

   

  Customer satisfaction surveys

   
The ultimate test of customer satisfaction is whether your customer continues to give you business, but surveys can provide color on what customers most value, service gaps or emerging dissatisfaction with performance. If they are happy, they may elect to skip the survey. If they are very unhappy and in the middle of picking a new partner, they may also elect to skip the survey to keep you in the dark until the transition is completed.

   
Ins and Outs (asq)

   

  The land of freedom & scrutiny

   
According to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) figures, nearly 98 percent of all travelers are admitted to the country directly from initial or "primary" inspection by officials at U.S. ports of entry. Of an estimated 98.3 million international travelers admitted by air to the U.S. in 2012, about 724,000 were detained, arrested, or refused entry to the country, according to data from U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP).

   
where U.S. legal rights begin ? (zdnet)

   

  Same-Day Delivery ?

   
In July 2013, eBay unveiled an expansion of its eBay Now same-day service into more areas around San Francisco and New York, with plans for Chicago and Dallas. On the heels of that announcement, Amazon said it would hire 5,000 workers to staff its increasing number of U.S. fulfillment centers. Both are competing with Google Shopping Express, which launched a pilot service.

   
Not so fast (strategy-business)

   

  Research fund for BPA' effects

   
A University of Illinois (UIUC) research team landed a fiveyear,$8 million grant to investigate the effects that exposure to chemicals used in plastics has on kids. Part of the Children's Environmental Health and Disease Prevention Research Centers program, it is jointly funded through the US Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS).

   
Packaging effect on health (foodproductiondaily)

   

  First dutch computers

   
Some historical actors became acquainted with Turing's 1936 paper early on, while others did not. Some researchers depended directly or indirectly on its contents, while others accomplished great feats even without knowing who Turing was. The successful Dutch computer builder Willem van der Poel is one of those few men who applied, Turing's 1936 universal-machine concept in the history of early post-war computers.

   
The truly thinking machines (acm)

   

  China's space program

   
China is pressing forward on its human space exploration plans, intent on establishing an international space station and, experts say, harnessing the technological muscle to launch its astronauts to the moon. Highlighting China's intent, the country is working with the United Nations to stage a major workshop on human space technology, to be held Sept. 16-20 in Beijing.

   
China's first space traveler (space)

   

  Contract-based programming & Reliability

   

The elements of 'contract-based programming' – assertions of program properties that are part of the source text – have been available in some programming languages for many years but have only recently moved into the mainstream of software development. The latest version of the Ada language standard, Ada 2012, has added contract-based programming features.

   
Making software more reliable (embedded)

   

  US' scientists & engineers concentration

   
The three most populous states—California, Texas, and New York—together accounted for more than one-fourth of all S&E employment in the United States. Several major metropolitan areas in those states, for example, areas around Santa Clara, Los Angeles, and San Diego, all in California, and areas around New York City and Houston, together accounted for approximately 1 in 10 S&E workers nationwide.

   
S&E employment in the US (nsf)

   

  SAT’s single antenna solution

   
This solution is expected to ultimately cost a few dollars per handset compared to US $20 per handset for existing antennas. Additionally, SAT uses software re-configurable hardware enabling manufacturers to produce one device for all territories, reduce costs and streamline manufacturing & logistics. SAT’s technology has already generated interest from its target customers, including include cellular handset and chipset manufacturers.

   
A single multi-band antenna (engineerlive)

   

  ISO/IEC 27001 new version

   
Aligning ISO/IEC 27001 to the new structure will help organizations wanting to implement more than one management system at a time. The similarity in structure between the standards will save organizations money and time as they can adopt integrated policies and procedures. For example, an organization might want to integrate their information security system with other management systems.

   
How to tackle IT security risks (iso)

   

  IBM's HyRef

   
The solution, named "Hybrid Renewable Energy Forecasting" (HyRef) uses weather modeling capabilities, advanced cloud imaging technology and sky-facing cameras to track cloud movements, while sensors on the turbines monitor wind speed, temperature and direction. When combined with analytics technology, the data-assimilation based solution can produce accurate local weather forecasts.

   
IBM' wind forecasting technology (ibm)

   

  Quality metric

   
If your organization is like most when it comes to data collection or metric development, little thought is actually given to these processes. Once upon a time, senior management requested a new metric be established—cost per defect by part. A team was formed to facilitate the data collection process. The team consisted of five cost accountants and five quality engineers.

   
Operational definition defined (asq)

   

  MS XP worning!

   
Microsoft warned Windows XP customers that they face never-patched, never-dead "zero-day" vulnerabilities if they don't dump the 12-year-old operating system before its April 2014 retirement deadline. The warning -- just the latest in a two-year campaign to denigrate XP and convince users to leave it behind.

   
Reverse-engineering of patches (computerworld)

   

  Embedding Q.A. into projects

   
A review of three proven quality assurance tips that are applicable for software, manufacturing, and service organizations. They provide guidance to senior management, as well as engineers and technical staff, for selecting and implementing quality improvement projects. When implemented correctly, improved quality can provide a profit center for the company.

   
Improving quality levels (qualitydigest)

   

  The Firefox OS phones

   
Mozilla is betting on attracting users based in part on the phone's low prices, comparable to those of a feature phone, while telling developers that building apps will be like building a Web site because the operating system embraces HTML5 and CSS3. "Writing a Firefox OS app is never a wasted effort. You can easily make a HTML5 app to iOS, but not the other way around". Hanging success on those factors is not a sure thing, however.

   
Linchpin to Mozilla's mob-plan (cnet)

   

  Views you can use?

   
Are you influenced by the opinions of other people -- say, in the comments sections of websites? If your answer is no, here’s another question: Are you sure? . A new study co-authored by an MIT professor suggests that many people are, in fact, heavily influenced by the positive opinions other people express online -- but are much less swayed by negative opinions posted in the same venues.

   
Online ratings & judgment (myscience)

   

  Preserving the Mediterranean Sea

   
The main purpose of this Study is to inform the debate over maritime governance in the Mediterranean by shedding light on the costs and benefits of establishing maritime zones in the Mediterranean in accordance with international law. In effect, the Study uses a cost benefit approach to analyse different scenarios even as regards activities that are not in themselves ‘economic’ activities and may necessitate a more indirect approach.

   
Costs & benefits (ec.europa)

   

  Managing a pharmaceutical quality system

   
In part one of this series, we discussed the management perception that current good manufacturing practices (cGMPs) are not relevant to the business. We laid out the defense that cGMPs enable a predictable quality outcome that serves the business and its customers (e.g., patients) very well. The quality function should be in the best position to make this defense, but all too often it has problems of its own.

   
Five-obstacles to handle (qualitydigest)

   

  The Concorde’s cousins

   
Last month, the United Kingdom announced that it was investing $90 million in what was being billed as the most groundbreaking aeronautical development since the jet engine. The public investment would be used along with private funds to build a prototype of a SABRE engine, a propulsion system that would make the world’s first true “space plane” possible.

   
Hybrid jet-rocket engine (slate)

   

  Mobile Vs Digital marketing

   
Mobile web marketing is similar to digital marketing but one needs to approach mobile app marketing in a completely different way. Indeed, app store optimisation and astute advertising campaigns have to be spot on in order to create awareness and drive downloads. Like digital marketing, mobile marketing has a strong focus on direct response.

   
Breaking-barriers (eyefortravel)

   

  New nuclear cardio tracers

   
The University of Ottawa Heart Institute in Canada was one of a handful of facilities that started using thallium-201 after the 2009 shutdown of the Canadian Chalk River nuclear reactor in Ontario led to a shortage of technetium-99m. Technetium is the primary radiotracer used in SPECT heart scans, but the supply chain for the radioisotope is fragile and complex.

   

From SPECT to PET (dotmed)

   

  German offshore wind industry

   
The project was to be a major milestone for both the German offshore wind industry and Germany's energy transition, or Energiewende, from nuclear and polluting sources of energy to renewable ones. In order to build the turbines, which stand on 70-meter (230-foot) columns, EWE had to use a specially built 132-meter-long ship capable of raising itself above the waves on stilts.

   
Graveyard for explosives (spiegel)

   

  How standards boost business

   
Standards have the power to turbo-charge innovation and fuel business growth. From design and manufacturing to distribution and marketing, all products and services are affected at some point by standardization. But standards and conformance also impact the strength of the American workforce, inform the direction of innovation, and underpin global commerce.

   
Fostering US innovation (industryweek)

   

  India’s first aircraft carrier

   
India will thus join the elite club of US, UK and Russia which build aircraft carriers weighing over 40,000 tons. Navy Vice Chief Vice Admiral RK Dhowan on Thursday said, at present, the shipyard has completed construction of nearly 18,000 tons and remaining work including erection of island superstructure like runway, compartments and fitment of weapons will take place in repair dock of the shipyard.

   
IAC aircraft carrier (dailypioneer)

   

  Future data storage devices

   
Physicists of the University of Hamburg, Germany, managed for the first time to individually write and delete single skyrmions, a knot-like magnetic entity. Such vortex-shaped magnetic structures exhibit unique properties which make them promising candidates for future data storage devices. Skyrmions have been in the focus of active research for the last years; however, up to now these states have been merely investigated.

   
Magnetic nano-knots (innovations-report)

   

  How to Make Fashion Greener?

   
The European fashion industry is a huge consumer of fresh water. Estimates point to 600 million cubic meter of fresh water being consumed yearly in Europe by the textile and clothing industry; not a negligible amount. To reduce the water consumption and the colored mass effluent, researchers have developed a flocculating agent. Called TEXAFLOK DCL 41, it is able to separate and remove the dyes from the water.

   
EU' funded project (laboratoryequipment)

   

  Core Problems of Software Engineering

   
There are two kinds of target for empirical software studies: products and processes. Product studies assess actual software artifacts, as found in code repositories, bug databases and documentation, to infer general insights. Project studies assess how software projects proceed and how their participants work; as a consequence, they can share some properties with studies in other fields that involve human behavior, such as sociology and psychology.

   
Empirical software studies (cacm.acm)

   

  Math model & childhood weight

   
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health have created and confirmed the accuracy of a mathematical model that predicts how weight and body fat in children respond to adjustments in diet and physical activity. The results will appear online July 30 in The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology. While the model may help to set realistic expectations, it has not been tested in a controlled clinical trial.

   
Accuracy of a mathematical model (nih)

   

  ECHA' decision annuled

   
Following a compliance check under the dossier evaluation procedure, ECHA issued a final decision requiring the Appellant to conduct tests to satisfy certain information requirements and to submit a robust study summary for a test already conducted. After a draft decision was sent to the Member State Competent Authorities (MSCAs), the Appellant updated its registration dossier to include the robust study summary requested.

   
Principle legal certainty infrenged (echa.europa)

   

  The most Innovative food packaging

   
The product is a paperboard based cylinder liquid aseptic packaging system, which includes an aseptic liquid packaging production line and Henry Alzamora, international marketing manager, LamiCan, said the award is proof that the product has tangible benefits and has already sparked interest with enquiries from prospective clients.

   
Packaging material (foodproductiondaily)

   

  The Hiroshima myth

   
In the pitiful history lessons that were taught by my uninspired/bored history teachers (which seemed to be mostly jocks) came from patriotic and highly censored books where everything the British and US military ever did in war time was honorable and self-sacrificing and everything their opponents did was barbaric. Everybody in my graduating class of 26 swallowed the post-war propaganda in our history books.

   
Lies of US military history (globalresearch)

   

  Waking Up Tired?

   
Electricity has given us the freedom to choose our bedtimes; staying up after dark is as easy as flipping a light switch. But we pay a price for this luxury, says integrative physiologist Kenneth Wright of the University of Colorado, Boulder, who led the new study. People with later bedtimes and wake times are exposed to more artificial light and less sunlight, he says, which means their bodies aren’t getting the natural cues humans once relied on.

   
Solar cycles (sciencemag)

   

  Patient Safety Behaviours Questionnaire

   
Understanding the factors that make it more or less likely that healthcare practitioners (HCPs) will perform certain patient safety behaviors is important in developing effective intervention strategies. A questionnaire to identify determinants of HCP patient safety behaviors does not currently exist. This study reports the development and initial validation of the Influences on Patient Safety Behaviors Questionnaire.

   
The model of best fit (implementationscience)

   

  Quality control in ediscovery

   
How technology has changed the eDiscovery process In addition to increased efficiency and reduced costs, technology has made the eDiscovery process more complex, and this complexity increases risk. Statistical sampling has become a vital tool for quality control under predictive coding, and the complexity of the predictive coding work flow has highlighted the need for project management strategies to mitigate risk.

   
Traditional vs Tech. model (kpmg)

   

  Delayed Eurozone recovery

   
We continue to believe that the Eurozone is partway through a “lost decade”. The delayed recovery creates challenges for companies and policy-makers alike. One critical challenge centers upon education and training. As unemployment surges, companies need to collaborate with employment agencies, educational institutions and training bodies to ensure that workers with appropriate skills will be available when demand recovers.

   
Sustaining capacity (ey)

   

  "Greening” the Warehouse Facility

   
Since doing carbon footprint calculations at 35 of our facilities in North America, APL Logistics has reconfirmed the environmental value of investing in lighting conversion initiatives wherever we can — especially now that we know that metal halide lighting has a carbon footprint that is nearly three times greater than that of fluorescent lighting.

   
More fuel-efficient mode shifts (areadevelopment)

   

  Wearable tech. paradox

   
Welcome to the brave new world of wearable computers, which will tread within the uneasy space bounded by continual distraction, continual diversion of attention, and continual blank stares along one border; and focused attention, continual enhancement, and better interaction, understanding, and retention along the other.

   
Complex computerized mazes (technologyreview)

   

  US human capital effectiveness

   
As the US economy slowly recovers from recession, several challenges are emerging for HR.Hiring is trending upward, but productivity is declining. The employment uptick has brought higher voluntary turnover rates, but not for new hires. Organizations that understand and adapt to this seemingly contradictory workforce environment will be able to gain the highest return from their investment in the workforce.

   
Quality of new hires (pwc)

   

  Huaweï vs NSA

   
In a surprisingly detailed interview with the Australian Financial Review last week, NSA' director asserted there is hard evidence that Huawei has engaged in espionage on behalf of the Chinese government. By its own estimates, Huawei helps power communications for more than a third of the planet. So does that mean the company represents a security threat to more than a third of the planet?

   
Huawei or the highway? (digitaltrends)

   

  UK: Planning for growth

   
In a sign of an improving domestic outlook,the shift to more pro-growth strategies has been driven by companies which earn the majority of their revenues in the UK. A less risky environment clearly bodes well for business investment. CFOs’ expectations for hiring and investment are back to where they were in early 2011 when the world seemed set fair for recovery.

   
Business confidence (deloitte)

   

  Base erosion & Profit shifting

   
Many governments have to cope with less revenue and a higher cost to ensure compliance Moreover, Base Erosion and Profit Shifting (BEPS) undermines the integrity of the tax system, as the public, the media and some taxpayers deem reported low corporate taxes to be unfair In developing countries, the lack of tax revenue leads to critical under-funding of public investment.

   
OECD'action plan (oecd-ilibrary:downloadable doc.)

   

  UK communications data demands

   
Inception and communications data remain powerful techniques in the investigation of many kinds of crime and threats to national security. Many of the largest drug-trafficking, excise evasion, people-trafficking, counter-terrorism and wider national security, and serious crime investigative successes of the recent past have in some way involved the use of interception and/or communications data.

   
Case study & Operational successe (iocco-uk)

   

  Lesson from medical B.Camp

   
The boot camp, conducted under the watch of Wayne, the vice chairwoman of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, provides the interns with a three-day session to prepare them for assignments. In the view of Wayne and others, it seems prudent for interns to practice on artificial patients before going to work on those who actually bleed.

   
Boot Camp for Interns (asq)

   

  New surgical knife

   
Surgeons typically use knives that heat tissue as they cut, producing a sharp-smelling smoke. The new knife analyzes the smoke and can instantly signal whether the tissue is cancerous or healthy. The smoke picked up by the smart knife is compared to a library of smoke "signatures" from cancerous and non-cancerous tissues.

   
Within minutes analysis (news.yahoo)

   

  EU' green product survey

   
Respondents were asked about their behaviour towards environmentally-friendly products in general. By environmentally-friendly products or green products we meanproducts that have a less negative impacton the environment during production, in terms of use and disposal compared to other products (with the same functionality,addressing the same need, etc.).

   
Environmentally-friendly products (ec.europa)

   

  Buying competitive keywords

   
Is Buying Competitive Keyword Advertising Trademark Infringement? It must sound like a Johnny One Note, but we'll say it again. Keyword advertising litigation is dead, dead, DEAD. It may not have been dead when 1-800 Contacts brought the lawsuit in 2007, but the intervening 6 years have proven that keyword advertising lawsuits are not easy to win and are economically irrational.

   
Trademark infringement (techdirt)

   

  Microsoft reorganisation

   
The company will be organized by function:Engineering (including supply chain and datacenters), Marketing, Business Development and Evangelism, Advanced Strategy and Research, Finance, HR, Legal,and COO (including field, support, commercial operations and IT). There will be four engineering areas: OS, Apps, Cloud, and Devices.

   
Memo From Steve Ballmer (cio)

   

  State of the outsourcing industry

   
The survey, which covers the viewpoints, dynamics and intentions of 1355 senior leaders from major global enterprises, outsourcing services providers, management consultant firms, sourcing advisory firms and other key industry influencers, found that client expectations of outsourcing are evolving to be more value focused, with IT, Finance and Accounting administrative processes dominating future outsourcing plans.

   
KPMG Survey (kpmginstitutes)

   

  60,000 new wind turbines

   
The wind turbine, an Enercon E-82, has been there for over a year. When it was inaugurated, the local shooting club, the "Black Hunters", fired their guns in celebration, and the local priest delivered a sermon on protecting God's creation. But not everyone is happy. Some are angry at the way the landscape is being butchered. The opponents protest with images of the Grim Reaper holding a wind turbine rather than his traditional scythe.

   
Delays and demands (spiegel)

   

  Pesticide: Cumulative risk assessment

   
The (EFSA) has developed a new approach for grouping pesticides that paves the way for the implementation of cumulative risk assessment - a sophisticated technique to assess the risk posed by exposure to multiple pesticide residues. The general methodology is based on identifying compounds that exhibit similar toxicological properties in a specific organ or system.

   
Broad criteria for consumer protection (efsa)

   

  OSHA whistleblower protection laws

   
According to OSHA, there were 2,787 claims in 2012, compared with 1,934 claims in 2005. In addition, thousands of employees have brought claims under OSHA whistleblower protection laws, alleging that their employers retaliated against them for bringing forward safety concerns or participating in OSHA investigations. How to Take proactive steps to protect against whistleblower litigation ?

   
OSHA' Whistleblower Claims (24-7pressrelease)

   

  Detecting Device That Didn't Work

   
The ADE 651 was modeled on a novelty trinket conceived decades before by a former used-car salesman from South Carolina, which was purported to detect golf balls. By the time police in Britain raided his offices nine days later, McCormick had spent three years selling the Iraqi government these devices. Authorities in Baghdad bought more than 6,000 useless bomb detectors, at a cost of at least $38 million.

   
How to Make Money ? (businessweek)

   

  Flight of the Drone maker

   
AeroVironment which has had a rich history since MacCready founded the company in 1971. Today, AeroVironment may be poised to lead the next wave of major change in the way people fuel their vehicles, go to war, and make use of flight. The company holds dominant, in two unrelated technologies: unmanned aircraft and charging systems for electric vehicles.

   
AV' powerful assets (strategy-business)

   

  Protecting drinking water systems

   
SecurEau, a four-year Seventh Framework Programme funded project, involved 12 partners, including the University of Southampton, from six European countries. It has developed a toolbox that can be implemented by a major European city in response to a contamination event. The SecurEau team developed water quality sensors to be installed in a drinking water system.

   
SecurEau' project (innovations-report)

   

  Learning initiatives in Europe

   
This report presents the analysis of 31 recent 1:1 learning initiatives, which equip students of a given school, class or age group with a portable computer device. Overall, the analysed initiatives involve approximately 47,000 schools and 17,480,000 students in primary and secondary education across 19 European countries. Based on desk research (analysis of country reports on 1:1 initiatives and a literature review).

   
Overview and analysis (jrc)

   

  Cars that ‘talk’ to each other

   
Vehicle-to-vehicle communication, what the researchers call V2V, is heading down a road many see leading to self-driving cars. And it's a natural next step now that automakers are increasingly adding features that slow and even stop cars when sensors detect crashes are imminent. This connected car technology, a modified version of Wi-Fi called dedicated short-range communication (DSRC).

   
V2V communication (asq)

   

  US-EU Head Into Negotiations

   
On July 8, 29 countries—the U.S. plus 28 countries of the EU—will begin negotiating The Biggest Trade Deal Ever. (France is threatening to delay the start of the talks over allegations that the U.S. spied on EU offices in the U.S. and Europe.) The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership will affect 30 percent of global commerce, eliminate $10.5 billion in tariffs, and boost trade by an estimated $280 billion a year.

   
The biggest trade deal (businessweek)

   

  ISO 9001 revision

   
The Committee Draft stage is the first consultation in the development (or revision) of an ISO standard. During this stage, the countries (ISO members) that have chosen to participate in the development of the standard have between two and four months to form a national position on the draft and comment on it. Some members may decide to get input from the public to help form this national position.

   
What happens next ? (iso)

   

  What Is a 3D Measurement Arm ?

   
Articulating arms, also known 3D measurement arms, are portable coordinate measuring machines (CMMs) that determine and record the location of a probe in 3D space and report the results through software. The name derives from the actual look of the hardware, which resembles a human arm with a shoulder, elbow, forearm, and a wrist.

   
Articulating arm applications (qualitydigest)

   

  Metrics and you - IT design

   
"Metrics" is rapidly becoming something of a cult among IT vendors. Many are betting the future of their companies on data gathering and foster a culture that treats user behaviour-monitoring like a religion. I've never fully believed in this practice, but it is hard to deny its allure. People are fickle and hard to predict; the idea that we can reduce the complexity of design choices to simple maths is tantalising.

   
The interpretation matter (theregister)

   

  AdBlockPlus: Google's funding

   
Google's advertising already allowed by the AdBlock filters, you can easily check. Who installed AdBlock Plus and the Google Search (for example, "car") is used, despite active ad blocker gets Google AdWords ads delivered to the screen. With competing search engines like Bing or Yahoo by Microsoft continues to work the blocker.

   
Questionable transactions (adblockplus-horizont)

   

  DNA Data Deluge

   
The cost of sequencing one human genome has dropped from hundreds of millions of dollars to just a few thousand dollars. Instead of taking years to sequence a single human genome, it now takes about 10 days to sequence a half dozen at a time using a high-capacity sequencing machine. Now scientists have built rich catalogs of genomes from people around the world.

   
3 billion letters of a human being (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Delay to CO2 in cars deal

   
Earlier this week, the proposal to limit passenger car emissions to 95 grams of CO2 per km (g/km) was hailed by the Irish environment minister Phil Hogan as “a win-win for climate, consumers, innovation and jobs.” Luxury German car-makers such as Daimler and BMW have complained that the proposed targets unfairly singled them out. Germany’s car industry are 15g/km higher than the EU median.

   
Highly unusual (euractiv)

   

  European research funding

   
The EU's three main institutions have agreed the Horizon 2020 funding package, the successor to the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), in the nick of time. The informal accord, reached on 25 June, just days before the end of the Irish presidency of the EU, offers a helping hand to scientists from poorer member states, in an attempt to balance the programme’s ‘focus on excellence’.

   
Deal on the Horizon (RSC)

   

  Spending on Food in Cities

   
Consumers in cities with higher per capita incomes tend to spend a smaller proportion of their total income on food. This relationship, known as Engel’s Law, is hugely relevant when it comes to forecasting consumer expenditure. Within individual countries, their flagship cities tend to distinguish themselves through their lower expenditure on food.

   
Consumer spending (blog.euromonitor)

   

  China's growth

   
China’s GDP is expected to quintuple between now and 2050 according to the IMF. By that time, the urban economy could generate more than 90% of China’s economic output, up from 75% in 2009. The urbanization rate hit 49.2% in 2010 and is projected to reach 65.4% by 2025, according to United Nations research. By 2030, if current trends hold, around 1 billion Chinese will live in cities.

   
Dupont' view (dupont)

   

  ESRF' new experimental halls

   
On Monday, 24th June the ESRF inaugurated the two new experimental halls built to house extended beamlines, laboratories and offices as part of the Upgrade Programme. Just 19 months after the ground-breaking ceremony, the new buildings have been completed on schedule and within budget. The ESRF Council Chairman, Jean Moulin, and Director General, Francesco Sette, headed the ribbon-cutting ceremony.

   
Belledonne and Chartreuse buildings (esrf)

   

  Food chain-feed safety

   
Safe animal feed is important for the health of animals, the environment and for the safety of foods of animal origin. There are many examples of the close link between the safety of animal feed and the foods we eat. For instance, mammalian meat and bone meal (MBM) was banned from all farm animal feed in the EU in 2001 because it was linked to the spread of Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE).

   
Animals' health (efsa.europa)

   

  MD' suppliers control requirements

   
Around the world,tightening medical device regulations emphasize not only the manufacturer and its legal duties, but also its duties with respect to all its suppliers and subcontractors. Nevertheless the suppliers and subcontractors closely involved in the means to meet the product/MD conformity and performances shall be considered with a specific attention.

   
European regulation (lne-america)

   

  Google’s biggest obstacle

   
The ballon-powered network know as Loon may be one of Google’s famed moon shots, but the biggest issues facing the project are grounded right here on Earth. This won’t just be a major technological feat for Google. It will be a huge political undertaking. I give Google credit: it’s never shied away from a challenge. But if Loon is going to be a success it’s going to have to wade deeply into the morass of global international relations.

   
Project Loon (gigaom)

   

  Immunity mechanism displayed

   
Scientists at the Faculty of Medicine have discovered a mechanism that is used to protect the body from harmful bacteria. Platelets, a component of blood typically associated with clotting, were discovered to actively search for specific bacteria, and upon detection, seal it off from the rest of the body. The vast majority of bacteria in the bloodstream is trapped by the liver in a network of specialized cells known as Kupffer cells.

   
Imaging reveals platelets on patrol (ucalagary)

   

  Data and privacy laws

   
While the EU may not have known the specifics of the National Security Agency's (NSA) foreign dragnet surveillance program, two years later Europe's justice chief is enraged. By opening the door for data protection ceasefire negotiations, EU Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding trusted her transatlantic ally to stick to its word.

   
Overstepping EU' jurisdictional boundaries (zdnet)

   

  Health status among elderly

   
Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) and rate of telomere shortening are known biomarkers of aging while, numerous studies showed that Mediterranean diet (MD) may boost longevity. We studied association between telomere length, telomerase activity and different adherence to MD and its effects on healthy status.

   
Mediterranean diet (plosone)

   

  Unlocking consumer's power

   
“Consumers today share much more readily with each other and with the companies than in the past,” says Bert Alfonso, President, International, for The Hershey Company. “Their input tends to be about your product’s characteristics and about what they like and don’t like. We see it in North America, China, Brazil, and in other markets which have a high penetration of both mobile and Internet usage.

   
Is-it the right time for growth ? (pwc)

   

  HTML5' security issues

   
Web' applications cannot even warn the user of the on-going attack, as the malicious code can suppress or tamper with this warning. Also, getting rid of the malicious code is not as easy as you might think: closing the tabs of the attacked application is useless if the malicious code is running in other tabs or hidden frames in the context of this web application.

   
Protection against the attack (developer)

   

  Analysis: Antibiotic apocalypse

   
A simple cut to your finger could leave you fighting for your life. Luck will play a bigger role in your future than any doctor could. Cancer treatments and organ transplants could kill you. Childbirth could once again become a deadly moment in a woman's life. Antibiotics kill bacteria, but the bugs are incredibly wily foes. Once you start treating them with a new drug,

   
Global problem (bbc)

   

  The competitiveness imperative

   
We are seeing a strong demand for market-driven solutions that tackle the roadblocks of red tape and high labour costs – both identified by business leaders as key problems hampering European competitiveness. There is a sense, though, that Europe is running out of time and must act now to restore its competitiveness relative to the rest of the world.

   
Revitalising the European Dream (booz)

   

  US: Talking turkey

   
Lab analysis of ground turkey bought at retail stores nationwide, more than half of the packages of raw ground meat and patties tested positive for fecal bacteria. Some samples harbored other germs, including salmonella and staphylococcus aureus, two of the leading causes of foodborne illness in the U.S. Overall, 90 percent of the samples had one or more of the five bacteria for which we tested.

   
From barn to burger (consumerreports)

   

  Loading images on demand

   
The brain is a muscle, and as all muscles, it needs regular exercise to keep sharp, which is why I decided to take very old, but efficient, web optimization technique and implement it in new crazy way. You’ve most likely heard about loading images (and other resources) on demand – which is not only a common sense, but also a good way to speedup initial page load. Usually it is implemented via JavaScript, but today I’ll share with you how you can achieve the same effect by using pure CSS.

   
CSS-only (podlipensky)

   

  Rural China hospital reforms

   
A pediatrician at the People’s Hospital of Yiyang County, Henan Province in central China, now follows standardized clinical protocols to treat his patients. Flexibility is built into the clinical pathways, still giving doctors discretion over elective services based on different patients’ condition. But case payment is fixed, regardless of whether electives services have been provided.

   
China's clinical pathway (asq)

   

  Scientific management

   
Probably the most complete research on Taylor’s scientific management was done by Hugh Aitken. He describes Taylorism like this: “The essential core of scientific management, regarded as a philosophy, was the idea that human activity could be measured, analyzed, and controlled by techniques analogous to those that proved successful when applied to physical objects.” Taylor and his cohorts were out to solve problems of industrial production but not much else.

   
Revisiting Taylorism (qualitydigest)

   

  Encrypted e-mail

   
If you don't want a government, service provider, employer, or unauthorized party to have access to your mail at rest, you need to encrypt the mail itself. But most encryption algorithms are symmetric, meaning that the encryption key serves a dual purpose: it both encrypts and decrypts. As such, people encrypting mail with a symmetric key would be able to decrypt other mail that used the same symmetric key.

   
The uses of asymmetry (arstechnica)

   

  Ericsson: Mobility report

   
The number of mobile subscriptions worldwide has grown approximately 8 percent year-on-year during Q1 2013. The number of mobile broadband subscriptions grew even faster over this period at a rate of 45 percent year-on-year, reaching around 1.7 billion. The amount of data usage per subscription also continued to grow steadily. About 50 percent of all mobile phones sold in Q1 2013 were smartphones.

   
The networked society (ericsson)

   

  EMS' structure overview

   
Environmental management is based on the concept of continuous improvement of an organisation’s environmental performance over time. In this way, an EMS is continuously changing in line with the organisation’s activities as well as external influencing factors such as environmental legislation, changes in technology, and market pressures.

   
ISO 14001 requirements (envirocentre)

   

  EU-BIZ Investment in intangible assets

   
Companies that invested in any of the intangible assets discussed were asked if their investment had benefited their company in a range of areas. The skills and qualifications of employees are seen as the biggest beneficiary from an investment in intangible assets - one in five say there has been a lot of benefit (21%), compared to 11% that say this about the overall value of the company and 10% that say this about sales.

   
Economic assets & growth (ec.europa)

   

  Most sophisticated Android Trojan

   
Recently, an Android application came to us for analysis. At a glance, we knew this one was special. All strings in the DEX file were encrypted, and the code was obfuscated. The file turned out to be a multi-functional Trojan, capable of the following: sending SMS to premium-rate numbers; downloading other malware programs, installing them on the infected device.

   
How to decipher all the strings ? (securelist)

   

  Plastic from grass

   
The plants-to-plastics vision has gripped Metabolix’s chief scientific officer, Oliver Peoples, a former MIT research scientist, for more than 20 years since he and colleague Anthony Sinskey, an MIT biology professor, discovered metabolic genes that allow bacteria found in soil to naturally produce a polymer known as PHA. But after they founded Metabolix, it took a decade to optimize metabolic systems.

   

Cheaper biodegradable polymer (technologyreview)

   

  Clouds on U.S. cloud firms

   
This is a great day to be a conspiracy theorist. Vindication! The National Security Agency – part of the U.S. military – reportedly has a direct line into the systems of some of the world’s biggest web and tech companies, all of which are of course sited in the U.S. And nowhere more so than in Europe which new data protection laws are being formulated, with treats in store including enhanced responsibilities for non-EU cloud firms when it comes to protecting the privacy of European citizens.

   
EU’s new data protection laws (gigaom)

   

  DNA data-sharing future

   
More than 60 leading health care, research and disease advocacy organisations from across the world are joining together to form an international alliance dedicated to enabling secure sharing of genomic and clinical data. Each of these organisations has signed a 'Letter of Intent', pledging to work together to create a not-for-profit, inclusive, public-private, international, non-governmental organisation.

   
How to share and use 'bigDNAdata'? (sanger.ac)

   

  Breakthrough treatment of solid tumors

   
BioMarin Pharmaceutical Inc presented an update on the ongoing Phase 1/2 study for its poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) inhibitor BMN 673 for the treatment of solid tumors. BMN 673 has demonstrated substantial single-agent anti-tumor activity in deleterious germline BRCA ovarian and breast cancers. The data were presented during a poster presentation on June 3 at the 2013 American Society of Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting.

   
BMN 673 and other "PARP inhibitors" (bmrn)

   

  Japan's maglev technology

   
It was in 1964 that Japan was propelled to the forefront of transport technology after it unveiled its first bullet train – known as "shinkansen" – to coincide with its hosting of the Olympic Games. Since then, Japan has become famous as home to the world's most sophisticated rail network system, with bullet trains travelling at speeds of up to 199mph across more than 1,400 miles of tracks.

   
310mph bullet train (telegraph)

   

  Meet the innovators

   
Engineering innovation brings many benefits - it not only creates wealth and jobs but also addresses today’s challenges both great and small. This collection of case studies demonstrates the wide variety of ways that engineering research can improve our lives – from optimising heart surgery to increasing the quality of live music recordings.

   
Researcher Case Studies (raeng.org)

   

  Quality control in additive manufacturing

   
Additive manufacturing (AM), or 3D printing, is used for rapid production of prototypes, usually in one-offs or small quantities, and increasingly for series manufacture of functional components. Quick time-to-market and a need for manufacturing flexibility are important, and so also is reproducible part quality. Determining and specifying parameters when using layer-by-layer laser sintering can be complex and time-consuming.

   
Enhanced procedures (engineerlive)

   

  How to Improve the Battery

   
The batteries that are really going to matter in the future, though, aren’t the ones that will help you play Angry Birds on your phone for 12 straight hours or start your vehicle on a frigid winter’s morning. The batteries with the potential to transform the world’s energy outlook will power electric vehicles and provide storage for the power grid.

   
The future of energy (smithsonianmag)

   

  FDA on caffeine in food

   
The Food and Drug Administration threw a wet blanket on the caffeine-laced food craze recently when it asked foodmakers to take a timeout. Concerned about the potential health effects on children, as well as Americans' cumulative caffeine intake, officials said they want to investigate whether new rules are needed to govern caffeine in foods.

   
Something that's going to grow (dailyherald)

   

  Moving CCS forward in Europe

   
Created in 2011, the EnGOn etwork on CCS comprises organisations that support the safe and effective deployment of carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a timely mitigation tool for combating climate change. Because urgent reductions in greenhouse gas emissions are needed to prevent dangerous climate change, a variety of innovative solutions is necessary.

   
Looking back, thinking forward (e3g)

   

  Losing humanity

   
With the rapid development and proliferation of robotic weapons, machines are starting to take the place of humans on the battlefiel d. Some military and robotics experts have predicted that “killer robots ”—fully autonomous weapons that could select and engage targets without human intervention —could be developed within 20 to 30 years.

   
UN warned over 'Killer Robot' (hrw)

   

  Molecule of itch sensation

   
The small molecule, called natriuretic polypeptide b (Nppb), streams ahead and selectively plugs into a specific nerve cell in the spinal cord, which sends the signal onward through the central nervous system. When Nppb or its nerve cell was removed, mice stopped scratching at a broad array of itch-inducing substances. The signal wasn’t going through.

   
NIH's discovery (nih)

   

  Symbiotic relationships

   
The idea that bacteria had viruses seemed far-fetched to d’Herelle’s fellow scientists, and it wasn’t until the 1930s that engineers developed microscopes powerful enough to see them, to document their attacks on bacteria. d’Herrelle spent the rest of his life trying to transform phages into a medical weapon against bacterial infections.

   
The coevolutionary partners (phenomena.nationalgeographic)

   

  The future of wearable computer

   
There are always skeptics. And they would be right to be skeptical – this is a new frontier and we are still defining the social norms involved with wearing a computer on your face. Some have even proposed that providing developers with Glass before the general public will make it seem too nerdy or awkward – what average person concerned about their appearance wants to be associated with a naked geek in the shower ?

   
Is there much hype ?  (techcrunch)

   

  Aviation security management

   
Access control in airport buildings is no longer only about achieving the highest levels of security. Nedap has released uPASS Access: the world's smallest UHF reader for hands-free building access. uPASS Access reads normal, battery-less, access badges at a distance of two meters. It utilizes passive UHF cards (EPC GEN 2) and supports combi cards that incorporate both UHF and all conventional card technologies.

   
The long-range identification tech. (airport-technology)

   

  Top 25: 2013 supply chain

   
Gartner has released the findings from its ninth annual Supply Chain Top 25. The goal of the Supply Chain Top 25 research initiative is to raise awareness of the supply chain discipline and how it impacts the business. Apple tops Gartner's ranking for a record-breaking sixth year in a row, continuing to outpace everyone else by a wide margin.

   
Demand-supply-product integration (itpreport)

   

  Thailand: A Country With a Plan

   
A country of only 66 million people doesn't become the 17th largest global manufacturer without careful planning. Thailand is the second largest producer of light pick-up trucks. Carefully constructed strategies along with tangible incentives created this robust manufacturing economy. The linchpin of the strategy is a network of industrial estates that take a full value chain approach to manufacturing.

   
Plan that is still unfolding (industryweek)

   

  The decline in general intelligence

   
A new study from researchers in Europe claims that the average IQ in Western nations dropped by a staggering 14.1 points over the past century. The results might surprise some. Especially if the researchers were simply measuring visual response times. After all, in a digital world constantly competing for our attention, it would seem people generally respond more quickly to visual stimuli.

   
The slowing of simple reaction time (lesacreduprintemps19)

   

  Optimized freeze-drying cycles

   
Freeze drying, or lyophilization, is a stabilization method that is widely used in the pharmaceutical industry for drugs, vaccines, antibodies, and other biological material. Because the product is dried without excessive heating, proteins and other products that would be thermally denatured can be successfully preserved without loss of activity.

   
Freeze-dried products (pharmtech)

   

  Progress on Computing in Schools

   
The movement to get computing into schools (at least secondary/high school, and primary school in some efforts) made progress in the last month. In April, Informatics Europe and ACM Europe released a joint report calling for more computing in secondary schools. Just a couple weeks ago, the State of Washington became the 10th state to count computer science towards high school graduation requirements.

   
Teaching computer science (cacm.acm)

   

  Consumer confidence & Quality assurance

   
Mobile apps are all the rage. If you believe the advertising, then you’ll know that there is an app for just about anything, but before you download one onto your phone, how can you tell what the quality is like? Is the app going to work? Is it safe? Can you trust it? You might think that a set of testing standards for mobile apps would be quite straightforward, however the reality is somewhat different.

   
Smart Developments (thecqi)

   

  Antimicrobial resistance in zoonotic

   
The antimicrobial agents used in food producing animals in Europe are frequently the same, or belong to the same classes, as those used in human medicine. Antimicrobial resistance is the main undesirable side effect of antimicrobial use in both humans and animals and results from the continuous positive selection of resistant bacterial clones, whether these are pathogenic, commensal or even environmental bacteria.

   
EU summary report (efsa.europa)

   

  New US rule for fracturing

   
Approximately 90 percent of wells drilled on Federal and Indian lands use hydraulic fracturing, but the Bureau of Land Management’s (BLM) current regulations governing hydraulic fracturing operations on public lands are more than 30 years old and were not written to address modern hydraulic fracturing activities.

   
US draft (blm)

   

  How to increase productivity & quality ?

   
Chrysler's campaign to train its suppliers would merely allow the automaker to catch up to its international rivals. Fiat's World Class Manufacturing borrows heavily from the famed Toyota Production System. Improvement takes time. Toyota has been teaching the fundamentals of its production system to suppliers for decades. The Toyota Supplier Support Center, now located in Erlanger, KY, first opened in 1992.

   
Chrysler works for quality improvement (asq)

   

  Expectations of risk management

   
Risk management is at the top of the global executive agenda as companies face an array of threats that grow more complex by the day. the risks are multitudinous and ever-present, and those companies that fail to manage them well imperil their future. Many risks are posed by the challenge of complying with complicated, new government regulations.

   
It’s time for action (kpmg)

   

  Game-based learning

   
The role of video games in teaching and learning is a source of debate among many educators, researchers and in the popular press. Detractors and advocates have been discussing the influences and the potentials of video games for quite some time, and we feel that sound evidence and informed advice on these topics is still very much needed.

   
Gamification and/or Gameplay (nfer.ac)

   

  Google explain Glass privacy policies

   
The US Congress has sent a letter to Google outlining privacy concerns about its augmented reality eyewear Google Glass. The document goes on to ask eight questions, some stranger than others, including whether the space-age spectacles will be able to use Facial Recognition Technology to discover personal information about not only people, but even "inanimate objects" that the user is viewing.

   
Privacy concerns (theinquirer)

   

  Differentiation of human embryo. stem cells

   
Epigenetic mechanisms have been proposed to play crucial roles in mammalian development, but their precise functions are only partially understood. To investigate epigenetic regulation of embryonic development, we differentiated human embryonic stem cells. We found that promoters that are active in early developmental stages tend to be CG rich and mainly engage H3K27me3 upon silencing in nonexpressing lineages.

   
Epigenomic analysis (sciencedirect)

   

  Are cyber weapons effective ?

   
When news of Stuxnet first emerged, many thought that it had caused a major setback to Iran’s uranium-enrichment programme. Ivanka Barzashka argues instead that while Stuxnet may have had the potential to seriously damage Iranian centrifuges, evidence of the worm’s impact is circumstantial and inconclusive. Her analysis of the related data shows that Stuxnet was neither very effective nor well-timed.

   
Stuxnet's impacts (tandfonline)

   

  Insects: as food and feed security

   
One major and readily available source of nutritious and protein-rich food that comes from forests are insects, according to a new study FAO launched at the forests for food security and nutrition conference. It is estimated that insects form part of the traditional diets of at least 2 billion people. Insect gathering and farming can offer employment and cash income.

   
Wild and farm-raised insects (fao)

   

  Engineered nanomaterials & Safety concerns

   
While nanotechnology offers enormous potential societal benefits, concerns about the safety of ENM­containing products in regards to human and environmental health have been raised. Inter-laboratory studies in rodents using standardized protocols are needed for ENM toxicity assessment. ENMs produced similar patterns of neutrophilia and pathology in rats and mice.

   
The cumulative evidences (ehp.niehs.nih)

   

  Study examines role of auditors

   
A new academic study funded by the Center for Audit Quality scrutinizes the role of the external auditor in fraudulent financial reporting and found that the top areas cited by the Securities and Exchange Commission were failure to gather sufficient competent audit evidence, failure to exercise due professional care, and an insufficient level of professional skepticism.

   
SEC fraud investigations (accountingtoday)

   

  Antibiotics heal 40% of chronic back pain

   
Surgeons in the UK and elsewhere are reviewing how they treat patients with chronic back pain after scientists discovered that many of the worst cases were due to bacterial infections. The shock finding means that scores of patients with unrelenting lower back pain will no longer face major operations but can instead be cured with courses of antibiotics costing around £114.

   
Antibiotics rather than surgery (guardian)

   

  Canadian Life Sciences Industry

   
Over the past two years, the Canadian life sciences industry has endured despite significant global economic uncertainty. Our research provides evidence of a sector that's showing positive signs of maturity. Yet, access to capital remains the missing ingredient that will continue to constrain the sector’s success. The information gathered within this report builds on findings from previous reports.

   
Forecast 2013 (pwc)

   

  German' nuclear headache

   
The dismantling of Germany's nuclear power plants will be one of the greatest tasks of the century as the country moves to phase out atomic energy. It will take at least until 2080 to complete the job. But what happens if energy utility companies who own the facilities go bust before the work is done? Germany will have to build a storage facility deep underground that can survive the ravages of wars, revolutions and even another ice age.

   
Task of decommissioning plants (spiegel)

   

  Digital evidence from 5 EU members

   
This paper examines whether there is a digital divide in the use of the internet in general and for specific purposes (leisure, improving human capital and obtaining goods and services). It uses a unique dataset which covers the entire clickstream of almost 20,000 internet users in the five largest EU economies during 2011. Our main finding is that, for those who have access to the Internet, the income-based digital divide in internet use has been reversed.

   
The digital divide in access to internet (jrc)

   

  Dependences of countries on food imports

   
We found that currently 16% of the world population use the opportunities of international trade to cover their demand for agricultural products. Population change may strongly increase the number of people depending on ex situ land and water resources up to about 5.2 billion (51% of world population). Up to 1.3 billion people may be at risk of food insecurity in 2050.

   
Land/water requirement (iopscience.iop)

   

  Untangling the Web

   
NSA's Center for Digital Content, Untangling the Web: An Introduction to Internet Research is a 643-page long introduction to everything from the very basics of web research to finding confidential information that has accidentally slipped into the public domain. The document became available as a result of an April Freedom of Information Act request by MuckRock, a service-provider for journalists and researchers.

   
You can search like a spy (nsa)

   

  Classification of medical devices

   
Correctly classifying a medical device is a key part of the device’s regulatory strategy around the world. In the US, classifying devices is straightforward – the FDA regulations state the class of each device in a separate subsection for the device. In the EU, manufacturers cannot simply look up the current regulation for the device, so determining the class of a medical device is not as straightforward as in the US.

   
US vs EU regulation (lne-america)             EU regulation  (ec.europa)

   

  Sensor tech. on Flexible substrates

   
At the moment the nanotech ink for the sensors is screen printed, producing touch sensors in fabric that dramatically reduce the weight of a switch in automotive and aerospace applications. The new work, backed by government funding as a R&D Technology Strategy Board (TSB) project, can be used to print a new generation of printable electronics, including QTC sensors. This could bring down the costs of the sensors dramatically.

   
Flexible printable low cost sensors (engineerlive)

   

  Corruption strangling U.S. Innovation

   
Tesla. Uber. Netflix. Most economies would kill to have a set of innovators such as these. And yet at every turn, these companies are running headlong into regulation (or lack thereof) that seems designed to benefit incumbents. The reason? The devastating impact of money in politics and how it discourages disruptive innovation among new businesses. Learn more about legal bribery and U.S. competitiveness.

   
Sneak peek at some cases  (blogs.hbr)

   

  Is antibacterial soap safe?

   
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration is planning to deliver a review this year of whether triclosan is safe. The ruling, which will determine whether triclosan continues to be used in household cleaners, could have implications for a $1 billion industry that includes hundreds of antibacterial products from toothpaste to toys. Recent studies of triclosan in animals have led scientists to worry.

   
The concerns over triclosan (health.yahoo)

   

  Economic Survey of Japan 2013

   
Reconstruction from the tragic 2011 disaster highlights some of the structural reform challenges facing by Japan . Reform of agriculture, an important sector in the Tohoku region, is a priority. The high level and distortionary nature of agriculture support imposes heavy burdens on consumers and taxpayers, undermines the dynamism of the farming sector.

   
Country surveillance  (oecd)

   

  Pacemakers' security

   
A few million people probably first thought about the security of pacemakers and other implantable medical devices last December when watching the TV show “Homeland.” The character of Nick Brody contributes to an electronic attack on the pacemaker of the U.S. vice president. The pacemaker is made to fail once the attackers get some key security information from Brody.

   
Security during the concept phase (spectrum.ieee)

   

  What to do with radioactive waste ?

   
Nuclear power plants do have a waste management problem because radioactivity takes a long time to dissipate and turn the radioactive waste into just a non-hazardous waste. Radioactive wastes are wastes that contain radioactive material. Radioactive wastes are usually by-products of nuclear power generation and other applications of nuclear fission or nuclear technology, such as research and medicine.

   
There is still no repository (enn)

   

  Be prepared for your auditor

   

Have you ever been through an audit to an ISO standard? If you have, then you probably know about a set of questions that are frequently asked during audits against various ISO standards. No one can predict all of the questions that an auditor will ask, but you can bet that that following five will be among them. What is your quality (or environmental, safety, information security) policy ? What could be the answer?

   
ISO queries (qualitydigest)

   

  T-Platforms tech. trad-restriction

   
According to the Commerce Department, which regulates the licensing of sensitive technology, the U.S. “has reason to believe that T-Platforms is associated with military procurement activities, including the development of computer systems for military end-users and the production of computers for nuclear research.” The Russian company is going to have a tough time building high-performance computers for sale anywhere.

   
The first Russian supercomputer (businessweek)

   

  Who solves problems for Boeing?

   
The Boeing scholars program provides students with two-year scholarships as well as internship opportunities between their junior and senior years. During their senior year, students from engineering, science and business participate in an interdisciplinary course, collaborating with Boeing scientists and engineers on a real-life aerospace industry project.

   
Boeing scholars program (asq)

   

  European chemistry for growth

   
Cefic initiated a roadmap to explore the impact, opportunities and risks of various energy and techno logy development scenarios for the European chemical industry in the timeframe from 2020 to 2050. Cefic commissioned Ecofys to perform analyses and bring forward key conclusions and recommendations from their independent viewpoint, in close collaboration with the sector.

   
Low carbon and energy efficient future (cefic)

   

  The new SAS metrics

   
“SAS is the only technique that provides a complete snapshot of the thermodynamic state of macromolecules in a single image,” says Robert Rambo, a scientist with Berkeley Lab’s Physical Biosciences Division, who developed the new SAS metrics along with John Tainer of Berkeley Lab’s Life Sciences Division and the Scripps Research Institute.

   
Small angle scattering experiment (innovations-report)

   

  Adults’ media use and attitudes

   
There has been a significant increase in the self reported volume of internet use since 2011. Overall estimated weekly volume of use of the internet among users has increased to an average of just under 17 hours per week. On average, UK adult internet users claim to visit 19 websites in a typical week. There are considerable differences between demographic groups.

   
Ofcom' report (stakeholders.ofcom)

   

  GM salmon's global HQ

   
The US government this week enters the final stages of its deliberations on whether to allow commercial production of the GM fish, with a public consultation on the issue ending on Friday . Separately, a committee in Congress on Monday took up a bill that would outlaw GM salmon entirely – essentially destroying AquaBounty's commercial prospects in America.

   
A fast-growing salmon (guardian)

   

  She++: Women in technology

   
Two Stanford juniors who study Symbolic Systems and CS, respectively, founded she++ in January 2012 as a Stanford community for women in tech; Agarwal and Israni hope to spur girls in middle and high school to study CS, as well as their fellow Stanford students. Around 250 people attended the conference, half of which were Stanford students.

   
Growing the pool of talented engineers (techcrunch)

   

  In search of quality

   
Before a scientific assertion is made public it should be scrutinised for its credibility. Has the scientist drawn justifiable conclusions, based on the data available from sound scientific research? The peer review process is a form of scientific quality control, where scientists open their research to the scrutiny of other experts in the field (peers).

   
The scientific peer review process (eufic)

   

  Biotech Outpaces Big Pharma

   
As healthcare shifts to a new value-based focus, Big Biotech companies are demonstrating they are better positioned than their pharmaceutical industry counterparts to meet changing demands. Big Biotech has outpaced Big Pharma in terms of growth of sales, income, investment in R&D, and market cap during the past three years, according to an analysis by Burrill & Company. Big Biotech enjoyed a 57 percent increase in market cap for the three years.

   
Biotech' market successes (marketwire)

   

  The future according to Mr Google

   
Schmidt has generally been thought a technological optimist – and he still overwhelmingly celebrates the way connectivity will rapidly revolutionise medicine, education, agriculture and productivity for the rest of the world. But the book is also very alive to the downsides of what is to come – either through the behaviour of repressive states or the actions of a tiny minority, including terrorists. "The future for us is great.

   
The executive chairman's vision (guardian)

   

  Global Information Tech. Report

   
Finland has toppled Sweden from the top spot in a ranking of economies that are best placed to benefit from new information and communication technologies (ICTs). Singapore came in second and Sweden third in the 2013 Networked Readiness Index, compiled by the World Economic Forum for its Global Information Technology Report.

   
Can Digitization kick-start growth ? (weforum)

   

  Clean energy progress 2013

   
The 22 countries that participate in the Clean Energy Ministerial (CEM) share a strong interest in the development and deployment of clean energy technologies. As these same countries represent more than 75% of global energy consumption, 80% of global CO2 emissions and 75% of global GDP, they have the power to drive the transition to a cleaner energy system.

   
Comprehensive overview (iea)

   

  Inside China’s genome factory

   
BGI is anything more than biology’s version of Foxconn, the giant assembler of iPads and other gadgets designed elsewhere, whose largest factory, employing some 240,000 workers, is also in Shenzhen. While BGI has done important science—a recent paper on sequencing the bacteria in the human gut made the pages of Nature—it’s seen more as a mass producer of data than as an instigator of original research that can explain what the results mean.

   
Research in the national interest (technologyreview)

   

  The success of Germany's economy

   
Three long years. That is how long Carl Stahl GmbH München, one of the myriad lesser-known companies in Germany that keep the country's economy humming, has been trying to fill a trio of job openings. They need an expert in testing technologies. They need a specialized machinist. And they need a rope and cable expert. But they can't find them. "The market is completely empty," says company head Rupert Hetterer.

   
Dearth of experts (spiegel)

   

  Turkish 'power ship'

   
The ship, the Fatmagül Sultan, is the centrepiece of an innovative project to overcome chronic electricity shortages in developing countries struggling to meet expanding demand. Known as a "power ship", the Turkish-owned and operated vessel with 11 towering steel stacks or chimneys resembles a sort of floating Battersea power station.

   
Helping power generation (guardian)

   

  IBM Flash Tech.: $1B investment

   
With the move, Big Blue is the latest on the bandwagon to push Flash into the data centers. Developments like big data are pushing Flash storage mainstream in the enterprise because companies need to tap into so-called hot data — information that needs to be used real-time. Fusion-io, EMC, NetApp and other storage players have also formulated Flash storage strategies.

   
New opportunities in big data (znet)

   

  Enterprise 2.0

   
With downloadable apps taking over the enterprise, you’d think the days of six-figure enterprise software deals would be drawing to a close. In truth, enterprise deals are alive and well. But if users are doing the downloading, how do enterprise decision makers and purchasing managers get into the picture? The answer: Your inside sales force.

   
The science of inside sales (gigaom)

   

  EFSA' Food Safety Report

   
Zoonoses are infections and diseases that are naturally transmissible directly or indirectly, for example via contaminated foodstuffs, between animals and humans. The severity of these diseases in humans varies from mild symptoms to life - threatening conditions. In order to prevent zoonoses from occurring, it is important to identify which animals and foodstuffs are the main sources of infections.

   
Food-borne outbreaks (efsa.europa)

   

  China' market in bitcoin

   
China’s capital controls make it extremely hard for to buy stuff beyond China’s borders—most online stores don’t accept yuan or Chinese payment systems, and there are limits to what they can exchange into foreign currency. As bitcoin markets develop overseas, Chinese bitcoin owners could in theory change it into currencies that sites like PayPal, Amazon, etc., accept.

   
Exchange of “virtual currency” (qz)

   

  Analysis at the limit of detection

   
Hardly a month goes by without the media reporting the discovery of trace amounts of some unwanted chemical in the things we eat and drink. Some enter the food chains by accident, such as pesticides, others are deliberately added to deceive, while some arrive through natural processes. In this article I will be looking at the work of those who investigate them, the analytical chemists.

   
Desorption electrospray ionization method (sciencewatch)

   

  Sustainable procurement savings to all

   
WRAP launches a series of sustainable procurement e-learning modules developed as part of its work for EPOW (European Pathway to Zero Waste), supported by Defra. The innovative modules form part of Defra’s NSPP training programme and are designed to help practitioners realise the cost savings associated with implementing more sustainable practices.

   
The Marrakech Approach (wrap)

   

  Immigration & America’s high-tech

   
High-tech firms such as Google (whose co-founder Sergey Brin moved to America from Russia as a child) haven’t just created jobs for their own workers. They have also inspired the creation of entirely new categories of job. A few years ago no one earned a living as a mobile-app developer. Now they are everywhere. It is not just full-time workers who benefit: firms such as oDesk.

   
Creating jobs all over america (economist)

   

  China' luxury Goods: Risk & Opportunity

   
China’s interior provinces have potential to be a major growth engine for luxury goods, but as brands expand into the second and third tier cities of the West there is a risk too that they will dilute their cachet in the sophisticated first tier cities of the East. Southwest China’s Chongqing and Chengdu municipalities, with populations of around 28 million.

   
Analyst Insight (euromonitor)

   

  The Sahara’s “green” era

   
known as the African Humid Period, likely lasted from 11,000 to 5,000 years ago, and is thought to have ended abruptly, with the region drying back into desert within a span of one to two centuries. Now researchers at MIT, Columbia University and elsewhere have found that this abrupt climate change occurred nearly simultaneously across North Africa.

   
Far less dusty than today (mit)

   

  Roche to Release Tamiflu Data

   
Tamiflu is an influenza vaccine that has been approved by regulators worldwide and stockpiled by governments in case of a global flu pandemic; sales of the drug reached nearly $3 billion in 2009 due to the H1N1 swine flu outbreak. However, scientists have questioned whether the drug works, and Roche had been the subject of an intensifying campaign over its refusal to release clinical trial data.

   
After a long battle (social.eyeforpharma)

   

  Japan to Overhaul Its Elect. Sector

   
The move is government's latest response to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster that destroyed four nuclear reactors, turned nearby municipalities into ghost towns, and terrorized the nation. Today, only two of the country's remaining 50 reactors are in service while the government tries to devise a new energy policy. TEPCO, is the largest of the Big 10, which were set up as regional monopolies in the 1950s.

   
Response to the nuclear disaster (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Reducing number of lines code?

   
Ankit works in J2SE (core java). During code reviews, he's frequently asked to reduce his lines of code (LOC). "It's not about removing redundant code," he writes. To his colleagues, "it's about following a style." Style over substance. Ankit says the readability of his code is suffering due to the dogmatic demands of his code reviewers. So how to find the right balance of brevity and readability?

   
The effective code (arstechnica)

   

  Innovations in friction reduction

   
Mineral-oil derived liquid lubricants are presently the mainstay of mechanical systems - reducing friction where moving surfaces touch. By reducing friction, they reduce waste heat, noise, and vibrations. Any improvement in friction reduction results in greater efficiencies, requiring less power to operate the system; specifically for power generation, improved friction reduction means more power out per unit of energy in.

   
Tribological applications (engineerlive)

   

  Effective food safety training

   
Lack of time is the greatest barrier to prov iding effectiv e food safety training, according to more than sev en in 10 food and drink processors globally surv eyed by Campden BRI. A total of 649 firms across the world participated in the research, which was driven by the UKbased research, development, training and advisory body to grasp the needs, effectiveness and challenges of food industry training.

   
Room for improvement (campdenbri)

   

  Beekeepers sue EPA

    
“America’s beekeepers cannot survive for long with the toxic environment EPA has supported. Bee-toxic pesticides in dozens of widely used products, on top of many other stresses our industry faces, are killing our bees and threatening our livelihoods,” said plaintiff Steve Ellis, a Minnesota and California beekeeper. “Our country depends on bees for crop pollination and honey production.

    
Failure to protect pollinators (centerforfoodsafety)

    

  India as a great power

   
For the past five years India has been the world’s largest importer of weapons (see chart). A deal for $12 billion or more to buy 126 Rafale fighters from France is slowly drawing towards completion. India has more active military personnel than any Asian country other than China, and its defence budget has risen to $46.8 billion. Today it is the world’s seventh-largest military spender.

   
Know your own strength (economist)

   

  Well-Tailored IT

   
In the near future, IT leaders and employees in most large businesses and government agencies will work on activities such as predictive analytics—setting up systems that capture information in real time and using these systems to enable better decisions or to program automated customer-tailored responses. IT staffers who specialize in more familiar tasks will end up moving to dedicated outsourced organizations.

   
Six value drivers (strategy-business)

   

  Biological transistors

   
Bioengineers at Stanford University have created the first biological transistor made from genetic materials: DNA and RNA. Dubbed the “transcriptor,” this biological transistor is the final component required to build biological computers that operate inside living cells. We are now tantalizingly close to biological computers that can detect changes in a cell’s environment.

   
Computers inside living cells (extremetech)

   

  Free Online Courses

   
Depending on who you’re listening to, Massive Open Online Courses, aka MOOCs, are either the greatest boon to the spread of knowledge since Gutenberg cranked his first press or the biggest threat to learning on campus since the coming of cheap beer. A quick refresher: Though free online courses, notably through Khan Academy, were already starting to build an audience.

   
College Will Never Be the Same (smithsonianmag)

   

  Improving patient care

   
This study examines the sources of waste in health care that could be eliminated with medical device interoperability, as well as the waste resulting from a lack of commonly adopted interoperability standards. The report’s findings suggest that increased medical device interoperability would reduce waste, lead to improvements in quality and decrease the cost of care.

   
Medical device interoperability  (amazonaws)

   

  EPOW & EU Life+ funding

   
LIFE+ project which is part funded by the EU, began in 2011. A partnership between the UK’s Environment Agency and WRAP, this three - year programme covered a number of key activities. At WRAP we carry out leading edge research which shows us where the inefficiencies are and the size of the prize, and then come up with possible solutions. WE work with partners to develop those solutions and make them happen.

   
UK: to Zero Waste project (wrap.org)

   

  Efficient catalytic process

   
Researchers in the US have shown that the oxide coating on copper nanoparticles can be stripped away by light, exposing the metallic, catalytic copper core. The finding is potentially significant because the oxidation state of many metals dictates their catalytic characteristics, and the ability to tune the oxidation state could open the way to producing more versatile and efficient catalytic systems.

   
Copper catalysis sees the light (rsc)

   

  Birthplace of biotech

   
After three decades in Kendall Square, having tapped a steady stream of local talent, Biogen Idec is a global leader in synthesizing therapeutics to treat diseases including cancer and multiple sclerosis. As of 2012, the company has $5.5 billion in annual revenue and employs roughly 5,000 people worldwide. It has also opened several more facilities in Kendall Square, with yet another currently under construction.

   
Massachusetts biotech firms (mit)

   

  FDA & Genetically engineered animal

   
Some day soon, you might tuck into a plate of salmon without knowing that the fish you are eating was genetically engineered. The so-called AquAdvantage salmon, a salmon genetically engineered to grow faster than normal salmon, just moved one step closer to legalization. If so, it will be the first genetically engineered (GE) animal allowed for consumption in the United States.

   
Fishy science (prwatch)

   

  Endorsement of Internet sales taxes

   
The U.S. Senate voted overwhelmingly today to endorse levying Internet sales taxes on American shoppers, despite warnings from a handful of senators that the proposal is antibusiness, harmful to taxpayers, and will be a "bureaucratic nightmare." They argue that online retailers, which in some cases do not collect sales taxes at checkout, enjoy an unfair competitive advantage over big box stores that do.

   
Important political milestone (cnet)

   

  Contentious patent-buying business

   
The Korean and French firms, dubbed Intellectual Discovery and France Brevets, are similar to the handful of private patent-acquisition firms in the U.S. derisively called "patent trolls." U.S. patent aggregators such as closely-held Intellectual Ventures - which don't produce products - are often accused of unfairly targeting companies that actually build things by threatening to sue unless they are paid royalties.

   
Patent trolls (reuters)

   

  How is science evolving?

   
Is it possible to map the landscapes of science and its transformations? Can we automatically decipher the history of a research field, monitor emerging fields and detect research hybridization events? Numerous theories, and more or less conceptual models of science evolution have been contemplated in the philosophy of science, and in Science & Technology Studies.

   
Predictibility for science evolution (plosone)

   

  The implementation of open access

   
Learned societies fear they will lose a valuable income stream which they use to support their respective academic communities. Academics are concerned about the policy taking a “one size fits all” approach, and possible unintended consequen ces such as lessening the quality of peer review, restricting ability to collabora te and limiting freedo m to publish in the best journals.

   
Implementation vs compliance (publications.parliament)

   

  Laser space communication system

   
The space terminal for the Lunar Laser Communication Demonstration (LLCD), NASA's first high-data-rate laser communication system, was recently integrated onto the Lunar Atmosphere and Dust Environment Explorer (LADEE) spacecraft at NASA's Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, Calif. LLCD will demonstrate laser communications from lunar orbit to Earth at six times the rate of the best modern-day advanced radio communication systems.

   
LLCD's testing & Integration (innovations-report)

   

  9 Steps to SEO Utopia

   
When it comes to search engine optimization (SEO), most developers understand its importance to the success of a website, chalking it up as an after-thought ordinarily taken care of in the post-production phase. But as SEO transcends into elements of design, U/X, and wireframe planning, it's never been more important for a developer to grasp the most essential elements of SEO as it relates to the pre-production phase of website development.

   
Web Developer’s SEO edition (developer)

   

  German Renewables Reach 25%

   
Germans pay a fairly high price for what some might dismiss as a quixotic quest for political correctness in energy generation. German home rates, at 28 euro-cents per kilowatthour in 2012, were almost twice the residential rates in nuclear-rich France, for example. Arguably, however, Germans are positioning themselves to do just what President Obama says he'd like to accomplish in the United States--to be a major global player in the technologies of the near future.

   
Renewable energy (spectrum.ieee)

   

  What Does 'Big Data' Mean

   
In this posting, I will finish this series with a discussion of the fourth use case. Big variety means attempting to cope with data arriving from too many data sources, which results in a daunting data integration challenge. I will focus on the integration of structured data, leaving the issue of text integration to others. Most large enterprises followed suit with sales and customer data.

   
Data for business insight (cacm.acm)

   

  UK's GP & Conflicts of interest

   
An examination of the registered interests of almost 2500 board members across 176 CCGs provides the clearest evidence to date of the conflicts that many doctors will have to manage from 1 April, when the GP led groups are handed statutory responsibility for commissioning around £60bn (€70bn; $90bn) of NHS healthcare services. In some cases most of the GPs on the CCG governing body have financial interests in the same private healthcare provider.

   
NHS' biggest upheavals (bmj)

   

  More innovation vs Less control

   
The Internet freaked out this week after Google announced the closure of its cloud-based RSS reader, Google Reader. RSS fans begged Google to change its mind, signed a petition and scrambled to come up with alternatives. Although Google Reader is just one reader among many (probably the best one), many expressed fear that the RSS format itself is threatened by Google's action.

   
Taking control away from users (computerworld)

   

  An Amazon problem

   
"The golden era of publishing, that is, of reading, contemplation and literary education, has somehow come to an end," says Michael Krüger, the outgoing head of the Munich-based Hanser publishing house, who has the reputation of being one of Germany's last great publishing figures. Many people no longer view book publishers "as a stronghold of culture, but merely as a transshipment point for cultural products.

   
The future of book publishing  (spiegel)

   

  Food security in developing countries

   
Agroforestry — the integration of trees and shrubs with crops and livestock systems — has strong potential in addressing problems of food insecurity in developing countries. Done well, it allows producers to make the best use of their land, can boost field crop yields, diversify income, and increase resilience to climate change.To date, thanks to a growing body of evidence of what it can achieve, and how to make it work.

   
Agroforestry schemes (ourworld.unu)

   

  7 programming languages in 7 days

   
Much of today's buzz is about alternative programming languages, and the pitch often emphasizes "increased developer productivity" (IMHO, a sham on multideveloper projects). As long as the language has garbage collection, strings, real types, and so on, it shouldn't matter. This means nearly anything at a higher level than C or its mangled Neanderthal cousin C++ should reap the same productivity out of your developers.

   
How easy to make the switch (infoworld)

   

  SME: Top10 legislative acts

   
The list of legislative acts (19 Regulations, 36 Directives and 2 Decisions) was compiled based on the information in the SME feed-back database (over 6500 cases flagged by SMEs through the Enterprise Europe Network 2006-2011), on the results of the TOP 10 SME panel (a targeted consultation ran through the Europe Enterprise Network to prepare the public consultation) and on the results of conferences with SME stakeholders.

   
Most burdensome policy (ec.europa)

   

  Extreme survival

   
The unicellular red micro-alga Galdieria sulphuraria (Cyanidiales) is a eukaryote that can represent up to 90% of the biomass in extreme habitats such as hot sulfur springs with pH values of 0 to 4 and temperatures of up to 56°C. This red alga thrives autotropically as well as heterotropically on more that 50 different carbon sources, including a number of rare sugars and sugar alcohols.

   
Genetic information in Galdieria (enn)

   

  Spatiogram vs Human recognition

   
Can't find a face in the crowd? not to worry, a human recognition system can spot people for you – even when their faces aren't visible. Designed for Google's forthcoming Glass headset, it recognises people by the clothes they are wearing. Wich creates a file - called a spatiogram. Peoples name is then overlaid on the headset's video. This fingerprint is constructed by a smartphone app.

   
Clothes fingerprint (newscientist)

   

  The next energy revolution

   
The potential availability and accessibility of significant resources of shale oil around the globe - and the potential effect of increased shale oil production in limiting growth in global oil prices - has implications that stretch far beyond the oil industry. The effects of a lower oil price resonate along the entire energy value chain, and investment choices based on long-term predictions of a steady increase in real oil prices may need to be reassessed.

   
The world’s energy markets (pwc)

   

  Reading & Maths skills

   
Machin and McNally used data from the British Cohort Study to investigate the relationship between reading skills at age 10 and weekly earnings at age 30. This short note builds on their research in three important ways. First, we extend the analysis to look at the association of maths as well as reading skills at age 10 with earnings in later life.

   
Earnings in later life (ifs)

   

  FAA Actions & Battery Incidents

   
The NTSB is examining the certification and testing of the 787 battery system as part of its investigation of this incident. According to the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the 787 incorporated “novel or unusual design features,” including the use of lithium-ion batteries. Because the FAA determined that applicable airworthiness requirements did not address lithium-ion batteries, the agency issued nine special conditions regarding the use of these batteries on the 787.

   
JAL 787 battery fire investigation(ntsb)

   

  GDB : Health Metrics & Evaluation

   
The Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2010 is the most comprehensive study of its kind, producing comparative metrics for 291 different causes of premature death and disability across 187 countries, 20 age groups, and both sexes for three time periods: 1990, 2005, and 2010. The study also estimated 67 potentially preventable causes of ill health.

   
Online tools to be launched (healthmetricsandevaluation)

   

  Hyundai’s Capabilities Play

   
Hyundai’s prowess in design, product launch, and consumer awareness is part of a distinctive model of product management that this $66 billion, family-owned and -run car company has only recently brought to fruition. The Korea-based enterprise, regarded in the 1990s as a purveyor of cheap, low-quality cars and in the 2000s as a “me-too” follower of Toyota and Honda, has since become the fastest-growing automotive brand in the United States.

   
Unconventional solutions & The Quality edge (strategy-business)

   

  ISO 14001 Improvement Survey

   
The objective of this survey is to develop an understanding of the needs of users and other interested parties in relation to environmental management systems standards, in order to inform the revisions of ISO 14001 and ISO 14004. The survey takes into account key topics from the ongoing discussions in the working groups that are revising these standards.

   
20 minutes to complete (surveymonkey)

   

  The birth of molecules

   
For decades, scientists have been studying the reagents and the products of chemical reactions. However, due to a lack of tools fast enough to catch the action, they’ve not been able to observe directly the movements and play of atoms during the making and breaking of bonds involved in the first moments of a chemical reaction.

   
First moments of a chemical reaction (esrf)

   

  Copyright vs Open source

   
Open source licenses are often described as the "constitutions" for the communities that form around the software they govern. That would seem to imply that in their absence, alongside other unwanted consequences, the communities would collapse. A provocative paper by Clark Asay, suggests that this isn't the case, and that software could be released into the public domain and yet still thrive as a collaborative project.

   
How to fix public domain ? (techdirt)

   

  MENA & Multipolar World

   
Not only are rising powers such as Brazil, Russia, India, and China (BRIC) playing an increasingly important role on the world stage, but — especially since the 2000s — they are also (re)entering the East and South Mediterranean region, as explored in this report. Russia, after an interruption caused by the disintegration of the Soviet Union, is returning as a stable and significant presence in the region.

   
Emerging power (iai)

   

  Primary prevention of cardiova. disease

   
The traditional Mediterranean diet is characterized by a high intake of olive oil, fruit, nuts, vegetables, and cereals; a moderate intake of fish and poultry; a low intake of dairy products, red meat, processed meats, and sweets; and wine in moderation, consumed with meals. In observational cohort studies, increasing adherence to the Mediterranean diet has been consistently beneficial with respect to cardiovascular risk.

   
Interventions and measurements (nejm)

   

  Interactive learning: Touch Surgery

   
this new mobile surgical simulator lets you tap and swipe your way through the steps of an operation in a radical new model of interactive training. The modules have been developed on the basis of cognitive task analysis, breaking down each operation into a series of steps and decision points, and using learning by interaction to make the process stick.

   
Decisionmaking (guardian)

   

  Fukushima: Health risk assessment

   

A major release of radioactivity to the environment is always of concern, owing to potential acute and long-term health effects.The primary purpose of this health risk assessment of the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear accident is to estimate its potential public health impact so that future health needs can be anticipated and public health actions can be taken.

   
Great East Japan earthquake (who)

   

  ITIL certifications & Management practices

   
If you've done your research into current IT certifications, you'll see that Information Technology Infrastructure Library, or ITIL, is near the top of many lists. ITIL practices are designed to help companies identify areas where they need improvement, providing vendor-neutral guidelines on where to make specific changes to reduce costs and increase productivity.

   
The best practices methodology (cio)

   

  Future of mobile CPUs

   
We set the backdrop for looking at the architecture for future SoCs and the specific players within this market, both critical IP players as well as the actual SoC vendors. For the most part, this focuses on mid-range to high-end devices, rather than the lowest-end smartphones and tablets. This means that some SoC vendors have been omitted, for the sake of clarity and brevity.

   
What’s ahead for the major players? (arstechnica)

   

  Big-4 accountants & Accountability

   
Companies are overpaying for lower quality audits from the "Big Four" accountancy firms because of a lack of competition, according to the Competition Commission. The commission's review into how KPMG, PwC, Ernst & Young and Deloitte audit 90% of UK-listed blue-chip businesses said they are "insufficiently independent from executive management and insufficiently sceptical in carrying out audits".

   
Big-4 collusion (guardian)

   

  AngelList & Startup community

   
AngelList started as a website for investors looking to connect with fledgling startups and vice versa. Now, three years later, it increasingly looks like an indispensable part of the startup scene—and in recent months it has introduced new features that could give it an even more central role. The site—a hybrid with functions similar to those of Craigslist, Match.com, and LinkedIn—has become a daily destination for wealthy “angel”.

   
Expanding beyond connecting investors (technologyreview)

   

  Super Space Germs

   
In space, researchers encounter greatly reduced levels of gravity, often erroneously referred to as zero gravity. This near-weightlessness can have a number of abnormal effects on astronauts, such as causing muscle and bone loss. Although microgravity can distort normal biology, conventional procedures for studying microbes on Earth can cause their own distortions.

   
Shuttle & ground experiments (news.yahoo)

   

  Pharma: shifting industry landscape

   
As companies begin to focus on adopting new accounting pronouncements, reducing their reporting timeline and complying with changing regulations, attention must also be paid to cost reduction and simplification efforts. As always, the implementation of new policies and rules typically brings with it expanded disclosures and cost pressures associated with tracking more information.

   
Key developments & Trends (ey)

   

  New tech & FDA delays

   
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration had given the Maple Grove, Minn., medical technology startup approval to use its device to redirect blood flow from the lower body to the torso and to treat people suffering from blood vessel spasms in the brain. Then, CoAxia asked for permission to use its device on stroke patients, a critical market for CoAxia to have long-term success.

   
FDA MD approvals (spokesman)

   

  Microsoft initiative for Africa’s competitiveness

   
Redmond, US. Microsoft Corporation last week introduced the Microsoft 4Afrika Initiative, a new effort through which the company will actively engage in Africa’s economic development to improve its global competitiveness. “The Microsoft 4Afrika Initiative is built on the dual beliefs that technology can accelerate growth for Africa, and Africa can also accelerate technology for the world.”

   
Mawingu' deployment (engineeringnews)

   

  UK' economic surveys

   
Recovering from the recession, improving longer-term growth potential and reducing inequality are key challenges for the UK economy. Lingering effects from the global financial crisis, the restrictive impact from necessary fiscal consolidation and headwinds from the euro area sovereign debt crisis risk prolonging and worsening the economic downturn and hurting the long-term growth potential.

   
Key policy recommendations (oecd)

   

  Quality logos in EU

   
In Europe certain agricultural products and foodstuffs are labelled with an EU origin and quality logo. This logo indicates that the foodstuff exhibits special characteristics derived from the geographical location in which it is produced or from its traditional composition or production method. The logo informs customers of the quality, origin and/or authenticity of the foodstuff.

   
Quality product designations (eufic)

   

  Seed giants vs US farmers

   
In 2003, CFS launched an investigation to determine the extent to which American farmers are impacted by litigation arising from the use of patented, genetically engineered (“GE” or “transgenic”) crops. This investigation culminated in a 2005 report, a comprehensive assessment of Monsanto Company’s use of U.S. patent law to control the use of staple crop seeds by farmers.

   
Beyond legal limits (centerforfoodsafety)

   

  The Sustainability Yearbook 2013

   
Ten years ago, when the first edition of The Sustainability Yearbook was published, corporate sustainability was a somewhat vague concept that few companies and investors considered. However, companies have made tremendous progress in recognizing the financial benefits of their corporate strategies, and The Sustainability Yearbook has grown to become one of the leading reference guides to the world’s sustainability leaders.

   
Improved practices (robecosam)

   

  Pollution related to LBR

   
Low birth weight (LBR) (a weight below 2500 grams or 5.5 pounds) is associated with serious health consequences, including increased risk of postnatal morbidity and mortality and chronic health problems in later life, noted lead author Payam Dadvand, MD, PhD, of the Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL) in Barcelona, Spain.

   
Maternal exposure to air pollution (ucsf)

   

  Aero India 2013

   
Building an antiaircraft and missile defense system, without which it is impossible to talk about the reliable security of any state, is very promising for the development of a military-technical dialogue with the countries in the region, particularly with India. With its vast experience in this sphere, Russia will showcase a wide range of reliable systems.

   
Russia vs India partnership (defencetalk)

   

  Nuclear issue: French Debate

   
French factory operators say the coming months are crucial to convince policy-makers they need competitive energy. A report on French competitiveness warns that the country “must not raise the cost of energy for industry.” French nuclear output is a “veritable advantage” that needs to be preserved, according to the study published in November by its ceo, Louis Gallois.

   
Energy costs for industry (bloomberg)

   

  Electricity from coal & no pollution

   
Coal is abundant and cheap, but burning it is a dirty business. This week researchers at Ohio State University announced a milestone in the development of a far cleaner way to use the energy in coal—a process called chemical looping that has the potential to reduce or eliminate a wide range of pollutants, including carbon dioxide and smog-forming nitrogen oxides.

   
Generating electricity from coal (technologyreview)

   

  Stringed Perfection

   
Roger Federer wins by dropping the ball over the net like a magnetically controlled ping-pong ball. Wilson, in an effort to cash in on this trend, went to work on a new design intended to increase ball spin as much as possible. But the Steam 99S uses five fewer cross-strings (or 16×15 total) for a faster “snapback” — one of the key behavior variables of a racket that affects ball spin.

   
New tennis racket (wired)

   

  Desert soil microbes

   
Scientists from the United Arab Emirates [UAE] have isolated local salt- and drought-tolerant strains of Rhizobia, soil bacteria that fix nitrogen when they become established inside the root nodules of legumes. The discoveries could pave the way to improving the production of leguminous plants cultivated in arid environments, says the study published in the February issue of the Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture.

   
How to boost crop yields ? (scidev)

   

  Cybersecu.: The great career path

   
The stakes are high at Collegiate Cyber Defense Competitions (CCDC), where top-notch security professionals pose as computer hackers and try to break into simulated business computer networks--the kinds you'd find on Wall Street, in banks, hospitals, or even your home. As the "bad guys" try to compromise computer systems, teams of students have to think like hackers and compete against each other to keep the attackers out.

   
The 21st Century Workforce (nsf)

   

  Genetic landscape

   
Brain tumors called meningiomas tend to be benign. A Yale study shows that tumors associated with mutations in NF2 genes have a greater chance of becoming cancerous and form on the hemispheres of the brain, while those with non-NF2 mutations such as TRAF7 form near the base of the skull, a maybe good candidates for targeted chemotherapy rather than surgery.

   
Key to personalized treatment (news.yale)

   

  Resolving Co-Founder Disputes

   
One in four Y Combinator companies loses a founder. It’s not hard to conclude that startup co-founder disputes are universal. They range from the big decisions (What should our product do? Should we hire? Should we raise capital?) to the small (What should you work on today? What should the blog design look like? Should we allow non-profit discounts?). You may find some trends useful to relieve tension and frustration.

   
Some good chemistry (techcrunch)

   

  Yandex’s Wonder app

   
Wonder is an iPhone app that collects your friends’ activity from Facebook, Instagram, Foursquare, and Twitter and makes it easily accessible to you. Now you can ask questions about what places your friends visit, what music they listen to, and what news they read.” Apparently this treads too closely to what Graph Search does… because you can integrate Facebook, thus rendering the app without important social information.

   
Search in more semantic way (digitaltrends)

   

  UK' commercialization of Graphene

   
The UK government has been determined to not let history repeat itself with its handling of graphene research and commercialization. The British feel a kind of ownership of graphene ever since two Russian émigrés, Andre Geim and Konstantin Novoselov, created single-atom-thick sheets of carbon back in 2004 while at the University of Manchester.

   
UK'beneficial role (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Phone 8 Ap. & Speech Support

   
Windows Phone 8 platform provides users with the ability to interact with a Windows Phone 8 application by speech in 3 different ways. Having a knowledge of how to build speech support in a Windows Phone 8 application means additional ways in which users can interact with your application. There are additional ways in which a user can interact with a Windows Phone 8 application.

   
Speech recognition ap. (developer)

   

  The Grass Isn’t Greener

   
It’s amazing how often executives who are looking for growth opportunities for their companies conclude that they simply need to find a “better” industry to compete in. Our analysis of shareholder returns of more than 6,000 companies in 65 industries globally and over a 10-year period, however, shows that the idea that some industries are superior does not hold true.

   
Growth is harder to find (booz)

   

  How WEEE2 directive affects Medical Devices ?

   
Environmental concerns are at the forefront of new and updated regulations in Europe and medical devices are included in some of these updates. While its applicability may not be readily apparent to many, considering the number of medical devices that incorporate batteries, lamps, screens, and electrical equipment, the new requirements have a wide impact across the electro-medical device industry.

   
What is the WEEE2 Directive ? (lne-america)

   

  Renewable power Costs in 2012

   
As the world embarks on the transition to a truly sustainable energy future, the world’s renewable resources and technologies increasingly offer the promise of cleaner, healthier and economically and technically feasible power solutions and sustainable energy access for all. With over 100 gigawatts of renewable power generation capacity added in 2011 alone, renewables have gone mainstream.

   
Up to date cost (irena)

   

  Global Risks 2013

   
How do the top risks as identified by the annual Global Risks Perception Survey change over time? Figure 6 shows how this list changed over the past seven years. The average ratings of the risks have changed slightly, as described in detail in Section 4 of the report, but the relative ranking of the risks according to their impact or their likelihood is less affected.

   
The Risk Response Network (weforum)

   

  Tar sands extraction

   
The Canadian tar sands have been called the “most environmentally destructive project on earth”, with good reason. Extracting tar sands bitumen from under the boreal forests of Alberta, Canada requires huge amounts of energy and water. It has cleared vast tracts of forest, left scars on the land that are visible from space and threatened the health and livelihoods of indigenous First Nations communities across the region.

   
The environmentally destructive project (priceofoil)

   

  Health Online 2013

   
Women are more likely than men to go online to figure out a possible diagnosis. Other groups that have a high likelihood of doing so include younger people, white adults, those who live in households earning $75,000 or more, and those with a college degree or advanced degrees. Throughout this report, we call those who searched for answers on the internet “online diagnosers.”

   
The online diagnosers (pewinternet)

   

  Rethinking problems entirely

   
It can be challenging working for a boss whose dominant trait is dissatisfaction with the pace of progress. Astro Teller, who oversees Google X, the company’s blue-sky skunkworks division, illustrates Page’s proclivities with a parable. Teller imagines wheeling a Dr. Who time machine into Page’s office. He plugs it in and—it works! But instead of being bowled over, Page asks why it needs a plug. Wouldn’t it be better if it didn’t use power at all?

   
The basis of Google X (wired)

   

  Risks to bees from neonicotinoids

   
EFSA scientists have identified a number of risks posed to bees by three neonicotinoid insecticides[1]. The Authority was asked by the European Commission to assess the risks associated with the use of clothianidin, imidacloprid and thiamethoxam as seed treatment or as granules, with particular regard to: their acute and chronic effects on bee colony survival and development; their effects on bee larvae and bee behaviour.

   
Effects of Pesticides on Bees (efsa)

   

  EU-U.S. Trading Partnership

   
According to Bloomberg news, there are additional benefits that pruning regulatory trade barriers would provide. These benefits involve various restrictions in controversial areas such as health standards, national-security concerns, and consumer-protection issues. A study by ECORYS that was commissioned by the European Commission showed that eliminating just half of the so-called non-tariff barriers would increase GDP by 0.7% in the EU.

   
The Economic Stimulus (areadevelopment)

   

  AnchorFree’s hotspot shield

   
After the events of the Arab Spring in recent years rocked the world, even the technologies we live and work with daily gained greater prominence. The maker of that of helpful technology is AnchorFree, the Silicon Valley startup that was founded in 2011. AnchorFree’s business model directly addresses the needs of emerging markets to bypass internet censors.

   
Freedom & security for web users (entrepreneur)

   

  Monetizing information assets

   
The financial demands of storing and managing big data will lead 30 percent of businesses to directly or indirectly monetize their information assets by trading, bartering or outright selling them by 2016, according to Gartner, Inc. Many enterprises are starting to appreciate the real market value that their harvested information assets have within their own industries or beyond.

   
Managing big data (gartner)

   

  Mercury, it's time to act

   
Mercury levels are continuing to rise in some species in large areas of the Arctic, despite reductions in emissions from human activities over the past 15–30 years in some parts of the world. High exposure to mercury is a serious risk to humans worldwide through the food chain. Solving these problems could be costly, particularly related to remediation. Will this get sufficient attention and money in the next 20 years to fix?

   
why it's time to worry ? (unep)

   

  WEEE compliance & Eco-design

   
«Eco3e» results from three years of collaboration between recycling experts, the four compliance schemes that initiated the project and teachers of the “Graduate school of Arts & crafts of Chambéry (FR)” under the joint direction of Daniel Froelich (internationally recognized researcher in the field of industrial eco-design) and Markus A. Reuter, Outotec’s Director of Technology & Product Management (Finland).

   
Eco-guide management for WEEE (eco3e)

   

  Engineering new therapies

   
Two researchers at the University of Uppsala have engineered a virus that will attack cancer. Cheap, precise, with only mild, flu-like side-effects, this plucky little microbe sounds too good to be true. Yet in peer-reviewed articles in top journals, Professor Magnus Essand and Dr Justyna Leja have repeatedly showed that Ad5[CgA-E1A-miR122]PTD views healthy tissue with disdain; it eats only tumours. It is, in effect, a cancer of cancer.

   
Cancer-killing virus (guardian)           Related new therapie (mit)    

   

  Creativity in the Wild

   
Adults and children are spending more time interacting with media and technology and less time participating in activities in nature. This life-style change clearly has ramifications for our physical well-being, but what impact does this change have on cognition? Higher order cognitive functions including selective attention, problem solving, inhibition, and multi-tasking are all heavily utilized in our modern technology-rich society.

   
Unplugging from techn. (plosone)

   

  Next industrial revolution

   
The real-world replicator-like technology poised to revolutionize the world is known as 3-D printing, though that term is misleading, since the process has little to do with printing. Three-dimensional printers can be as small as a suitcase or as large as a telephone booth, depending on the object they are meant to faithfully replicate from a 3-D computer blueprint. Many different technological routes can be taken to reach the same goal.

   
The unlimited potential (spiegel)

   

  FDA's new Food Rules

   
After a year-long delay, two sweeping new food safety rules that will for the first time mandate produce safety standards (https://www.federalregister.gov/agencies/food-and-drug-administration)and preventive controls nationwide will be released this week. The two rules were mandated by the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).

   
Public health protection (foodsafetynews)

   

  Patent battles

   
Last year was particularly eventful in the realm of intellectual property, with headline news right through the very last days of December. In the coming year it’s a safe bet that global patent litigation and multi-billion dollar transactions will continue unabated, but read here a few other key trends we can expect to influence and shape the global IP marketplace.

   
Global IP marketplace (gigaom)

   

  How to dominate your way to power ?

   
If you want to reach the top at work, it's better to be feared than liked, according to a new study. The two-part study looked at how "dominance" (which the researchers defined as the use of force and intimidation to induce fear) and "prestige" (the sharing of expertise or know-how to gain respect) can be used to achieve social rank and influence.

   
Strategy for acquiring power (cnn)

   

  China’s Satellite Operational

   
To end any reliance on the US-maintained Global Positioning System (GPS), the second generation of the Beidou system has begun operations. The system currently consists of 10 satellites and covers the Asia-Pacific region, with the number of satellites set to gradually increase to a total of 35 that will cover the entire globe by 2020.

   
The Beidou system (gizmag)

   

  HP's Elite IT Moves to GM

   
Hewlett-Packard and General Motors, two of America’s largest companies, used to have a great relationship. But the goodwill between the two companies has given way to what could be a mess of litigation. In mid-December, HP quietly petitioned (pdf) a Texas court to depose a pair of former executives who recently started to work at GM.

   
GM insources knowhow (businessweek)

   

  Endo’s commercial concern

   
Endo employed legal and regulatory tactics to try to delay generic competitors from taking revenue from its second best-selling product. The hope was that if the old version was declared unsafe, generic versions would need to be pulled from the market or prohibited from entering. In August, Endo filed two citizens’ petitions with the FDA seeking to have its crushable version declared unsafe.

   
Product deemed unsafe (asq)

   

  BPA: An in-depth look

   
Jasmin Bird, communications manager of the Polycarbonate and bisphenol A group of PlasticsEurope, told FoodProductionDaily.com the assessment is announced to be a full re-evaluation of the human risks associated with exposure to BPA through the diet. "The authority will find its position based on the weight of the scientific evidence.

   
The key rulings in 2012 (foodproductiondaily)

   

  Life sciences companies

   
Pharmaceutical companies in 2012 focused much of their partnering efforts on discovery collaborations as they worked to externalize their research operations. Of the $36.5 billion in potential value of partnering deals, $16.2 billion were for discovery collaborations or preclinical-stage assets. This trend will continue as drugmakers seek to reduce their costs and broaden their sources of innovative ideas.

   
2013 predictions on Biotech (burrillreport)

   

  German pensioners & cheaper retirement

   
The increasing numbers of Germans unable to afford the growing costs of retirement homes, and an ageing and shrinking population, the number expected to be sent abroad in the next few years is only likely to rise. Experts describe it as a "time bomb". Germany has one of the fastest-ageing populations in the world, and the movement here has implications for other western countries, including Britain.

   
Opting for foreign homes (guardian)

   

  Classical & Quantum Computing

   
A new type of machine could rival quantum computers in exceeding the power of classical computers, researchers say. Two independent teams of scientists have built a novel kind of device known as a boson-sampling computer. Described as a bridge between classical and quantum computers, these machines also make use of the bizarre nature of quantum physics.

   
The Boson-sampling computers (technewsdaily)

   

  The European chemicals industry

   
Chemicals companies in the European Union employed in 2011 a total staff of about 1.19 million. The chemicals industry also generated additional indirect jobs via the value chain, which is two times higher than through direct employment. Direct employment in the EU chemicals industry has decreased by an average annual rate of 1.9 per cent from 2002 to 2011.

   
EU chemicals industry halted ? (cefic)

   

  EU's Smart grids security

   
The European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) has decided to further investigate the challenges of ensuring an adequate smart grid protection in Europe, in order to help smart grid providers to improve the security and the resilience of their infrastructures and services. Defining a common approach to addressing smart grid cyber security measures will help achieve this.

   
Cyber security measures (enisa)

   

  U-Multirank

   
The project consisted of two consecutive parts: In a first phase running until the end of 2009 the consortium designed a multi-dimensional ranking system for higher education institutions in consultation with stakeholders. In a second phase ending in June 2011 the consortium tested the feasibility of the multi-dimensional ranking system on a sample of no less than 150 higher education and research institutions.

   
Global university ranking (ec.europa)

   

  Closing the Gender Gap

   
Gender gaps are pervasive in all walks of economic life and imply large losses in terms of foregone productivity and living standards to the individuals concerned and the economy. This new OECD report focuses on how best to close these gender gaps under four broad headings: 1) Gender equality, social norms and public policies; and gender equality in 2) education; 3) employment and 4) entrepreneurship.

   
Gender equality (oecd)

   

  Cellphone Radiation Problems

   
Years of studies to determine whether cellphones can cause brain tumors have yielded one popular consensus: More studies are needed. One important piece that has been missing from researchers’ arsenals is a way to see what happens to cellphone radiation that is absorbed by the human brain. Two scientists have now developed a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) technique that they say could solve that problem.

   
high-resolution 3-D images (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Graphene sheets for solar cells

   
MIT researchers have produced a new kind of photovoltaic cell based on sheets of flexible graphene coated with a layer of nanowires. The approach could lead to low-cost, transparent and flexible solar cells that could be deployed on windows, roofs or other surfaces. While most of today’s solar cells are made of silicon, these remain expensive because the silicon is generally highly purified and then made into crystals that are sliced thin.

   
New opportunities (mit)

   

  ISO Survey of Management System Standards

   
The survey is a pointer to the evolving global economy and of certification.For example, overall, this is the case of ISO 9001 certification in Europe, but the effect is not evenly spread for Italy is the country that experienced the highest growth in certificates. The East Asia and Pacific region has almost overtaken Europe for the regional share of ISO 9001 certificates.

   
survey of accredited certification (iso)

   

  Crash test dummies

   

Humanetics builds and calibrates crash test dummies for several industries, mainly automotive, and is developing technologies to keep us all in one piece. Much of today’s crash test dummy technology was developed in the 1980s, says Chris O’Connor, CEO of Humanetics. As regulators push for stricter auto crash tests, dummy makers develop advanced testing equipment. “As cars advance, injuries change.

   
Tougher Auto Tests (asq)

   

  Early-Stage Drug Development

   
Pharmaceutical companies continually grapple with ways to make drug development more cost- and time-effective. The shared goal among companies is to identify and allocate resources to the most promising drug candidates, a process that to be effective, has to begin in early-stage development. Pharma-companies are seeking to create more flexible R&D organizations tied to more stringent requirements for return on investment (ROI).

   
Drug-development timelines (pharmtech)

   

  EU: Impact of regulation on competitiveness

   
‘Smart Regulation’ is en vogue. Commission President Barroso’s decision to make smart regulation a priority of his second terms has revitalized the better regulation agenda of his first term. Cefic's legal department has drafted a Manifesto on smarter regulation, as a response to the amount of legislation in the environmental and more specifically the chemicals sector.

   
Regulatory impact assessments (cefic)

   

  Shale gas development report

   
The University of Texas System issued the following statement following release of findings from an independent panel of experts convened by The University of Texas at Austin to review the Energy Institute's February report on shale gas development. The university will implement all of the review panel's recommendations, including withdrawing the shale gas report until it is peer-reviewed.

   
six recommendations (energy.utexas)

   

  Food safety network

   
More and more products are traded around the world, and ensuring these are of a high quality and safe to eat demands robust food analysis techniques. However, with different countries using different approaches, and local problems (e.g. melamine) quickly becoming global food crises, MoniQA (Monitoring and Quality Assurance in the Total Food Supply Chain) – an EU-funded Network of Excellence (2007-2012).

   
Building a Network (moniqa)

   

  Tech Trends 2013

   
This year’s theme, Elements of postdigital, examines the convergence and controlled collision of five forces – Analytics, Mobile, Social, Cloud and Cyber – as businesses move closer to achieving the possibilities of the Postdigital EnterpriseTM, where all five forces are mature, implemented, integrated and baked-in versus bolted-on. Each of the 2013 trends is relevant today. Each has the momentum and potential to make an impact.

   
IT capabilities (deloitte)

   

  Global survey in educational attainment

   
The Science Report provides a rich array of information which describes the educational contexts for science, including home environment support, students' backgrounds and attitudes toward science, the science curriculum, teachers' education and training, classroom characteristics and activities, and school contexts for science learning and instruction.

   
International results in science (timss)

   

  Where are the workers ?

   
It would seem that the programs created to get the unemployed back to work are not always working as well as they have in the past, and it’s not only because of sluggish hiring on the part of employers. For some communities, the answer lies in rethinking the whole process to make the programs more responsive to the specific needs of those companies hiring now — and for the long term.

   
Matching skills and jobs (areadevelopment)

   

  James Watson reveals helix story

   
Consistently rated as one of the greatest books written about science in the past century, it has been hailed as a work that combines the plot line of a racy novel with deep insights about the nature of modern research. Harvard University Press, having accepted Watson's manuscript for publication, came under pressure from the university's senior administrators and dropped the book.

   
How to hit the right DNA's model (guardian)

   

  2013: Paying Taxes

   
Business plays an essential role in contributing to economic growth and prosperity by employing workers,improving the skills and knowledge base, buying from local suppliers and providing affordable products that improve people’s lives.As well as corporate income tax on profits, business pays employment taxes, social contributions, indirect taxes, property taxes and a whole variety of smaller taxes including environmental taxes.

   
The global picture (pwc)

   

  Algorithmic Self-Assembly

   
Self-assembly is the process by which small components automatically assemble themselves into large, complex structures. Examples in nature abound: lipids self-assemble a cell's membrane, and bacteriophage virus proteins self-assemble a capsid that allows the virus to invade other bacteria. Even a phenomenon as simple as crystal formation is a process of self-assembly.

   
Process modeling (cacm.acm)

   

  NIST & Technology transfer

   
Each year—as required by federal regulation—the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) releases a report on technology transfer from federal laboratories, detailing efforts to transfer the results of public investment in research to meet marketplace and other needs. For example, When 33 miners became trapped 2,000 feet below ground, the Chilean government called on NASA specialists to help care for and rescue the men.

   
Investing in science and tech. (nist)

   

  The ozone problem is back

   
Jim Anderson of Harvard University was showing him some weird data he had collected. Since 2001, Anderson and his team had been studying powerful thunderstorms by packing instruments into repurposed spy planes and B-57 bombers, among the only planes capable of flying into the storms “without having their wings ripped off,” Anderson said. Anderson knew that water could, through a series of chemical reactions, destroy ozone.

   
ClO & Ozone relationship (smithsonianmag)

   

  Ibogaine anti-addiction effects

   
Since ibogaine aides in the cessation of addiction, it started to be used to deal with opiates and other substance addictions. Ibogaine has only been introduced to Western scientific medicine but has documented use by the Bwiti tribe in Central Africa for centuries. At lower doses ibogaine has the ability to increase energy and mental alertness and appears to decrease the desire for food and drink.

   
Anti-addictive substance (addictionsearch)

   

  Black boxes in cars

   
When a car is involved in a crash or when its airbags deploy, inputs from the vehicle's sensors during the 5 to 10 seconds before impact are automatically preserved. That's usually enough to record things like how fast the car was traveling and whether the driver applied the brake, was steering erratically or had a seat belt on.

   
Electronic privacy information (foxnews)

   

  ICCA Building Technology Roadmap

   
According to the International Energy Agency’s Energy Technology Perspectives 2012 report, the building sector is directly or indirectly responsible for about 32% of global energy consumption and for 26% of global total end-use energy-related carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The Chemical Industry is indispensable in providing solutions.

   
More efficient technologies (icca-chem)

   

  Battle Over International Internet Regulation

   
The World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT) in Dubai, will officially bring together more than 190 countries to review the International Telecommunications Regulations (ITR) [PDF] agreed to in Melbourne, Australia, 25 years ago. But it’s the “unofficial” agenda of the conference that has been causing all the ruckus in the run-up to the event.

   
A Weak Treaty or None at All (ieee)

   

  Outcomes Working Group

   
Combining materials modeling with mathematical and musical tools, Buehler says, could provide a much faster way of designing new biosynthesized materials, replacing the trial-and-error approach that prevails today. Genetically engineering organisms to produce materials is a long, painstaking process, he says, but this work “has taught us a new approach” in combining experiment, theory and simulation to speed up the discovery process.

   
Merging proteins and music (mit)

   

  Preparing for Precision Medicine

   
Personalized medicine is the combination of established clinical parameters with emerging molecular information to generate preventative, diagnostic and therapeutic solutions that are tailored to each patient’s needs. Personalized approaches facilitate more precise healthcare deliver and have the potential to improve outcomes while reducing waste of resources and delivering significant other benefits.

   
More Incentives for Innovation (weforum)

   

  Manufacturing the future

   
Still, manufacturing remains critically important to both the developing and the advanced world. In the former, it continues to provide a pathway from subsistence agriculture to rising incomes and living standards. In the latter, it remains a vital source of innovation and competitiveness, making outsized contributions to research and development, exports, and productivity growth.

   
Global growth and innovation (mckinsey)

   

  'Repurposing' drugs

   
Finding new uses for old drugs is now a growth business as Big Pharma struggles to come up with new blockbuster drugs. Traditionally, pharma companies test hundreds of thousands of compounds for so-called "target binding" in the hunt for new blockbusters. It takes 10-15 years to find a medicine that works and is safe, at a typical cost of $1.3bn. The idea – known in the drugs business as repositioning or repurposing.

   
New uses old drugs business (guardian)

   

  Measuring progress towards energy

   
The 2012 edition of the World Energy Outlook. Drawing on the latest data and policy developments the report presents analytical insights into trends in energy markets and what they mean for energy security, environmental protection and economic development. It sets out updated projections of energy demand, production, trade, investment and carbon-dioxide emissions, broken down by country, fuel and sector, to 2035.

   
What is the potential impact (worldenergyoutlook)

   

  Synthetic membrane channels

   
physicists at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) and the University of Michigan have shown that synthetic membrane channels can be constructed through DNA nanotechnology. This technique employs DNA molecules as programmable building materials for custom-designed, self-assembling, nanometer-scale structures. The researchers present evidence that their nature-inspired nanostructures may also behave like biological ion channels.

   
DNA nanotechnology (rdmag)

   

  The Elephant in the Classroom

   
The gentrification of many of our big cities is providing a once-in-a-generation opportunity to create a large number of racially and socioeconomically integrated schools. “White flight in reverse” means that, for the first time in 40 years, school integration is logistically feasible in urban America, and without the mandatory busing that derailed earlier efforts.

   
Navigating Diversity (educationnext)

   

  Biotech Industry's Success in 2012

   
In 2011, the U.S. FDA approved 30 new drugs, compared to 21 in 2010," S&P Capital IQ wrote in a note. "Through September 2012, the year-to-date total was 22. We see an improving trend for FDA first cycle review approvals and a rise in the rate of new drug approvals for rare diseases, which we think is helping to boost investor sentiment for the agency, after years of criticism stemming from inconsistency in making and communicating its decisions."

   
The "patent cliff" (marketwire)

   

  China-Kenya trade

   
The growing trade between Kenya and China has led to Kenyan businesses opening yuan accounts, creating new income opportunities for local banks. Local commercial banks say traders are seeking to reduce the currency costs incurred when converting shillings into dollars, then the dollars into yuan, referred to as a renminbi (RMB) transaction. The renminbi is the official currency of China, and its primary unit is the yuan.

   
Banks now opening yuan accounts (theeastafrican)

   

  The education giant adapts

   
Pearson should be among the walking dead of global media conglomerates, fatally wounded by the shift to digital media. Pearson is the world’s largest book publisher and dominates the market for textbooks, which are facing a competitive attack from inexpensive or even free course material online. But education has been one of the last holdouts against the onslaught of computing, and that’s given this 168-year-old company time to adapt.

   
Digital media (technologyreview)

   

  Volkswagen to invest EUR50.2Bln

   
According to the Group's investment planning for 2013 to 2015, it intends to utilize the amount for new models, environmentally friendly technologies and production facilities in the coming three years. Volkswagen noted that for the first time, the planning also includes newly consolidated MAN and Porsche brands. This investment is the key to the Volkswagen Group's innovation and technology leadership.

   

The cross-product investments (rttnews)

   

  The 4th largest energy company

   
Maria das Graças Silva Foster, Petrobras CEO explain that applying International Standards is of strategic importance to ensure competitiveness in their business, since this means that projects, equipment manufacture and construction, assembly and commissioning of new onshore and offshore facilities are in line with international practices, aimed at ensuring quality, operational efficiency and compliance with health, safety and environmental requirements.

   
Petrobas: most valuable brand (iso)

   

  Vision 2060 : Long-term growth

   
Demographic changes, including ageing, and economic convergence will bring about large shifts in the composition of global GDP.Over the next half century, the global economy is projected to grow at around 3% per annum on average. The OECD-wide trend GDP growth rate is projected at about 2% annually to 2060, with declining rates in many countries after the recovery from the current crisis.

   
The global economy outlook (oecd)

   

  UK' submarine flaws

   

The MoD confirmed Astute had suffered some "teething problems" during sea trials. "It is normal for first of class trials to identify areas where modifications are required and these are then incorporated into later vessels of the class," a spokesman said. However, if the propulsion problems persist, they would represent one of the biggest procurement disasters the MoD has ever had to deal with.

   
Britain's £10bn submarine (guardian)

   

  Kaspersky' secure industrial OS

   
Speaking in Brooklyn, Eugene Kaspersky, CEO of Kaspersky, said there is "no neutral" to his plan to develop a secure industrial operating system platform. "It has been either positive or negative," he said. Kaspersky was in Brooklyn for its NYU-Poly CSAW cybersecurity competition, which serves as a talent recruiting effort. A month ago, Kaspersky outlined an effort to develop an industrial OS that would be secure.

   
Conventional vs cyber weapons (znet)

   

  The New Chinese Economy

   
Beijing recently reported that industrial output grew 9.2 percent in September. Sectors such as healthcare and other services continue to grow strongly. And even as the growth rate comes down, actual GDP continues to expand. Both government officials and executives on the ground say that the Chinese government still has the will and ability to ensure a soft landing through its control over infrastructure investments, and other macroeconomic policy tools.

   
Economic reality (strategy-business)

   

  Relational D.Base: 10 not-do-able things

   
Data growth is out of control. Old habits die hard. The relational DBMS still reigns supreme. But even if you're a dyed-in-the-wool, Oracle-loving, PL/SQL-slinging glutton for the medieval RAC, think twice, think many times, before using your beloved technology for the following tasks. The data explosion demands new solutions.Here's where you really shouldn't use it.

   
Data Management (infoworld)

   

  Mixing Processes & Biofuel Spills

   
A group of researchers from the University of Michigan wondered how ethanol-based fuels would spread in the event of a large aquatic spill. They found that ethanol-based liquids mix actively with water, very different from how pure gasoline interacts with water and potentially more dangerous to aquatic life. The scientists will present their results, which could impact the response guidelines for ethanol fuel-based spills.

   
The health of surface waters (sciencedaily)

   

  Standards: Maintaining Compliance

   
This QMS not only helps to check on updates but also analyses the impacts of the detected changes in order to maintain products regulatory compliance. There is no one method for a medical device manufacturer to be able to keep track of all the regulatory changes and maintain compliance. However, there are some strategies that manufacturers can use that can help them keep abreast of the changing regulations.

   
ISO 13485 applicable regulation (lne-america)

   

  The most innovative EU contries

   
Within the EU, Sweden confirms its position at the top of the overall ranking in innovation, a key driver of economic growth and jobs. The Scandinavian country is closely followed by Denmark, Germany and Finland, the Regional Innovation Scoreboard shows. The report has covered 190 regions across the European Union, Croatia, Norway and Switzerland.

   
The Northern European lead (euractiv)

   

  Security through obscurity

   
Thinking about the bits of data you leave behind is a one-way ticket to paranoia. Your browser? Full of cookies. Your cellphone? A beacon broadcasting your location at every moment. Search engines track your every curiosity. Email services archive way too much. Those are just the obvious places we're aware of. Who knows what's going on inside those routers? these six techniques will help obscure the data and traces you leave online.

   
Online privacy technique (infoworld)

   

  How your voice translated instantly ?

   
It could be the next best thing to learning a new language. Microsoft researchers have demonstrated software that translates spoken English into spoken Chinese almost instantly, while preserving the unique cadence of the speaker's voice—a trick that could make conversation more effective and personal. The first public demonstration was made by Rick Rashid, Microsoft's chief research officer, on October 25 at an event in Tianjin, China.

   
Turning English into synthesized Chinese (technologyreview)

   

  The EPA has new SNURs

   
EPA is promulgating significant new use rules (SNURs) under the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) for 20 chemical substances which were the subject of premanufacture notices (PMNs). Eight of these chemical substances are subject to TSCA section 5(e) consent orders issued by EPA. The required notification will provide EPA with the opportunity to evaluate the intended use to prohibit or limit that activity before it occurs.

   
SNURs that go into effect (gpo)

   

  Early Prediction of Mo. Box Office

   
Use of socially generated \big data" to access information about collective states of the minds in human societies becomes a new paradigm in the emerging eld of computational social science. One of the natural application of this would be prediction of the society's reaction to a new product in the sense of popularity and adoption rate. However, bridging between \real time monitoring" and \early predicting" remains as a big challenge.

   
Wikipedia activity big data (arxiv)

   

  Foxconn plans factories in US

   
Foxconn will have to adapt its working conditions to operate in the US market. Worker suicides, industrial accidents and riots have dogged its mainland China plants, which were recently discovered to be employing workers as young as 14. The scandals have proved a source of embarrassment for its largest client. Reforms undertaken as a result of the audits have led to rising costs at Foxconn, which also makes phones for Nokia and tablets for Amazon.

   
How to adapt working conditions ? (guardian)

   

  Jap.consumer electr. giants is dead

   
These days, the Japanese consumer-electronics giants have largely been reduced to also-rans, many of which struggle just to turn a profit. This collapse marks a dramatic change for companies that once stood on top of the consumer electronics world. It also largely marks the end of an era in which these Japanese companies thought they could operate in a myriad of different businesses.

   
(Big companies = Slow companies)! (cnet)

   

  Mining companies & minerals promise

   
Hoping for new jobs and investment, the Finnish government is welcoming prospectors, identifying and mapping the deposits and generously granting data and mining rights at cheap prices, even in sensitive areas. Gold, nickel and uranium hunters are even reaching into tourist and conservation areas in the country. Some 40 companies are now carrying out hundreds of exploration projects across the country.

   
From Finland's Far North (spiegel)

   

  Making Ideas Work

   
Every economic downturn comes with the same refrain: The world, we’re told, is losing its creative capacity, hurting our chances for a speedy recovery. Yet inevitably, when worries about innovation erosion surface, some company rises up with a great new product, technology, or service to prove the naysayers wrong. And all too often, observers simply fail to pay attention to the many companies that make successful innovation part of their regular practice.

   
The global innovation 1000 (strategy-business)

   

  New Std in Cementitious Waterproofing

   
BASF has developed a highly flexible one component membrane for waterproofing and concrete protection for the European market. Masterseal® 6100 FX is a lightweight, rapid-curing cementitious membrane used for internal and external applications as a waterproof lining for water retaining structures, to protect concrete surfaces from carbonation and chloride attacks.

   
Fast hardening product (basf)

   

  China building its own jet

   
AVIC, with more than 400,000 employees and 200 subsidiaries including 20 listed companies, has already set aside about 10 billion yuan of its own funds for jet engine development over the next three years. The engine financing plan is under high-level discussion in Beijing, said Zhao Yuxing, an official at the securities office of Shanghai-listed Xi'an Aero-Engine Plc, a key military engine-making unit of AVIC.

   
Is this tech. out of reach ? (reuters)

   

  Food Statistics Pocketbook

   
This booklet from Defra, the Government's agriculture department, tells a story as horrific as any tale recounted around the fireplace this Hallowe'en – a story that becomes very real every time we pull our credit card out at the end of the weekly shop. The pamphlet is an analysis of food prices and their effects on society, and the numbers are stark.

   
Food prices in Britain (defra)

   

  Medical Start-Ups & H-Care Reform

   
Investment in medical start-ups has dwindled of late as companies have struggled to go public and deliver returns to venture capitalists. The Affordable Care Act, the health-care reform bill signed into law in 2010, would seem to be the salve these companies need. Starting in 2014, most Americans will have to carry health insurance or pay a penalty.

   
How to make different ? (wsj)

   

  Love China or Leave

   
Lu Ping's former deputy, Chen Zuoer, resonated with his comment and said separatism has been spreading like a virus in Hong Kong. The officials' blunt comment, in particular the implication that Beijing could shut down water supply and turn Hong Kong into a dead city, has outraged the locals. Financial news commentator, pointed out that China has been taking advantage of Hong Kong's water contract with local arrangements.

   

Hong Kong and Beijing relations (globalvoicesonline)

   

  The German nuclear exit

   
The German decision to pursue a nuclear-free future was, however, anything but precipitous or unmindful of climate change. Because of a combination of historical and political factors, Germany has in fact been retreating from the nuclear sector for decades— and from its beginnings, the nuclear phase-out was intimately tied to what is known as the Energiewende, an aggressive, comprehensive turnabout in policy.

   
Serious long-term planning (sagepub)

   

  Viable therapeutic target

   
Pathological imbalances within the intestinal microbiota, termed dysbiosis, are often associated with chronic Clostridium difficile infections in humans. We show that infection of mice with the healthcare pathogen C. difficile leads to persistent intestinal dysbiosis that is associated with chronic disease and a highly contagious state. Using this model we rationally designed a simple that can disrupt intestinal dysbiosis and as a result resolve disease and contagiousness.

   
Bacteriotherapy for persistent dysbiosis (plospathogens)

   

  Big Data Right Now

   
Big Data is on every CIO’s mind this quarter, and for good reason. Companies will have spent $4.3 billion on Big Data technologies by the end of 2012. But here’s where it gets interesting. Those initial investments will in turn trigger a domino effect of upgrades and new initiatives that are valued at $34 billion for 2013, per Gartner. Over a 5 year period, spend is estimated at $232 billion.

   
Five Trendy O.S.T. (techcrunch)

   

  All roads lead to Berlin

   
Germany increasingly is pursuing a self-confident foreign policy set apart from the wishes and demands of its erstwhile American patron. Following on its refusal to participate in the Iraq War, it shunned the West’s intervention in Libya and has pursued independent ties with Russia and China, raising eyebrows in Washington, DC. Powerful political issues and forces have been unleashed, both within Germany and throughout Europe, as Berlin takes the lead in guiding the EU through its economic crisis.

   
Berlin' drastic step (nationalinterest)  

   

  Gene therapy

   
IS IT possible for a child to have three parents? That is the question raised by a paper just published in Nature by Shoukhrat Mitalipov and his colleagues at Oregon Health and Science University. And the answer seems to be “yes”, for this study paves the way for the birth of children who, genetically, have one father, but two mothers. The reason this is possible is that a mother’s genetic contribution to her offspring comes in two separable pieces.

   
Avoiding mitochondrial disease (economist)

   

  Tropical plankton exodus

   
Hordes of microscopic plants could be driven out of tropical oceans over the course of this century by rising temperatures. One-third of tropical phytoplankton species may be forced to move or die. The consequences for fisheries could be severe. If phytoplankton take a hit the rest of the ecosystem suffers. To find out how they will contend with higher temperatures Corners and colleagues compiled decades of data on the temperature tolerances of phytoplankton.

   
Phytoplankton on the move (newscientist)

   

  High stakes for US science

   
Science rarely takes the stage in US presidential campaigns. But as President Barack Obama and Republican challenger Mitt Romney make their final bids for votes on 6 November, their sharply contrasting visions of the size and proper role of government have profound implications for science. For research advocates, Obama’s stance puts him at a clear advantage. Despite generally tight budgets, “Obama has a strong track record” of investing in science, says Abby Benson.

   
Candidates' opinions over research (nature)

   

  Rolling out the holographic radar

   
Aveillant's holographic radar system is poised to hit the UK market next year, offering a potential solution to radar interference by wind farms. Chris Lo catches up with this innovative 3D radar technology and finds out how Aveillant plans to prove its system to the aviation industry. In today's straitened times, airports have little money to spend on new radar units.

   
How to differentiate turbines from aircraft (airport-technology)

   

  Site Interactivity Without JvScript!

   
Most developers think JavaScript is the only way to make their web pages interactive. Not so! Learn 4 quick tips to add interactivity to your site using nothing but CSS. These approaches can make your web pages load faster, react snappier and simplify your code! The core idea of this approach relies on the fact that checkbox state is CSS targetable and that clicking labels can be used to change CSS checkbox state.

   
Magical Pure CSS (developer)

   

  Toyota' reversing course

   
In April, Toyota had reported 129 fires and eight injuries to the NHTSA. The agency, adding complaints filed directly to the agency, compiled a list of 161 fires and nine injuries. By August, Toyota decided to address the problem through a “customer satisfaction campaign,” not a full recall. But Toyota said in its Oct. 10 recall notice it decided on a full recall “after discussion and consultation” with the NHTSA.

   
Misjudging a major defect (asq)

   

  The Ultra HD standard

   
Ultra HD has previously been known as Ultra HD, 4K or sometimes Quad HD. However, 4K is also used for a digital cinema standard with a slightly wider screen resolution of 4096 x 2160 pixels. The CEA's 4K Working Group recommended the term "Ultra High-Definition" to define the minimum performance characteristics for UHD TV sets "to help consumers and retailers understand the attributes of this next generation.

   
UltraHD and Super Hi-Vision (znet)

   

  Why HR is Failing ?

   
According to a new study conducted by the Economist Intelligence Unit and sponsored by KPMG, organisations will continue to view HR as a non-essential department, unless it meets the challenges faced by today’s business environment. The report also suggests that HR will remain the ‘poor relation’ at the Boardroom table until it fully embraces technology to move away from its tendency to report historical data.

   
Rethinking HR for a Changing World (kpmg)

   

  Thriving in a networked world

   
People and institutions exist now in information and communication environments that are strikingly different from the ones that existed just a generation ago. People’s relationships remain strong—but they are networked. Neighbors, and neighborhoods still exist, to be sure, but they occupy a smaller portion of people’s lives. It is hard to borrow a cup of sugar from a Facebook friend 1,000 miles away, but it has become easier to socialize.

   
To a wider audience (networked.pewinternet)

   

  European Data Protection Supervisor

   
This report covers 2011 as the seventh full year of activity of the EDPS as an independent supervisory authority, tasked with ensuring that the fundamental rights and freedoms of natural persons and in particular their privacy with regard to the processing of personal data are respected by EU institutions and bodies. It also covers the third year of our common mandate as members of this authority.

   
New benchmarks in different areas (edps)

   

  Counterfeit air bags

   
Thousands of motorists may be driving cars and trucks installed with dangerous counterfeit bags, and they should have them replaced at their own expense, the Obama administration warned Wednesday. Most at risk are motorists who have had their airbags replaced over the past three years by a repair shop other than a new-car dealership, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) officials said.

   
Hard to tell (asq)

   

  China Star Tech.

   
China Star Optoelectronics Technology Co Ltd., a business union of TCL Corporation -- a world leader in consumer electronics industry, announced that its 8.5G LCD panel production line has reached full capacity three months ahead of the original schedule. The 8.5G LCD panel production line is now able to produce 108,000 sheets per month, with a product yield of 95%.

   
The success of China Star (marketwire)

   

  German Energy

   
With the government driving up the price of electricity, Rösler seems to feel an urge to make himself useful by dispensing advice on how to save money and energy. On Monday, grid operators announced a significant increase in electricity prices in Germany, prices that are already the second-highest in Europe. The price hike is the result of an assessment under the Renewable Energy Act (EEG).

   
How to promote renewable energy ? (spiegel)

   

  GPS reaches key phase

   
The pair were launched on a Russian Soyuz rocket from French Guiana. It is an important milestone for the multi-billion-euro project to create a European version of the US Global Positioning System (GPS). With four satellites now in orbit - the first and second spacecraft were launched in 2011 - it becomes possible to test Galileo end-to-end. Engineers can now run an intensive programme to validate every aspect of Galileo's design.

   
Europe's version of GPS (bbc)

   

  STMicro on the verge of split

   
STMicroelectronics NV (STM) is evaluating a breakup of the company that may lead to a sale of its struggling mobile-phone chip business, according to people familiar with the matter. Europe’s largest semiconductor maker may split its analog business, which makes chips and sensors used in products from cars to video-game consoles, from its digital assets, which focus on semiconductors used in set-top boxes, televisions and handsets.

   
Revenue Slump (bloomberg)

   

  Measuring user engagement

   
If you’ve spent any time in a newsroom, traditional or otherwise, you know that publishers are obsessed with measuring where their Web traffic comes from. Whether it’s Google (GOOG) Analytics or Chartbeat, or comScore, or Omniture, or any one of a dozen other providers, tracking where readers come from is a crucial part of online media—mostly because publishers need to know which channels are worth focusing on.

   
Paying attention,hard to track! (businessweek)

   

  Power Grids Control Systems

   
U.S. defense secretary warned this week that successful attacks have been made on computer control systems of American electricity and water plants and transportation systems. Panetta didn't give details about those incidents, but he said they showed that foreign nations or extremist groups could use such tactics to derail trains or shut down power grids.

   
Old-Fashioned Control (technologyreview)

   

  OECD Internet Economy Outlook

   
The Internet is now a fundamental infrastructure supporting the economy and is firmly in its second stage of development, having evolved from a data network connecting PCs with wires to a much broader network of new portable devices from mobile phones to tablet computers. It is also on the cusp of a much larger expansion to objects that typically did not have communications capabilities.

   
IT employment increased by 29% in 2011 (OECD report via keepeek)

   

  Steve Jobs & Design Revolution

   
Jobs was, at times, very demanding, indeed a jerk. But the world is filled with demanding bosses and jerks, most of whom never amount to much. What made Jobs special, sometimes even a genius, was his fiery instinct for beauty, his talent for creating it and his conviction that it mattered. And because of that, he was able to build a company that became the greatest force for innovative design—and the best proof of its importance—in our time.

   
The product’s essence (smithsonianmag)

   

  Earthquakes linked to fracking

   
Before a series of small quakes on Halloween 2008, the Dallas area had never recorded a magnitude-3 earthquake, said Cliff Frohlich, associate director and senior research scientist at the University of Texas at Austin's Institute for Geophysics. USGS data show that, since then, it has felt at least one quake at or above a magnitude 3 every year except 2010.

   
Human-induced earthquakes (news.yahoo)

   

  Revolutionary approach to computing

   
Inside a blocky building in a Vancouver suburb, across the street from a dowdy McDonald's, is a place chilled colder than anywhere in the known universe. Inside that is a computer processor that Amazon founder Jeff Bezos and the CIA's investment arm, In-Q-Tel, believe can tap the quirks of quantum mechanics to unleash more computing power than any conventional computer chip.

   
CIA & Jeff Bezos Bet (technologyreview)

   

  Google+, looking For Love

   
An interview with Google’s senior vice president for engineering, Vic Gundotra, about Google’s social network Google+ has become a conversation about … the meaning of life. One year into its existence Google+ is still wrestling with doubters who’ve written it off as an also-ran, a “ghost town.” Google might be a much bigger business ($220-plus billion) than its social rival Facebook ($40-plus billion), but on the social front, Facebook's just claimed its one-billionth user, effectively dwarfing the G+'s posse.

   
Love+ (fastcompany)

   

  GM Bets on Insourcing

   
"Manufacturing will be an interesting area to watch over the next few years, because we are hearing a lot about insourcing among the big manufacturers," says Cliff Justice, principal in KPMG's shared services and outsourcing advisory. "We're talking to many companies that are considering some large-scale insourcing, because they believe they need better access to the innovation engine of technology."

   
The major insourcing moves (cio)

   

  Electronic Implants & Biocompatibility

   
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Tufts University say they have invented functional electronic implants that can dissolve after programmable time periods. To demonstrate the system, which could aid in healing during the first few crucial days after an operation, they implanted one in a rat. It created a temporary temperature increase to sterilize a wound, and then it dissolved after 15 days.

   
Programmable degradation (ieee)

   

  Audits: ISO 13485 Vs FDA

   
One of the challenges of marketing medical devices around the world is complying with many different regulatory audits and inspections. ISO 13485, the international standard for quality management systems of medical device manufacturers, and so most of them already have compliant quality management systems. For the FDA, the requirements to which the quality management system must be consistent to are described in the QSR.

   
Comparison Chart (lne-america)

   

  Fish-stock-assessments

   
Without the ability to estimate how many fish exist in the ocean there’s no way to determine how many of them we can catch while allowing the remaining fish populations to stay viable. But fish live in a mostly invisible world beneath the ocean surface, they move around constantly, and they eat each other. This creates a dynamic population structure that’s incredibly difficult to track, making fish virtually impossible to count.

   
The status & health of fish populations (scienceprogress)

   

  Why inequality matters ?

   
Inequality also played a key role in some of the worst disturbances in post-war Britain. As research by Wilkinson and Pickett and others has shown, inequality weakens social cohesion and a sense of community, and produces more crime and violence. We saw, in part, the consequences of that in last August’s riots. The pursuit of equality is not just a moral imperative, not just vital for the poor and for the social cohesion and wellbeing of society, it is also necessary for a stable economy.

   
The alternative policies (classonline)

   

  Cloud Computing in Europe

   
Addressing the specific challenges of cloud computing would mean a faster and more harmonised adoption of the technology by Europe's businesses, organisations and public authorities, resulting, on the demand side, in accelerated productivity growth and increased competitiveness across the whole economy as well as, on the supply-side, in a larger market in which Europe becomes a key global player.

   
How to slash users' IT expenditure ? (ec.europa)

   

  Cambridge Univ. & Tunisia Constitution

   
Cambridge University think-tank The Wilberforce Society (TWS) has presented a proposed draft constitution to the National Constituent Assembly (NCA). Along with the document, the British students published a report of their observations on changes after the revolution, and suggestions for continuing the improvement of the country. Dr. Riddhi Dasgupta, an international law scholar, was introduced to NCA members through his work with Lawyers Without Borders.

   
TWS & Proposed Tunisian Constitution (tunisia-live)

   

  Interaction: Factors & effects on bees

   
The vast majority of the studies have concentrated on the contact toxicity of the combinations. However the exposure section shows that a significant proportion of the exposure may be through ingestion of contaminated nectar. It appears that pesticides which induce P450s in other insects do not induce these enzymes in honeybees but natural chemicals.

   
Overview of the interactions (efsa)

   

  Digital inclusion for all

   
The Internet is changing. From narrowband to broadband, from kilobits to Gigabits, from connected people to connected things – our networked world is changing in speed, size, scale, and scope. Our ultra-connected future will build on converged Next-Generation Networks (NGN), while embracing broader concepts of embedded intelligence, automated Machine to Machine (M2M) traffic, and the ‘Internet of Things’.

   
Broadband 2012 (ericsson)

   

  Swedish waste to energy

   
Sweden has had strict standards limiting emissions from waste incineration since the mid-1980s. Most emissions have fallen by between 90 and 99 per cent since then thanks to ongoing technical development and better waste sorting. Swedish waste to energy is an environmental, financial, safe and stable contribution to the country’s energy supply.

   
Learning from swedish (avfallsverige)

   

  Change Readiness Index

   
There has been little focus on the concept of change readiness, and there are few reliable and appropriate measures to assess it. Recognizing this, KPMG International, in collaboration with researchers from the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), evaluated the need and opportunity for a new forward-looking index – the Change Readiness Index – to assess the capability of individual countries to manage change.

   
Capability for managing change (kpmg)

   

  Statoil' underwater welding robot

   
For the very first time, remote-controlled machines and an underwater welding robot have installed a new tie-in point on a live gas pipeline, without the pipeline being prepared in advance. The hot tap installation is the first to be carried out in connection with preparations for Åsgard subsea gas compression in the Norwegian Sea, and thus also represents a milestone for the project.

   
Home-grown technology (statoil)

   

  DOE microgrid R&D efforts

   
The Smart Grid R&D Program, within the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), convened this second Microgrid Workshop on July 30-31, 2012, in Chicago, Illinois. This followed the initial workshop in August 2011. The purpose of the 2011 workshop was to convene experts and practitioners to assist the DOE in identifying and prioritizing R&D areas in the field of microgrids.

   
Microgrid Workshop Report (energy)

   

  First Single-Atom Quantum Bit

   
Scientists in Australia built a system that could read and write the spin state of an electron in a phosphorous atom embedded in a silicon crystal. The resulting qubit was coupled to a single-atom transistor built into the silicon. Quantum computers—as opposed to the computers we use daily—rely on the laws of quantum mechanics to speed up calculations.

   
The absolute zero (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Getting food on tables

   
One of the few encouraging signs is that Japan's trading companies, which since the "Nixon Shocks" of the early 1970s have amassed a wealth of experience juggling between exchange rates and commodity prices and grasping long-term trends. Companies such as Marubeni have also been moving proactively to invest in countries with potential to develop into exporters of agricultural products.

   
Emergency food conditions (japantimes)

   

  US' Salary survey

   
Data contained in the NACE Salary Survey are produced through a compilation of data derived from the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the Census Bureau, and a master data set developed by Job Search Intelligence. Data for the September 2012 Salary Survey report were retrieved in July 2012, and were compiled using a proprietary methodology created by Job Search intelligence.

   
New data collection method (naceweb)

   

  Almost zero energy computing

   
Intel often uses the Intel Developer Forum (IDF) as a platform to discuss its long-term vision for computing as well as more practical business initiatives. This year, the company has discussed the shrinking energy cost of computation as well as a point when it believes the energy required for “meaningful compute” will approach zero and become ubiquitous by the year 2020.

   
How to reduce the power consumption? (extremetech)

   

  Food with a function

   
In Europe, nutraceuticals are covered by a novel foods regulation that has been in place since 1997. ‘Essentially it means that any new ingredient or new process that might be applied to food needs to be evaluated, assessed and approved before it can be used in Europe'. The difficulty lies in classifying medicinal compounds added to food.

   
Medicine or food? (rsc)

   

  German's pension armageddon

   
Germans are afraid that their dream of a golden retirement could turn into a nightmare. For decades, one of the certainties of life in Germany was that the next generation of retirees would be better off and live a more secure existence than the preceding one. It was viewed as a sign of economic success when Germany's senior citizens thronged the luxury decks of international cruise ships.

   
Desperate for Returns (spiegel)

   

  Microsoft won court approval

   
After discovering that counterfeit versions of Windows containing malware were being installed and sold on new PCs in China, Microsoft tracked down the host of the botnet at its source and asked a US court for permission to try a new tactic. The court approved, giving Microsoft the OK to take over the entire ISP that hosted the botnet.Some of the devices contained counterfeit copies of Windows XP or Windows 7 with inactive malware.

   
Further investigation (technewsworld)

   

  For Future Air Systems

   
With budgets under pressure and joint operations more and more common, the EDA is playing a key role in pooling and sharing vital defence capabilities in Europe. Notably in the area of air operations, a number of successful projects are being conducted: EDA’s air-to-air refuelling initiative is supporting Member States in developing interoperable European solutions to overcome current shortfalls.

   
Fostering aerial cooperation (defense-aerospace)

   

  Transatlantic Trends surveys

   
In the context of mounting global challenges, the survey uncovered some remarkable findings. Among others,four stand out: EU respondents’ steadfast support for the European Union (less so for the euro) in the midst of crisis, despite broad divergences of opinion across the EU; a broad disenchantment with domestic economic institutions and norms; Americans’ renewed focus on Europe, despite the announced defense “pivot” to Asia.

   
World Views (trends.gmfus)

   

  Scientists: Workaholics & Happy

   
Motivated by the pressure of competition from all over the world, most scientists today are living and breathing their work. In the Chinese study, researchers at Dalian University of Technology used a ‘novel method’ to monitor researcher work habits. Unsurprisingly, downloads in three major countries slowed down during the night and on weekends, but never ceased.

   
Beyond expectations (rsc)

   

  Global economic outlook

   
The OECD projects that the euro area’s three largest economies – Germany, France and Italy – will shrink at an annualised rate of 1 percent on average during the third quarter and at 0.7 percent in the fourth. While the United States is affected by the euro area slowdown, growth is nonetheless projected at an annualised rate of 2 percent in the third quarter and a 2.4 percent pace in the fourth.

   
Economic forecast & assessment (oecd)

   

  Drug Quality assessment

   
Although continuous manufacturing offers strong potential for solid-dosage manufacturing, additional development is still needed. Continuous tableting, granulation, and coating can and are in some cases being done, but questions and challenges remain. Two related challenges are how to analyze and control product quality in line and how to define lots for release.

   
Ongoing challenges (pharmtech)

   

  23 IT Certifications & Profits

   
Certifications are a great way to show the IT industry employers, peers and recruiters that you are up to date and knowledgeable on the given topic. But which certifications offer the most potential earnings and will be in demand over the coming years? More and more companies are holding out for the IT pro who has the perfect skillset, which makes the certifications listed here among the most profitable due to industry demand.

   
Is that Mean Higher Pay ? (cio)

   

  Unborn baby & Genetic blueprint

   
Today, only around 5 per cent of women who have prenatal tests receive bad news. Full genome screens will detect many more problems - and will introduce much more uncertainty because whole-genome mapping predicts the mere possibility of disease. Not all genetic anomalies are expressed as pathology. The test will also produce false positives.

   
Medical early warning (newscientist)

   

  Breakthrough study in genome

   
Long stretches of DNA previously dismissed as "junk" are in fact crucial to the way our genome works, an international team of researchers said. The results of the international Encode project will have a huge impact for geneticists trying to work out how genes operate. The findings will provide new leads for scientists looking for treatments for conditions such as heart disease, diabetes and Crohn's disease that have their roots partly in glitches in the DNA.

   
DNA' biochemical function (guardian)

   

  Russia's far east

   
Ninety years on, the Kremlin has redecorated Russia's window on the east in the hope of improving its image in the eyes of investors from the world's fastest-growing region, and reviving its flagging popularity among hard-pressed locals. Russia has pumped $21 billion into its eastern seaboard to attract investors, tourists and gamblers from Asia, and persuade locals to halt the drift away from a city that, for all the grand designs, remains largely isolated from the rest of the world's largest country.

   
A bridge to Asia (reuters)

   

  ISO: What's the bottom line?

   
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) is the developer and publisher of more than 19 200 voluntary International Standards bringing benefits for business, government and society. But how do ISO standards contribute to the economic returns of countries and companies? What is the “bottom line”? A new brochure provides answers by giving examples in hard figures of the benefits of implementing ISO's and other voluntary, consensus-based standards.

   
Macroeconomic studies (iso)

   

  Dannon' Awards

   
The Dannon Company, Inc. today awarded the Minster Athletic Boosters a Dannon Next Generation Nutrition® Grant totaling $30,000 in support of the Minster Memorial Field improvement project, Honoring the Past While Building for the Future. Honoring the Past While Building for the Future will provide Minster High School students and the broader town of Minster with a fully renovated athletic complex, new track, field space and additional revamped physical facilities.

   
Promoting quality lifestyles (prnewswire)

   

  NIST: Innovation Research Awards

   
The U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) today announced nearly $2 million in Phase I and Phase II Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) awards to 12 U.S. businesses. These awards provide funding to help companies develop technologies that could lead to commercial and public benefit. NIST's SBIR program is a competitive funding opportunity that provides contracts to small businesses for federal research and development.

   
US Small Business Innovation Research (nist)

   

  Making Web-appliction more efficient

   
The premier database conference — researchers from MIT’s Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory presented a new system that automatically streamlines websites’ database access patterns, making the sites up to three times as fast. And where other systems that promise similar speedups require the mastery of special-purpose programming languages, the MIT system, works with the types of languages already favored by Web developers.

   
Web-services transactions (mit)

   

  Public Cloud & Software Development

   
As software developers, we heavily rely on our tools. Arguably one of our most important tools is the programming environment itself. This can become problematic if we are attempting to test and support multiple software versions, libraries, etc. The level of complexity can be raised even higher if we need to validate interactions with external resources. The most commonly used public clouds are those offering Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS).

   
How to manage virtual servers ?

   

  Survey: Survival after age 75

   
An increasing proportion of the population in the developed countries lives to very advanced age. Even after age 75 lifestyle behaviours such as not smoking and physical activity are associated with longer survival. A low risk profile can add five years to women’s lives and six years to men’s. These associations, although attenuated, were also present among the oldest old (≥85 years) and in people with chronic conditions.

   
Longevity & Associated factors (bmj)

   

  NIST guidelines on securing BIOS

   
BIOS attacks are an emerging threat area. Server manufacturers routinely update BIOS to fix bugs, patch vulnerabilities or support new hardware. However, while authorized updates to BIOS can improve functionality or security, unauthorized or malicious changes could be part of a sophisticated, targeted attack on an organization, allowing an attacker to infiltrate an organization's systems or disrupt their operations.

   
New draft guidelines (nist)

   

  Denmark as a model of democracy

   
Western democracies consider themselves to be efficient, farsighted and just -- in other words, prime examples of "good governance." But in recent years, the euro and debt crises, along with wars in Iraq and Afghanistan , have shattered faith in the reliability of Western institutions. Disconcerted Europeans are casting a worried eye at newly industrialized nations like China and Brazil .

   
A winning mindset (spiegel)

   

  A 21st cent. to manufacturing innovation

   
In a global economy where competitiveness and job creation are increasingly driven by science, technology, innovation, and information, collaboration is key. The traditional “linear approach” to national innovation—where scientific research on the one hand and industrial production on the other are conducted and managed separately—is increasingly insufficient to cope with the increasingly interconnected nature of science, technology, and industrial production.

   
Cutting-edge prod-process technologies (scienceprogress)

   

  Intel muscles into the mob. market

   
Some of the biggest bets in the computing industry were made on the fifth floor of Intel’s Robert Noyce Building, on the northeast corner of the chip giant’s main campus in Santa Clara, California. It was here that CEO Andy Grove cemented the “Wintel” partnership that would dominate the PC industry for more than a decade. In 2005 newly installed CEO Paul Otellini announced an agreement with Steve Jobs here, bringing Apple computers into the fold.

   
How to build chips for mob.? (wired)

   

  Bonuses linked to quality of care

   
Recently, researchers from Chestnut Health Systems in Illinois assessed whether pay-for-performance bonuses based on the quality and quantity of care was an effective way to treat patients. This study involved 986 teenage patients who used marijuana or alcohol, 29 community-based treatment organisations and 105 therapists. Each community organisation was to implement an evidence-based teen behavioural treatment programme.

   
Incentive & quality of care (eyeforpharma)

   

  Tin Inside Your Smartphone

   
In recent years about one-third of all the tin mined in the world has come from Bangka, its sister island Belitung to the east, and the seabeds off the islands’ shores. Because almost half of all tin is turned into solder for the electronics industry, a dominant force in the global tin market today is tablets and smartphones bought by consumers in the U.S. and elsewhere.

   
The Deadly Tin (businessweek)

   

  Lean development principles

   
Lean software development’s origins are actually in automobile manufacturing. In the early days of the Toyota Motor Corporation, an engineer named Taiichi Ohno developed a new production method that focused on eliminating waste. The company’s methods became known as Lean Manufacturing, and grew into the philosophy of identifying and eliminating any manufacturing action or product that did not add value to the customer.

   
Are you lean ? (developer)

   

  Digital Competence in Practice

   
With the 2006 European Recommendation on Key Competences,1 Digital Competence has been acknowledged as one of the 8 key competences for Lifelong Learning by the European Union. Digital Competence can be broadly defined as the confident, critical and creative use of ICT to achieve goals related to work, employability, learning, leisure, inclusion and/or participation in society.

   
Roadmap of digital competence (jrc)

   

  China's underground economy

   
The report claims that in 2011 the online underground involved over 90,000 participants, costing the local economy 5.36 billion yuan (£536bn), making victims of 110m internet users (roughly 22 per cent) and affecting 1.1m web sites (20 per cent). As elsewhere, real assets are mainly stolen by phishing and Trojans. Once those tools do their work, the assets are either sold on the underground market or profited from by being used directly to carry out ID fraud.

   
Chinese approach to cyber crime (theregister)

   

  Shamoon: Middle Eastern Malware

   
One more piece of malware is making its through systems in the Middle East. However, the size and scope of Shamoon make security gurus think it may be unrelated to malware like Flame and Gauss. The author "has definite skills," but "doesn't do this malicious stuff all the time," said ICSA Labs' Roger Thompson. "It feels, to me, to be deliberate sabotage from a disgruntled employee."

   
W32.Disttrack infection (technewsworld)

   

  E. coli strain linked to cancer

   
The trillions of microbes in the human gut contribute to obesity and to the risk of diseases such as diabetes. This microbial menagerie — the microbiome — also has a role in cancer, researchers report today. Mice with inflammatory bowel disease contain higher proportions of toxin-producing bacteria that may lead to colorectal cancer, the researchers say. Moreover, people with colorectal cancer were found to be more likely than healthy people to harbour these bacteria.

   
Shaping the microbiome (nature)

   

  IT secu. practices that don't work

   
The truth is most common IT security products and techniques don't work as advertised, leaving us far more exposed to malicious code than we know. That's because traditional IT security takes a whack-a-mole approach to threats, leaving us to catch up with the next wave of innovative malware, most of which rolls out in plain view on the Internet. here are 10 common IT security practices and products that are not guarding your systems as well as you think.

   
10 crazy security tricks (infoworld)

   

  Male Contraception Research

   
A successful test in mice of a molecule that can pass the blood-sperm barrier and render a reversible contraceptive effect in males has taken the quest for a non-hormonal male contraceptive pill in a new direction, following the results of a new US study reported online in the journal Cell on Thursday. The study is significant because it paves the way toward a non-hormonal male contraceptive pill that does not affect sex drive and does not permanently impair fertility.

   
A key protein disruption (medicalnewstoday)

   

  Wind turbine blade test facility

   
Testing of offshore wind turbine blades has been completed by Shepherd Construction, UK' national contractor. The project is the second of three structures to be completed at Blyth as part of a £80 million + investment by Narec in world-class facilities for the accelerated testing of offshore renewable energy technologies. It will add significantly to Narec’s existing capability for testing blades up to 50 metres in length.

   
UK'National Renewable Energy Centre (engineerlive)

   

  India's grid blackouts

   
India’s massive grid blackouts this month have been the subject of much debate and much concern — and from a clean power perspective, highlights a market where there is much opportunity. But there are actually a good deal of projects in India that are already focused on installing solar projects, both for rural villages and larger utility-scale programs. Some of the most notable and promising efforts are developped here.

   
Experimenting with rural projects (gigaom)

   

  Disney's REVEL Tech.

   
The Disney interface exploits a tactile effect known as "reverse electrovibration," and has been dubbed REVEL. An imperceptible electrical signal is introduced across the user's whole body to create an oscillating electrostatic field around the skin. When touching a physical object, such as a tablet screen, that shares a common electrical ground with the REVEL signal generator, an electrostatic force modulates the friction between the sliding finger and the object to create the sensation of a texture.

   
How to feel almost any surface ? (technologyreview)

   

  Good for US Chemical Reform

   
The Safe Chemicals Act would be the first overhaul of federal chemical law since it was created in 1976. A bill to improve reporting standards for toxic chemicals has passed out of committee to the U.S. Senate for a vote, and anti-regulatory czar Cass Sunstein has headed back to academia. According to Lindsay Dahl of the Safer Chemicals Healthy Families (SCHF) coalition, "This is the first vote to update chemical laws in over 36 years.

   
Chemicals of Concern List (prwatch)

   

  A future generation of web coders

   
Mozilla has ramped up efforts to build a future generation of web site coders by hosting part of this year's Festival of Code. Part of software vendor SAP's Young Rewired State (YRS) initiative, which aims to develop young people's understanding of software programming, Festival of Code is an annual national coding event. Now in its fourth year, Festival of Code has grown from 50 members and now consists of over 500 participants, all aged between 10 and 18.

   
The Festival of Code (theinquirer)

   

  Review: 3 Bug Capture Tools

   
Uncovering bugs in a software package is the easy part of the job in QA. Finding those elusive bugs is only the beginning, because the development team still has to fix them and they can't be cleared until they've been retested. There are several tools on the market for QA departments or software developers seeking to help capture detailed bug descriptions. Let's compare three of the best and find out how they measure up.

   
Bonfire, qTrace, Snagit (developer)

   

  NASA's New Way to Track Formaldehyde

   
NASA scientist Tom Hanisco is helping to fill a big gap in scientists' understanding of how much urban pollution -- and more precisely formaldehyde -- ultimately winds up in Earth's upper atmosphere where it can wreak havoc on Earth's protective ozone layer. He and his team have developed an automated, lightweight, laser-induced fluorescence device that measures the levels of this difficult-to-measure organic compound in the lower troposphere and then again at much higher altitudes.

   
Refining chemistry-climate models (innovations-report)

   

  The Gap in Patient Adherence

   
A research scientist at the University of South Carolina’s Institute for Creative Technologies demonstrated that a pair of new “virtual” patients can help train psychologists and psychiatrists before treating real patients. A healthcare professional can make their initial diagnosis after asking this patient who is programmed with speech recognition software, a series of questions about their healthcare history.

   
New "virtual patient" (social.eyeforpharma)

   

  Are we prepared for retirement?

   
Many analysts have considered whether households approaching retirement age have accumulated enough assets to be well prepared for retirement. In this paper, we shift from studying household finances at the start of the retirement period, an ex ante measure of retirement preparation, to studying the asset holdings of households in their last years of life.

   

Financial status at advanced ages (nber)

   

  Eli Lilly: Strong Cash Flows

   
Lilly is not alone in feeling the pain from losing patents. As seen at the following website, numerous drugs come off patent between 2012 and 2014. Pfizer (PFE) has 8 drugs coming off of patent (including recently Lipitor), Glaxo (GSK) more than 10 (16 but one must account for double counting from different versions of the same drug), and Merck (MRK).

   
EL's Undervalued Pipeline (seekingalpha)

   

  10 state-of-the-art instruments

   
Assuming it safely passes through its terrifying and complex descent sequence, NASA’s newest rover, Curiosity, should get its wheels on the Martian surface in just two short days, at 10:32 p.m. Pacific on Aug. 5. The size of a small SUV, Curiosity is packed with 10 state-of-the-art instruments that will allow it to answer questions about Mars’ wet history, current atmosphere and climate, and the possibility of ancient or contemporary life.

   
Rover’s Super High-Tech Science Gear (wired)

   

  Residential Segregation by Income

   
Despite the long-term rise in residential segregation by income, it remains less pervasive than residential segregation by race, even though black-white segregation has been falling for several decades. The Pew Research analysis also finds significant differences among the nation’s 10 most populous metropolitan areas in the patterns and degree of residential segregation by income.

   
Causes of metro area differences (pewsocialtrends)

   

  Incentivize Corporate Green Practices

    
For a company considering implementing green business practices, it’s not surprising that one of the biggest concerns is the financial cost of such practices. The amount of money that will be spent “going green” is not insubstantial, and it can take years before a return on investment is realized through greater energy efficiency and lower utility costs.

    
Going green (areadevelopment)

    

  Airport: Introducing randomness to security

   
Securing airports is a mighty challenge for any security agency. Can mathematical modelling and game theory be used to make airport security less predictable to aggressors? Teamcore, a US research team working with the TSA and Los Angeles Airport, is working to prove that it can. Chris Lo talks to Teamcore principal investigator Professor Milind Tambe to find out more.

   
The Game theory (airport-technology)

   

  Deep well challenges

   
The problem is that much of the 'easy' oil has been found, and demand for energy is taking exploration and production to ever-tougher extremes of geography and climate. The deepwater (more than 500 metres or 1,600 feet) and ultra-deepwater (more than 1,500 metres or about 5,000 feet) energy sector represents one of the major growth areas for the oil and gas industry, but exploiting these reserves presents tough technical challenges.

   
The hunt for black gold (engineerlive)

   

  A life less sedentary

   
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that physical inactivity is associated with 3.2 million deaths worldwide each year.1 Recommendations encourage adults to do 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity aerobic activity (e.g. running, brisk walking, swimming; any movement that makes you feel warm and slightly out of breath). Children should spend at least 60 minutes being physically active each day.

   
Move more, more often (eufic)

   

  Vertical Is The New Horizontal

   
In the days before the cloud, on-premise software providers that focused on selling into a vertical market were considered second-class citizens to the “big guns” selling into the broader horizontal marketplace. The real “win”—in market share, wallet share and ultimately, profits—was the broadest approach. The notion of specializing in solutions that serve a market niche or specific industry was considered limited.

   
How to lower customer acquisition costs (techcrunch)

   

  Interstellar plasma & a wave mystery

   
Throughout the universe more than 99% of matter looks nothing like what's on Earth. Instead of materials we can touch and see, instead of motions we intuitively expect like a ball rolling down a hill, or a cup that sits still on a table, most of the universe is governed by rules that react more obviously to such things as magnetic force or electrical charge.

   
Strange But True (rdmag)

   

  Remote-scanning techniques

   
Archaeology is being revolutionized by remote-scanning techniques that use lasers to detect otherwise invisible ground features. The technology digitally extracts vegetation for a clean image of the earth's surface. Archaeologists in Germany have already discovered thousands of new sites. The Glauberg is a hot spot for archaeologists. For decades, researchers have been studying the hill in the central German state of Hesse, where people settled some 7,000 years ago.

   
Over the millennia (spiegel)

   

  Ancient Olympics & Opening Ceremony

   
The Olympic Games were held every four years from 776 B.C. to A.D. 394, making them the longest-running recurring event in antiquity. What was the secret of the games' longevity? It was the sheer spectacle of it. Sports [were] one part of a grand, all-consuming extravaganza. It was first and foremost a religious event, held on the most sacred spot in the ancient world. It had this incredible aura of tradition and sanctity.

   
The True Story of the Ancient Games (nationalgeographic)

   

  A2/AD [anti-access/area denial]

   
Manned combat aircraft will remain at the tip of the spear for at least a generation and a half because in the near-term, unmanned aircraft are unable to operate inside heavily defended airspace. Most current unmanned aircraft do not have the maneuverability or self-defense systems to adequately protect themselves in an A2/AD environment, the USAF says.

   
Replacing manned aircraft (flightglobal)

   

  HIV quashed beyond detection

   
Following bone marrow transplants, two men infected with HIV no longer have any traces of the AIDS-causing virus in their lymphocytes, researchers report. The U.S. researchers suspect that bone marrow transplantation along with continuation of antiretroviral therapy resulted in the dramatic effects evident eight months post-transplant. They are scheduled to present these preliminary findings Thursday at the International AIDS Conference in Washington, D.C.

   
Bone Marrow Transplants & HIV (bostonglobe)

   

  Sport and exercise science

   
Science applied to the fields of sport and exercise is referred to as “sport and exercise science” (SES), and medical treatment and prevention of illness related to exercise and sport are referred to as “sport and exercise medicine” (SEM). Although this inquiry focused on sport as a form of physical activity, other forms of activity such as recreational walking and cycling, gardening and housework are also potentially important in improving people’s health.

   
Exercise science and medicine (publications.parliament)

   

  EPA to Regulate Greenhouse Gases

   
Several times throughout its decision strongly upholding EPA authority to regulate greenhouse gases, the panel used harsh language in response to the petitioners. Regarding the challenge that EPA “improperly ‘delegated’ its judgment” to other scientific panels and agencies – including the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and the U.S. Global Change Research Program – to reach its endangerment finding, the judges scolded that “[t]his argument is little more than a semantic trick […] This is how science works.

   
How to survive another challenge ? (worldwatch)

   

  Which HTML5?

   
As a result WHATWG as been responsible for pushing the HTML standard forward since 2004 and around 2007 the W3C adopted the WHATWG specification as HTML5. The two organizations have been nominally working together on HTML5 ever since - but that have been some big differences in approach. Over the years the two organizations have tended to diverge even more in their approach and now the fork is being formalized.

   
WHATWG and W3C Split (i-programmer)

   

  10 Online Reputation Tips

   
You're about to interview for a new job. You've polished your resume and crafted the perfect cover letter. You've got your references and talking points all lined up. Many job candidates spend hours preparing for an important interview, but they fail to pay attention to their "online resume," or how they're reflected in the top 10 Google search results, says Andy Beal, CEO of Trackur.

   
For Job Seekers (cio)

   

  China-Africa Relations

   
The trade volume between China and Africa has soared from a little over US$10 billion in 2000 to US$166.3 billion in 2011. China’s investment in Africa of various kinds exceeds US$40 billion, among which US$14.7 billion is direct investment. There are over 2,000 Chinese enterprises doing business in nearly 50 African countries, covering a wide range of areas such as mining, financing, manufacturing, construction, tourism and agriculture.

   
$20bn of loans to African nations (saiia)

   

  Free, online IT course offerings

   
Coursera, a startup built around the global classroom business model, announced new partnerships with an additional 12 universities, bringing the total to 16 major universities now offering in free, online courses. The larger span of universities now on board brings a range of information technology courses, from the fundamentals of algorthms to machine learning and security.

   
Online education platform (zdnet)

   

  The Periodic Table Of SEO

   
In order to understand SEO a little better, and maybe get you exposed to the things you need to do and should never do, we have found an infographic in the form of a periodic table that will show you which factors do what. This infographic called The Periodic Table Of SEO Ranking Factors is a design created by Column Five Media (in association with Search Engine Land).

   
SEO Ranking Factors (digg)

   

  How To Create A Viable Product ?

   
There’s been a lot of talk on the concept of minimum viable product lately, but not much has been written on how to actually implement one. Having gone through the process of developing one of the earliest social software mashups (GROU.PS) in PHP six years ago, and LoveBucks, a node.js Javascript app that is the Facebook “Like” Button for online content monetization (both alone), I want to describe the beauty of minimum viable product.

   
Grou.ps' Advices (techcrunch)

   

  Wikimedia into the travel business

   
Online travel information can be very difficult to gauge. Sometimes, you have no idea if the person who posted about a hotel's supreme service works for the hotel itself or whether the person revealing the presence of cockroaches just happens to be a competitor. Yet now the bastions of objectivity at the Wikimedia Foundation seem to be getting into the travel business.

   
How to get the right information ? (cnet)

   

  The haven for natural fluorine

   
Fluorine gas is so reactive that any naturally-occurring whiffs cannot exist for more than a few fleeting seconds. At least, that has been the conventional wisdom for more than a century. Now, chemists have proved that a smelly rock is the only known place on Earth where fluorine exists in its elemental form, F2. The rock is antozonite, a calcium fluoride (fluorite) mineral that is dark violet or even black in colour, also known as fetid fluorite or stinkspar.

   
How fluorine smells ? (natures)

   

  International Energy Efficiency Scorecard

   
This report is the first-ever ACEEE International Energy Efficiency Scorecard. It ranks 12 of the world’s largest economies across 27 metrics to evaluate how efficiently these economies use energy. These metrics are divided roughly in half between evaluation of quantifiable results and policies. The “policy metrics” are evaluated based on the presence of a best practice policy while “performance metrics” measure energy use and provide quantifiable results.

   
Energy-Efficient Economy (aceee)

   

  Rapid-growthmarkets

   
An emerging middle class in RGMs (Rapid_growth_market) is poised to take over as the engine of global demand. We predict that, within 25 years, almost two-thirds of global consumer spending will be in RGMs, from one-third today. According to our forecasts, within just eight years, by 2020, the number of households in emerging markets with annual incomes exceeding US$30,000 will more than double to 149m, overtaking the 120m in the US and 116m in the Eurozone.

   
Emergingmarkets (ey)

   

  Global governance of migration?

   
One big open question concerns the sources of future advocacy for global governance of migration. Who will the strongest advocates be and will they have some common backgrounds? Of nation-states do not champion improved governance of migration, will others? There could be an intersection with the trend in which there are many more cosmopolitans globally, with fewer and weaker attachments to nation-states? Globally, we could see more citizenship a la carte.

   
Trends are hard to determine (dni)

   

  Behind-schedule technology

   
Significant progress needs to be made in the next few years to keep pace with Moore's Law, a prediction by an Intel cofounder that has held true since 1975 and underpins consumer and industry expectations that chips will get ever more capable. This law states that the number of transistors that can fit on a silicon chip doubles every two years (the first version of the law, from 1965, said every year), which means that a chip of the same size is more powerful.

   
The moores law moon shot (technologyreview)

   

  Cities of the Future

   
KPMG World Cities Edition - a high-profile report showcasing 100 of the most innovative and inspiring urban infrastructure projects from around the world. Released at the recent World Cities Summit in Singapore, this edition provides insight into the infrastructure projects that make great cities, with a particular focus on the innovations that make them 'Cities of the Future' - places where people want to live and do business.

   
Urban infrastructure (kpmg)

   

  Mysteries of ‘Compute Engine’

   
Google entered the cloud computing game back in 2008, when it unveiled Google App Engine, a service that lets outside software developers build and host applications atop the same sweeping infrastructure that runs Google’s own web services, such as Google Search and Gmail. Like Amazon’s cloud, this is a way of running online applications without setting up your own data center infrastructure.

   
Google Compute Engine (wired)

   

  Controlling Outsourced Processes

   
According to the Medical Device European Directives, the manufacturer is the party that has the responsibility for all aspects of the medical device, from designing it to putting it on the shelf, regardless if a third party performs one or more tasks in this process.1 Other international regulations echo this definition. A supplier is a party that supplies a product, service, or information, but is not included in the manufacturer’s quality management system (QMS).

   
A manufacturer’s responsibilities (lne-america)

   

  America's Nuclear Age

   
Welcome to the Nevada National Security Site, formerly known as the Nevada Test Site. Here, from 1951 through 1992, a total of 928 nuclear weapons exploded, many of them sending instantly familiar giant mushroom clouds high into the skies above. Of those, 828 were detonated underground. But that means 100 were tested above ground, and people in Las Vegas were said to be able to see the light from the blasts, and even some of the mushroom clouds rising skyward.

   
Nevada desert as platform (cnet)

   

  Workshop: animal welfare

   
The use of animal-based measures to assess animal welfare is relatively new. Legislation related to the protection of animals usually focuses on the assessment of different factors that can impact on welfare rather than on the animal’s response to these factors. Such factors may include both the resources available to the animal in its environment, for example space or bedding material, or the practices used to manage the animal on the farm, such as how and when the farmer feeds the animal or the procedures in place for weaning.

   
Animal welfare (efsa.europa)

   

  Wi-Fi-connected cars

   
Wi-Fi is coming to our cars. Ford Motor Co. has been equipping cars with Wi-Fi transmitters since 2010; according to an Agence France-Presse story last year, the company expects that by 2015, 80 percent of the cars it sells in North America will have Wi-Fi built in. The same article cites a host of other manufacturers worldwide that either offer Wi-Fi in some high-end vehicles or belong to standards organizations that are trying to develop recommendations for automotive Wi-Fi.

   
A new algorithm (mit)

   

  Volunteering: The way to A Job

   
I know you’re probably looking for full-time work, but it reminded me once again of the advice I like to give anyone who is out of work and feeling hopeless, frustrated, or simply pissed off at answering the question­: How’s the job hunt going? I recently learned that baby boomers today have the highest volunteer rate of any age group.

   
Doing something for someone else (forbes)

   

  Personal Identity Data Management

   
The survey shows very clearly how Digital Europe is shaping up. About two thirds of EU27 citizens use the Internet frequently, more than one third uses Social Networking Sites (SNS) to keep in touch with friends and business partners and almost 4 out of 10 shop online. In both of these contexts, people disclose vast amounts of personal information, and also manage a large and growing number of electronic identities.

   
Eurobarometer Survey on Data Protection (jrc)

   

  Fracking can be undertaken safely

   
Hydraulic fracturing (often termed "fracking") can be managed effectively in the UK as long as operational best practices are implemented and robustly enforced through regulation. That is the conclusion of a review by the Royal Society and the Royal Academy of Engineering. This is not to say hydraulic fracturing is completely risk-free. Strong regulation and robust monitoring systems must be put in place and best practice strictly enforced if the Government is to give the go-ahead to further exploration.

   
Royal Society statement (raeng.org)

   

  Baby Shampoo reformulation needed

   
“More than two years after leading health and parents’ groups asked Johnson & Johnson … to reformulate its flagship baby shampoo to remove a chemical that releases formaldehyde, a known carcinogen, the company is still using the formaldehyde-releasing ingredient in Johnson’s Baby Shampoo in the United States, Canada and China, while making formaldehyde-free versions of the shampoo in several other countries.”

   
Toxic Suds (asq)

   

  Programmable DNA scissors

   
This discovery holds potentially big implications for advanced biofuels and therapeutic drugs, as genetically modified microorganisms, such as bacteria and fungi, are expected to play a key role in the green chemistry production of these and other valuable chemical products. These results could provide genetic engineers with a new and promising alternative to artificial enzymes for gene targeting and genome editing in bacteria and other cell types.

   
Means of editing genomes (biochemist)

   

  The EU Bioeconomy

   
The bio-based economy will play an increasingly significant role in the chemical industry in the future. Although our industry will undoubtedly remain predominantly petrochemicals-based in the coming decades, there is potential for greater use of bio-based feedstock. Cefic has therefore, a high level of engagement in the development of the bioeconomy.

   
Chemical industry future (cefic)

   

  Don't Complain, Do Something!

   
More than 100 heads of state and government have gathered at Sugarloaf Mountain to bore us with their dry declarations of intent and flat discussions. They talk and talk, and in the end they will disappoint us to no end. Governmental attempts at environment and climate protection have failed spectacularly. It would be irresponsible to continue depending on political leaders.

   
How Take Lead on Environment (spiegel)

   

  NASA & New tech. transfer policy

   
NASA's Technology Transfer Portal provides an Internet-based one-stop front door to the agency's unique intellectual property assets available for technology transfer and infusion into America's new technology and innovation-driven economy. NASA's Technology Transfer Program allows research and development to transfer back into the U.S. economy via licenses, patents and intellectual property agreements that often result in new innovations, products and businesses.

   
The Tech transfer portal (jeccomposites)

   

  Canada: Economic Surveys

   
The economy withstood the global economic crisis thanks to a timely macroeconomic policy response and a solid banking sector. Although strong profits in the mining and oil sectors have supported business investment, employment growth slowed in the autumn and winter, and confidence weakened, largely reflecting temporary factors. The latest indicators suggest the economy is picking up, and the outlook is for continued moderate output growth and inflation in 2012-13.

   
Economy that withstand crisis (oecd)

   

  Degrees of Separation

   
The idea of six degrees of separation—that is, that every person in the world is no more than six people away from every other person on earth—has fascinated social scientists and laymen alike ever since Hungarian writer Frigyes Karinthy introduced the concept in 1929. A recent study by researchers from Facebook and the University of Milan, however, looked at 721 million Facebook users, who had 69 billion unique friendships among them.

   
The new topological approach (cacm.acm)

   

  Pensioners: back in the workforce

   
Elderly people need to me more actively included in the EU labour market to tackle Europe’s demographic problems, stakeholders said during a conference in Brussels. With baby boomers retiring and fewer children being born, the labour force is on course to shrink significantly, as will the number of taxpayers to support the pension system.

   
The employability of older workers (euractiv)

   

  Organ-on-a-chip technologies

   
We’re not talking about silicon chips simulating the functions of various human organs, either. These organs-on-a-chip contain real, living human cells. In the case of the gut-on-a-chip, a single layer of human intestinal cells is coerced into growing on a flexible, porous membrane, which is attached to the clear plastic walls of the chip. By applying a vacuum pump, the membrane stretches and recoils, just like a human gut going through the motions of peristalsis.

   
A living lung-on-a-chip (extremetech)

   

  What Facebook Knows

   
It would far outstrip any regime past or present in how intimately it records the lives of its citizens. Private conversations, family photos, and records of road trips, births, marriages, and deaths all stream into the company's servers and lodge there. Facebook has collected the most extensive data set ever assembled on human social behavior.

   
Mining for Gold (technologyreview)

   

  Breast Milk & Antiretrovirals

   
Infected children acquire HIV from their mother in utero, intrapartum or by ingesting their mother's breast milk which can contain both HIV particles (cell-free) and HIV-infected cells (cell-associated). Although breastfeeding is attributed to a significant number of HIV infections in children, most breastfed infants remain uninfected despite prolonged and repeated exposure to HIV.

   
Oral HIV transmission (plospathogens)

   

  Deconstructing Dad

   
Having children changes a man. All of us know examples of that. I’m pretty sure, for instance, that the only time I ever saw my father sing was to his kids. It wasn’t always pretty, but it was pure Dad. But is there something about fatherhood that actually changes the male brain? Studies suggest that it does, including one published a few years ago which found that new sets of neurons formed in brains of mouse dads that stayed around the nest after their pups were born.

   
Something about fatherhood (smithsonianmag)

   

  Immigrant Small Business Owners

   
Immigrant entrepreneurship is widely recognized as an important aspect of the economic role immigrants play. Surprisingly, until now, there has been relatively little basic information available about the number and characteristics of immigrant small business owners. This report breaks new ground in identifying small immigrant businesses and immigrant small business owners.It gives a detailed profile of who immigrant business owners are.

   
Immigrant entrepreneurship (fiscalpolicy)

   

  EU & Open Network

   
The European Commission said it will seek “a conservative approach” to proposed changes to international telecommunications regulations (ITRs) later this year, which some warn could end up imposing tighter security and pricing regimes on the internet. In December, the World Conference on International Telecommunications (WCIT), a United Nations-backed regulator, is set to propose amendments to ITRs at a 10-day conference in Dubai.

   
ITRs revision (euractiv)

   

  A key indication of Alzheimer's

   
Alzheimer's is the most common cause of dementia, which affects 820,000 people in the UK. A key indication of Alzheimer's, which can only be seen after death, is the presence of sticky plaques of amyloid protein in decimated portions of patients' brains. Scientists have already found mutations in a gene involved in the processing of amyloid protein in Alzheimer's which run in families.

   
Diabetes and Alzheimer's disease (bbc)

   

  Hyperspectral imaging

   
The technique, called hyperspectral imaging (HSI), has frequently been used in satellites because of its superior ability to identify objects by color. While many other visual surveying methods can scan only for a single color, HSI is able to distinguish the full color spectrum in each pixel, which allows it to perceive the unique color “signatures” of individual objects.

   
NIST improves Medical Scanners (qualitydigest)

   

  PFASs substances in food

   
Several PFASs are recognised as environmentally persistent organic pollutants and are associated with adverse health effects. Diet is considered the main source of exposure to PFASs. In 2008, the EFSA Scientific Panel on Contaminants in the Food Chain (CONTAM Panel) performed a risk assessment for perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) and perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) concluding that it is unlikely that adverse effects of PFOS or PFOA are occurring in the general population.

   
Diet' exposure to PFASs (efsa)

   

  US: Genetically Engineered Foods

   
Whether or not to require labeling of genetically engineered (GE) foods is a key issue in the ongoing debate over the risks and benefits of food crops produced using biotechnology. Bills requiring mandatory labeling have been introduced in Congress and in the Colorado legislature, and there have also been attempts to place citizens’ initiatives on statewide and local Colorado ballots.

   
Current Labeling Policy (colostate)

   

  Protocol v6 Takes Off

   
Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) has been formally launched this week worldwide to coexist alongside Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4). The deployment of IPv6 is a key action under the Digital Agenda for Europe because unless the existing Internet infrastructure is upgraded to IPv6, the Internet would slow down as a result of its own success, which would in turn lead to fewer possibilities to drive innovation in the field of new Internet services and applications.

   
IP next generation (itpreport)

   

  Roiling in the Deep

   
You may soon, if you haven’t already, be making your first visit to the beach since last summer. A lot has happened out in the ocean since then, although most of us probably haven’t been paying much attention. Truth is, the sea doesn’t get a whole lot of press, unless a tsunami or shark attack happens. A a lot of unusual things are going on in the ocean these days.

   
World Oceans Day (smithsonianmag)

   

  CARS 21 & Competitiveness

   
In the coming decade, important changes are expected in the global automotive industry in several areas that are likely to profoundly reshape the industry and its markets worldwide. While the European market is mature, third markets are growing fast, changing the trade flows and the automotive value chain. EU' companies are increasingly being challenged on their home market and developing opportunities in third markets.

   
Automotive Industry & Growth (europa)

   

  US' Nuclear Fuel Storage

   
In a unanimous opinion, a three-judge panel of the Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia said that in deciding that the fuel would be safe for many decades, the commission did not carry out an analysis of individual storage pools at reactors across the country, treating them generically instead. The commission also did not adequately analyze the risk that cooling water will leak from the pools or that the fuel will ignite, the court wrote.

   
Rethinking of Nuclear Fuel Storage (nytimes)

   

  Transparency International today

   
Across Europe, many of the institutions that define a democracy and enable a country to stop corruption are weaker than often assumed. This report raises troubling issues at a time when transparent leadership is needed as Europe tries to resolve its economic crisis,” said Cobus de Swardt, Managing Director of Transparency International.

   
The first comprehensive assessment   (transparency)

   

  First gene-targeted therapy

   
Doctors have successfully dropped the first "smart bomb" on breast cancer, using a drug to deliver a toxic payload to tumor cells while leaving healthy ones alone. In a key test involving nearly 1,000 women with very advanced disease, the experimental treatment extended by several months the time women lived without their cancer getting worse, doctors planned to report Sunday at a cancer conference in Chicago.

   
Smart bomb on breast cancer (news.yahoo)

   

  Antivirus Failure Industry

   
Stuxnet went undetected for more than a year after it was unleashed in the wild, and was only discovered after an antivirus firm in Belarus was called in to look at machines in Iran that were having problems. When researchers dug back through their archives for anything similar to Stuxnet, they found that a zero-day exploit that was used in Stuxnet had been used before with another piece of malware, but had never been noticed at the time.

   
The expecting boumerang effects (wired)

   

  IT: More Robust Unit Tests

   
The benefits of using unit tests are recognized throughout the software development industry. Unit tests help us verify that written code works as intended, prevent regression bugs, and can even be used as a design methodology (TDD). The problem with using unit tests begins when previously written tests fail to run or even compile. In a perfect world, a test only breaks if the code under the tests stopped working.

   
Five Simple Tips (developer)

   

  German's energy transition

   
The four companies--50Hertz, Amprion, TenneT TSO and TransnetBW -- estimate that expanding wind power on the North and Baltic Seas would cost another €12 billion, and one of the transmission companies estimates its own costs until 2025 to be €10 billion. The percentage of solar, wind, hydro and biomass energy in the country is expected to increase by 35 percent by 2020, as the country prepares for the phase-out of nuclear energy.

   
Nuclear decommissioning (spiegel)

   

  Google Translate

   
My discovery got me hunting for the origins of this technology that we now take for granted. And, as I discovered, our interest in multilingual machines and trouble-free translation goes back much further than the 1950s. In fact, you have to go back to 1629, when French philosopher and mathematician Rene Descartes proposed a series of universal symbols that any language could be converted into.

   
Welcome to the future (bbc)

   

  Cisco Visual Networking Index

   
Annual global IP traffic will surpass the zettabyte threshold (1.3 zettabytes) by the end of 2016. In 2016,global IP traffic will reach 1.3 zettabytes per year or 109.5 exabytes per month. Global IP traffic has increased eightfold over the past 5 years, and will increase threefold over the next 5 years. Overall, IP traffic will grow at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 29 percent from 2011 to 2016.

   
Visual networking applications (cisco)

   

  Spanish's profligate spending

   
Valencia’s City of Arts and Sciences, a cluster of futuristic buildings designed by native-son architect Santiago Calatrava, was an emblem of civic ambition during Spain’s long economic boom. The complex, including an aquarium, museums, and opera house constructed over the past 15 years, was intended to help Spain’s third-largest city become a world-class tourist destination.

   
Valencia’s City of Arts and Sciences (businessweek)

   

  Fungi: no fun for plants

   
Fungi are microorganisms and are different from plants, animals and bacteria. Their small size, however, belies the huge impact they make on the world's flora and fauna. It is estimated that each year fungal infections are responsible for destroying more than 125 million tonnes of staple crops, which include rice, wheat, maize, potatoes and soybeans.

   
Fungal disease (cordis.europa)

   

  Eurobarometer: Patient involvement

   
The term “Patient involvement” was not clearly understood by either patients or practitioners and often meant different things to different people. For many patients the term was a nebulous concept revolving around healthy living and being responsible for one’s own health. For both practitioners and patients it was often simply equated with medical compliance and following doctors’ orders.

   
Doctor-Patient relationship (ec.europa)

   

  3D touchscreen wall

   
We can turn any surface into a 3D touchscreen," explained Anup Chathoth, one third of Munich-based startup Ubi Interactive. Such claims typically conjure up images of floating Minority Report-style touchscreens made from curved glass, but that's exactly what this three-person team has developed. Ubi's system uses a Microsoft Kinect sensor to turn a regular projector into a multi-touch PC projection system.

   
Ubi' Interactive touchscreens (arstechnica)

   

  Estonia's cyber attacks

   
In April 2007 a series of cyber attacks targeted Estonian information systems and telecommunication networks ... Lasting twenty-two days, the attacks were directed at a range of servers (web, email, DNS) and routers. The 2007 attacks did not damage much of the Estonian IT infrastructure ... However, the attacks were a true wake-up call for NATO, offering a practical demonstration that cyber attacks could now cripple an entire nation dependent on IT networks.

   
Lessons learned (ndc.nato)

   

  Gartner 2012: 25 Supply Chain

   

Average annual revenue growth of the companies in the study increased 29 percent over the previous year. The average return on assets (ROA) and net profits improved by more than 50 percent in 2010, and then stabilized this year, signaling profitable growth. The supply chain top five included three mainstays — Apple, Dell and P&G — and two that are newer to the ranking, but have been rising steadily — Amazon and McDonald's.

   
Top 25 research initiative (itpreport)

   

  Scottish mixed waste recycling

   
A report of a study that provides information about the composition and amount of mixed waste disposed of by Scottish businesses within three key sectors. The purpose of this report is to assist Zero Waste Scotland, government and government bodies, industry and commerce to develop policies, advice, tips and tools to help the reduction of mixed waste to landfill.

   
Scotland's Zero Waste (wrap)

   

  Trade-induced economic growth

   
Governments that foster open markets and resist protectionism have the best chance of stimulating inclusive economic growth and creating high-value jobs, according to a new study from 10 international organisations presented in Paris. On the contrary, closing markets is actually more likely to stifle growth and put additional pressure on labour markets.

   
Open markets VS closed (oecd)

   

  ISO' audit improvement

   
A new ISO standard and a technical specification will help build confidence between partners in business-to-business dealings, and provide support for trade regulations. The two documents relate to specific aspects of "conformity assessment" – the name given to the processes used to demonstrate that a product, service, management system or organization meets specified requirements.

   
New ISO publications (iso)

   

  Human social behaviour

   
A key issue in cooperation research is to determine the conditions under which individuals invest in a public good. Here, we tested whether cues of being watched increase investments in an anonymous public good situation in real life. We examined whether individuals would invest more by removing experimentally placed garbage (paper and plastic bottles) from bus stop benches in Geneva in the presence of images of eyes compared to controls (images of flowers).

   
The effects of image of eyes (plosone)

   

  IPhone: The next generation

   
The design change will be Apple’s first for the iPhone since 2010, when it introduced the iPhone 4. Electronics makers, led by Samsung, are moving toward bigger screens, as consumers use handheld devices for a broader array of tasks, including watching video, playing games and browsing the Web. Apple is girding against competition from rivals such as Samsung, which have made Google Inc. (GOOG)’s Android the most widely used smartphone software.

   
Apple’s IPhone Overhaul   (bloomberg)

   

  Schools: High-tech v. no-tech

   
The Washington Waldorf School in Bethesda, Md., is trying to stay unplugged. Its teachers think technology is a distraction and overhyped. They believe children are better taught through real-world experiences in the school’s vegetable garden and woodwork shop. Educators here fear that the immediate gratification of texts and Wikipedia threatens face-to-face communication and original thinking, so they ban cellphones, laptops and tablets and require students to hand-write papers until high school.

   
Gaping educational divide (dailyherald)

   

  Automotive Industry Breathes

   
Vehicles with creative power generation and advanced electronics will fuel the auto industry in the future. Suppliers, OEMs, service providers, government, and academia must work together to take the sector to the next level, providing vehicles in a responsible way that provides a direct benefit to people, the planet, and our stakeholders.

   
A Collective Sigh of Relief (areadevelopment)

   

  Indian Outsourcing Issue

   
Given the political resonance of the outsourcing issue, especially among important Democratic Party constituencies, the charge is not unexpected. But it is disheartening nonetheless since the president himself has argued for a more sophisticated understanding of the bilateral economic partnership. The specific accusation against Romney, should come as no surprise given the Democrats’ track record of using the perceived ill-effects of India’s economic rise to score political points.

   
In our interconnected world (businessweek)

   

  EU' Permitted health claims

   
Health claims on food labelling and in advertising, for example on the role of calcium and bone health or vitamin C and the immune system, have become vital marketing tools to attract consumers' attention. Therefore EU consumers expect accurate information on products they buy, in particular on the health claims the products may put forward. Today, a list of 222 health claims has been approved by the Commission.

   
EU' landmark list (europa)

   

  Oil prices could double

   
The new IMF "working paper" come as the value of crude on world markets remains at the historically high level of $113 a barrel and just after the International Energy Agency reported that consumption would accelerate for the rest of this year in line with a wider economic recovery. It says that its oil market "models" have been significantly more accurate than others in a world where predictability has been historically low.

   
Oil demand forecast (imf)

   

  Non-Strategic Nuc. Weapons

   
Russia, the United States, and NATO do not disclose how many non-strategic1 nuclear weapons they have or where they are deployed. As a result, uncertainty and rumors fuel a debate full of half-truths, exaggerations and worst-case assumptions. This report estimates that Russia and the United States combined possess around 2,760 non-strategic nuclear weapons in their military stockpiles.

   
Nuclear Initiatives (fas)

   

  Digital object identifier (DOI)

   
A new International Standard that provides a system for assigning a unique international identification code to objects for use on digital networks is expected to bring benefits for publishers, information managers, multi-media distributors, archive and cultural heritage communities, and the internet technology industry. A DOI name is an identifier of an entity – physical, digital or abstract – on digital networks.

   
Digital networks (iso)

   

  Africa: perception vs. reality

   
In the contest for international capital and resources, better stories are still being told about other markets. Despite high optimism, high growth and high returns, the perception gap still exists and the African continent. There is clearly still work to be done by Africans - to better articulate and "sell" the African growth story. Africa is still viewed as a relatively unattractive investment destination compared to most other geographical regions.

   
E&Y Africa attractiveness survey (ey)

   

  Food and feed safety report

   
In relation to urgent requests for scientific advice, the year was dominated by the tragic outbreak of Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) 0104:H4 in Germany and France. Working closely with the national authorities and with the European Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), EFSA was called upon to provide urgent scientific advice and for the first time, technical assistance to support the German authorities.

   
Advice and risk assessment approaches (efsa)

   

  The myths of manufacturing

   
To be sure, manufacturing has seen major job reductions in the United States: from 18 million jobs in 2001 to 12 million today. Even so, the sector still accounts for 70 percent of private-sector R&D spending in America and 90 percent of U.S. patents issued today. Novartis, in collaboration with MIT researchers, is working to develop a new system of “continuous manufacturing” that would dramatically reduce the time it takes to produce commercial drugs.

   
Production in the Innovation Economy (mit)

   

  FDA' global strategy

   
In its latest effort to promote a global strategy for protecting Americans against unsafe imported pharmaceutical, food, and medical products, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has called for unprecedented international cooperation to cope with seemingly overwhelming challenges. In addition to approving the sale and effectiveness of US drugs, the FDA is required to certify the safety of imported medical products, pharmaceuticals, and food.

   
Reliance on global partners (fda)

   

  British waters & Marine species

   
A new study by marine scientists discloses that many species, some better known to holidaymakers in the Mediterranean and the Canary Islands, are now increasingly commonly seen in the seas off Cornwall, Devon, Hampshire and Sussex, providing vivid evidence that climate change is already changing the natural environment. Off south-west England, fishermen and biologists see bluefin tuna, triggerfish, stingrays, thresher sharks and ocean sunfish in greater numbers.

   
Marine climate change (guardian)

   

  African landrush

   
These Voluntary Guidelines seek to improve governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests. They seek to do so for the benefit of all, with an emphasis on vulnerable and marginalized people, with the goals of food security and progressive realization of the right to adequate food, poverty eradication, sustainable livelihoods, social stability, housing security.

   
Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land (fao)

   

  CSOs Fundamental Qualities

   
The organizations best-prepared to face today's security threats share a fundamental profile that separates them from organizations trapped in crisis-response mode. That's the finding of the IBM Center for Applied Insights, which recently conducted double-blind interviews of 138 security leaders—chief information security officers (CISOs) and other IT and line-of-business executives responsible for information security in the enterprise—to gain a better understanding of security leaders' strategies and approaches.

   
How to drive significant change ? (cio)

   

  2012 Special 301 Report

   
The Special 301 process continues to be effective in gaining high-level attention from US trading partners - attention that is needed to redress intellectual property violations and market access concerns. The 2012 report particularly notes that USTR has sought to reduce market access barriers that U.S. pharmaceutical and medical device companies face in many countries, and to facilitate both affordable health care today and the innovation that assures improved health care tomorrow.

   

American intellectual propertyy (keionline)

   

  1Gbps wireless network

   
For a start, visible (and invisible) light has a frequency of between 400 and 800THz (800 and 375nm), which is unlicensed spectrum worldwide. Second, in cases where you really don’t want radio interference, such as hospitals, airplanes, and other sensitive environments, visible light communication (VLC), or free-space optical communication, is really rather desirable.

   
Light-based communications (extremetech)

   

  Aspartame' extensive investigation

   
The sweetener aspartame and its breakdown products have been a matter of extensive investigation for more than 30 years including experimental animal studies, clinical research, intake and epidemiological studies and post-marketing surveillance. It has been found to be safe and authorised for human consumption for many years and in many countries following thorough safety assessments.

   
The full re-evaluation (efsa)

   

  Quantum computers: leaping ahead

   
Beryllium ion crystal in NIST quantum simulator A crystal of beryllium ions confined by a large magnetic field at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology's quantum simulator. The outermost electron of each ion is a quantum bit (qubit), and here they are fluorescing blue, which indicates they are all in the same state. The idea of a general-purpose quantum computer was first recognised in 1985 by Oxford physicist David Deutsch.

   
Commercially viable technology (guardian)

   

  The n-gram analysis

   
Here, we address the identity problem by prescribing the same medicine for ourselves—technology and algorithms—we often prescribe for others. We present a culturomic analysis5 of Communications showing how natural language processing can be used to quantitatively explore the identity and culture of an institution over time, inspired by the n-gram project released in 2010 by Google labs.

   
The identity of Communications (cacm.acm)

   

  When the West's Not Best

   
For a long time, migration in Germany primarily moved in one direction: from the former communist east to the more prosperous west. Former East Germany, referred to as the "new German states" since reunification, have lost almost 2 million people to the old states since 1990. But the trend, at least in some regions, is beginning to reverse itself. Eastern Germans are going back home. Berlin and Brandenburg are reporting positive net-migration rates.

   
Improvements Back Home (spiegel)

   

  The future of quality

   
how can I make my company successful, how can I be more competitive, how can I run a better business? And when you think that way, you start looking for the best methods, the best way to achieve that. In other words, business people tend to evolve, and keep up with current trends, but the quality profession has this tendency to learn it once and evolve very slowly.”

   

The best methods  (qualitydigest)

   

  Most puzzling: EMF

   
Of all the super-senses that animals possess, the ability to sense the Earth’s magnetic field (EMF) must be the most puzzling. We’ve known that birds can do it since the 1960s, but every new attempt to understand this ability – known as magnetoreception – just seems to complicate matters even further. Le-Qing Wu and David Dickman from the Baylor College of Medicine have found neurons in a pigeon’s brain that encode the properties of a magnetic field.

   
Neurons in a pigeon’s brain (blogs.discovermagazine)

   

  Gulf Pharmaceutical Industries

   
The gulf is in the middle of a war that it looks unlikely to win. An estimated 20 percent — or roughly one in every family — of the region’s inhabitants now has diabetes, and, if current trends persist, that number is likely to double by 2030. Some estimates suggest that the UAE alone spends half a billion dollars every year combating the disease, but — despite the vast outlay, and the strain on Gulf exchequers — disease incidence has thus far shown no sign of waning.

   
Diabetes main focus (arabianbusiness)

   

  BASF:Earnings increase in Europe

   
BASF had a solid start to 2012. Sales were higher than in the very good first quarter of the previous year and rose 6% to €20.6 billion. Income from operations (EBIT) before special items decreased as expected and, at €2.5 billion (down 7%), was slightly below the same quarter of the previous year. “Increased raw material costs could not be fully passed on in all business areas, which put pressure on our margins.

   
Increase in sales (up 6%) (otcmarkets)

   

  Customer Loyalty Starts at Home

   
The more complex the product and the greater the gap between customers’ prior experiences and the way in which the new product or service is used or consumed, the more likely help will be needed. Organizations need to make a greater effort to anticipate such needs and provide help in various forms to assist customers. This might be as simple as user instructions, a user manual or instruction videos.

   
Principles of Guide or mentoring (asq)

   

  Six leading browsers

   
Among the PC browser contenders, Google’s Chrome version 17 narrowly captured the crown as the top performer overall in our tests, thanks to speedy JavaScript rendering and page loading times, excellent security tools, and a respectable array of add-ons and features. Mozilla’s Firefox 10 finished a close second, processing HTML 5 graphics faster than any other browser and sporting a huge library of add-ons to make browsing easier and more fun.

   
Pros & Cons (pcadvisor)

   

  Chip industry limits

   
Qualcomm last week said it was having problems finding enough capacity to manufacture chips designed for mobile phones, something that’s likely to become more common as the physics that govern how we make semiconductors buckles under the demands of our increasingly mobile lives. But this isn’t just about Moore’s Law; this is a story of how the demands for more performance, less power and smaller sizes are all combining to force changes in the chip industry.

   
Redesigning the transistor (gigaom)

   

  ASTM International & Declaration of Conformity

   
(ASTM International: West Conshohocken, PA) -- Responding to increasing requests from suppliers and their customers, ASTM International has developed a new program, the Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity. Sponsored and administered by ASTM International, the new program is available to any supplier, manufacturer, distributor, or private brand owner.

   
Responding to increasing request (astm)

   

  Proactive tracking & Bogus electronics

   
Counterfeit electronics embedded in missile guidance systems and hundred-million-dollar aircraft have become a serious problem for the U.S. military and its contractors. Unlike a knockoff Gucci purse or Rolex watch, however, it takes more than misspelled brand labels, altered logos or suspiciously low prices to spot a bogus microprocessor being passed off as the real thing.

   
Counterfeit electronics (scientificamerican)

   

  Baggage handling processes

   
Baggage handling has always had a reputation as being a particularly miserable aspect of the air travel experience for passengers. As one of the most advanced airports in the world, Amsterdam Airport Schiphol has a proud history of implementing new ideas before anyone else. With its latest upgrade to baggage handling, however, the airport might have outdone itself.

   
Automated baggage drop-off systems (airport-technology)

   

  German' weapons vs Greek' profligacy

   
Greek profligacy may be blamed for triggering the debt crisis that now threatens to tear the eurozone apart, but if there is one area where Berlin is less excoriating of state largesse it is in Athens's extravagant taste for arms. Behind the frequent exhortations that Greece rein in spending after living "beyond its means" – admonishments made most loudly by Merkel and her finance minister Wolfgang Schäuble

   
Greece military spending (guardian)

   

  U.K' early death evidence

   
In a study appearing this month in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, MIT researchers report that emissions from cars, trucks, planes and powerplants cause 13,000 premature deaths in the United Kingdom each year. The researchers found that emissions originating elsewhere in Europe cause an additional 6,000 early deaths in the U.K. annually; U.K. emissions that migrate outside the country, in turn, cause 3,100 premature deaths per year in other European Union nations.

   
Pollution & early death links (mit)

   

  Groundwater resources in Africa

   
In Africa, groundwater is the major source of drinking water and its use for irrigation is forecast to increase substantially to combat growing food insecurity. Despite this, there is little quantitative information on groundwater resources in Africa, and groundwater storage is consequently omitted from assessments of freshwater availability. Here we present the first quantitative continent-wide maps of aquifer storage and potential borehole yields in Africa based on an extensive review of available maps, publications and data.

   
Water resources (iopscience.iop)

   

  Celebrity tech start-ups

   
Kozlov is CEO of Moonshark, a new start-up set to release its first titles in the summer. His firm is being incubated at CAA, best-known for its muscle in getting huge paydays for its A-list talent roster in movies, TV shows, music and sports. CAA has also recently ventured into Internet start-ups, founding companies it hopes will one day see the type of paydays exhibited recently by photo-sharing appmaker Instagram, which was bought by Facebook for $1 billion.

    
The Creative Artists Agency (usatoday)

    

  Africa & biopesticides

   
Agriculture is, and will remain for years to come, the main driver of economic development in Africa. Vegetables such as cowpea in West Africa and the common bean in East Africa are an important source of cash and nutrition. Vegetable and horticultural crops will soon become more important due to increasing urbanisation. But they are plagued by insect pests and diseases that can reduce yields by up to 80 per cent.

   
Africa' Farmers (scidev)

   

  Technology Report 2012

   
The past decade the Networked Readiness Index (NRI) has been measuring the degree to which economies across the world leverage ICT for enhanced competitiveness. The Report series is the result of a long-standing partnership between the World Economic Forum (the Forum) and INSEAD, aimed at identifying, measuring, and benchmarking the drivers of national capacity to leverage ICT to boost competitiveness and well-being and their impacts.

   
Hyperconnected World (weforum)

   

  Algae biofuels

   
The necessity of developing alternative, renewable fuel sources to prevent a potential energy crisis and alleviate greenhouse gas production has long been recognized. Various sources have been tried—corn for ethanol and soybeans for biodiesel, for example. But to truly meet the world’s fuel needs, researchers must come up with a way to produce as much biofuel as possible in the smallest amount of space using the least amount of resources.

   
The wave of the future   (nature)

   

  German E-Book Market

   
The problem is that the German e-book market is almost nonexistent. Though e-book sales have increased by 77 percent in Germany in the past year, they still account for just 1 percent of total book sales, market research institute GfK reported last month. Compare that to the United States, where last year e-book sales overtook paperback sales for the first time and continue to make gains.

   
German' cultural resistance (spiegel)

   

  Fibre still growing in Europe

   
Although many operators claim there is not enough demand from end users for next generation network services, this is certainly not true with the right ARPU (Average Revenue per User), according to the latest findings of the FTTH Council Europe’s Market Intelligence Committee. There is no demand issue with FTTH/B, but it is a market that takes time to develop.

   
Closing the gap (ftthcouncil)

   

  Dental x-rays & Exposure

   
The researchers set out to explore the relation between dental x-rays, which are the most common modifiable source of ionizing radiation, and the risk for intracranial meningioma. This study is the largest of its kind to explore the effects of relatively common dental x-rays, according to the researchers. Most previous data came from studies that looked at the effects of high-dose single exposures such as atomic bombs.

   

Largest Study to Date (medscape)

   

  Academic spring: Scientific revolution

   
Tim Gowers and his colleagues had been grumbling among themselves for several years about the rising costs of academic journals. There had been talk last year that a major scientific body might come out in public to highlight the problem and rally scientists to speak out against the publishing companies, but nothing was happening fast. Academic publishers charge UK universities about £200m a year to access scientific journals.

   
The Cost of Knowledge petition (guardian)

   

  English Skills Declining

   
Nearly four out of 10 of the global workers were ranked as business English beginners, meaning that they can't understand or communicate basic information during virtual or in-person meetings, read or write professional emails in English, or deal with complexity and rapid change. The majority of global workers (60.5 percent) from the represented countries scored between a 4.0 and 7.0—just below the intermediate level, indicating an inability to perform tasks such as presentation development and customer negotiations.

   
Business English Proficiency (cio)

   

  What is HD voice?

   
HD voice is an umbrella term which refers to technologies that enhance the quality of an audio call, or the audio portion of a video call. Depending on the calling system being used, HD voice may or may not be available. For cellular (and possibly hybrid cellular/satellite) networks, HD voice has been in development since 2000. In the last two years, the specifications for HD voice on CDMA2000, GSM, HSPA+, and LTE have been finalized.

   
HD voice implementation (extremetech)

   

  Personalizing drug treatment

   
Canada's Spartan Bioscience has developed a near "plug-and-play" genotyping device that allows nurses and others to quickly screen patients at the bedside, perhaps while they are undergoing the stent placement procedure. Users take a DNA sample from a patient's cheek with a specialized swab, add the sample to a disposable tube, and then place the tube and sample in a proprietary shoebox-sized machine and hit a button.

   
Genotyping test (technologyreview)

   

  U.S. Education Reform & N.Security

   
The domestic consequences of a weak education system are relatively well known. The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) made the decision to sponsor this Task Force to address the less well known—yet equally sobering—national security repercussions. The report notes that while the United States invests more in K-12 public education than many other developed countries, its students are ill prepared to compete with their global peers.

   
American leadership at stake (cfr)

   

  Wind Power

   
The ‘Astraios’ test rig – named after a Greek mythology Titan who fathered the four wind gods – enables large size bearings weighing up to 15 tonnes with outside diameters up to 3.5m, particularly those used in wind power applications, to be fully tested in realistic conditions using a comprehensive simulation programme. Astraios will be primarily used to test rotor bearings for multi-Megawatt wind turbines and will help to further improve the understanding of wind turbine systems.

   
Most powerful test rig (engineerlive)

   

  Wonder capsule

   
US scientists have developed a safe, costeffective capsule to remove radioactive substances and heavy metals from beverages, milk and foods, and say it could hit shelves in six to twelve months. The technology – which can be used by food and beverage firms or home consumers – uses nanoparticles composed of metal oxides (various metals combined with oxygen); these react with radioactive materials and other unwanted substances and ‘pull’ them out of a given solution.

   
‘Pulls out’ unwanted substances (foodproductiondaily)

   

  The Next Revolution 2012–2015

   
According to CISCO Global Urban Innovation Leader Gordon Feller, “These emerging technology trends are powering a new economic age and driving the expediency of borderless networks as the fundamental infrastructure for future innovation and opportunity.” Corporations must plan for these accelerating mobility trends that will shape the future of work, because they will change how and where their employees live and work.

   
Workplace mobility trends (areadevelopment)

   

  US' Pacesetters program

   
The Pacesetters program is the first of its kind where organizations come together, work across corporate and academic organizational boundaries, and identify effective ways to recruit or retain a specific number of technical women, all within an aggressive timeframe and holding shared accountability to themselves and the public for achieving a common quantifiable goal.

   
Improving Gender Composition in Computing (acm)

   

  Google’s Chic Geek

   
Marissa Mayer was the first female engineer and among the first 20 people hired at Google. She was a major force behind its user interface. For 10 years, she ran its core search business while the company demolished such competitors as AltaVista, Lycos, and Excite. Now, at age 37, she’s in charge of one of Google’s hottest bunch of technologies: location and local services. She oversees more than 1000 engineers and product managers who are refining Google Maps, Google Places, and Google Earth ....

   
Why Google encapsulates Marissa’s personality? (spectrum.ieee)

   

  Economic Forecast

   
The world’s CEOs, CFOs and other senior management accountants have a cautious, yet increasingly positive outlook for the global economy over the next 12 months, according to the first CGMA Global Economic Forecast released today by the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA) and Chartered Institute of Management Accountants (CIMA). The quarterly forecast polled 600 management accountants from more than 60 countries on global and domestic economic conditions and the outlook for their organizations.

   
Cautious Optimism for the Year Ahead   (inaudit)

   

  Attitudes of EU towards water

   
The "Blueprint to Safeguard Europe's Water Resources"3 is being developed as the EU policy response to the continuing challenge of delivering the EU's water policy goals. The Blueprint is a wide-ranging set of policy recommendations for future EU freshwater policy to appear later in 2012. It draws on a range of ongoing assessments, including the River Basin management plans, and the EU Action on Water Scarcity and Drought.

   
Managing water resources (europa)

   

  KFC's Big Game of Chicken

   
It’s not like Americans don’t enjoy chicken. Per capita consumption, according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture, rose more than 10 percent from 2001 to 2011. “The idea that Americans no longer want fried chicken is a myth,” says Cheryl Bachelder, CEO of AFC Enterprises (AFCE) and president of the Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen brand.

   
KFC Franchise Owners (businessweek)

   

  Merger & Acquisition

   
This paper leverages findings from a Deloitte study of the relationship between A&D (aerospace and defense) companies’ M&A (merger and acquisition) strategy and their financial performance to identify three characteristics that companies which outperformed the sector generally shared and under performers did not. This paper leverages findings from a Deloitte study of the relationship between A&D companies’ M&A strategy and their financial performance.

   
Business Growth Strategies (deloitte)

   

  First Carbon Pollution Standard

   
Following a 2007 Supreme Court ruling, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) today proposed the first Clean Air Act standard for carbon pollution from new power plants. EPA’s proposed standard reflects the ongoing trend in the power sector to build cleaner plants that take advantage of American-made technologies, including new, clean-burning, efficient natural gas generation, which is already the technology of choice for new and planned power plants.

   
Future Power Plants/Achievable standard (epa)

   

  Max Planck So. & Princeton Uni.

   
The President of Princeton University, and the President of the Max Planck Society, signed the agreement for the establishment of the new research Center at Princeton University campus on March 29, 2012. On that occasion Peter Gruss stressed: ”It is essential that we pool our strengths and knowledge in the field of fusion research, in particular, so that we can develop nuclear fusion into something the world urgently needs for the years and decades to come: safe, clean and dependable energy technology.”

   
The new Center’s partners (innovations-report)

   

  Pesticide: EU' public concerns

   
When it comes to public perception, ECPA may indeed have a mountain to climb. On the consumer end, anxiety rose after several studies found residual levels of pesticides in fruit and vegetables put on supermarket shelves. The European Commission tried addressing those concerns by pushing through legislation banning the use of the most toxic chemicals – those that can cause cancer or affect the reproduction system.

   
European Crop Protection Association (euractiv)

   

  XMP becomes an ISO Std

   
Have you accessed or modified the data embedded in a file today? Even if you have not, there is a good chance you did recently. This is because the XMP (Extensible Metadata Platform) for tagging information electronically has become part of the digital document landscape of today and a new ISO standard will allow users to have a thorough understanding of the XMP data model.

   
Adobe Extensible Metadata Platform (iso)

   

  GF hits 32nm milestone

   
GlobalFoundries announced today that it’s shipped its 250,000th 32nm high-k metal gate (HKMG) wafer, alongside the usual claims that the 32nm ramp (despite the tremendous problems the company ran into with Llano) really is faster/better/more successful than the 45nm ramp before it. We feel obliged to mention that AMD’s 45nm ramp took place in 2008 – 2009, in the teeth of the recent recession.

   
Wafer foundry (extremetech)

   

  Recognising malnutrition in EU

   
Malnutrition develops when the body does not get the right amount of energy, protein, vitamins and other nutrients needed to maintain health and normal organ function. The term ‘malnutrition’ often evokes images of starvation, commonly associated with developing countries. However, many people are unaware that poor nutritional status also exists in regions where food is plentiful.

   
Undernutrition & consequences (eufic)

   

  America's Broken Bridges

   
Five years after the Minneapolis I-35W span suddenly collapsed in August 2007, killing 13 people and injuring 145 others, the U.S. still has 18,000 similarly designed spans, known as fracture-critical bridges, that need continual attention and money for inspections at a time when funding for maintenance is drying up. On March 31, the current extension to the federal highway bill, which funds work on bridges, will expire.

   
Fracture-critical bridges (businessweek)

   

  Quality of hospital care

   
In the face of sustained increasing pressure on health expenditures from ageing populations, rising public expectations, and the introduction of new technology, European countries have been implementing a wide range of cost containment strategies. From one perspective, these strategies have been successful. Although expenditures on health, expressed as a percentage of gross domestic product, have been rising in European countries, the rate of increase in Europe has been much slower than in the United States.

   
Patient safety & satisfaction (bmj)

   

  EU Air pollution by ozone

   
Despite efforts to mitigate ozone pollution, the number of exceedances of EU ground-level ozone concentration standards for protecting human health (Directive 2008/50/EC) remained at serious levels during summer 2011. In view of the maintained high surface ozone levels in Europe in the last four years, it seems likely that many EU Member States will face a significant challenge in meeting the TV (target value) as of 2010.

    
To mitigate ozone pollution (eea.europa)

    

  Fixing the Brain With Computers

   
Disabilities such as epilepsy, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and even Parkinson’s disease are being treated with neuroimplants. Other scientists are working to substitute hearing for sight in blind people, and still others want to solve blindness entirely by implanting cameras in the brain. Of course, in all the dramatic advances being made, occasionally a little bit of hype makes its way to our brains as well.

    
Conversation with neurosurgeon (spectrum.ieee)

   

  How to meet India's requirement ?

   
The Aeronautical Development Agency - which is leading development of the Tejas - is expected to issue a request for proposals in the next few weeks, pitching the EJ200 against General Electric's F414. The Eurojet partner companies have been working on thrust vectoring nozzle technology for several years, lead by Spanish manufacturer ITP, which validated the concept during a series of bench tests.

   
India's second indigenous jet fighter (flightglobal)

   

  The Boomerang Generation

   
If there’s supposed to be a stigma attached to living with mom and dad through one’s late twenties or early thirties, today’s “boomerang generation” didn’t get that memo. Among the three-in-ten young adults ages 25 to 34 (29%) who’ve been in that situation during the rough economy of recent years, large majorities say they’re satisfied with their living arrangements (78%) and upbeat about their future finances (77%).

    
The sharing of family finances (pewsocialtrends)

   

  Pharma on adherence investment

   
Enormous pressure is being placed on pharma to deliver evidence of value versus other (often cheaper) alternatives. It is increasingly difficult to command a premium for a therapy based solely on clinical efficacy. There is also growing demand for ‘real world’ data demonstrating superior outcomes for patients, which brings the challenges of non-adherence into sharp focus.

   
Financial impact of non-adherence (eyeforpharma)

   

  The Biggest Spy Center

   
Under construction by contractors with top-secret clearances, the blandly named Utah Data Center is being built for the National Security Agency. A project of immense secrecy, it is the final piece in a complex puzzle assembled over the past decade. Its purpose: to intercept, decipher, analyze, and store vast swaths of the world’s communications as they zap down from satellites and zip through the underground and undersea cables of international, foreign, and domestic networks.

   
NSA explosive power (wired)

   

  Salt tolerance of durum wheat

   
Wheat (Triticum spp.) and rice (Oryza sativa) constitute the world's major staple food crops, but accumulation of high concentrations of foliar Na+ inhibits leaf function. Therefore, improving the shoot Na+ exclusion capacity of these cereals would be useful for improving salt tolerance. The ability of wheat to maintain a low sodium concentration ([Na+]) in leaves correlates with improved growth under saline conditions.

   
Improving salt tolerance (nature)

   

  Environment: The Water Challenge

   
The report highlights the challenges posed by increasingly rapid urbanisation, population growth and changing economic dynamics for managing water supply. With water demand projected to increase by 55% by 2050, there will be increased competition for it. By that time, 3.9 billion people – more than 40% of the world’s population - are likely to be living in river basins facing severe water stress.

   
Sharing a precious commodity (oecd)

   

  The fastest pathway

  
Sometimes the fastest pathway from point A to point B is not a straight line: for example, if you’re underwater and contending with strong and shifting currents. But figuring out the best route in such settings is a monumentally complex problem — especially if you’re trying to do it not just for one underwater vehicle, but for a swarm of them moving all at once toward separate destinations.

   
Planning optimal paths (mit)

   

  The Economics Of Emotion

   
The most recent commercial for the BMW i3 and i8 concept cars is a great example of something enlightened marketers have known for years: emotion is the key driver behind purchasing decisions. Yet, today, most businesspeople still follow the old adage, “Emotions and business don’t mix,” relying on rational data to drive decisions instead. Steve Jobs inherently knew the emotion of his consumers was critical currency in building the Apple phenomenon.

   
Leveraging emotion (techcrunch)

    

  High-Frequency Trading

   
Regulators, including the SEC and the CFTC, are struggling to keep up with - and keep a grip on -- the warp-speed world of high-frequency trading. Fearing that the markets are dangerously out of control, regulators are considering some severe measures to slow down high-speed traders. The majority of today's trades are executed electronically using algorithms; some estimates say algorithmic trading comprises as much as 74 percent of all stock trades in the United States -and at faster speeds than once were imaginable.

    
Exceeding the Speed Limit (advancedtrading)

   

  Tablet computer visionary

   
Fidler’s odyssey starts in newsrooms, in the days of hot type, rolling presses and afternoon editions. Several decades ago, he worked for Knight-Ridder, a national newspaper chain, in Detroit, Washington and Miami as a graphics guru and design expert. His colleagues from those days remember a big thinker, a science-fiction addict and a bit of an oddball. Fidler was constantly scribbling designs for a tablet, telling anyone in earshot that newsprint would one day vanish.

    
Between a laptop and a smartphone (washingtonpost)

    

  Driving Business Model Innovation

   
The number of enterprises turning to cloud computing to revamp existing business models will more than double in the next three years, as business leaders move to capitalize on the rapid availability of data and the growing popularity of social media, according to a new study released today by IBM. Businesses that embrace the transformative power of cloud will have a significant advantage in the race to introduce new products and services and capture new markets and revenue streams.

   
The Power of Cloud (ibm)

   

  Exploration Drilling

   
Transocean’s Deepwater Millennium vessel recently left the Port of Ngqura near Port Elizabeth after undergoing a number of upgrades and modifications by DCD Marine. The Deepwater Millennium vessel is a Samsung/Reading & Bates designed, dynamically positioned drillship capable of drilling in water depths up to 2 468 metres (upgradable to 3 048 metres) and to depths of 10 000 metres below the sea surface.

   
Oil & Gas Engineer (engineerlive)

    

  ISO:Safety medical device

  
ISO (International Organization for Standardization) and IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) have just published a new, improved guide to help standards writers address safety aspects in medical device standards even more thoroughly. A global approach among manufacturers, users, regulatory authorities and other stakeholders is needed for the planning and development of medical device safety standards.

   
Upgrading safety aspects (iso)

    

  The future of CPU scaling

   
Near-term, the ITRS (International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors) is focused on what’s referred to as “More-than-Moore” (MtM) scaling. The goal of MtM scaling is to extend the same design principles that’ve driven digital device scaling for decades over to analog circuitry, and to integrate those technologies on-die within an SoC/SiP.

   
Exploring options on the cutting edge (extremetech)

   

  Oceans' Acidification at the highest

   
A new paper in Science examines the geologic record for context relating to ocean acidification, a lowering of the pH driven by the increased concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The research group (twenty-one scientists from nearly as many different universities) reviewed the evidence from past known or suspected intervals of ocean acidification.

   
When dismissing climate change ? (wired)

    

  PHP 5.4.0 Release Announcement

    
PHP 5.4 has been released, along with a new version of Zend Framework. It has a number of optimizations that make it faster and smaller (early estimates say 10-20% faster), a built-in webserver for testing purposes, and features that had been destined for PHP 6.0. The big addition from the now-crashed PHP 6.0 project is Traits, which are sort of a cross between a class and an interface.

    
New version of PHP (i-programmer)

    

  Small Modular Reactor Technology

    
The U.S. Energy Department and its Savannah River Site (SRS) announced three public-private partnerships to develop deployment plans for small modular nuclear reactor (SMR) technologies at SRS facilities, near Aiken, South Carolina. As part of the Energy Department’s commitment to advancing the next generation of nuclear reactor technologies and breaking down the technical and economic barriers to deployment.

   
(SMR) technologies (energy)

    

  How to change the way we drive ?

    
That's just one thing researchers in Hod Lipson's Creative Machines Lab envision with their latest robot prototype. It can autonomously traverse and manipulate a 3-D truss structure, using specially designed gears and joints to assemble and disassemble the structure as it climbs. The robot's design is detailed in a paper accepted by IEEE Robotics and Automation, to appear later online and in print.

   
Robots at work (physorg)

    

  Expect the Unexpected

   
For 20 years or more we have recognized that the way we do business has serious impacts on the world around us. Now it is increasingly clear that the state of the world around us affects the way we do business. This report shows that population growth, exploitation of natural resources, climate change and other factors are putting the world on a development trajectory that is not sustainable. In other words, if we fail to alter our patterns of production and consumption, things will begin to go badly wrong.

   
Building business value (kpmg)

   

  GPS jammers and spoofers

   
During the GNSS Vulnerability 2012 event at the UK's National Physical Laboratory on Wednesday, experts discussed the threat posed by a growing number of GPS jamming and spoofing devices. The increasing popularity of the jammers is troubling, according to conference organizer Bob Cockshott, because even low-power GPS jammers pose a significant threat to cell phone systems, parts of the electrical grid, and the safety of drivers.

   
A GPS and cell phone jammer (arstechnica)

   

  Priority Trends for Automakers

   
After a period of uncertainly, the global automotive industry has emerged cautiously optimistic. The collapse that preceded the revival seemed exacerbated by reactive planning and increasingly shorter-term thinking. Therefore, sustaining this new period of growth will require the auto industry to become more adept at anticipating the future. The ability to identify emerging trends is a key dimension of sustainability leadership.

   
The global automotive industry (qualitydigest)

   

  Global demand for UAVs

   
Global demand for unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), better known as drones, is heating up as armed forces invest in new systems to boost their ability to carry out reconnaissance and strikes without putting soldiers’ lives in danger. Propelled by a rise in Asian defence budgets, annual global spending on UAVs is forecast to almost double from the current $5.9 billion to $11.3 billion over the next decade, according to US-based defence research firm Teal Group.

   
Global spending on UAVs (tribune)

   

  Hidden hunger?

   
Andhra Pradesh is not the only state where fortified food is the flavour of the times. Global NGOs, pharma companies and international donor agencies are all scrambling to provide aid, technology and partnerships to fight malnutrition, or hidden hunger, in India. According to UNICEF, one in every three children in the country is malnourished. For instance, PATH, an international NGO, along with US pharma giant ABOTT, is pumping $1.5 million to introduce iron-fortified rice in the Indian market under brand name Ultra Rice.

   
How to fight malnutrition ? (downtoearth)

   

  Averting a spectrum disaster

   
With the passage last week of legislation authorizing the FCC to conduct new spectrum auctions, you might think that the looming spectrum crisis has been averted. Nothing could be farther from the truth--or more dangerous to the continued health of the mobile ecosystem. the FCC's 2010 National Broadband Plan estimated that mobile users will need an additional 300MHz of spectrum by 2015 and an additional 500 MHz by 2020.

   
The mobile ecosystem (cnet)

   

  EU Guide: Funding Opportunities

  
This new edition focuses on additional funding opportunities in the field of research and innovation. It includes information on the Lifelong learning programme and international cooperation in the field of education and on LIFE + in the field of the environment. It also describes the research and innovation funding opportunities offered to countries and territories beyond the European Union.

   
Beyond the European Union (eurosfaire)

   

  The “Schmallenberg” virus

   
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has published a preliminary analysis of the likely scenarios on how a new virus, referred to as the “Schmallenberg” virus, could spread amongst animals in the coming months. The virus is assumed to belong to a vector-borne group of viruses transmitted by insects. The report highlights that further data are needed to monitor the presence of this recently reported virus.

   
“Schmallenberg” preliminary analysis (efsa)

   

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